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*  Patent US5351651 - Artificial sea-water - Google Patents
An improved composition for preparing artificial sea-water comprises an electrolyte mixture which, upon being dissolved in a proper amount of water, forms an aqueous solution which simulates natural sea-water in composition except that it contains one or more boron compounds within a concentration range from 0.002 to 0.05 w/v % calculated as boron. The pH stability of an artificial sea-water is improved by adding one or more boron compounds thereto.
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5351651?dq=mezick
*  Deep Chlorophyll Maximum 1996 - Cruise Report - ePIC
Veldhuis, M. J. W. , Fransz, I. H. G. and de Bruin, T. F. (1996): Deep Chlorophyll Maximum 1996 - Cruise Report , Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Bremerhaven, PANGAEA, 22 p ...
  http://epic.awi.de/29909/
*  The Cell: An Image Library - Image CIL:25776
To label cellular outlines, embryos were incubated for 15 min in 5 μM BODIPY564/570 coupled to propionic acid (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) in natural seawater, then rinsed twice in natural seawater and mounted in a 1:1 mixture of natural seawater and 7.5% MgCl2 to prevent muscular contractions. Time-lapse recordings were performed with a PerkinElmer (Wellesley, MA) Ultraview RS System (spinning disk confocal). Embryos were kept during recordings (12 frames per hour) at a constant temperature of 25C or 26C in natural seawater between slide and coverslip separated by two layers of adhesive tape and silicone paste. The chamber was sealed with mineral oil (Sigma, St. Louis, MO).. ...
  http://www.cellimagelibrary.org/images/25776
*  The Cell: An Image Library - Image CIL:25777
To label cellular outlines, embryos were incubated for 15 min in 5 μM BODIPY564/570 coupled to propionic acid (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) in natural seawater, then rinsed twice in natural seawater and mounted in a 1:1 mixture of natural seawater and 7.5% MgCl2 to prevent muscular contractions. Time-lapse recordings were performed with a PerkinElmer (Wellesley, MA) Ultraview RS System (spinning disk confocal). Embryos were kept during recordings (12 frames per hour) at a constant temperature of 25C or 26C in natural seawater between slide and coverslip separated by two layers of adhesive tape and silicone paste. The chamber was sealed with mineral oil (Sigma, St. Louis, MO).. ...
  http://www.cellimagelibrary.org/images/25777
*  The Cell: An Image Library - Image CIL:25778
To label cellular outlines, embryos were incubated for 15 min in 5 μM BODIPY564/570 coupled to propionic acid (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) in natural seawater, then rinsed twice in natural seawater and mounted in a 1:1 mixture of natural seawater and 7.5% MgCl2 to prevent muscular contractions. Time-lapse recordings were performed with a PerkinElmer (Wellesley, MA) Ultraview RS System (spinning disk confocal). Embryos were kept during recordings (12 frames per hour) at a constant temperature of 25C or 26C in natural seawater between slide and coverslip separated by two layers of adhesive tape and silicone paste. The chamber was sealed with mineral oil (Sigma, St. Louis, MO).. ...
  http://www.cellimagelibrary.org/images/25778
*  Scientists connect seawater chemistry with climate change and... ( TORONTO ON Humans get most of the b...)
...TORONTO ON Humans get most of the blame for climate change with lit... Seawater chemistry is characterized by long phases of stability whic...Wortmann and co-author Adina Paytan of the Institute of Marine Science...The authors suggest that the dissolution or creation of such massive g...,Scientists,connect,seawater,chemistry,with,climate,change,and,evolution,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
  http://www.bio-medicine.org/biology-news-1/Scientists-connect-seawater-chemistry-with-climate-change-and-evolution-25934-1/
*  The geologic history of seawater pH | Ocean acidification
Although pH is a fundamental property of Earth's oceans, critical to our understanding of seawater biogeochemistry, its long-timescale geologic history is poorly constrained. We constrain seawater pH through time by accounting for the cycles of the major components of seawater. We infer an increase from early Archean pH values between ~6.5 and 7.0 and Phanerozoic…
  https://news-oceanacidification-icc.org/2017/03/10/the-geologic-history-of-seawater-ph/
*  100% NATURAL SEAWATER
All products in the MARIMER sprays range are made using quality seawater rich in dietary-minerals such as copper, zinc and manganese, known for their therapeutic properties in treatment of respiratory infections. This pure seawater is taken from the bay of Mont Saint Michel in Saint-Malo, France, reputed for its high tides of more than 15 metres which, due to violent currents, provide high-levels of water oxygenation and an abundance of minerals ...
