*  Interaction of atrial natriuretic factor and endothelin-1 signals through receptor guanylate cyclase in pulmonary artery...
Nambi P, Whitman M, Gessner G, Aiyar N, Crooke ST: Vasopressin-mediated inhibition of atrial natriuretic factor-stimulated cGMP ... atrial natriuretic factor endothelin atrial natriuretic factor receptor guanylate cyclase endothelin receptor protein kinase C ... Interaction of atrial natriuretic factor and endothelin-1 signals through receptor guanylate cyclase in pulmonary artery ... Paul AK, Marala RB, Jaiswal RK, Sharma RK: Coexistence of atrial natriuretic factor receptor and guanylate cyclase in a Mr ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00925986
*  Acute and Chronic Neutral Endopeptidase Inhibition in Rats With Aortocaval Shunt | Hypertension
Physiological role of silent receptors of atrial natriuretic factor. Science. 1987;238:675-678. ... in shunted rats did not change atrial natriuretic peptide plasma levels or cGMP excretion. Nevertheless, the diuretic and ... Possible regulation of atrial natriuretic factor by neutral endopeptidase 24.11 and clearance receptors. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. ... Inactivation of atrial natriuretic factor by the renal brush border. Biochem Biophys Acta. 1987;901:97-100. ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/27/6/1259
*  Mutational Inactivation of the Catalytic Domain of Guanylate Cyclase-A Receptor | Hypertension
receptors, atrial natriuretic factor. Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), synthesized primarily by atria, produces profound ... The formation of cGMP by guanylate cyclase requires two processes: the binding of GTP to the active site and the catalytic ... Two distinct forms of receptors for atrial natriuretic factor in bovine adrenocortical cells. J Biol Chem. 1987;262:12104-12113 ... Abstract Guanylate cyclase-A, the receptor for atrial natriuretic factor, contains a protein kinase-like domain and a catalytic ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/25/4/694
*  Atrial natriuretic peptide receptor - Wikipedia
There are three distinct atrial natriuretic factor receptors identified so far in mammals: natriuretic peptide receptors 1, 2, ... ANP activation of the ANP catalytic receptor will stimulate its intracellular guanylyl cyclase activity to convert GTP to cGMP ... An atrial natriuretic peptide receptor is a receptor for atrial natriuretic peptide. NPRA and NPRB are linked to guanylyl ... Atrial Natriuretic Factor Receptors at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atrial_natriuretic_peptide_receptor
*  Curcumin Inhibits Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Function and Injury-Induced Neointima...
Nitric oxide and C-type atrial natriuretic peptide stimulate primary aortic smooth muscle cell migration via a cGMP-dependent ... receptor β/insulin-like growth factor receptor and bFGF-stimulated phosphorylation of phosphofibroblast growth factor receptor ... Growth factors, such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and fibroblast growth factor, released during vascular injury ... antiphospho insulin receptor β/insulin-like growth factor receptor (1:1000), and anti-phospho Akt (Thr308). Appropriate ...
  http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/26/1/85
*  Structure of the GAF domain, a ubiquitous signaling motif and a new class of cyclic GMP receptor | The EMBO Journal
... cGMP is also the intracellular messenger responsible for transducing atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) signaling (Garbers and ... Turko IV, Francis SH and Corbin JD (1998) Binding of cGMP to both allosteric sites of cGMP‐binding cGMP‐specific phospho ... There are two main structural classes of cGMP receptor in mammalian cells. The first includes the regulatory domain of the cGMP ... The second group of cGMP receptors are the cGMP‐regulated families of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs; Corbin and ...
