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*  Sporulation Genes Associated with Sporulation Efficiency in Natural Isolates of Yeast
Yeast sporulation efficiency is a quantitative trait and is known to vary among experimental populations and natural isolates. Some studies have uncovered the genetic basis of this variation and have identified the role of sporulation genes (IME1, RME1) and sporulation-associated genes (FKH2, PMS1, RAS2, RSF1, SWS2), as well as non-sporulation pathway genes (MKT1, TAO3) in maintaining this variation. However, these studies have been done mostly in experimental populations. Sporulation is a response to nutrient deprivation. Unlike laboratory strains, natural isolates have likely undergone multiple selections for quick adaptation to varying nutrient conditions. As a result, sporulation efficiency in natural isolates may have different genetic factors contributing to phenotypic variation. Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains in the genetically and environmentally diverse SGRP collection, we have identified genetic loci associated with sporulation efficiency variation in a set of sporulation and
  http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069765
*  A Genome-Wide Screen for Sporulation-Defective Mutants in Schizosaccharomyces pombe | G3: Genes | Genomes | Genetics
Ascospore formation in yeast is a response to nutrient deficiency (Tomar et al. 2013). In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, cells exit mitosis to differentiate into spores when they encounter the lack of a nitrogen source (Tanaka and Hirata 1982; Egel 1989; Shimoda and Nakamura 2004b). First, haploid cells of opposite mating types fuse to form diploid zygotes. These diploids then immediately undergo meiosis to generate four haploid nuclei. During the course of meiosis, these nuclei become packaged into daughter cells, termed spores. Spores are created by a specialized form of cell division that occurs without cleavage of the mother cell (Shimoda 2004a). Each of the four haploid nuclei produced by meiosis are packaged into daughter cells by envelopment within newly synthesized membranes called forespore membranes (Yoo et al. 1973; Shimoda and Nakamura 2004b). Forespore membrane formation initiates on meiotic spindle pole bodies (SPBs) early in meiosis II and as ...
  http://www.g3journal.org/content/4/6/1173
*  Intratracheal exposure of rats to Aspergillus fumigatus spores isolated from sawmills in Sweden
Land, C.J.; Sostarić, B.; Fuchs, R.; Lundström, H.; Hult, K., 1989: Intratracheal exposure of rats to Aspergillus fumigatus spores isolated from sawmills in Sweden
  https://eurekamag.com/research/001/869/001869120.php
*  Fungal spores, SEM - Stock Image B250/0995 - Science Photo Library
Fungal spores. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of unidentified fungal spores in a lemon grass leaf blade (Cymbopogon sp.). Some species of fungi are parasitic on plants, causing diseases that include rusts, smuts and mildews. The spores are the fungal reproductive bodies, which vary greatly in structure between fungi. The size and shape of the spores can often be used to identify the infecting fungus. Fungi are similar to plants in that they possess a cell wall and absorb nutrients in soluble form, but they lack chlorophyll and are therefore unable to photosynthesize. Magnification unknown. - Stock Image B250/0995
  http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/13861/view
*  Zoospore Germination in Blastocladiella Emersonii | Journal of Cell Science
1. Zoospores germinate rapidly and semi-synchronously upon exposure to growth medium or an inorganic salts solution. Amino acid incorporation into protein is detected only after a characteristic lag period, the extent of which is a function of developmental, rather than absolute, time.. 2. The 'turn-on' of amino acid incorporation occurs after several of the morphological events of germination have taken place - notably, retraction of the flagellum, conversion to a spheroid cell morphology, vesicle fusion with the plasma membrane, formation of the initial cell wall, and elongation of the single mitochondrion. A second group of morphological changes - release of ribosomes from the nuclear cap into the cytoplasm, appearance of multiple mitochondrial profiles, disappearance of the flagellar axoneme, and disappearance of gamma particles - takes place in the cell population during the turn-on of incorporation.. 3. Cycloheximide reversibly inhibits germination at a characteristic block point. ...
