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*  Interaction of atrial natriuretic factor and endothelin-1 signals through receptor guanylate cyclase in pulmonary artery...
Nambi P, Whitman M, Gessner G, Aiyar N, Crooke ST: Vasopressin-mediated inhibition of atrial natriuretic factor-stimulated cGMP ... atrial natriuretic factor endothelin atrial natriuretic factor receptor guanylate cyclase endothelin receptor protein kinase C ... Interaction of atrial natriuretic factor and endothelin-1 signals through receptor guanylate cyclase in pulmonary artery ... Paul AK, Marala RB, Jaiswal RK, Sharma RK: Coexistence of atrial natriuretic factor receptor and guanylate cyclase in a Mr ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00925986
*  Acute and Chronic Neutral Endopeptidase Inhibition in Rats With Aortocaval Shunt | Hypertension
Physiological role of silent receptors of atrial natriuretic factor. Science. 1987;238:675-678. ... in shunted rats did not change atrial natriuretic peptide plasma levels or cGMP excretion. Nevertheless, the diuretic and ... Possible regulation of atrial natriuretic factor by neutral endopeptidase 24.11 and clearance receptors. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. ... Inactivation of atrial natriuretic factor by the renal brush border. Biochem Biophys Acta. 1987;901:97-100. ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/27/6/1259
*  Mutational Inactivation of the Catalytic Domain of Guanylate Cyclase-A Receptor | Hypertension
receptors, atrial natriuretic factor. Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), synthesized primarily by atria, produces profound ... The formation of cGMP by guanylate cyclase requires two processes: the binding of GTP to the active site and the catalytic ... Two distinct forms of receptors for atrial natriuretic factor in bovine adrenocortical cells. J Biol Chem. 1987;262:12104-12113 ... Abstract Guanylate cyclase-A, the receptor for atrial natriuretic factor, contains a protein kinase-like domain and a catalytic ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/25/4/694
*  Atrial natriuretic peptide receptor - Wikipedia
There are three distinct atrial natriuretic factor receptors identified so far in mammals: natriuretic peptide receptors 1, 2, ... ANP activation of the ANP catalytic receptor will stimulate its intracellular guanylyl cyclase activity to convert GTP to cGMP ... An atrial natriuretic peptide receptor is a receptor for atrial natriuretic peptide. NPRA and NPRB are linked to guanylyl ... Atrial Natriuretic Factor Receptors at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atrial_natriuretic_peptide_receptor
*  Science Review: Vasopressin and the cardiovascular system part 2 - clinical physiology.
In part 1 of the review we discussed the structure and function of the various vasopressin receptors. In part 2 we discuss ... Vasopressin-mediated inhibition of atrial natriuretic factor-stimulated cGMP accumulation in an established smooth muscle cell ... Oxytocin releases atrial natriuretic peptide by combining with oxytocin receptors in the heartProc Natl Acad Sci USA 1997;94: ... In contrast, vasodilators such as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and NO activate a cGMP-dependent kinase that, by interacting ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Science-Review-Vasopressin-cardiovascular-system/14975041.html
*  Curcumin Inhibits Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Function and Injury-Induced Neointima...
Nitric oxide and C-type atrial natriuretic peptide stimulate primary aortic smooth muscle cell migration via a cGMP-dependent ... receptor β/insulin-like growth factor receptor and bFGF-stimulated phosphorylation of phosphofibroblast growth factor receptor ... Growth factors, such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and fibroblast growth factor, released during vascular injury ... antiphospho insulin receptor β/insulin-like growth factor receptor (1:1000), and anti-phospho Akt (Thr308). Appropriate ...
  http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/26/1/85
*  Structure of the GAF domain, a ubiquitous signaling motif and a new class of cyclic GMP receptor | The EMBO Journal
... cGMP is also the intracellular messenger responsible for transducing atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) signaling (Garbers and ... Turko IV, Francis SH and Corbin JD (1998) Binding of cGMP to both allosteric sites of cGMP‐binding cGMP‐specific phospho ... There are two main structural classes of cGMP receptor in mammalian cells. The first includes the regulatory domain of the cGMP ... The second group of cGMP receptors are the cGMP‐regulated families of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs; Corbin and ...
  http://emboj.embopress.org/content/19/20/5288
*  Vpt 311 General and Systemic Veterinary Pharamacology Tanuvas Lect Notes | Pharmacology | Cell Membrane
Closely related are receptors linked to guanylate cyclase such as the atrial natriuretic factor receptor. Type IV - Receptors ... The receptor itself is the first messenger. Examples of second messengers are cAMP, cGMP, Ca2+, G-Proteins, IP3, DAG etc. cAMP ... TYPES OF RECEPTORS Type I - Channel linked receptors (ligand-gated ion channels or inotropic receptor) - These are also known ... FactorsFactors that play a role in peptic ulcer formation in gastric and duodenal ulcers: o Ulcerogenic factors include  ...
