*  Quality control one chloroplast at a time | Science Signaling
How do plant cells get rid of chloroplasts that are not working as they should? Woodson et al. describe a chloroplast quality- ... Ubiquitin facilitates a quality-control pathway that removes damaged chloroplasts. Science 350, 450-454 (2015). [Abstract] [ ... control pathway that allows for the selective elimination of individual chloroplasts. Damage by reactive oxygen species during ... photosynthesis is recognized by a ubiquitin ligase, which marks out damaged chloroplasts for degradation. The findings reveal ...
  http://stke.sciencemag.org/content/8/400/ec317
*  Transmission Electron Microscopy for Tobacco Chloroplast Ultrastructure -BIO-PROTOCOL
Chloroplasts are relatively large organelles with a diameter of ~5 μm and width of ~2.5 μm, and so can be readily analysed by ... Each chloroplast is enclosed by two envelope membranes, which encompass an aqueous matrix, the stroma and the thylakoids. ... The chloroplast is the site of photosynthesis that enabled and sustains aerobic life on Earth. ... The chloroplast is the site of photosynthesis that enabled and sustains aerobic life on Earth. Chloroplasts are relatively ...
  http://www.bio-protocol.org/cn/e1404
*  Frontiers | A purification strategy for analysis of the DNA/RNA-associated sub-proteome from chloroplasts of mustard cotyledons...
... for investigating the nucleotide binding proteome of mustard chloroplasts purified from cotyledons. We describe the technical ... for investigating the nucleotide binding proteome of mustard chloroplasts purified from cotyledons. We describe the technical ... cotyledons are a tissue that is particularly active in plastid gene expression in order to develop functional chloroplasts from ... cotyledons are a tissue that is particularly active in plastid gene expression in order to develop functional chloroplasts from ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2014.00557/full
*  PGR5-Dependent Cyclic Electron Transport Around PSI Contributes to the Redox Homeostasis in Chloroplasts Rather Than CO2...
Keywords: Chloroplast; Cyclic electron transport; Electrochromic shift; Oryza sativa; Photosynthesis; PSI Journal Article. 6104 ... In ruptured chloroplasts, ferredoxin-dependent plastoquinone reduction activity was partially impaired; the phenotype was ... In ruptured chloroplasts, ferredoxin-dependent plastoquinone reduction activity was partially impaired; the phenotype was ... mimicked by addition of antimycin A to wild-type chloroplasts. As occurred in the Arabidopsis pgr5 mutant, non-photochemical... ...
  http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/pcp/pcs153
*  Chloroplast - Academic Kids
Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae which conduct photosynthesis. Chloroplasts are similar to ... These give chloroplasts their green colour. Algal chloroplasts may be golden, brown, or red and show variation in the number of ... Chloroplasts (http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/C/Chloroplasts.html) and Photosynthesis: The Role of Light ... where an eukaryotic cell joined with a second eukaryotic cell containing chloroplasts, forming chloroplasts with four membrane ...
  http://effort.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Chloroplast
*  Functional chloroplasts in metazoan cells - a unique evolutionary strategy in animal life | Frontiers in Zoology | Full Text
Empty square: no-functional chloroplast retention, blue square: functional short-term chloroplast retention, green star: ... non-functional chloroplast retention, short-term retention (inability to digest chloroplasts), and long-term retention. Other ... including DNA barcoding studies to identify the source of sequestered chloroplasts. Direct assessment of chloroplast activity ... West HH: Chloroplast symbiosis and development in Elysia chlorotica [abstract]. Am Zool. 1977, 17: 968-Google Scholar. ...
  https://0-frontiersinzoology-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1742-9994-6-28
*  How ATP is produced in both the chloroplast and mitochondria. - A-Level Science - Marked by Teachers.com
Differences between mitochondria and chloroplasts: Therefore, by combing the effects of photolysis and the ETC chloroplasts are ... In chloroplasts the proton pump is a complex called cytochrome b6-f, which is similar to the cytochrome found in mitochondria. ... In both chloroplasts and mitochondria the driving force behind ATP synthesis is the proton motive force that exists between two ... How ATP is produced in both the chloroplast and mitochondria Introduction: Living organisms use it as a free-energy donor to ...