  http://jcs.biologists.org/content/9/3/679
*  Germinating fungal spores - Stock Image B250/1743 - Science Photo Library
Germinating fungal spore. Light micrograph of mycorrhizal fungal spore (blue) that has germinated amongst roots. A hypha (tube) has grown from the cell. Spores are the reproductive cells of fungi. They can remain dormant for many years, waiting for the right conditions for germination. This fungus forms a symbiotic relationship with the roots of a vascular plant, known as a mycorrhiza. Both organisms benefit from this association. The fungus is able to access nutrient forms unavailable to the plant, process them and pass them on to the roots. The mass of hyphae also provide a large surface area for uptake of water and minerals. The fungus receives carbon compounds that the plant produces via photosynthesis. - Stock Image B250/1743
  http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/14593/view
*  Article
Abstract. Fungal spores as a prominent type of primary biological aerosol particles (PBAP) have been incorporated into the COSMO-ART (Consortium for Small-scale Modelling-Aerosols and Reactive Trace gases) regional atmospheric model. Two literature-based emission rates for fungal spores derived from fungal spore colony counts and chemical tracer measurements were used as a parameterization baseline for this study. A third, new emission parameterization for fluorescent biological aerosol particles (FBAP) was adapted to field measurements from four locations across Europe. FBAP concentrations can be regarded as a lower estimate of total PBAP concentrations. Size distributions of FBAP often show a distinct mode at approx. 3 μm, corresponding to a diameter range characteristic for many fungal spores. Previous studies for several locations have suggested that FBAP are in many cases dominated by ...
  https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/6127/2015/acp-15-6127-2015.html
*  Fungal spores, SEM - Stock Image B250/1236 - Science Photo Library
Fungal spores. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a fungus. Spores (round), the reproductive cells of fungi, are seen above the fungal mycelium, the main body of the fungus. - Stock Image B250/1236
  http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/14095/view
*  Bombard seeds with electrons to kill fungal spores, viruses - Thaindian News
Researchers have developed a method to bombard seeds with electrons to kill fungal spores and viruses and ensure untainted food, as well as protect plants. Until a few years ago, organic products were sold exclusively by small health-food stores.
  http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/uncategorized/bombard-seeds-with-electrons-to-kill-fungal-spores-viruses_100105948.html
*  Orange Goo At Alaskan Village Found To Be Fungal Spores, Not Eggs | WRVO Public Media
The orange goo that took over the shore of a remote Alaskan village is actually a mass of fungal spores - not microscopic eggs, as scientists at the
  http://wrvo.org/post/orange-goo-alaskan-village-found-be-fungal-spores-not-eggs
*  GCS1 (YDL226C) Result Summary | BioGRID
ADP-ribosylation Factor GTPase Activating Protein (ARF GAP); Involved In ER-Golgi Transport; Required For Prospore Membrane Formation; Regulates Phospholipase Spo14p; Shares Functional Similarity With Glo3p; GCS1 Has A Paralog, SPS18, That Arose From The Whole Genome Duplication
  https://thebiogrid.org/31884/table/saccharomyces-cerevisiae/gcs1.html
*  Trichothecium roseum - energy4farms.eu
Trichothecium roseum colonies are flat, granular, and powdery in appearance. [1] [2] The color of the colonies appears to be white and develops a light pink to peach color. [1] The genus Trichothecium is characterized by its pinkish colored colonies. [8]. Conidiophores of T. roseum are usually erect and are 200-300μm in length. [9] They arise singly or in loose groups. [1] Conidiophores are simple hyphae , [10] which are septate in their lower half, [6] and bear clusters of conidia at the tip. [2] These conidiophores are indistinguishable from vegetative hyphae until production of the first conidium. [1] Conidium development is distinctive [2] and was first described by Ingold in 1956. [6]Conidia arise as a blowout from the side of the conidiophore apex which is thus incorporated into the base of each spore. [6] After the first conidium is blown out, before it matures, the apex of the conidiophore directly below blows out a second conidium from the opposite side. [6] Conidia are pinched out of ...
