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*  PP-232/PG133: 2013 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Guava (Psidiumguajava)
Disease Cycle and Epidemiology. Conidia (asexual spores) are the fungal structures responsible for anthracnose infection. ... Disease Cycle and Epidemiology. Algal leaf spots proliferate under wet or humid conditions within the trees canopy. Infectious ... Anthracnose is the most commonly observed disease that affects both pre- and postharvest management of guava. This disease can ... Algal Leaf Spot. Algal leaf spot occurs on a wide range of tropical fruit species. The presence of the pathogen on the leaf ...
  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pg133
*  Phaseolus vulgaris ( Fall Pole Bean ) | Backyard Gardener
For fungal leaf spots, use a recommended fungicide according to label directions.. Diseases : Anthracnose Anthracnose is the ... humid conditions. Foliage often discolors and is stunted.. Prevention and Control: Use disease free plants and space far enough ... Common support structures are trellises, wires, strings, or existing structures. Some plants, like ivy, climb by aerial roots ... If touched, it will leave a colored spot of spores on the finger. Caused by fungi and spread by splashing water or rain, rust ...
  https://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/phaseolus-vulgaris-fall-pole-bean/
*  Phaseolus vulgaris ( Pea Pole Bean ) | Backyard Gardener
These plants do not do well in drought conditions. Some examples of this plant have ... Prune, remove, or destroy infected plants and remove all leaf debris. Select a fungicide that is labeled for anthracnose and ... humid conditions. Foliage often discolors and is stunted.. Prevention and Control: Use disease free plants and space far enough ... If touched, it will leave a colored spot of spores on the finger. Caused by fungi and spread by splashing water or rain, rust ...
  https://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/phaseolus-vulgaris-pea-pole-bean/
*  Phaseolus vulgaris ( Snowcap Pole Bean ) | Backyard Gardener
Prune, remove, or destroy infected plants and remove all leaf debris. Select a fungicide that is labeled for anthracnose and ... humid conditions. Foliage often discolors and is stunted.. Prevention and Control: Use disease free plants and space far enough ... If touched, it will leave a colored spot of spores on the finger. Caused by fungi and spread by splashing water or rain, rust ... Painted, wooden structures will be higher maintenance, whereas a rust-proof metal structure will require less maintenance and ...
  https://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/phaseolus-vulgaris-snowcap-pole-bean/
*  Phaseolus coccineus ( Streamline Scarlet Runner Bean ) | Backyard Gardener
Prune, remove, or destroy infected plants and remove all leaf debris. Select a fungicide that is labeled for anthracnose and ... humid conditions. Foliage often discolors and is stunted.. Prevention and Control: Use disease free plants and space far enough ... Common support structures are trellises, wires, strings, or existing structures. Some plants, like ivy, climb by aerial roots ... If touched, it will leave a colored spot of spores on the finger. Caused by fungi and spread by splashing water or rain, rust ...
  https://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/phaseolus-coccineus-streamline-scarlet-runner-bean/
*  Phaseolus acutifolius ( Pinacate Tepary Bean ) | Backyard Gardener - Gardening Information
Drought tolerant plants are often deep rooted, have waxy or thick leaves that conserve water, or leaf structures that close to ... humid conditions. Foliage often discolors and is stunted. Prevention and Control: Use disease free plants and space far enough ... Diseases : Anthracnose Anthracnose is the result of a plant infection, caused by a fungus, and may cause severe defoliation, ... If touched, it will leave a colored spot of spores on the finger. Caused by fungi and spread by splashing water or rain, rust ...
