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*  MD Support - Glossary
Central retinal artery - the vessel that delivers blood into the eye and supplies nutrients to the retina. ... Central retinal vein - the vessel that carries blood away from the retina. ... Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE) - The layer of the retina lying between the blood vessels and the photoreceptor cell layer. ... Bruch's membrane - the tissue which separates the choroid (blood vessel) layer from the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) layer ...
  http://www.mdsupport.org/information/glossary/
*  Improve Your Vision | Life Enhancement Products
... of the blood vessels in the central retinal arteries. In another study, three divided daily doses of vinpocetine at 15 mg each ... When the effect of vinpocetine on occlusions and atherosclerotic retinopathies of the central retinal artery was examined, ... Diabetics are predisposed to retinopathies, meaning they develop abnormal retinal vessels leading to vision impairment. ... Retinal lesions were also reduced in severity by vinpocetine.18 NUTRIENTS THAT CAN HELP CATARACTS. The National Institute for ...
  http://www.life-enhancement.com/magazine/article/297-improve-your-vision
*  Patent US6679855 - Method and apparatus for the correction of presbyopia using high intensity ... - Google Patents
Central Retinal Artery. The blood vessel that carries blood into eye; supplies nutrition to the retina. ... Central Retinal Vein. The blood vessel that carries blood from the retina. ... Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE). The pigment cell layer that nourishes the retinal cells; located just outside the retina and ... The central part of the macula that provides the sharpest vision.. Fundus. The interior lining of the eyeball, including the ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6679855?dq=7,339,580
*  Retinopathy - Wikipedia
The retina is supplied by small vessel branches from the central retinal artery. Proliferative retinopathy refers to damaged ... This can be caused by either physically blocking the vessels of the retinal artery branches or causing the arteries to narrow. ... direct retinal damage, or occlusion of the blood vessels. The first mechanism is indirect damage by altering the blood vessels ... Lastly, clots or central artery thrombosis directly blocks flow to the retina causing the cells to die. Proliferative ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retinopathy
*  Quantitative analysis of retinal vessel attenuation in eyes with retinitis pigmentosa. - PubMed - NCBI
Retinal vessel calibers were measured using a computer-based program as the central retinal artery and vein equivalent (CRAE ... In RP patients, the severity of visual field loss is correlated with retinal vessel attenuation. Quantitative retinal vessel ... Quantitative analysis of retinal vessel attenuation in eyes with retinitis pigmentosa.. Ma Y1, Kawasaki R, Dobson LP, Ruddle JB ... Retinal vessel attenuation is a key finding in the diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa (RP), but there have been no studies to ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22661482
*  Frontiers | Gonadal Hormones and Retinal Disorders: A Review | Endocrinology
... whereas exogenous testosterone therapy is a risk factor for central serous chorioretinopathy. Macular hole is more common among ... This may have ramifications for the use of hormone therapy in the treatment of eye disease, and of retinal disorders in ... whereas exogenous testosterone therapy is a risk factor for central serous chorioretinopathy. Macular hole is more common among ... except for the central retinal artery in which the vessel diameter was inversely proportional to testosterone levels). The ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2018.00066/full
*  Retinal Vessel Diameters and Their Relationship with Cardiovascular Risk and All-Cause Mortality in the Inter99 Eye Study: A 15...
