*  Pentek ChlorPlus 10 Chloramine filter - Chloramines Filters
Pentek ChlorPlus 10 Chloramine filter Chloramines Filters PENTEK offers multiple product solutions for chloramine reduction. Chloramine is increasingly becoming more common as an alternative to chlorine for water treatment. The ChlorPlus carbon
*  chloramine shower filter - 28 images - propur promax chrome handheld shower filter, suf 100v vitapure 174 vitamin c inline...
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*  Chloramines | City of Clearwater, FL
Chloramines have been used safely in the United States and Canada for many years. For most normal uses of potable water, chloraminated water is the same as chlorinated water. There are two groups of people, however, who need to take special care with chloraminated water: kidney dialysis patients and fish owners.. Chloramines must be removed from the water used in the kidney dialysis process and from water that is used in fish tanks and ponds.. Kidney Dialysis. Kidney dialysis patients can safely drink, cook, and bathe in chloraminated water. However, chloramines must be removed from the water used in kidney dialysis machines. Dialysis systems will require some modifications to remove the chloramines. Check with your physician to be certain the necessary changes are made. All medical facilities that perform kidney dialysis have been notified of this change to chloraminated water treatment. According to the ESRD [End Stage Renal Disease] ...
*  Chloramines: A Better Way?
... Chlorination of drinking water has been linked to the formation of carcinogenic trihalomethanes (THMs). By adding ammonia to the water, the chlorine becomes chloramines which don't form THMs. But chloramines may have problems of their own. They are less effective as a disinfectant than free chlorine, and may also have health hazards. On the positive side, chloramines are inexpensive to implement and operate.
*  City will return to chloramines water purification process - Victoria Advocate - Victoria, TX
The city of Victoria will convert its water disinfection process back to chloramines Friday.. About a month ago, the city temporarily converted its water treatment process to be chlorine-free. This temporary measure, performed annually at the treatment plant, is to maintain the high quality of water served to the city's customers. The change back to chloramines is important for dialysis patients because they may have changed the pretreatment scheme for their dialysis machines. Anyone conditioning water for fish or aquariums also may have changed their water pretreatment process and should be aware of the impending change.. The city has been on a chloramines purification process since converting to surface water in 2001. For one month out of the year, the city switches to a chlorine-free purification system as recommended by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.. Anyone with questions or concerns regarding the water disinfection change back to ...
*  Eshoo supports state look at chloramine safety | Town Square | Palo Alto Online
Agree chlorine is a better water disinfectant in general at this time. (However, chloramine is said to of greater efficacy in situations of gross septic contamination on an emergency level.) As for the cancer threats from the trihalomethanes austensibly caused by chlorine, chloramine itself has been reported by worthy scientists to produce them in several sites in US and this depends on the geologic substrate/native flora there where native water is susceptable before it meets the local municipality. Regarding damage to pipe structures in homes and public buildings, it is known that chloramine can cause copper pitting within pipes, leaking of water into the structure, subsequent mold damage to the buildings, each of which is unique and poorly understood by most owners. With certainty, some individuals have respiratory, eye, and skin sensitivity to chloramine. There are complex reasons why, individual's susceptablilty as well as chemical ...
*  chloramines side effects | Hard and Soft Water
Chloramines in swimming pools are the effect of inadequate free chlorine. It is also called combined chlorine. Normally it produces strong odor of chlorine around the swimming pool and the pool water. Chloramine loses to a great extent of chlorine's disinfect power. It is about 70 times less effective than free chorine. The maximum acceptable level of chloramines is less than 0.5 mg/l. Read more. ...
*  Disinfecting Water with Chloramine - Santa Clara Valley Water District
To disinfect much of Santa Clara County's drinking water supply, the Santa Clara Valley Water District - like most water management agencies in the nation - uses a chemical compound known as chloramine.. Chloramine, a combination of chlorine and ammonia, is used effectively to prevent waterborne diseases. The water district operates three water treatment plants that clean and purify water imported from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta or captured in one of our 10 reservoirs. The three plants can produce as many as 220 million gallons of water a day. In order to reduce the growth of microorganisms or harmful bacteria, the district has been adding chloramine to the water supply since 1983 ...
*  Chloramine and confirmation bias
The evironmental reporter's well-balanced story about chloramine in Stockton's water supply gave the issue the airing it deserved. My own feeling is switching from chlorine was a step away from cancer-causing water. To the extent concerns remain about chloramine, they are just that - concerns as yet unverified by scientific research. A skeptic disagrees here. So, what to do? The above-linked article recommends whole-house filtration. Unless you are made lof money, that seems excessive. As does retooling the Delta Water Supply Project at great cost, possibly without cause.. That would sastisfy Menlo Park resident Denise Johnson-Kula, who formed an anti-chloramine group.. Reports the story, "Johnson-Kula suddenly began suffering from "life-threatening" asthmatic attacks every time she showered, and her skin burned "like somebody had poured gasoline on it and set it on fire," she said last week.. '"I almost died in the shower," she said'. Her interpretation is ...