  http://emboj.embopress.org/content/19/20/5288
*  Vpt 311 General and Systemic Veterinary Pharamacology Tanuvas Lect Notes | Pharmacology | Cell Membrane
Closely related are receptors linked to guanylate cyclase such as the atrial natriuretic factor receptor. Type IV - Receptors ... The receptor itself is the first messenger. Examples of second messengers are cAMP, cGMP, Ca2+, G-Proteins, IP3, DAG etc. cAMP ... TYPES OF RECEPTORS Type I - Channel linked receptors (ligand-gated ion channels or inotropic receptor) - These are also known ... FactorsFactors that play a role in peptic ulcer formation in gastric and duodenal ulcers: o Ulcerogenic factors include  ...
  https://www.scribd.com/doc/105615542/Vpt-311-General-and-Systemic-Veterinary-Pharamacology-Tanuvas-Lect-Notes
*  Recombinant Human Natriuretic peptides A protein (ab114317)
Buy our Recombinant Human Natriuretic peptides A protein. Ab114317 is a full length protein produced in Wheat germ and has been ... Atrial natriuretic factor: Cleaved by MME. The cleavage initiates degradation of the factor and thereby regulate its activity. ... Specifically binds and stimulates the cGMP production of the NPR1 receptor. Binds the clearance receptor NPR3. ...
  http://www.abcam.com/recombinant-human-natriuretic-peptides-a-protein-ab114317.html
*  cGMP Upregulates Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells | Hypertension
... atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on interleukin-1 (IL-1)-induced nitric oxide production ... However, ANP, which stimulates cGMP accumulation in VSMC through the activation of guanylate cyclase-linked ANP receptors, ... Human atrial natriuretic polypeptide, which stimulates cGMP accumulation in vascular smooth muscle cells, also enhanced ... Furthermore, 8-Br-cGMP enhanced the interleukin-1-induced increase in tumor necrosis factor-α messenger RNA level in vascular ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/25/4/711
*  Order cialis online » Canadian Rx Pharmacy Online, buy prescriptions online.
... cGMP-dependent protein kinase; CNS, central nervous system; ANP, atrial natriuretic peptide; NO, nitric oxide; PDP, 9-(6-phenyl ... The second form Human alpha fetoprotein due to low estrogen receptor and factor order cialis online cell. AFO from a be used as ... For ten years or more you receptors for AFP and growth factors on order cialis online proliferation lead to liver. ... By using radiation or non cancerous a Britannica citation 1 h and may produce an receptor from its order cialis online no ...
  http://www.palaeos.org/index.php?title=Special:WhatLinksHere/RRNA&limit=500
*  Multi-Ethnic Genetic Association Study of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Using a Targeted Cardiovascular SNP Microarray | Stroke
... which acts as a receptor for brain and atrial natriuretic peptides. Activation of NPR1 reduces blood pressure via an increase ... after correction for traditional risk factors, the third most significant SNP in this study is found in natriuretic peptide ... in intracellular cGMP inducing natriuresis, diuresis, and vasodilation. Sequence variation in NPR1 has been associated with ... NPR1 indicates natriuretic peptide receptor 1; HDAC4, histone deacetylase 4; COL1A2, alpha 2 type 1 collagen; SH3GL2, SH3- ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/40/10/3173
*  All-Trans Retinoic Acid and Sodium Butyrate Enhance Natriuretic Peptide Receptor A Gene Transcription: Role of Histone...
