*  commelina communis | Photo/Image by anaeli6591 | Fliiby
Commelina communis is a perennial growing to 0.8 m. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefe... | File name: DSC_7695.jpg | Date uploaded: Jul 29, 2016
  https://flii.by/file/x9c6feqj7cf/
*  Commelina coelestis, habitat image
Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Commelina coelestis, habitat image
  http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20p?see=I_HLV683&res=640
*  PlantFiles Pictures: Asiatic Dayflower, Blue Dayflower (Commelina communis) by SAGESTUDIO
Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
  http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/342357/
*  Commelina benghalensis L. | Collections Search Center, Smithsonian Institution
Search millions of objects in the collections including photographs, artworks, artifacts, scientific specimens, manuscripts, sound records, and transcripts. These represent Art, Design, History, Culture, Science and Technology.
  http://collections.si.edu/search/record/nmnhbotany_2845420
*  Tropicos | Name - Commelina erecta L.
Commelina erecta L., Sp. Pl. 41. 1753; C. elegans Kunth.. Perennes; tallos erectos o decumbentes, hasta 70 cm de alto o más, raíces delgadas y tuberosas, agrupadas. Hojas linear-lanceoladas a ovado-lanceoladas, 7 10 ( 15) cm de largo y 0.3 3 cm de ancho, agudas a acuminadas en el ápice, redondeadas en la base, generalmente glabras, auriculadas en la unión de la lámina con la vaina, vaina con tricomas blancos. Inflorescencias cimas solitarias ó 2 4 agrupadas en el extremo de los tallos, pedúnculos generalmente menos de 1 cm de largo, espata semiovada, 2 3.5 cm de largo y 6 12 mm de ancho, cortamente acuminada, márgenes fusionados dorsalmente, glabra o pilosa, cima inferior obsoleta, la superior con 3 6 flores; sépalos 4 5 mm de largo; pétalos superiores 1 2.5 cm de largo, azul claros a obscuros, el inferior mucho más reducido, blanco. Cápsula seca y dehiscente; semillas 2 3, 4 mm de largo, café-grisáceas a negras, lisas, puberulentas.. Maleza común, áreas perturbadas, en ...
  http://www.tropicos.org/Name/8300156?projectid=7
*  Microtubules of Guard Cells are Light Sensitive : Plant and Cell Physiology - oi
Guard cells of stomata are characterized by ordered bundles of microtubules radiating from the ventral side toward the dorsal side of the cylindrical cell. It was suggested that microtubules play a role in directing the radial arrangement of the cellulose micro-fibrils of guard cells. However, the role of microtubules in daily cycles of opening and closing of stomata is not clear. The organization of microtubules in guard cells of Commelina communis leaves was studied by analysis of three-dimensional immunofluorescent images. It was found that while guard cell microtubules in the epidermis of leaves incubated in the light were organized in parallel, straight and dense bundles, in the dark they were less straight and oriented randomly near the stomatal pore. The effect of blue and red light on the organization of guard cell microtubules resembled the effects of white light and dark respectively. When stomata were induced to open in the dark with fusicoccin, microtubules ...
  http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/pcp/pch067
*  Weed emergence as affected by maize (Zea mays L.)-cover crop rotations in contrasting arable soils of Zimbabwe under...
Weed control in smallholder farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa is labour intensive or costly. Many researchers have therefore advocated for the use of cover crops in weed management as an affordable alternative for smallholders. Cover crops may be grown in rotations to suppress weeds and reduce the reliance on herbicides. The use of cover crops creates microenvironments that are either conducive or inhibitive to the emergence of certain weed species. A study, initiated in 2008 in contrasting soils at four different locations of Zimbabwe, investigated the effect of maize (Zea mays L.)-cover crop rotations on the emergence of weeds that showed dominance in those soils. Weed assessments were however, carried out from 2011 to 2014. The weed species Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Commelina benghalensis L., and Richardia scabra L. showed dominance in all four locations with weed densities as high as 500 plants m−2 being recorded for R. scabra L. in a sandy soil. Maize-cover crop ...
  https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:376712
*  Influence of Seedling Age at Inoculation and Cultivar on the Pathogenicity of a Virus Causing Yellow Mosaic Disease of...
Influence of Seedling Age at Inoculation and Cultivar on the Pathogenicity of a Virus Causing Yellow Mosaic Disease of Commelina Benghalensis L. on Cowpea
  http://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jas/article/view/5299/0
*  Commelina virginica - Species Page - ISB: Atlas of Florida Plants
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
  http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3427&display=photos
*  NITRATE-SENSITIVE ATPASE ACTIVITY AND PROTON PUMPING IN GUARD-CELL PROTOPLASTS OF COMMELINA - Oxford Neuroscience
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings ...
  https://www.neuroscience.ox.ac.uk/publications/43301
*  ipernity: DSCN5305 - erva-de-santa-luzia Commelina erecta, Commelinaceae - by Fabiano Faga Pacheco
Free online service for photo and video album sharing for everyone: friends and family as well as the passionate photographers. Upload your memories from your PC and even your mobile telephone. Unlimited storage. Available in more than 10 languages. With ipernity share and store all your media safely!
  http://www.ipernity.com/doc/fabifaga/40890938
*  Group D/22 resistant Eleusine indica from Indonesia
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with ...
  http://weedscience.com/details/Case.aspx?ResistID=13034
*  Multiple resistant Raphanus raphanistrum from Australia, Victoria
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with ...