  http://www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/science/how-atp-is-produced-in-both-the-chloroplast-and-mitochondria.html
*  Publikationen von Vanessa Wahl | Max-Planck-Institut für molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie
... a regulated glucose-permeable β-barrel solute channel in the chloroplast outer envelope membrane. Journal of Biological ...
  http://www.mpimp-golm.mpg.de/2170775/wahl-v
*  ChloroP, a neural network-based method for predicting chloroplast transit peptides and their cleavage sites.
chloroplast, cleavage site, neural networks, protein sorting, transit peptide National Category Bioinformatics and Systems ... ChloroP, a neural network-based method for predicting chloroplast transit peptides and their cleavage sites.. Emanuelsson, Olof ... We present a neural network based method (ChloroP) for identifying chloroplast transit peptides and their cleavage sites. Using ... This performance level is well above that of the publicly available chloroplast localization predictor PSORT. Cleavage sites ...
  http://kth.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:461889
*  CHLOROPLASTS - English word
... words that start with chloroplasts, words that end with chloroplasts, anagrams of chloroplasts, how to spell chloroplasts!, ... chloroplastic : chloroplasts : chloroprene Words that sound like or rhyme with chloroplasts. chloroplast chloroplastic ... Prefixes of chloroplasts. chloroplast chloroplas chloropla chloropl chlorop chloro chlor chlo chl ch ... See what words contain the exact word chloroplasts. Anagrams and words you can make with the letters in 'chloroplasts' ( a c h ...
  http://anagramscramble.com/word/chloroplasts
*  Selective Excitation of Photosystems in Chloroplasts Inside Plant Leaves Observed by Near-Infrared Laser-Based Fluorescence...
Keywords: Chloroplast; Fluorescence spectra; Multiphoton microscopy; Photosystem; Thylakoid membrane; Zea mays Journal Article. ... A new methodology using an NIR laser to detect the PSI/PSII ratio in single chloroplasts in leaves at room temperature is ... A spectral shape attributable to PSI and its antenna was thus obtained using continuous wave laser excitation of chloroplasts ... In this study, we produced selective images of photosystems in plant chloroplasts in situ. We used a spectroimaging microscope ...
  http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/pcp/pcp182
*  The Prx Q protein of Arabidopsis thaliana is a member of the luminal chloroplast proteome
... Petersson, Ulrika A. Södertörn ... In higher plants, chloroplasts are the site for the photosynthetic reactions, converting solar energy to chemical energy. ... Within the chloroplast the thylakoid membrane network encloses the soluble lumen compartment. Until recently the knowledge of ... The best-characterized member of the chloroplast peroxiredoxins is 2-Cys Prx that is associated with the stroma side of the ...
  http://sh.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:468782
*  Protein methylation reactions in intact pea chloroplasts (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect
Intact pea chloroplasts were incubated with ({sup 3}H-methyl)-S-adenosylmethionine under various conditions. The chloroplasts ... 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; PEAS; PHYSIOLOGY; PROTEINS; METHYLATION; CHLOROPLASTS; LABELLING; TRACER TECHNIQUES; TRITIUM ... Post-translational protein methylation was investigated in Pisum sativum chloroplasts. ...
  https://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6957857
*  TIC/TOC complex - Wikipedia
Chloroplast DNA Chloroplast "Preprotein Import into Chloroplasts via the Toc and Tic Complexes Is Regulated by Redox Signals in ... The TIC complex (translocon on the inner chloroplast membrane) is located in the inner envelope of the chloroplast. The TOC ... The chloroplast also harnesses the power of an electrochemical gradient using protons. The gradient is only used to power ... This initiates transport and translocation through the TIC/TOC complexes into the stroma of the chloroplast. It is there that a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TIC/TOC_complex
*  chloroplast inheritance
... Christine D. Chase ctdc at GNV.IFAS.UFL.EDU Wed Oct 13 18:23:19 EST 1999 *Previous message: CUR list ...
  http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/plant-ed/1999-October/005178.html
*  Do animal cells have chloroplasts? | Reference.com
Chloroplasts are food producers only found in the cells of a plants and a select number of... ... Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are food producers only found in the cells of a plants and a select number ... Chloroplasts take the light energy given off by the sun and convert it into sugars, which are used by the cells to help the ... Chloroplasts are just one main part of the process known as photosynthesis. ...