1990) Molecular cloning and expression of murine guanylate cyclase/atrial natriuretic factor receptor cDNA. J Biol Chem 265: ... The supernatant thus collected was used for the cGMP assay. Cyclic GMP levels were determined using a direct cGMP immunoassay ... 2006) Association of atrial natriuretic peptide and type a natriuretic peptide receptor gene polymorphisms with left ... 2011) Glucocorticoids improve renal responsiveness to atrial natriuretic peptide by up-regulating natriuretic peptide receptor- ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/85/6/946
*  The expression of NPR-A and NPR-B in formalin-fixed hum | Open-i
Receptors, Atrial Natriuretic Factor/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics*/metabolism*. Minor. *Adult. *Aged. *Aged, 80 and over ... C-type NP (CNP), atrial NP (ANP) and brain NP (BNP) stimulated the accumulation of cGMP in a concentration-dependent manner in ... C-type NP (CNP), atrial NP (ANP) and brain NP (BNP) stimulated the accumulation of cGMP in a concentration-dependent manner in ... NPR-B natriuretic peptide receptors in human corneal epithelium: mRNA, immunohistochemistochemical, protein, and biochemical ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC2903464_mv-v16-1241-f3&req=4
*  Cyclic guanosine monophosphate - Wikipedia
This enzyme converts GTP to cGMP. Peptide hormones such as the atrial natriuretic factor activate membrane-bound GC, while ... cGMP, like cAMP, gets synthesized when olfactory receptors receive odorous input. cGMP is produced slowly and has a more ... Numerous cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDE) can degrade cGMP by hydrolyzing cGMP into 5'-GMP. PDE 5, -6 and -9 are cGMP ... Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is a cyclic nucleotide derived from guanosine triphosphate (GTP). cGMP acts as a second ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclic_guanosine_monophosphate
*  Plasmid-encoded NP73-102 modulates atrial natriuretic peptide receptor signaling and plays a critical role in inducing...
Atrial natriuretic factor is synthesized as a prohormone that is cleaved into a C-terminal peptide, ANP, and a group of three N ... are mediated through binding to their receptor, NPRA, which leads to production of the intracellular second messenger cGMP [4 ... The natriuretic peptide family comprises atrial natriuretic peptide, ANP, brain natriuretic peptide, BNP, C-type natriuretic ... Treg CellAtrial Natriuretic PeptideSOCS3 ExpressionNatriuretic Peptide ReceptorPulmonary Arterial Smooth Muscle Cell ...
  https://gvt-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-0556-9-3
*  Cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel - Wikipedia
A stimulant, atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) increases cGMP production in the kidneys, which increases function of the ... Speract activates a receptor-type guanylate cyclase (GC) and stimulates a rise in intracellular cGMP concentrations. Speract ... All native CNG channels react to both cAMP and cGMP, but smaller concentrations of cGMP than of cAMP are needed to activate and ... In addition to cAMP gated ion channels, a small subset of OSNs also has cGMP-selective CNG channels. cAMP and cGMP mediate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclic_nucleotide%E2%80%93gated_ion_channel
*  Atrial natriuretic peptide - Wikipedia
The binding of ANP to its receptor causes the conversion of GTP to cGMP and raises intracellular cGMP. As a consequence, cGMP ... ANP is also called atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), atrial natriuretic hormone (ANH), cardionatrine, cardiodilatin (CDD), and ... a potent vasoconstrictor Three types of atrial natriuretic peptide receptors have been identified on which natriuretic peptides ... also known as natriuretic peptide receptor-B (NPRB/ANPB) or NPR2 natriuretic peptide clearance receptor (NPRC/ANPC) or NPR3 NPR ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atrial_natriuretic_peptide
*  Endothelin Receptor Blockers in Cardiovascular Disease | Circulation
Endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide inhibits endothelin-1 secretion in dogs with severe congestive heart failure. Am J ... stimulates the production of growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor, and ... ECE indicates ET-converting enzyme; NO, nitric oxide; NOS, nitric oxide synthase; PGI2, prostacyclin; CAMP, cAMP; and cGMP, ... ETA receptors are found in the medial smooth muscle layers of the blood vessels, and atrial and ventricular myocardium.21 When ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/108/18/2184
*  The Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor-Stimulated Increase in Aquaporin-5 Levels in the Apical Plasma Membrane in Rat Parotid...
