*  Using Remote Sensing to Spot Cholera Outbreaks - VerySpatial
... which are the root cause of cholera. As these phytoplankton get into the water supply, cholera pathogens are released and can ... Scientists have figured out how to predict cholera outbreaks by looking at sea life. The idea pioneered at the University of ... Using Remote Sensing to Spot Cholera Outbreaks. Posted November 15, 2008. January 18, 2009. Frank ...
  http://veryspatial.com/2008/11/using-remote-sensing-to-spot-cholera-outbreaks/
*  Changing Climate Affects Patterns of Cholera Outbreaks - Scientific American
"What is new in this work is not showing that ENSO plays a role in the variability of cholera, but that the role of ENSO has ... In related work, Rita Colwell of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute and her colleagues studied the cholera ... Human Hosts Help Cholera Bacterium Become More Infectious. June 6, 2002 - Rachael Moeller ... cholera. Using monthly mortality data for the periods 1893 to 1940 and 1980 to 2001 in present-day Bangladesh, a team led by ...
  https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/changing-climate-affects/
*  Haiti: lack of proper sanitation is real cause of cholera outbreak, Clinton says | Sanitation Updates
While studies have suggested that the cholera came from a Nepalese soldier serving as a peacekeeper, Clinton pointed out… ... Haiti should focus on stemming the cholera outbreak that has killed more than 7,000 people since 2010, rather than on levying ... Haiti: lack of proper sanitation is real cause of cholera outbreak, Clinton says. Posted on March 9, 2012 by dietvorst , 1 ... One response to "Haiti: lack of proper sanitation is real cause of cholera outbreak, Clinton says" * Pingback: Le manque ...
  https://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/2012/03/09/haiti-lack-of-proper-sanitation-is-real-cause-of-cholera-outbreak-clinton-says/?like=1&_wpnonce=9d779cb1c0
*  First cholera outbreak in Cuba in more than a century!
What Is Cholera?. Cholera is a bacterial disease that can cause diarrhea and dehydration. Cholera is most often spread through ... Cholera infection is most often asymptomatic or results in mild gastroenteritis. Severe cholera is characterized by acute, ... Food can be contaminated by water containing cholera bacteria or by being handled by a person ill with cholera. ... First cholera outbreak in Cuba in more than a century!. July 28, 2012. by drgaurav Leave a Comment ...
  http://travelsafeclinic.com/first-cholera-outbreak-in-cuba-in-more-than-a-century/
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | Surveillance for epidemic cholera in the Americas : an assessment. - 7191 | Guidelines and...
Oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) have been recommended in cholera-endemic settings and preemptively during outbreaks and complex ... Because reporting of cholera cases was often delayed in some areas, the scope of the epidemic was unclear. An assessment of the ... A key conclusion is that a simple, well-communicated cholera surveillance system in place during an epidemic will facilitate ... Considerations for Oral Cholera Vaccine Use during Outbreak after Earthquake in Haiti, 2010−2011 ...
  https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/7191
*  Cholera outbreak kills 194 in Haiti - World - CBC News
Haitian officals confirm that a cholera outbreak has killed 194 people and sickened thousands more in the country's deadliest ... No cholera outbreaks had been reported in Haiti for decades before the earthquake, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease ... Cholera is a waterborne bacterial infection spread through contaminated water. It causes severe diarrhea and vomiting that can ... "This outbreak is likely to get much larger, given our experience with cholera epidemics in the past," said Dr. Jon Arbus of the ...
  http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/cholera-outbreak-kills-194-in-haiti-1.876429
*  Intestines in the Time of Cholera - Tracking Zebra
Intestines in the Time of Cholera January 9, 2014. The world has experienced 7 cholera pandemics since 1817. The first six were ... Cholera is a fascinating disease--see its biography--and this study fills in a few chapters in its life with humans. ... The New England Journal of Medicine just published the results of a successful attempt to extract the cholera microbe from that ... John Snow made his pathbreaking epidemiological discovery regarding the role of water in the spread of the cholera microbe--yet ...