  https://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/phaseolus-acutifolius-pinacate-tepary-bean/
*  Glomerella graminicola - Wikipedia
The disease, corn anthracnose leaf blight, is the most common stalk disease in maize and occurs most frequently in reduced-till ... In the spring, fruiting structures (acervuli) form from corn residue and produce spores (conidia) that are dispersed by wind ... Keeping in mind, hybrid selection may be resistant to leaf blight but they are not necessary resistant to other fungal diseases ... Anthracnose develops rapidly in cloudy, overcast conditions with high temperatures and humidity. In optimal environmental ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glomerella_graminicola
*  Pecan anthracnose - Wikipedia
"Occurrence of Glomerella cingulata in pecan nut shucks and is association with fungal leaf scorch" (PDF). Plant Disease. 79 (2 ... Pecan anthracnose is favored by wet environmental conditions and warm temperatures above 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Symptoms ... Signs include pink spores inside of the lesions. If left untreated, symptoms will get progressively worse throughout the season ... from the past season because the pathogen can overwinter in these structures and strike again the following year). Another form ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pecan_anthracnose
*  Plant disease - General characteristics | Britannica.com
It is the mass of the mycelium that gives fungal growth its characteristic ... Plant disease - General characteristics: The fungi represent an extremely large and diverse group of eukaryotic microorganisms ... Symptoms associated with necrosis include leaf spots, blight, scab, rots, damping-off, anthracnose, dieback, and canker. ... fungal spores are considerably more resistant. The germination of spores, however, is favoured by mild temperatures and high ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/plant-disease/General-characteristics
*  Fungicide use in the United States - Wikipedia
The disease manifests as small yellow spots that quickly grow and rot the leaves. On the underside of the leaf blue mold spores ... mold produces black structures called sclerotia that fall to the soil and can survive for over five years until the conditions ... The disease infects soybean by attaching to the surface of the plant and penetrating the tissue wall. From here anthracnose is ... Downy mildew produces small yellow fungal spots on the leaf that cause the plant to wither and die. Finally, black rot gets its ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fungicide_use_in_the_United_States
*  Braided Money Tree Diseases | Garden Guides
Anthracnose Leaf Spot. Anthracnose leaf spot is a general title for the various fungal diseases that cause leaf spots and other ... The disease develops on defoliated debris that remains around the tree. The fungal spores commute from the debris onto the ... This physiological condition affects the overall condition of the entire plant. Symptoms of oedema include yellowing or ... Anthracnose lies dormant on dead and dying foliage and defoliated debris. The disease can be prevented by keeping the braided ...
  https://www.gardenguides.com/102358-braided-money-tree-diseases.html
*  Sphaceloma perseae - Wikipedia
In the places where the pathogen is present, windy conditions are what most favor dispersal of fungal spores. These regions ... Both upper and lower surfaces of the leaf are susceptible to the disease. The upper surface is more susceptible than the lower ... There are no signs of the pathogen visible to the naked eye so observation of fungal structures have to be performed with a ... allowing secondary organisms such as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides to penetrate into the fruit tissue and cause anthracnose. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphaceloma_perseae
*  Oak wilt in Minnesota
Anthracnose may mimic some leaf symptoms of oak wilt, but usually occurs only in the lower crowns of trees. ... Fungal pathogens and insect vectors are inactive. * Exact dates for beginning and end of each time period may vary from year to ... In Minnesota, the disease is currently found in an area bounded on the north by Pine County, on the west by Stearns and ... If not destroyed, the spores the may form on these oaks the following spring could be carried by sap beetles to wounded oaks ...
  http://www.extension.umn.edu/environment/trees-woodlands/oak-wilt-in-minnesota/
*  Insect & Disease Control :: Affordable Tree Care
Anthracnose (leaf blight) is a fungus that winters on twig tissue on the tree. In the spring, spores are transported to new ... Fungal mats will not form and it will take much longer for the tree to succumb to the disease. Oak trees can be proactively ... This condition if allowed to progress will cause slow growth, leaf loss and eventually tree death. Chlorosis is often caused by ... Small black spots (fruiting structures of the fungus) appear in rows on the infected needles. The fungus is actually emerging ...
  http://affordabletreecare4u.com/insect-disease-control
*  Powdery Mildew Treatment | Garden Guides
The fungal disease can be treated with environmental corrections and commercial products. ... The fungal disease can go on to cause browning of foliage, then severe leaf loss and can even damage your edible fruits. ... Powdery mildew spores most often proliferate in overly dry and shady conditions, as well as when poor air circulation exists ... Set new plants at the recommended distance apart, away from sunlight-obstructing plants and structures. Good air circulation ...
  https://www.gardenguides.com/way_5195533_powdery-mildew-treatment.html
*  ElsinoĆ« ampelina - Wikipedia
Anthracnose diseases can cause disease on a variety of plants, but the primary host for E. ampelina, is grape. Anthracnose on ... the spores from both structures cause primary inoculum and form mycelium on the infected lesions, 3) acervuli disseminate ... the anthracnose will prevent the proper development of the leaf and will lead to malformation or to the drying of the leaf. ... Under wet condition, these acervuli form conidia. The conidia from acervuli becomes the secondary sources of infection for the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elsino%C3%AB_ampelina
*  Plant Cell Wall: A Simple Physical Barrier or a Complex Defense Modulator - Exploring Its Dynamic Role at Plant-Fungus...
Understanding of plant-fungal interaction is constantly coevolving along... ... among which fungal pathogen accounts for a measureable large quantity. ... Hikosaka K (2005) Leaf canopy as a dynamic system: ecophysiology and optimality in leaf turnover. Ann Bot 95:521-533PubMed ... Ton J, Flors V, Mauch-Mani B (2009) The multifaceted role of ABA in disease resistance. Trends Plant Sci 14:310-317PubMed ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-10-7371-7_15
*  Fungi - faba bean | Guidelines for the safe transer of faba bean germplasm | Safe transfer of faba bean germplasm | Safe...