  http://energy4farms.eu/trichothecium-roseum/
*  Fungal mould spores on a ragweed stamen, SEM - Stock Image C032/3290 - Science Photo Library
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Fungal mould spores on a ragweed stamen. Powdery mildew mould hypha and spores. Moulds often produce allergic reactions and can cause serious agriculture diseases. Spores are usually produced at the ends of the fungal hyphae. Magnification: x500 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/3290
  http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/800157/view
*  Understanding macroalgal dispersal in a complex hydrodynamic environment: a combined population genetic and physical modelling...
To date, we are aware of only a single other study that has used a combination of hydrodynamic modelling and genetic analyses to gain insights into spore dispersal in macroalgae [14]. Although the results of both approaches in this study were not completely congruent, they did indicate that currents are an important mechanism in spore dispersal, and that the strong, predominantly jet-like currents in the Narrows at the entrance to Strangford Lough do not necessarily present an insurmountable barrier to dispersal between L. digitata populations on opposite sides of the channel. Furthermore, results revealed that, while the vast majority of spores are predicted to settle close to the source population, there is potential for long-distance dispersal, although the general pattern is one of IBD.. Observed levels of within-population genetic diversity were similar to those observed in previous microsatellite-based studies in L. digitata [3,34,35]. Levels of inbreeding, as measured by FIS, however, ...
  http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/95/20140197
*  Mysterious disease rides on Pacific winds - The Green Times
In the new study, published in PNAS, Rodó adds evidence to the wind hypothesis. Crucially, with new data, Rodó has been able to point to a possible origin of the mysterious agent that causes the disease. It seems to be originating from north-east China, which is made up largely farmlands.. So what is the agent? Rodó is not sure, but he has narrowed down the options by a process of elimination. First out are industrial pollutants, as the source area is mostly rural. Next out are viruses, because symptoms are seen within a day or two of the winds arriving from China-that's not enough time for the virus to incubate, thinks Rodó. He also rules out pollens, because pollen counts and Kawasaki cases are not correlated.. After sending a plane to collect wind samples arriving from China, the only thing that Rodó could identify was fungal spores belonging to a group called Candida. Fungal spores are light enough to travel large distances. For ...
  http://thegreentimes.co.za/mysterious-disease-rides-on-pacific-winds/
*  Internet Scientific Publications
sp. were isolated from respective infected plant parts on potato dextrose agar (PDA) (peeled potato 250 g, dextrose 20 g, agar 15 g, distilled water 1 L) medium. The cultures were further purified by single spore isolation technique and maintained at 25 ± 2 ° C on PDA slants. Seven to ten-day-old cultures were used in the experiment.. Stock solutions (5000 µg/ml) of the crude extracts were prepared by dissolving 5 mg of the extract in 1 ml of distilled water. Required concentrations (1000, 2000, 3000, and 4000 µg/ml) were prepared from each stock solution by diluting with distilled water. One drop (30-35 µl) from each concentration was placed on grease-free glass slides. Fungal spores (200-300) were picked up from 7-10-day-old cultures with sterilized inoculation needle and mixed in solutions of different concentrations of the three extracts separately. The slides were placed in moist chambers made by placing two sterile filter papers each on the lid and ...
  http://ispub.com/IJAM/6/2/3074
*  Genghis Kong Vs. MegaTokyo: Genghis Kong vs. Killer Fungal Spores
So - what have I been up to? I have started school again (huzzah!). Yes, school continues in a frustratingly badly organised and uninspiring way. My language classes this semester are actually much better - I'm not re-covering stuff I learnt three years ago, and some of the assignments are actually quite difficult (!) - but my other classes seem pretty dreadful. Fortunately, I'm allowed to fail all the classes apart form language if I want to and Sheffield Uni won't really mind. Still, I'll not aim for a fail, and will continue to gambarimasu, which is a wonderful Japanese word meaning 'to persevere'. They use it in place of 'good luck' or 'do your best', because in the mind of the Japanese luck is of no great merit, nor is how well you actually do something. All that matters is that you persevere, even if you're utterly useless and have no skill or talent whatsoever. Because of this, someone with no great talent who spends years drudging away mediocrely is more respected than someone with great ...