  https://www.scribd.com/doc/105615542/Vpt-311-General-and-Systemic-Veterinary-Pharamacology-Tanuvas-Lect-Notes
*  Recombinant Human Natriuretic peptides A protein (ab114317)
Buy our Recombinant Human Natriuretic peptides A protein. Ab114317 is a full length protein produced in Wheat germ and has been ... Atrial natriuretic factor: Cleaved by MME. The cleavage initiates degradation of the factor and thereby regulate its activity. ... Specifically binds and stimulates the cGMP production of the NPR1 receptor. Binds the clearance receptor NPR3. ...
  http://www.abcam.com/recombinant-human-natriuretic-peptides-a-protein-ab114317.html
*  Pulmonary hypertension: the science behind the disease spectrum | European Respiratory Society
The natriuretic peptides (atrial, brain and C-type natriuretic peptides; ANP, BNP and CNP, respectively) have been studied ... platelet-derived growth factor; HGF: hepatocyte growth factor; PPARγ: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ; STAT3: ... Other factors that signal through cGMP have attracted interest for their contribution to the pathophysiology of PH. ... vascular endothelial growth factor; bFGF: basic fibroblast growth factor; TGF-α: transforming growth factor-α; PDGF: ...
  http://err.ersjournals.com/content/21/123/19.long
*  cGMP Upregulates Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells | Hypertension
... atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on interleukin-1 (IL-1)-induced nitric oxide production ... However, ANP, which stimulates cGMP accumulation in VSMC through the activation of guanylate cyclase-linked ANP receptors, ... Human atrial natriuretic polypeptide, which stimulates cGMP accumulation in vascular smooth muscle cells, also enhanced ... Furthermore, 8-Br-cGMP enhanced the interleukin-1-induced increase in tumor necrosis factor-α messenger RNA level in vascular ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/25/4/711
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... cGMP-dependent protein kinase; CNS, central nervous system; ANP, atrial natriuretic peptide; NO, nitric oxide; PDP, 9-(6-phenyl ... Baritosis is a look at our triggers risk factors can find out help yourself or. A chronic disease defects are diseases cialis ... receptor for activated C-kinase 1; AKAP, A-kinase anchoring proteins; ERK, extracellular signal-regulated kinase; BRL 50481, 3 ... When many are one displayed at targeted region or appendage they get 2011 will be factors new campaign spearheaded by womena ...
  http://www.palaeos.org/index.php?title=Template:Hadean&redirect=no
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  http://www.palaeos.org/index.php?title=Special:WhatLinksHere/RRNA&limit=500
*  Multi-Ethnic Genetic Association Study of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Using a Targeted Cardiovascular SNP Microarray | Stroke
... which acts as a receptor for brain and atrial natriuretic peptides. Activation of NPR1 reduces blood pressure via an increase ... after correction for traditional risk factors, the third most significant SNP in this study is found in natriuretic peptide ... in intracellular cGMP inducing natriuresis, diuresis, and vasodilation. Sequence variation in NPR1 has been associated with ... NPR1 indicates natriuretic peptide receptor 1; HDAC4, histone deacetylase 4; COL1A2, alpha 2 type 1 collagen; SH3GL2, SH3- ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/40/10/3173
*  Cyclic guanosine monophosphate - Wikipedia
This enzyme converts GTP to cGMP. Peptide hormones such as the atrial natriuretic factor activate membrane-bound GC, while ... cGMP, like cAMP, gets synthesized when olfactory receptors receive odorous input. cGMP is produced slowly and has a more ... Numerous cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDE) can degrade cGMP by hydrolyzing cGMP into 5'-GMP. PDE 5, -6 and -9 are cGMP ... Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is a cyclic nucleotide derived from guanosine triphosphate (GTP). cGMP acts as a second ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclic_guanosine_monophosphate
*  All-Trans Retinoic Acid and Sodium Butyrate Enhance Natriuretic Peptide Receptor A Gene Transcription: Role of Histone...
1990) Molecular cloning and expression of murine guanylate cyclase/atrial natriuretic factor receptor cDNA. J Biol Chem 265: ... The supernatant thus collected was used for the cGMP assay. Cyclic GMP levels were determined using a direct cGMP immunoassay ... 2006) Association of atrial natriuretic peptide and type a natriuretic peptide receptor gene polymorphisms with left ... 2011) Glucocorticoids improve renal responsiveness to atrial natriuretic peptide by up-regulating natriuretic peptide receptor- ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/85/6/946
*  ANP: Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Definition Atrial Natriuretic Peptide or ANP is a powerful vasodilator, and a protein (polypeptide) ... The effects of ANP and endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) or nitric oxide (NO) are mediated by cGMP. Cyclic GMP ... Natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-A is the primary signaling receptor for atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic ... It is also called Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF), Atrial Natriuretic Hormone (ANH), Cardionatrine, Cardiodilatin (CDD), or ...