  http://www.marimer.com/100-naturel-seawater
*  Scientists developing sustainable seawater batteries - PACE
Korean university UNIST will be working with public organisations in the energy sector to develop a new type of eco-friendly battery that can store and produce electricity using seawater. The project is expected to accelerate the commercialisation of eco-friendly, cost-efficient, and high-stability seawater batteries.. The project's consortium includes Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO), Korea East-West Power Company Ltd. (EWP), and the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST).. Seawater batteries use sodium, the sixth-most abundant element on earth, to generate electricity. This makes this system an attractive supplement to existing battery technologies. Furthermore, this new type of battery is much cheaper and more environmentally friendly than lithium and will, therefore, offer a low-cost route to large-scale energy storage. Moreover, the use of ...
  https://pacetoday.com.au/sustainable-seawater-batteries/
*  Seawater Electrochlorination on sales - Quality Seawater Electrochlorination supplier
Seawater Electrochlorination, You can buy good quality Seawater Electrochlorination , we are Seawater Electrochlorination distributor & Seawater Electrochlorination manufacturer from China market.
  http://sodiumhypochloritegenerator.com/supplier-89042-seawater-electrochlorination.htm
*  Plus it
General. Aplysia californica (75-350 gm) were obtained from Alacrity Marine Biological Specimens (Redondo Beach, CA) and Marinus (Long Beach, CA) and were individually caged and kept in an aquarium containing artificial seawater (ASW) at ∼15°C with a 12 hr light/dark cycle. Animals were fed dried seaweed every other day. Three types of artificial seawater were used. Normal ASW contained (in mm): NaCl, 460; KCl, 10; CaCl2, 11; MgCl2, 30; MgSO4, 20; NaHCO3, 2.5; and HEPES, 10; pH 7.7. Low Ca2+/high Mg2+ ASW contained (in mm): NaCl, 400; KCl, 10; CaCl2, 1; MgCl2, 80; MgSO4, 20; NaHCO3, 2.5; and HEPES, 10; pH 7.7. High Ca2+/high Mg2+ ASW contained (in mm): NaCl, 386; KCl, 8; CaCl2, 13.8; MgCl2, 90; MgSO4, 20; NaHCO3, 2.5; and HEPES, 10; pH 7.7. During all procedures, except the initial dissection of the reduced tail preparation (see below), the preparations were maintained at ∼15°C. Tail sensory and motor neurons were identified ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/23/23/8392
*  Tropic Marin BIO-Calcium ACTIF, 64 oz. - AquaCave.com
Tropic Marin BIO-Calcium ACTIF, 64 oz. - At AquaCave, we offer Best Prices, 5% Back, and Free Shipping on Tropic Marin BIO-Calcium ACTIF, 64 oz.. - Buy Tropic Marin BIO-Calcium ACTIF, 64 oz. - Now Only $34.95 - Tropic Marin BIO-Calcium ACTIF, 64 oz. Biologically ideal calcium supply & pH optimization Increases calcium, alkalinity & pH for optimum coral growth without disturbing the ionic balance Contains all 70 trace elements in the concentrations found in natural seawater No unnatural by-products Stabilization of optimal pH level to promote coral growth Calcium, alkalinity, and pH work together in the water to reach calcite saturation, which is essential for optimum growth of corals and coralline algae. Our Tropic Marin Bio-Calcium Actif is a simple, efficient way to raise all three factors for optimal growth of corals and coralline algae while creating the ideal conditions for successful reef aquariums. Natural ...
  http://www.aquacave.com/tropic-marin-bio-calcium-actif-64-oz.html
*  SEAWATER CHEMISTRY SOFTWARE
Freeshare software. I have written a simple software application for the carbonate system (pCO2, CO2, HCO3, CO3, Total C, Alk, pH NBS/SW with T, S for seawater, UNESCO 1987 standard equations), CaCO3, O2, CO2 solubilities, CO2 hydratation dynamic, T-S-depth density and CCD, specific heat (UNESCO 1981) and polynomial approximations. Application and source code (Think Pascal) for Macintosh or PASCAL source for PC. Send me your mail, I'll send you a diskette. At your service Martin Pecheux ...