  http://www.trackingzebra.com/new-blog/2014/1/9/intestines-in-the-time-of-cholera
*  View all posts in Cholera and its common remedies
Cholera Symptoms. Symptoms of cholera can begin as soon as a few hours or as long as five days after infection. Often, symptoms ... Cholera - An Infectious Disease. Saturday, January 31st, 2015 Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery ... Cholera Causes. Vibrio cholerae, the bacterium that causes cholera, is usually found in food or water contaminated by feces ... You can prevent cholera by doing some simple things at home, many of the developing and developed countries prevented cholera ...
  http://www.hindustanlink.com/health-care-blog/category/healthcare/nutrition/cholera-and-its-common-remedies/
*  60pct of Cholera Cases Can Be Averted With Oral Vaccine
A new study has found that oral vaccines could prevent up to 60 percent of cholera cases in the first two years after ... Cholera. Cholera is an infection of the small intestine and is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... In these studies of vaccines made from killed, whole-cell cholera, the number of cholera cases among all participants dropped ... Simple Test for Cholera Detection. Scientists have described a key advance toward a faster, simple and better test for ...
  http://www.medindia.net/news/60pct-of-Cholera-Cases-Can-Be-Averted-With-Oral-Vaccine-82423-1.htm
*  Cholera Infection Causes Symptoms Treatment & Help for Android
In this app we have compiled complete information of causes symptoms treatment of cholera, which is a disease caused by ... Cholera Infection Causes Symptoms Treatment & Help. Free App. Rated 0.00/5 (0) - Free Android application by Kaveri Tyagi ... may also transmit the cholera-causing bacteria in the body.. The basic treatment for cholera is fluid and electrolyte ... Oh snap! No comments are available for Cholera Infection Causes Symptoms Treatment & Help at the moment. Be the first to leave ...
  http://www.androidblip.com/android-apps/com.OneLife2Care.CholeraHelp.html
*  Aid Groups Warn of More 'Unnecessary Deaths' in Haiti as Cholera Outbreak Threatens | Common Dreams
... aid agencies warn that Haiti may be struck by fresh cholera outbreak ... Cholera is rapidly spreading in Haiti in the wake of Hurricane Matthew and the country will be struck by another outbreak of ... The cholera outbreak adds another dimension to the disastrous effects of the hurricane, the worst natural disaster in Haiti ... Lindstrom's group has led a campaign to hold the U.N. accountable for its role in the cholera outbreak that hit nine months ...
  https://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/10/14/aid-groups-warn-more-unnecessary-deaths-haiti-cholera-outbreak-threatens
*  Meeting Cholera's Challenge to Haiti and the World: A Joint Statement on Cholera Prevention and Care
Cholera vaccines Is the Subject Area "Cholera vaccines" applicable to this article? Yes. No. ... 2011) Meeting Cholera's Challenge to Haiti and the World: A Joint Statement on Cholera Prevention and Care. PLoS Negl Trop Dis ... Delivery Challenges to Cholera Care in Haiti. A triage system of independent treatment sites-cholera treatment centers (CTCs) ... Cholera Is the Subject Area "Cholera" applicable to this article? Yes. No. ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0001145
*  Oxfam publishes advice on handling a cholera outbreak - but are we right? | Sanitation Updates
HSP Public Health Engineer Coordinator Oxfam's Cholera Outbreak Guidelines were developed as an internal resource, but today we ... Oxfam publishes advice on handling a cholera outbreak - but are we right?. Posted on August 14, 2012 by WASHplus , Leave a ... Oxfam's Cholera Outbreak Guidelines were developed as an internal resource, but today we are sharing them externally in order ... Bangladesh behaviour change Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation BRAC Cambodia changing behaviour China cholera Community-Led Total ...
  https://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/2012/08/14/oxfam-publishes-advice-on-handling-a-cholera-outbreak-but-are-we-right/?like=1&_wpnonce=cb13afa090
*  Number of Haitian cholera cases reaches 7,000 | Make up your own Mind
Cholera epidemic in Haiti Number of Haitian cholera cases reaches 7,000 20:39 06/11/2010 © REUTERS/ St-Felix Evens Related News ... Cholera epidemic hits Haitian capital Canada to provide Haiti $1 mln to help fight cholera outbreak Donor countries pledge ... "According to the Pan American bureau of the World Health Organization, Haitian cholera has claimed 442 lives with 6,742 cholera ... Cholera is a bacterial infection that spreads through contaminated water, causing severe diarrhea and vomiting that can lead to ...