  http://www.assignmentpoint.com/science/biology/anp-atrial-natriuretic-peptide.html
*  The expression of NPR-A and NPR-B in formalin-fixed hum | Open-i
Receptors, Atrial Natriuretic Factor/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics*/metabolism*. Minor. *Adult. *Aged. *Aged, 80 and over ... C-type NP (CNP), atrial NP (ANP) and brain NP (BNP) stimulated the accumulation of cGMP in a concentration-dependent manner in ... C-type NP (CNP), atrial NP (ANP) and brain NP (BNP) stimulated the accumulation of cGMP in a concentration-dependent manner in ... NPR-B natriuretic peptide receptors in human corneal epithelium: mRNA, immunohistochemistochemical, protein, and biochemical ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC2903464_mv-v16-1241-f3&req=4
*  Natriuretic Peptide Receptor Type A (NPRA) | Springer for Research & Development
... natriuretic peptide receptor 1); NPRA; NPR-A Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), C-type ... Atrial natriuretic factor stimulates renal dopamine uptake mediated by natriuretic peptide-type A receptor. Regul Pept. 2005; ... An increased level of intracellular cGMP activates three different targets: cGMP-dependent protein kinases (PKGs), cGMP- ... Association of atrial natriuretic peptide and type a natriuretic peptide receptor gene polymorphisms with left ventricular mass ...
  https://rd.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101545
*  Cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel - Wikipedia
A stimulant, atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) increases cGMP production in the kidneys, which increases function of the ... Speract activates a receptor-type guanylate cyclase (GC) and stimulates a rise in intracellular cGMP concentrations. Speract ... All native CNG channels react to both cAMP and cGMP, but smaller concentrations of cGMP than of cAMP are needed to activate and ... In addition to cAMP gated ion channels, a small subset of OSNs also has cGMP-selective CNG channels. cAMP and cGMP mediate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclic_nucleotide%E2%80%93gated_ion_channel
*  Plasmid-encoded NP73-102 modulates atrial natriuretic peptide receptor signaling and plays a critical role in inducing...
Atrial natriuretic factor is synthesized as a prohormone that is cleaved into a C-terminal peptide, ANP, and a group of three N ... are mediated through binding to their receptor, NPRA, which leads to production of the intracellular second messenger cGMP [4 ... The natriuretic peptide family comprises atrial natriuretic peptide, ANP, brain natriuretic peptide, BNP, C-type natriuretic ... Treg CellAtrial Natriuretic PeptideSOCS3 ExpressionNatriuretic Peptide ReceptorPulmonary Arterial Smooth Muscle Cell ...
  https://gvt-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-0556-9-3
*  Atrial natriuretic peptide - Wikipedia
The binding of ANP to its receptor causes the conversion of GTP to cGMP and raises intracellular cGMP. As a consequence, cGMP ... ANP is also called atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), atrial natriuretic hormone (ANH), cardionatrine, cardiodilatin (CDD), and ... a potent vasoconstrictor Three types of atrial natriuretic peptide receptors have been identified on which natriuretic peptides ... also known as natriuretic peptide receptor-B (NPRB/ANPB) or NPR2 natriuretic peptide clearance receptor (NPRC/ANPC) or NPR3 NPR ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atrial_natriuretic_peptide
*  Biochemistry of Signal Transduction in Myocardium by Han A. A. van Heugten, Yvonne E. G. Eskildsen-Helmond, - DRAGONFLYSWIMMER...
Agonists, such as endothelin-l, atrial natriuretic factor and angiotensin II that are shown to activate phospholipase D, also ... I'2' allowed receptors that normally couple to the latter, to couple to a q [13]. Other mutagenesis studies indicated the ... VASP was shown to be phosphorylated in vivo by both cGK and cAK and may serve as a convergence point for the cAMP and cGMP ... may also interact with receptor. Interaction with f3r dimer The N-terminus is the region of the a subunit essential for binding ...
  http://www.dragonflyswimmer.com/ebooks/biochemistry-of-signal-transduction-in-myocardium
*  Endothelin Receptor Blockers in Cardiovascular Disease | Circulation
Endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide inhibits endothelin-1 secretion in dogs with severe congestive heart failure. Am J ... stimulates the production of growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor, and ... ECE indicates ET-converting enzyme; NO, nitric oxide; NOS, nitric oxide synthase; PGI2, prostacyclin; CAMP, cAMP; and cGMP, ... ETA receptors are found in the medial smooth muscle layers of the blood vessels, and atrial and ventricular myocardium.21 When ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/108/18/2184
*  The Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor-Stimulated Increase in Aquaporin-5 Levels in the Apical Plasma Membrane in Rat Parotid...
2000) Nitric oxide and atrial natriuretic factor stimulate cGMP-dependent membrane insertion of aquaporin 2 in renal epithelial ... 1996) The nitric oxide/cGMP pathway couples muscarinic receptors to the activation of Ca2+ influx. J Neurosci 16:1702-1709. ... NO increases cGMP formation via stimulation of GC. To investigate the effect of cGMP on AQP5 levels in the APM, tissues were ... cGMP Assay.. The amount of cGMP in the tissues was measured using a radioimmunoassay kit (Yamasa Shoyu, Tokyo, Japan). ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/61/6/1423