Environmental conditions: Stemphylium leaf spot may develop under warm moist conditions.. Dispersal: Spores of these fungi are ... Spot-causing fungal disease occurring in leaf. The lesions are at first water-soaked small spots and then become blackish brown ... Leaf lesions and premature leaf drop: In most faba bean crops, the first symptoms of anthracnose appear before flowering, when ... sexual spores are formed on specialized structures called basidia. Four spores are produced on each basidium. Basidia are ...
  https://www.genebanks.org/resources/general-genebank-management/stog/faba-bean116/guidelines117/fungi-for-faba-bean/
*  G6203 Common Diseases in the Home Garden | University of Missouri Extension
Leaf blight or vascular wilt.. Newly confirmed in Missouri in 2014.. Use disease-free seed.. Avoid overhead irrigation.. ... powdery fungal structures.. Rotate crops.. Tillage to bury crop residue.. Limit overhead irrigation.. ... Anthracnose (fungus) - brown-colored leaf spots. Elongated sunken cankers on stems. Sunken circular cankers with pink centers ... Under moist conditions white mold may develop between seals. Under dry conditions, roots may dry and shrivel.. Plant in well- ...
  http://extension.missouri.edu/publications/DisplayPrinterFriendlyPub.aspx?P=G6203
*  Introduction to Fungi
Fungal reproduction. Fungi frequently reproduce by the formation of spores. A spore is a survival or dispersal unit, consisting ... Returning to bananas, another devastating disease of this host is black leaf streak, or black Sigatoka, caused by ... In lichens, reproductive structures of the fungus are often conspicuous, for example disc- or cup-like structures called ... 2006). The lichen thallus is able to grow under a range of adverse conditions and some can survive for hundreds of years. ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/pathogengroups/pages/introfungi.aspx
*  PPT - INTERSPECIFIC MUTUALISTIC RELATIONSHIPS PowerPoint Presentation - ID:5720624
Notorious filamentous fungal pathogen, Colletotrichummagna, causes anthracnose disease in cucurbits Member of a large clade of ... Infection occurs when spores adhere to host tissue, enter a cell and subsequently grow through the host leaving a trail of ... Pairwise species interactions are often condition dependent, i.e., they could shift between mutualistic and parasitic depending ... females collect pollen in specialized structures prior to dispersing ...
  https://www.slideserve.com/imelda/interspecific-mutualistic-relationships
*  PDMG-V3-50/PG056: 2015 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Strawberry
As anthracnose lesions develop, abundant spores are formed that may be moved to other plants and new fields on equipment and ... These patches can expand and coalesce to cover the entire leaf surface under favorable conditions. On some cultivars, ... Lesions begin as small, light brown spots that quickly enlarge and become covered with white fungal mycelia. Under moist ... two or more lesions may coalesce into large soft brown lesions with dark fruiting structures (pycnidia) on the surface. On ...
  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pg056
*  Preventing and Managing Plant Diseases
... spores or small black dots visible with a hand lens indicates a potential fungal disease. Not all leaf spots require control ... Another fungal disease, Stigmina needle blight, also produces fungal structures in the pycnidia. However, these two diseases ... A disease will only develop in the presence of all three conditions. The presence of the pathogen is the first condition, but ... Typical disease cycle of anthracnose caused by Gnomia spp.. Abiotic disorder causes. Plant disease or abiotic disorder. Plant ...
  https://extension2.missouri.edu/MG13
*  Colletotrichum kahawae - Wikipedia
... except for the fungal fruiting structures). Under humid conditions, the fruiting structures on the lesions may produce pink ... The asexual spores (conidia) are stored within acervuli. This disease is considered to be one of the major factors hampering C. ... leaf rust and coffee berry disease". Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology. 18 (1): 119-147. doi:10.1590/S1677- ... This process will in turn result in berry mummification on the branch, and when the berry begins to ripen anthracnose will ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colletotrichum_kahawae
*  Ilex opaca ( Blanche Morgan Holly ) | Backyard Gardener
For fungal leaf spots, use a recommended fungicide according to label directions.. Pest : Leaf Miners Leaf Miner is actually a ... Conditions : Light Conditions Unless a site is completely exposed, light conditions will change during the day and even during ... Rot Rot, Pythium or Phytophthora occurs when soil moisture levels are excessively high and fungal spores present in the soil, ... Drought tolerant plants are often deep rooted, have waxy or thick leaves that conserve water, or leaf structures that close to ...
  https://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/ilex-opaca-blanche-morgan-holly/