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*  News Scan for Aug 26, 2015 | CIDRAP
Cholera outbreaks currently result in 2 to 3 million cases and 100,000 deaths globally each year.. Aug 25 PLoS Med study ... From Aug 18 to Aug 21, 19 additional cases of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection occurred and 1 state, North Carolina, saw its ... The majority of case-patients (293 [59%]) had illness onset on or since May 1 and had no history of international travel. ... A single dose of oral cholera vaccine (OCV) may prevent more cases and deaths than a two-dose campaign during an outbreak when ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2015/08/news-scan-aug-26-2015
*  Emerging Foodborne Diseases: An Evolving Public Health Challenge - Volume 3, Number 4-December 1997 - Emerging Infectious...
... dispersed outbreaks. Outbreak investigations and case-control studies of sporadic cases can identify sources of infection and ... as well as large and challenging outbreaks over many states and nations. Improved surveillance that combines rapid subtyping ... These pathogens cause millions of cases of sporadic illness and chronic complications, ... In most jurisdictions, the increase in cases may be inapparent against the background illness. The outbreak is detected only ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/3/4/97-0403_article
*  News & Perspective | CIDRAP
Cholera outbreaks expand. Tick-borne diseases in US. Zika and HIV co-infection ... Cyclospora cases rise. MERS vaccine trial. Zika transmission prediction. Nigerian cholera vaccination ... H7N9 illness cluster. Lassa fever in Nigeria. Somalia cholera outbreak. Jail order for egg execs ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective?f%5B0%5D=field_related_topics%3A66&f%5B1%5D=field_organization%3A268
*  Outbreaks and Alerts: June 10, 2010
Labels: cholera, Cyclospora, E. coli, fish and seafood, outbreaks and alerts, Salmonella, water and sewage ... June 9: The County of Lambton Community Health Services Department continues to investigate an outbreak of Cyclospora infection ... Lab tests have confirmed the illness in 40 attendees; at least 193 people have reported symptoms consisent with Cyclospora ... In some cases, E. coli was found in the wastewater from the feedlot operations. ...
  http://efoodalert.blogspot.com/2010/06/outbreaks-and-alerts-june-10-2010.html
*  IAMAT | Kenya | Overview
The illness is associated with contaminated food and water. Symptoms appear 1 to 3 days after infection. Treatment includes ... Amoebic Dysentery is the more severe form of the illness where patients develop fever and blood in their stools. In rare cases ... Norovirus - Associated with outbreaks at large gatherings or on cruise ships. The illness is also caused by contaminated water ... raw or undercooked fish and shellfish and causes Cholera, an acute gastro-intestinal infection. Risk to travellers is low and ...
  https://www.iamat.org/country/kenya/risk/food-water-safety-overview
*  Oregon Health Authority : What and When to Report : Communicable Disease Reporting : State of Oregon
Health care providers shall report all cases or suspected cases of the diseases, infections, microorganisms, and conditions ... HIV infection (does not apply to anonymous testing) and AIDS. *Influenza (laboratory-confirmed) death of a person ,18 years of ... The timing of health care provider reports is specified to reflect the severity of the illness or condition and the potential ... Known or Suspected Disease Outbreaks. *Any known or suspected disease outbreak, including any outbreak associated with health ...
  http://www.oregon.gov/oha/ph/DiseasesConditions/CommunicableDisease/ReportingCommunicableDisease/Pages/reportable.aspx
*  Diarrhea Quiz Lectures Flashcards by Adam strohschein | Brainscape
In acute cases, treatment with praziquantel is usually delayed until three months after infection as this is when it is most ... Most conclusive test is the linking of an illness with a specific food, or in cases in which multiple vehicles exist, detection ... Outbreaks can be minimized through proper food handling, clean water supplies, and hand washing. ... and Cyclospora. hits folic acid system ... cholera toxin Activates adenylate cyclase.  cAMP →  Na+ ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/diarrhea-quiz-lectures-4785661/packs/6955386
*  How to Shit Around the World - Travelers' Tales
Cholera (see Pages 60, 66). *Cyclospora (see Page 57). *Tropical infections (like malaria) which can cause diarrhea along with ... The most common infection which gets us is diarrhea, and studies say that about half of those traveling to the developing world ... Studies have shown that this is responsible for up to 40 percent of cases of travelers' diarrhea, and this is the most likely ... Tropical infections don't kill many travelers, but that doesn't mean that we avoid illness: on the contrary, most of us get ...