2000) Nitric oxide and atrial natriuretic factor stimulate cGMP-dependent membrane insertion of aquaporin 2 in renal epithelial ... 1996) The nitric oxide/cGMP pathway couples muscarinic receptors to the activation of Ca2+ influx. J Neurosci 16:1702-1709. ... NO increases cGMP formation via stimulation of GC. To investigate the effect of cGMP on AQP5 levels in the APM, tissues were ... cGMP Assay.. The amount of cGMP in the tissues was measured using a radioimmunoassay kit (Yamasa Shoyu, Tokyo, Japan). ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/61/6/1423
*  TRPC Channels As Effectors of Cardiac Hypertrophy | Circulation Research
... cGMP or the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)/BNP-particulate GC (GCp)-cGMP pathway. RyR indicates ryanodine receptor. ... or atrial natriuretic factor-cGMP signaling pathways, each of which negatively regulates cardiac hypertrophy. For example, PKG ... G protein-coupled receptor. IP3. inositol 3-phosphate. IP3R. inositol 3-phosphate receptor. NFAT. nuclear factor of activated T ... transient receptor potential. TRPA. transient receptor potential, ankyrin. TRPC. transient receptor potential, canonical. TRPM ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/108/2/265
*  ANP Receptor: Molecular approach of signaling mechanisms - Kailash Pandey
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiac hormone that regulates sodium excretion, fluid volume, and vasorelaxation, ... Pandey, Kailash N (2011) Guanylyl cyclase / atrial natriuretic peptide receptor-A: role in the pathophysiology of ... Subcellular trafficking of guanylyl cyclase/natriuretic peptide receptor-A with concurrent generation of intracellular cGMP. ... Guanylyl cyclase/natriuretic peptide receptor-A signaling antagonizes the vascular endothelial growth factor-stimulated MAPKs ...
  http://grantome.com/grant/NIH/R01-HL057531-12
*  ANP-induced signaling cascade and its implications in renal pathophysiology | Renal Physiology
Characterization of atrial natriuretic factor receptors in human glomerular epithelial and mesangial cells. Am J Physiol Renal ... Nitric oxide and atrial natriuretic factor stimulate cGMP-dependent membrane insertion of aquaporin 2 in renal epithelial cells ... Natriuretic peptides, such as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), belong to the vasodilator/natriuretic system. ANP is produced ... Physiologic regulation of atrial natriuretic peptide receptors in rat renal glomeruli. J Clin Invest 76: 2049-2056, 1985. ...
  http://ajprenal.physiology.org/content/308/10/F1047?ijkey=b3785440e42a3c3bb59171b4cfd069e3d4db2637&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  Effect of tolvaptan on renal water and sodium excretion and blood pressure during nitric oxide inhibition: a dose-response...
Nitric oxide and atrial natriuretic factor stimulate cGMP-dependent membrane insertion of aquaporin 2 in renal epithelial cells ... V2 receptor antagonism has previously been shown to increase p-Na and p-osm in a non-dose-response manner [12, 34, 36]. The ... Effect of captopril on renal extraction of renin, angiotensin II, atrial natriuretic peptide and vasopressin, and renal vein ... Atrial natriuretic peptide and nitric oxide signaling antagonizes vasopressin-mediated water permeability in inner medullary ...
  https://bmcnephrol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12882-017-0501-1
*  人proANP肽(ab42275)|Abcam中国
Atrial natriuretic factor: Cleaved by MME. The cleavage initiates degradation of the factor and thereby regulate its activity. ... Specifically binds and stimulates the cGMP production of the NPR1 receptor. Binds the clearance receptor NPR3. ...
  http://www.abcam.cn/human-proanp-peptide-ab42275.html
*  US Patent # 9,611,278. Soluble guanylate cyclase activators - Patents.com
... cGMP') and are generally suitable for the th ... as the atrial natriuretic peptide or the cerebral natriuretic ... The cGMP produced by test compounds was directly compared to the maximum cGMP production (this value was set to equal 100% ... niacin receptor agonists such as acipimox and acifran, as well as niacin receptor partial agonists; metabolic altering agents ... The function of other factors such as carbon monoxide or the hydroxyl radical is still largely unclear. The binding of NO to ...
  http://patents.com/us-9611278.html