  https://www.reference.com/science/animal-cells-chloroplasts-62af8acaa630a6df
*  chloroplast - Not Exactly Rocket Science
chloroplast. Not Exactly Rocket Science. Tag archives for chloroplast. Unintentional genetic engineering - grafted plants trade ...
  http://scienceblogs.com/notrocketscience/tag/chloroplast/
*  Help! chloroplast isolation
... Zhu Congju medp4076 at leonis.nus.sg Tue Jun 25 04:02:15 EST 1996 *Previous message: ...
  http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/methods/1996-June/046151.html
*  CONIFER CHLOROPLAST GENOMES?
CONIFER CHLOROPLAST GENOMES (NEARLY) SEQUENCED ????? To date a number of chloroplast genomes have been sequenced. A few years ... CONIFER CHLOROPLAST GENOMES?. sibbald at embl-heidelberg.de sibbald at embl-heidelberg.de Wed Mar 31 05:24:21 EST 1993 * ... ago there were plans to sequence the entire chloroplast genome from a conifer. Has anybody got any news about what has been ...
  http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/ag-forst/1993-March/000265.html
*  Chloroplast Suspension Protocol?
... cheryl wilen cheryl at citrus.ucr.edu Fri Jul 21 11:47:40 EST 1995 *Previous message: ... Ben Levin ,benjinsl at astro.ocis.temple.edu, wrote: , , , I'm looking for a protocol for separating chloroplasts ( ...
  http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/photosyn/1995-July/000753.html
*  Molecular Expressions Cell Biology: Plant Cell Structure - Chloroplasts
This process is carried out in specialized organelles called chloroplasts. ... Since, like mitochondria, chloroplasts possess their own genomes (DNA), the stroma contains chloroplast DNA and special ... Chloroplasts are one of several different types of plastids, plant cell organelles that are involved in energy storage and the ... The ellipsoid-shaped chloroplast is enclosed in a double membrane and the area between the two layers that make up the membrane ...
  https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/chloroplasts/chloroplasts.html
*  What Process Takes Place Inside Chloroplasts? | Reference.com
Photosynthesis takes place inside of chloroplasts, which are inside plant cells. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants ... Photosynthesis takes place inside of chloroplasts, which are inside plant cells. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants ... Thylakoids are disc-like shapes that trap the sunlight for this purpose, which are stacked inside chloroplasts. The thylakoids ... A: Photosynthesis requires the presence of chloroplasts. Two stages comprise photosynthesis in most plants; the light reactions ...
  https://www.reference.com/science/process-takes-place-inside-chloroplasts-a0fc21f98e57d99
*  Chloroplast - New World Encyclopedia
Chloroplasts are flat discs usually two to ten micrometers (μm) in diameter and one micrometer thick. The chloroplast has a two ... The fluid within the chloroplast is called the stroma. Although most of the chloroplast's proteins are encoded by genes ... in which a eukaryotic cell engulfed a second eukaryotic cell containing chloroplasts, forming chloroplasts with three or four ... The term chloroplast is derived from the Greek words chloros which means "green" and plast which means "form" ( in biological ...
  http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Chloroplast
*  Leaf Senescence and Transformation of Chloroplasts to Gerontoplasts | SpringerLink
Adam Z (1996) Protein stability and degradation in chloroplasts. Plant Mol Biol 32: 773-783PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Liu X-Q and Jagendorf AT (1984) ATP dependent proteolysis in pea chloroplasts. FEBS Lett 166: 248-252CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Andersson B and Aro E-M (1997) Proteolytic activities and proteases of plant chloroplasts. Physiol Plant 100: 780-793CrossRef ... Matile P (1992) Chloroplast senescence. In Baker N and Thomas H (eds) Crop Photosynthesis: Spatial and Temporal Determinants pp ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-1579-0_10
*  Re: what do sucrose usually do to chloroplasts?
... Date: Mon Jan 14 06:34:12 2008. Posted By: Eli Hestermann, Assistant Professor ... She said that sucrose is used as an osmotic stabilizer so that the chloroplast doesn't disintegrate. In other words, the buffer ...
  http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/2008-01/1200357505.Bc.r.html