  http://travelerstales.com/how-to-shit-around-the-world/
*  Intoxications and Infections of the Small Intestine
The severity of this infection can vary from a self-limiting diarrhea to a mild, cholera-like illness. Usually disease occurs ... Severe cases of cholera The patient may be cyanotic and have sunken eyes and cheeks, a scaphoid abdomen, poor skin turgor, and ... B cereus outbreaks result in 63,000 illness/yr and 20 hospitalizations/yr as a result of this intoxication. Intoxications with ... Cyclospora cayetanensis is a single celled coccidian parasite. The infectious form of the organism is a sporulated oocyst. ...
  https://www.atsu.edu/faculty/chamberlain/website/lectures/IntoxicationsandInfectionsoftheSmallIntestine.htm
*  Travel to developing countries | In-Depth Reports | St. Luke's Hospital
In severe cases, malaria can cause seizure, brain infection, and liver, kidney, or respiratory failure. Severe malaria can be ... Symptoms can range from mild flu-like illness to fever, headache, and vomiting. This infection can cause inflammation of the ... Cholera is caused by the bacterium Cholera vibrae. It causes massive amounts of loose, watery stools ("rice-water stools") and ... Outbreaks occur when a person comes into contact with an infected animal. The disease is then transmitted among people through ...
  https://www.stlukes-stl.com/health-content/reports/10/000001.htm
*  History of emerging infectious diseases - Wikipedia
... and treatment would be developed to help patients with the infection. In the United States, Cyclospora infection must be ... published a paper identifying ETEC as the cause of a series of outbreaks of unexplained hemorrhagic gastrointestinal illness. ... Since 2002, Giardia cases must be reported to the Center for Disease Control, according to the CDC's Reportable Disease ... Before the discovery of an infectious cause, the symptoms of cholera were thought to be caused by an excess of bile in the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_emerging_infectious_diseases
*  The Global infectious disease threat
Disease outbreaks due to Cyclospora spp, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella spp. in several countries, along with the emergence, ... Cholera reemerged with a vengeance in the region in 1991 for the first time in a century with 400,000 new cases, and while ... More recent data indicate that the TB infection rate in Russia more than tripled from 1990 to 1998, with 122,000 new cases ... The occurrence in an area of a disease or illness in excess of what may be expected on the basis of past experience for a given ...
  http://www.heart-intl.net/HEART/Internat/Comp/TheGlobalInfectiouThreat.htm
*  Foodborne Outbreak Information News - FoodHACCP.com
Reported foodborne illness and gastroenteritis in Australia. 08/05. A cluster of cases of haemolytic uraemic syndrome in North ... Cholera outbreaks in Uganda kill nearly 40 since June. 07/11. Salmonellosis, unpasteurized orange juice - USA (Multistate): ... Cholera outbreak in Guinea kills 21 as infection spreads around west Africa. ... Cyclospora outbreak. 04/29. Cryptosporidium outbreak after a visit to a wildlife centre in Northeast Scotland. ...
  http://www.foodhaccp.com/out2005.html
*  EPA is Part of the Problem | Greener VI
An estimated 73,000 cases of infection and 61 deaths occur in the United States each year. Infection often leads to bloody ... cholera typhus and SARS can cause outbreaks and death, and many of the other diseases can debilitate the athletes severely, ... The amount of human illness after exposure to marine water appears to be increasing, and there is evidence that the rate of ... Cyclospora cayetanensis - Gastroenteritis - Human feces. Dientamoeba fragilis - Mild diarrhea - Human feces. Entamoeba ...
  http://greenervi.org/issues/featured-article/
*  Landfills and Water Quality Management
It is estimated that there are on the order of 900,000 cases of illness and 900 deaths each year in the US from microbial ... The incidence of major outbreaks of the classical waterborne bacterial diseases, such as typhoid fever and cholera, has become ... Asano et al. (1992) used a risk model for virus infection to estimate the relative risks associated with different applications ... protozoa - species of concern include Entamoeba, Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora *others including flukes ...
  http://www.gfredlee.com/WSWQ/path-2.htm
*  Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Clinical Presentation: History, Physical, Causes
... produces an intestinal infection in nonimmune persons that is ultimately self-limited (lasting up to 7-9 wk) and characterized ... Cyclospora cayetanensis (8-10 µm in diameter), a coccidian protozoan parasite, ... of cases. It may be preceded by a flulike illness. After a few days, acute symptoms subside and then may recur (61% of cases) ... Update: outbreaks of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection--United States and Canada, 1996. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1996 Jul 19 ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/236105-clinical
*  News & Perspective | CIDRAP
DRC probes febrile illness outbreak. New Cyclospora health alert. VHF outbreaks in Uganda ... Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (1) Apply Association for Professionals in Infection ... E coli cases prompt ground chuck recall from Publix stores. Lisa Schnirring , News Editor , CIDRAP News. ... Cholera (17) Apply Cholera filter *Climate Change (2) Apply Climate Change filter ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective?f%5B0%5D=field_organization%3A265&f%5B1%5D=field_related_topics%3A66
*  Alizul: 10 FOODBORNE ILLNESSES THAT WILL MAKE YOU WISH YOU WERE DEAD
"Cryptosporidium infection." Jan. 2, 2014. (July 18, 2015). 27. Mayo Clinic. "Cyclospora infection." Sept. 17, 2014. (July 18, ... Cholera is a foodborne illness caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae [pictured above], and it occurs after consuming food or ... lettuce and imported raspberries have all been associated with cyclospora outbreaks. In 2014, cyclospora-contaminated cilantro ... Cases of cholera in developed nations are rare, and they're most often associated with eating contaminated raw oysters. ...