  http://genghiskongvs.blogspot.com/2009/05/genghis-kong-vs-killer-fungal-spores.html
*  CDA1 (YLR307W) Result Summary | BioGRID
Chitin Deacetylase; Together With Cda2p Involved In The Biosynthesis Ascospore Wall Component, Chitosan; Required For Proper Rigidity Of The Ascospore Wall
  https://thebiogrid.org/31572/table/saccharomyces-cerevisiae/cda1.html
*  Mushroom Observer: Observation 79473: Gerronema icterinum (Singer)
for G. icterinum is:. Pileipelis a cutis with thin- t thick-walled, clamped hyphae, 4-7 μm diam. Hymenophoral trama irregular, generative hyphae clamped, 3-4 μm diam. Subhymenium 1-=25 μm thick, formed by globose to ovoid cells. Basidia 34-38 × 8-8,5 μm, 4-spored, clavate. Cheilocystidia mostly narrow, 38-40 × 4-4,5 μm, clavate, others 42-45 × 7-8 μm, fusoid. Basidiospores 6-8 × 5,5-7 μm, subglobose to ellipsoid, smooth, hyaline, inamyloid. ...
  http://mushroomobserver.org/observer/show_observation/79473
*  WHY RVS BROTH NEED TO BE STERILIZED AT 115 TEMP. - -Microbiology and Virology
You don't, you could sterilize it by other methods, but autoclaving (which is what you are referring to) is effective at killing bacterial and yeast spores and is cheap, quick and doesn't require quite specialized equipment.. ...
  http://www.protocol-online.org/biology-forums-2/posts/30103.html
*  Fungi Spores - Spell - World of Warcraft
Covers an enemy in fungal spores, inflicting 4200 Nature damage to them and their allies within 5 yards every second for 20 sec. This is an Uncategorized Spell.
  http://ptr.wowhead.com/spell=140621/fungi-spores
*  What is Mold? - MY FATHER'S BUSINESS LLC
Molds are usually not a problem indoors, unless mold spores land on a wet or damp spot and begin growing. Molds have the potential to cause health problems. Molds produce allergens, irritants, and in some cases, potentially toxic substances. Inhaling or touching mold or mold spores may cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Allergic responses include hay fever-type symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, and skin rash (dermatitis). Allergic reactions to mold are common. They can be immediate or delayed. Molds can also cause asthma attacks in people with asthma who are allergic to mold.. The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, you should clean up the mold promptly and fix the water problem. If you clean up the mold, but don't fix the water problem, most likely, the mold problem will come back.. ...
  http://myfatherbusiness.com/what-is-mold/
*  Conidial synonyms, conidial antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Synonyms for conidial in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for conidial. 1 synonym for conidium: conidiospore. What are synonyms for conidial?
  http://www.freethesaurus.com/conidial
*  ascus - definition and meaning
ascus: A membranous, often club-shaped structure in which typically eight ascospores are formed through sexual reproduction of ascomycetes.
  https://www.wordnik.com/words/ascus
*  Umeda 2017: Top 20 des locations de vacances à Umeda, locations saisonnières et location d'appartements - Airbnb Umeda, Ōsaka...
22 oct. 2017 - 500,000+ commentaires - 4.9 sur 5 étoiles au total - Louez auprès d'habitants à Umeda, Kita-ku, Ōsaka-shi, Japon à partir de 17€ par nuit. Trouvez des hébergements uniques auprès d'hôtes locaux dans 191 pays. Soyez chez vous, ailleurs, avec Airbnb.
  https://www.airbnb.fr/s/2-Chome~%EF%BC%92-Umeda--Kita~ku--%C5%8Csaka~shi--%C5%8Csaka~fu-530~0001--Japan