  https://mylogicoftruth.wordpress.com/2010/11/06/number-of-haitian-cholera-cases-reaches-7000/

Warning: file_get_contents(http://94.23.197.202:8003/search): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 500 (No room for thread in thread queue) in /home/lookformedical/www/web.php on line 239
*  Mass Oral Cholera Vaccination in Zanzibar - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The seventh cholera pandemic began in Indonesia in 1961 and spread quickly to other Asian countries. In 1970, the etiologic agent, Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor, invaded sub-Saharan Africa, whose residents had not experienced cholera for more than 100 years. Outbreaks rapidly occurred and the disease has become endemic in several parts of the continent. In 2006, Africa reported 234,349 cholera cases to the WHO, accounting for 99% of the officially-notified global cholera (1). Between 1995 and 2005, 66% of cholera outbreak reports to ProMed came from sub-Saharan Africa (2). There is growing evidence of the large and increasing burden of cholera in Africa.. One African country that is severely and repeatedly affected by cholera is Zanzibar. After the first case of cholera was confirmed in the country in January 1978, regular outbreaks have been reported (3). These ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00709410?term=NCT00709410
*  Cholera in Haiti - The CRUDEM Foundation, Inc
Cholera can be a frightening disease to providers, patients and community members alike. Common misconceptions typically concern the nature of disease transmission and the best treatment strategies. Cholera is transmitted by the fecal-oral route. This means that cholera transmission only occurs through the consumption of contaminated food and water. Thus, community education focuses on appropriate hand hygiene, thorough cooking of food, the consumption of clean water and appropriate sanitation practices. Cholera treatment should focus on oral rehydration using ORS and not on antibiotic and intravenous fluid therapy unless absolutely necessary. It is very rare for care providers to become ill with cholera if common sense hygiene practices are followed. Antibiotic prophylaxis for care providers is thus unnecessary.. Dr. Mark Walsh ended up at Hôpital Albert Schweitzer (in the heart of the cholera epidemic) ...
  http://crudem.org/cholera-in-haiti-2/
*  The Dry Season in Haiti: a Window of Opportunity to Eliminate Cholera - PLOS Currents Outbreaks
Thirty months after cholera onset, the disease is still present in Haiti. The disease attack rate has varied considerably since the beginning of the epidemic, with peaks during the rainy season and relative lulls during the dry season in 2011 and 2012 5. Our results show that the lull was even more pronounced in February and March 2013. In particular, of the 140 Haitian communes, 109 showed no sign of cholera transmission during early 2013 for more than two months. Indeed, in these 109 communes, there has been no confirmed case, significant group of cases, or death in the context of grouped diarrheic patients. Even if small cholera outbreaks may have remained unnoticed by the surveillance system in resource-deprived areas, it is unlikely, in the current context of Haiti, that an outbreak with subsequent cholera deaths would go completely unnoticed for two consecutive months. Only sporadic suspected cholera patients were ...
  http://currents.plos.org/outbreaks/article/the-dry-season-in-haiti-a-window-of-opportunity-to-eliminate-cholera/
*  PaxVax's Vaxchora™ Now Available as the Only U.S. Approved Vaccine for Protection Against Cholera | PaxVax
REDWOOD CITY, CA - October 24, 2016 - PaxVax, Inc. announced that Vaxchora™ is now available in the United States (U.S.) as the country's only vaccine for protection against cholera, a highly contagious intestinal diarrheal infection that can cause death in less than 24 hours if left untreated.1. Vaxchora, a single-dose vaccine, was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in June 2016 for use in U.S. adults traveling to cholera-affected areas as an active immunization against disease caused by Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1. Also in June 2016, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted unanimously to recommend Vaxchora for travelers to areas of active cholera transmission.. Estimated to be widespread in 69 countries, primarily in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean, cholera is acquired by ingesting contaminated water or food. Annually, millions ...
  https://paxvax.com/media/paxvaxs-vaxchora-now-available-as-the-only-u-s-approved-vaccine-for-protection-against-cholera/
*  Safety and Immunogenicity of Peru-15 Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine in Healthy Indian and Bangladeshi Infants -...