  https://alizul2.blogspot.com/2015/08/10-foodborne-illnesses-that-will-make.html
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Robert H Gilman
Cyclospora cayetanensis was found in 7/37(18.9%) cases and 1/15 (6.7%) controls via standard microscopic techniques. PCR for C ... pylori infection and the occurrence of cholera has not been described. The purpose of this study was to compare the gastric pH ... Sep, 2006 , Pubmed ID: 16968939 Cyclospora cayetanensis is emerging as an important cause of food-borne diarrheal outbreaks, ... The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical correlates of TB-related illness among HIV- ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Robert+H_Gilman
*  Infectious Diarrhea - What`s New in Medicine
Imaging: C. difficile infection (CDI) Among risk factors for and predictors of SEVERE CDI, which is false? a) b) c) d) e) f) g ... Options? Indications for Operative Management Neal Ann Surgery 2011 Surgery • Surgical intervention in up to 20% of cases ... non-cholera vibrios, Yersina: treat as for Shigella * Onwuezobe et al. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2012 Case 1: Scenario B ... Other travelers with similar illness? Is the pathology in the small bowel or colon? Small Bowel Colon Symptoms Nausea, bloating ...
  http://slidegur.com/doc/54235/infectious-diarrhea---what-s-new-in-medicine
*  Cryptosporidium parvum
Waterborne Illness outbreaks. *Milwaukee contaminated municipal water (n=400,000). *Florida Summer Camp with contaminated ... infection; Cryptosporidium, Cryptosporidium; gastroenteritis, Cryptosporidium; infection, Infection by Cryptosporidium, NOS. ... Paromomycin and Azithromycin may be trialed in refractory cases (but low efficacy) ... Immunocompetent host has only mild Diarrheal illness. *Immunocompromised host has potentially severe or even fatal illness ( ...
  http://www.fpnotebook.com/legacy/GI/ID/CryptsprdmPrvm.htm
*  News & Perspective | CIDRAP
More Cyclospora illness. Avian flu outbreaks. Adverse vaccine events in kids. Water inequality ... Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (1) Apply Association for Professionals in Infection ... Cholera (3) Apply Cholera filter *Dengue (6) Apply Dengue filter *E coli (3) Apply E coli filter ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective?f%5B0%5D=field_related_topics%3A95&f%5B1%5D=field_organization%3A269
*  Mikrobiyolojik
Cholera outbreaks are closely linked to inadequate environment and water management, and places such as tenement districts and ... In 2014, 55% of the cases were reported in Africa, 30% in Asia and 15% in the Americas.. In our country recently, cholera ... Risks of Salmonella infection: Salmonella infections are more common in summer than in winter.. Children under 5 years old have ... Food-borne illness is seen as an effect in all countries, more often in countries where sanitation is not adequately addressed ...
  http://www.safefoodsafefuture.org/Home/Mikrobiyolojik
*  MERS-CoV | CIDRAP
Saudi MERS cases. Cyclospora in domestic cilantro. Avian flu in Asia, Europe ... Infection prevention and control guidance (Oct 4, 2013). Interim case definition (Sep 23, 2013). Coronavirus in animals (May 28 ... More flulike illness in fliers. MERS in Saudi Arabia. More polio in Papua NG ... Cyclospora final update. Salmonella from backyard birds. Eye exams after Zika. Cholera spread in Zimbabwe capital ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/infectious-disease-topics/mers-cov
*  Health Advice for International Travel
95). Several outbreaks of measles in the United States have been linked to imported cases.. ... PREVENTION OF GASTROINTESTINAL ILLNESS Diarrhea, the leading cause of illness in travelers (Chap. 25), is usually a short-lived ... Cholera The risk of cholera (Chap. 57) is extremely low, with ∼1 case per 500,000 journeys to endemic areas. ... In those with persistent skin ulcers, a diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis, mycobacterial infection, or fungal infection ...
  http://www.gkhub.info/health-advice-for-international-travel.html