*  Antunes | VZN Chloramine Ultrafiltration Systems
Chloramines, a combination of chlorine and ammonia, cause distinct off tastes and odors in ingredient water. The VZN chloramine series features a specially designed activated carbon cartridge to remove chloramines from the water. This cartridge follows the self-cleaning ultrafilter and ensures premium quality water to the operation's beverage portfolio.
*  Antunes | VZN Chloramine Ultrafiltration Systems
Chloramines, a combination of chlorine and ammonia, cause distinct off tastes and odors in ingredient water. The VZN chloramine series features a specially designed activated carbon cartridge to remove chloramines from the water. This cartridge follows the self-cleaning ultrafilter and ensures premium quality water to the operation's beverage portfolio.
*  Antunes | VZN Chloramine Ultrafiltration Systems
Chloramines, a combination of chlorine and ammonia, cause distinct off tastes and odors in ingredient water. The VZN chloramine series features a specially designed activated carbon cartridge to remove chloramines from the water. This cartridge follows the self-cleaning ultrafilter and ensures premium quality water to the operation's beverage portfolio.
*  Chloramines in swimming pools - remove chloramine from water | Hard and Soft Water
Chloramines in swimming pools have many side effects like red burning eyes & nose, dry itchy skin, throat, hair etc. So, how to remove chloramine from water
*  The reaction of monochloramine and hydroxylamine: implications for ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in chloraminated drinking water |...
Drinking water chloramine use may promote ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) growth because of naturally occurring ammonia, residual ammonia remaining from chloramine formation, and ammonia released from chloramine decay and demand. A rapid chloramine residual loss is often associated with the onset of nitrification that may result in noncompliance with existing regulations; therefore, understanding nitrification and its control in drinking water is of practical importance. For biological ammonia oxidation (1st nitrification step), AOB use two enzymes in two consecutive reactions: (1) ammonia monooxygenase (AMO) catalyzes ammonia oxidation to hydroxylamine and (2) hydroxylamine oxidoreductase catalyzes hydroxylamine oxidation to nitrite, supplying electrons back to AMO for ammonia oxidation. Chloramine also inactivates AOB but rates vary, depending on inactivation criterion (metabolic activity, culturability, cell membrane ...
*  Chloramination - Wikipedia
Chloramination is the treatment of drinking water with a chloramine disinfectant. Both chlorine and small amounts of ammonia are added to the water one at a time which react together to form chloramine (also called combined chlorine), a long lasting disinfectant. Chloramine disinfection is used in both small and large water treatment plants. In the United States, the maintenance of what is called a "residual" of disinfectant that stays in the water distribution system while it is delivered to people's homes is required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA regulations give two choices for disinfectant residual - chlorine or chloramine. Many major water agencies are changing to chloramine to better meet current and anticipated federal drinking water regulations and to protect the public health. There are many similarities between chlorine and chloramine. Both provide effective residual ...
*  Reconsidering Lead Corrosion in Drinking Water: Product Testing, Direct Chloramine Attack and Galvanic Corrosion
The ban on lead plumbing materials in the Safe Drinking Water Act (1986) and the EPA Lead and Copper Rule (1991) have successfully reduced lead contamination of potable water supplies. The success of these regulations gave rise to a belief that serious lead contamination was an important past problem that had been solved, and that additional fundamental research was therefore unnecessary. This work carefully re-examined the lead contamination issue from the perspective of 1) new regulations causing a shift from chlorine to chloramine disinfectant, 2) assumptions guiding sampling strategies, 3) existing performance standards for brass, and 4) galvanically driven corrosion of lead bearing plumbing materals. The results were instrumental in uncovering and understanding a serious problem with lead contamination in Washington, D.C. A critical reading of the literature indicates that chloramines can accelerate corrosion of lead bearing materials and increase lead contamination of ...
*  Fluid debate: Citizens press experts on chloramine in water | The Hook - Charlottesville's weekly newspaper, news magazine
The Authority's 2011 decision to use chloramines, a mixture of chlorine and ammonia responsible for massive lead-leaching in Washington, D.C. and skyrocketing levels of lead in children there, initially flew under the radar, and even some of those who granted approval, like Albemarle Supervisor Ken Boyd, say they weren't aware of the hazardous side effects experienced in other communities. Hence the Thursday night public forum more than a year later.. Spotted among the crowd at Lane Auditorium were Boyd and fellow supes Duane Snow, Ann Mallek, and Dennis Rooker, and city councilors Dave Norris, Kathy Galvin, and Mayor Satyendra Huja. Those elected bodies will receive public comment in July in a joint meeting with the two water authorities- RWSA and Albemarle County Service Authority.. Rivanna chair Mike Gaffney noted that recently-tightened Environmental Protection Agency requirements were the impetus to add chloramines to local drinking water as a secondary disinfectant. He ...