Cholera is an important public health problem worldwide, remaining endemic in most of the developing world at the same time causing outbreaks in areas where lapses in sanitation occur. In 2005, 131 943 cholera cases and 2272 deaths were reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) with more countries reporting cholera outbreaks. Overall, this represents a 30% increase in the number of cases reported compared to 2004. The cholera case fatality rate during that year was 1.72%; however, recent outbreaks in West Africa resulted in case-fatality rates of as high as 12% [1, 2]. These figures are believed to be underestimates and that as much as 120 000 deaths due to cholera are estimated to occur each year [3]. Aside from this high mortality, cholera outbreaks cause economic and social disruptions.. The states of West Bengal in India together with neighboring Bangladesh have been considered by many as the ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00624975
*  Cholera cases in Haiti this year may top 500,000 | Vaccine News
According to projections by the World Health Organization, the number of cholera cases in Haiti may reach 500,000 by the end of the year.
  https://vaccinenewsdaily.com/stories/510532440-newsinator-cholera-cases-in-haiti-this-year-may-top-500-000
*  Cholera Hospital Register :: Ohio Memory Collection
This register, kept by the staff of the Sandusky City Hospital during the 1849 cholera epidemic, records patients discharged and deceased. The register is twelve pages long and lists eighty-three names. It measures 4.6" x 7" (11.68 cm x 17.78 cm). Cholera was a major threat in the 19th century. Due to poor sanitation and ignorance of the causes of disease, Sandusky suffered several cholera outbreaks in the 1840s and 1850s. The most devastating outbreak occurred in the summer of 1849, when 400 people died and many more fled the city in fear. The city's population before the outbreak was about 5,000; it is estimated that fewer than 1,000 remained in the city during the cholera. The 1882 History of Sandusky County reported that "medical men [were] taxed to their utmost to stem the tide of disease and death." The devastation caused by cholera and other epidemics helped to inspire improvements in medical care, research, and ...
  http://www.ohiomemory.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p267401coll36/id/3475/rec/140
*  Controlling Endemic Cholera with Oral Vaccines
Using data from Bangladesh, Ira Longini and colleagues develop a mathematical model predicting that oral vaccination of 50%-70% of the population could control cholera transmission in an endemic region.
  http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0040336&imageURI=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040336.g004
*  PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Peer-Reviewed Open-Access Journal
Author SummaryVibrio cholerae is the bacterium that causes cholera, a severe form of diarrhea that leads to rapid and potentially fatal dehydration when the infection is not treated promptly. Cholera remains an important cause of diarrhea globally, and V. cholerae continues to cause major epidemics in the most vulnerable populations. Although there have been recent discoveries about how the bacterium adapts to the human intestine and causes diarrhea, there is little understanding of why some people are protected from infection with V. cholerae. This article describes several factors that are associated with the risk of developing V. cholerae infection among people living in the same household with a patient with severe cholera who are at high risk of contracting the infection. One of the findings is that IgA antibodies, a type of antibody associated with immunity at mucosal surfaces such as ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article/citation?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0000221
*  share via email
Abstract An explosive epidemic of cholera due to Vibrio cholerae, biotype El Tor, serotype Inaba, was centered on the coral atoll of Tarawa, Gilbert Islands. This outbreak was a unique experience in the South and Central Pacific region. The principal mode of spread during the peak of the outbreak was probably through contamination of the main water supply. Tarawa lagoon water and shellfish were found to be contaminated with V. cholerae and ingestion of raw fish and shellfish from the lagoon also served as a source of transmission. This outbreak raises the concern of other outbreaks of cholera occurring on remote and poorly equipped Pacific islands where the environmental circumstances are conducive to cholera spread.
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1979.28.677
*  Medical group blasts 'inadequate' response to Haiti cholera outbreak - CNN.com
While the United Nations warned that protests were hampering efforts to save lives in the Haiti cholera outbreak, a leading non-profit group lashed out at organizations for what it called an 'inadequate' response.
  http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/americas/11/19/haiti.cholera/