  http://weedscience.org/Details/Case.aspx?ResistID=7845
*  Group G/9 resistant Bidens pilosa from Mexico
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with ...
  http://weedscience.org/Details/Case.aspx?ResistID=9923
*  Group D/22 resistant Eleusine indica from Indonesia
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with ...
  http://weedscience.org/details/Case.aspx?ResistID=13034
*  Antimicrobial studies of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa on pathogenic viral diseases
Background and aims: Medicinal plant products are considered to be an effective candidate against the number of viral diseases as generally observed or reported in developing countries. As per the literature, secondary metabolites (i.e. Alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins etc.) are reported in medicinal plant products and showed its antiviral properties. In this study, our group focused on those medicinal plants especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa related to New castle Disease Virus (NDV) and Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) having in vitro antiviral activity. These studies were conducted on the human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Methods: For antimicrobial studies, different medicinal plant products especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa were collected from Vidya Pratishthan's garden, School of Biotechnology, Baramati. These medicinal plant leaves are used in the form of aqueous extract and determined its anti-microbial activity against ...
  http://herbmed.skums.ac.ir/article_22508.html
*  A floristic description of the Afromontane fynbos communities on Platberg, Eastern Free State, South Africa
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0075-64582008000100020
*  A floristic description of the Afromontane fynbos communities on Platberg, Eastern Free State, South Africa
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0075-64582008000100020&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Murdannia nudiflora in Flora of North America @ efloras.org
2. Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan, Kew Bull. 7: 189. 1952. Commelina nudiflora Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 177. 1771; Aneilema nudiflorum (Linnaeus) Sweet. Herbs, annual, unbranched to much branched, 8--30 cm. Leaves spirally arranged; blade linear or linear-lanceolate to lanceolate-oblong, 1.5--7(--18) ´ 0.3--0.8 cm. Inflorescences terminal or terminal and axillary; cymes few-flowered, solitary or fascicled, long-pedunculate; bracteoles caducous, scars spaced less than 2 mm apart. Flowers bisexual, slightly bilaterally symmetric, 4--6 mm wide; sepals 2--3 mm; petals pinkish purple or violet, 3--3.5(--6) mm; fertile stamens 2; filaments bearded; staminodes 4. Capsules 2.5--5 mm. Seeds 2 per locule, deeply pitted, 1.3--1.8 mm. 2n = 20 (Trinidad).. Flowering summer--fall. Weed in lawns, gardens, and other open or lightly shaded, disturbed sites; introduced; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., N.C., S.C., Tex.; Central America; South America; native, Asia.. Murdannia nudiflora is found in ...
  http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200027385
*  Serpentine leaf miner - Wikipedia
The serpentine leaf miner is the larva of a fly, Liriomyza brassicae, in the family Agromyzidae, the leaf miner flies. It mines wild and cultivated plants, such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and Chinese broccoli. It is distributed in the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. The life cycle of the fly is up to 21 days. It lays eggs in the leaf epidermis of host plants. Larvae hatch within four days. They are yellow or green and have three instars. It emerges from the pupa as an adult, a gray fly with black and yellow spots. The American serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii) is a closely related species, and Liriomyza huidobrensis is also known as the serpentine leafminer. Another member of the genus, Liriomyza commelinae occurs widely in the neotropics and pupates within the mine. It feeds mainly on plants within the genus Commelina. "Species Liriomyza brassicae - Serpentine leaf miner". BugGuide. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serpentine_leaf_miner
*  Hypena obacerralis - Wikipedia
Hypena obacerralis is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found throughout Africa, the Middle East and South Asia (India, Sri Lanka) and Malaysia. Wingspan is about 24-30mm. Fore wings much broader. The outer margin less oblique. Raised tufts are slight. Body pale or dark greyish reddish brown. Fore wings slightly irrorated with dark scales. There are traces of an antemedial waved line and a dark speck in the cell present. An oblique slightly sinuous rusty line runs from the costa before apex to middle of inner margin. Traces of an oblique dark line can be seen from the apex, often with a more or less complete dark specks series found on it. Abdomen and hind wings fuscous. Body color slightly paler or darker according to the region. Larva known to feed on Commelina pacifica plants. "Distribution of Hypena ferriscitalis". Afromoths. Retrieved 27 August 2016. "Snout Moth (Hypena obacerralis)". southafricaninsects. Retrieved 27 August 2016. Hampson G. F. (1892). "The Fauna Of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypena_obacerralis
*  Reconstitution of vacuolar ion channels into planar lipid bilayers
Klughammer, B., Benz, B., Betz, M., Thume, M., & Dietz, K. - J. (1992). Reconstitution of vacuolar ion channels into planar lipid bilayers. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1104(2), 308-316. doi:10.1016/0005-2736(92)90045- ...
  https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/publication/1866725
*  Photos of Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) | the Internet Bird Collection (IBC) | HBW Alive
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive series is the first work ever to illustrate and deal in detail with all the living species of birds.
  https://www.hbw.com/ibc/species/55854/photos?uid=LMArce
*  Pacific parrotlet (Forpus coelestis) longevity, ageing, and life history
One specimen lived 10.4 years in captivity [0669]. It has been reported that these animals can live up to 30.4 years in captivity [0979], but this has not been verified. ...
  http://genomics.senescence.info/species/entry.php?species=Forpus_coelestis