  http://coral.aoml.noaa.gov/pipermail/coral-list-old/1997-December/001448.html
*  Inter Research » Journals » MEPS » prepress abstract
ABSTRACT: Understanding the vertical distribution and migratory behaviour of shelled holoplanktonic gastropods is essential in determining the environmental conditions that they are exposed to. This is increasingly important in understanding the effects of imminent ocean acidification and climate change. Here we investigate the vertical distribution of atlantid heteropods by collating data from publications and collections and using the oxygen isotope (δ18O) composition of single aragonitic shells. Data from publications and collections show two patterns of migration behaviour; small species that reside in shallow water at all times, and larger species that make diurnal migrations from the surface at night to deep waters during the daytime. The δ18O data show that all species analysed (n=16) calcify their shells close to the Deep Chlorophyll Maximum. This was within the ...
  http://www.int-res.com/prepress/m12464.html
*  Secondary aggregates and seawater employment for sustainable concrete dyke blocks production: case study
The main objective of this research work was to validate the on site real scale production of dyke blocks employing coarse mixed recycled aggregates, steel slag aggregates and seawater. A laboratory experimental phase (Phase 1) was carried out prior to real scale concrete block production within Barcelona's port (Phase 2). According to the results, the concretes produced with a combined mixture of 50% coarse mixed aggregates and 50% of coarse steel aggregates achieved the most adequate properties for use in dyke block manufacturing. The concrete produced employing high percentages of coarse mixed recycled aggregates (without steel slag aggregates) could achieve adequate properties in its saturated state. The use of seawater instead of freshwater reduced the concrete's setting time as well as the porosity of the concretes produced, resulting in both the reduction of water penetration and the capillary ...
  http://upcommons.upc.edu/handle/2117/88576
*  Volunteers Collect January 2015 Seawater Sample in Tofino, BC | Home
Raincoast Education Society is our partner organization in Tofino who is working with citizen scientists to help us collect seawater to monitor for the arrival of Fukushima contamination along our coastline. The video below shows a volunteer wading into the surf at Cox Bay to collect seawater today for the project. Cox Bay Beach, Tofino…
  https://fukushimainform.ca/2015/01/08/volunteers-collect-january-2015-seawater-sample-in-tofino-bc/
*  Ocean Chemistry - Windows to the Universe
The oceans are full of water. Ocean water is not just pure water, though. Ocean water has many different chemicals in it, especially salt. The salt in sea water is a lot like the salt we sprinkle on food. Sea salt has other chemicals in it too. The main other chemicals in sea salt are magnesium, sulfate, calcium, and potassium.. Why is the ocean salty? When it rains on land, some of the water dissolves minerals in rocks. That water flows in rivers to the sea. It carries the minerals with it. When the water evaporates back out of the ocean, it leaves the minerals behind. The minerals make sea water salty. Some parts of the ocean have more salt than others. For example, melting glaciers dump lots of fresh water into the ocean. Places in the ocean near melting glaciers aren't as salty as the rest of the ocean. Some gases are dissolved in sea ...
  https://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Water/ocean_chemistry.html&edu=elem
*  Scientists Connect Seawater Chemistry With Ancient Climate Change and Evolution -- Environmental Protection
Scientists from the University of Toronto and the University of California Santa Cruz are shedding light on one potential cause of the cooling trend of the past 45 million years that has everything to do with the chemistry of the world's oceans.