*  Re: Water Changes (chloramine)
Date: Fri, 17 Mar 2000 11:35:26 -0800 , From: Broken Tiger ,admagee at teleport_com, , Subject: Re: , , For chloramine I use double dose--two drops per gallon. Many of the , local shops also use just sodium thiosulphate for conditioning. Plus, , of coures the stuff required specifically by certain fish. The problem with that (although it apparently isn't causing you any problems) is that sodium thiosulphate gets rid of the chlorine in the chloramine, and releases the ammonia. So for a large water change, you are essentially added a large amount of ammonia to the tank ...
*  Residents Worry About Chloramine's Usage and SafetySwimming Pool Bio Sanitizer
Residents Worry About Chloramine's Usage and Safety. More than one in five Americans are drinking tap water that's been treated with a derivative of chlorine known as chloramine.
*  Optimizing Chloramine Treatment book by Gregory J. Kirmeyer, Awwa Research Foundation | 1 available editions | Alibris Books
Optimizing Chloramine Treatment by Gregory J. Kirmeyer, Awwa Research Foundation starting at $140.45. Optimizing Chloramine Treatment has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris
*  Chloramination - St. Petersburg
Water supplied to residents of the city of St. Petersburg meets or exceeds all health standards for drinking water as outlined by the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Safe Drinking Water Act. The change in method of water disinfection from chlorine to chloramines occurred on May 6, 2002. All residents of the city of St. Petersburg now have water treated with chloramines. The use of chloramines for water disinfection is a safe and proven method and is used in other parts of Florida and in the country.. Please remember, chloramines must be removed from water used to keep live fish and other aquatic life. Visit your pet supplier for the appropriate chemical treatment or filtration method.. For additional questions about chloramination, please call the St. Petersburg Water Resources Department at (727) 893-7261.. ...
*  Fine Chemicals<...
Chloramine T Pharma Grade is used as an Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient in various pharmaceutical formulations focused at eliminating micro organisms. Such pharmaceutical products prevent or cure various bacterial diseases for use with humans and animals. Each of these formulations has its own medicinal registration.. Chloramine T Pharma grade as such does not have its own medicinal registration. Chloramine T Pharma grade is produced following GMP rules and a DMF is available.. Request sample ...
*  Effects of environmental factors on the toxicity of chloramine-T to fish :: Documents
The toxicity of chloramine-T, a therapeutant used to treat bacterial gill disease in fish, was evaluated under a variety of physical and chemical conditions. Chloramine-T was more toxic in warm water than in cold water at exposures of 24 hour or less, but temperature had no significant effect on toxicity in 96-hour exposures. The chemical was slightly less toxic to rainbow trout in hard than in soft water, but water hardness had little influence on its toxicity to channel catfish. The pH was the most important factor affecting chloramine-T toxicity; the chemical about 6 times more toxic at pH 6.5 than at 9.5 ...
*  Webcasts
Chloramine use is widespread in U.S. drinking water distribution systems as a secondary disinfectant. About 30% of surface water treatment plants currently use chloramines and the percentage of surface water treatment plants using chloramines might rise to as high as 40‒65% in the near future. While beneficial for controlling regulated disinfectant-by-product formation, water utilities using chloramines as a disinfectant are often challenged by nitrification in their distribution systems. This Webcast will help water utility managers and operators develop nitrification management plans and provide real-world examples from two utilities that have successfully managed nitrification in their distribution systems ...
*  Articles :: VBgov.com - City of Virginia Beach
On Sunday night, Dec. 15, the City of Virginia Beach, along with the Cities of Norfolk and Chesapeake, will resume the use of chloramine disinfection in the water distribution system. In November, the Norfolk Moores Bridges Water Treatment Plant temporarily changed its water treatment process from chloramines to chlorine. The month-long change was a preventative maintenance measure to help maintain the highest possible water quality for residents. During the transition back to chloramine disinfection, customers may notice Public Utilities staff flushing fire hydrants. This is done to facilitate the distribution of chloramines through the water system as quickly as possible. The flushing may result in temporarily discolored water, which is not harmful, but may discolor clothes if washed. Refrain from using the discolored water for a couple of hours and it will clear up. For questions about water quality, please contact Susan Sadowski at ...