  https://eponline.com/articles/2012/07/20/scientists-connect-seawater-chemistry-with-ancient-climate-change-and-evolution.aspx?admgarea=ht.air
*  Inter Research » MEPS » v158 » p41-50
The effect of rain-borne nutrients in spring on the marine microbial community was studied in Villefranche Bay (France), a system in which previous studies have suggested that competition exists within the microbial food web for nutrient salts. In 5 incubation experiments, conducted from May 1994 to March 1996, surface seawater was amended with 2 to 8% (v/v) rainwater additions. The additions yielded final nutrient concentrations from 0.98 to 5.93 µM of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (NH4+ + NO3- forms) and 0 to 0.05 µM of inorganic phosphorus (PO43-). In 4 out of 5 experiments, significant increases in chlorophyll a (chl a) were detected. The ratio of added N (µg l-1) to apparent increase in chl a (µg l-1) averaged about 100. The increases in chl a were correlated with increases in abundances of phototrophic nanoflagellates (PNAN). In contrast to chl a and PNAN stocks, no effect of rainwater ...
  http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v158/p41-50/
*  Biodegradability in Seawater (OECD 306) | Chemex
This method is appropriate for volatile materials and although good water solubility is desired, poorly soluble materials can be tested. The test vessels are closed filled bottles containing the test substance dissolved in the natural seawater. The bottles are incubated in the dark at 20°C and the degradation is followed by analysis of the dissolved oxygen over a 28 day period.. ...
  http://chemex.co.uk/products/biodegradability-seawater-0
*  Found: The clearest ocean waters on Earth | New Scientist
The cleanest, most lifeless ocean waters on Earth are found in the Pacific - visibility extends over 100 metres deep in the unique area
  https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn12162-found-the-clearest-ocean-waters-on-earth/
*  Metagenome of a Versatile Chemolithoautotroph from Expanding Oceanic Dead Zones | Science
Oxygen minimum zones, also known as oceanic "dead zones," are widespread oceanographic features currently expanding because of global warming. Although inhospitable to metazoan life, they support a cryptic microbiota whose metabolic activities affect nutrient and trace gas cycling within the global ocean. Here, we report metagenomic analyses of a ubiquitous and abundant but uncultivated oxygen minimum zone microbe (SUP05) related to chemoautotrophic gill symbionts of deep-sea clams and mussels. The SUP05 metagenome harbors a versatile repertoire of genes mediating autotrophic carbon assimilation, sulfur oxidation, and nitrate respiration responsive to a wide range of water-column redox states. Our analysis provides a genomic foundation for understanding the ecological and biogeochemical role of pelagic SUP05 in oxygen-deficient oceanic waters and its potential sensitivity to environmental changes.. ...
  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/326/5952/578
*  Mewes, K et al. (2014): Depth profiles of pore-water and solid-phase constituents, respiration rates and grain size...
Mewes, Konstantin; Mogollón, José M; Picard, Aude; Rühlemann, Carsten; Kuhn, Thomas; Nöthen, Kerstin; Kasten, Sabine (2014): Depth profiles of pore-water and solid-phase constituents, respiration rates and grain size distribution in sediments of the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.844005, Supplement to: Mewes, K et al. (2014): Impact of depositional and biogeochemical processes on small scale variations in nodule abundance in the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 91, 125-141, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.06.001
  https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.844005
*  Water flow in the seawater aquarium | Aquarists Online
Hello Vasanthi.. A larger sump probably would have been better, but any sump increases the gallonage of the system and is beneficial in that way.. Trickle filters are fine - in fact they are very efficient because of the amount of oxygen available to the bacteria. The only 'problem' with them is that they deal with ammonia and nitrite, produce nitrate and at that point the Nitrogen Cycle stops. Nitrate tests are necessary (as they are anyway but more particularly with a trickle filter). Routine seawater changes usually deal with the problem, but if an excess nitrate level persists there are other ways of tackling it.. In a display aquarium the guidelines (these are not absolutes) for seawater circulation are ...
  http://www.aquaristsonline.com/blog/aquarium-equipment/water-movement/water-flow-in-the-seawater-aquarium/
*  Preconcentration of Cu (II) from seawater using a novel and stable phenol-formaldehyde resin on Environmental XPRT
Article Preconcentration of Cu (II) from seawater using a novel and stable phenol-formaldehyde resin. Preconcentration of Cu (II) from seawater using a novel phenol-formaldehyde (P-F) resin was investigated. 1,2-dihydroxybenzene-4-azo-3-hydroxybenzen...
  https://www.environmental-expert.com/articles/preconcentration-of-cu-ii-from-seawater-using-a-novel-and-stable-phenol-formaldehyde-resin-160981