Retinal Vessel Diameter and Cardiovascular Risk Factors. 4.1.1. Central Retinal Artery Equivalent (CRAE). When adjusting for ... Vessel diameters were expressed as central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) and central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE). ... The program identified the six largest arteries and the six largest veins and calculated the central retinal artery equivalent ... 4.2.1. Central Retinal Artery Equivalent (CRAE). All-cause-mortality was not significantly associated with CRAE with a HR of ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/joph/2016/6138659/
*  Oxygen Saturation in Human Retinal Vessels Is Higher in Dark Than in Light | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Other studies have found increased blood flow velocity in the central retinal artery 30 or small changes in vessel width 31 in ... Inner retinal consumption seems to be unaltered. 14 18 Oxygen delivery from the retinal vessels and/or choroid into the tissue ... The ratios of light intensity at the two wavelengths inside retinal vessels (I 605/I 586) and outside vessels (I 0-605/I 0-586 ... One first-degree arteriole and one first-degree venule (first branch from central retinal artery and vein) were chosen for ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2126148
*  Central Retinal Artery Occlusion in Takayasu's Arteritis as the First Presentation of the Disease
The major pathology is granulomatous panarteritis with intima proliferation and defects of the elastic lamina of the vessels. ... Central Retinal Artery Occlusion in Takayasu's Arteritis as the First Presentation of the Disease. Hande Guclu,1 Vuslat Pelitli ... We present a case of central retinal artery occlusion in TA as the first presentation of the disease. To the best of our ... the present case is the first case that demonstrates central retinal artery occlusion as an initial manifestation in TA. A 48- ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criopm/2016/6492513/abs/
*  Central retinal artery - Wikipedia
Eye vessels Lee, K. E.; Klein, B. E. K.; Klein, R.; Meuer, S. M. (2007). "Association of Retinal Vessel Caliber to Optic Disc ... The central retinal artery (retinal artery) branches off the ophthalmic artery, running inferior to the optic nerve within its ... If this artery is present, the central vision will be preserved even in case of CRAO. The central retinal artery is formed from ... Thus if the central retinal artery gets occluded, there is complete loss of vision in that eye even though the fovea is not ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_retinal_artery
*  Impact of oral contranceptive pill (OCP) on vessels functionality | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Central Retinal Artery Equivalent (CRAE 177.7 ± 24.8 vs 183.7 ± 23.2, respectively; p = 0.4486) and Central Retinal Venous ... Static analysis of retinal vessels was also performed. Results : Thirty-eight eyes of 38 subjects (all female, mean age 24.79 ... The retinal vascular response to flicker light stimulation was evaluated using the Dynamic Vessel Analyzer (DVA, IMEDOS, Jena, ... Conclusions : Our data indicate that OCP may affect vessel reactivity to flicker light, particularly increased arteries ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2561927
*  Central Retinal Artery Occlusion in Takayasu's Arteritis as the First Presentation of the Disease
N. Noel, N. Butel, P. Le Hoang et al., "Small vessel involvement in Takayasu's arteritis," Autoimmunity Reviews, vol. 12, no. 3 ... Central Retinal Artery Occlusion in Takayasu's Arteritis as the First Presentation of the Disease. Hande Guclu,1 Vuslat Pelitli ... K. Balaskas, D. Potamitou, and A. Spastri, "Branch retinal artery occlusion as the sole ocular manifestation of Takayasu ... S. Kaushik, A. Gupta, V. Gupta, S. Jain, and V. Lal, "Retinal arterial occlusion in Takayasu's arteritis," Indian Journal of ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criopm/2016/6492513/ref/
*  A New Method of Magnification Correction for Accurately Measuring Retinal Vessel Calibers From Fundus Photographs | IOVS | ARVO...
Purpose: To report a semiautomated retinal vessel caliber measurement system that measures central retinal artery (vein) ... 8 The central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE) and central retinal vein equivalent (CRVE)8,9 are now more widely used to ... Retinal vessel caliber also provides important information on a variety of ocular disorders. Retinal vessel caliber tends to be ... Relan D, MacGillivray T, Ballerini L, Trucco E. Retinal vessel classification: sorting arteries and veins. Conf Proc IEEE Eng ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2616040
*  Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
This is called a central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). ... When one of the vessels that carry blood to your eye's retina ... Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. What is central retinal artery occlusion? When one of the vessels that carry blood to your ... What causes central retinal artery occlusion?. Central retinal artery occlusion is a blockage of the central retinal artery. ... Key points about central retinal artery occlusion. *Central retinal artery occlusion is the blockage of blood to the retina of ...
  http://healthlibrary.brighamandwomens.org/Library/DiseasesConditions/Adult/EyeCare/134,152
*  Bilateral central retinal artery occlusion in Wegener's granulomatosis and α1 antitrypsin deficiency | British Journal of...
Ocular and ocular adnexal involvement is the result of parenchymal necrosis, small vessel vasculitis, and granulomatous ... Bilateral central retinal artery occlusion in Wegener's granulomatosis and α1 antitrypsin deficiency ... Bilateral central retinal artery occlusion in Wegener's granulomatosis and α1 antitrypsin deficiency ... 1 although only a small proportion of these cases are the result of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). We describe an ...
  http://bjo.bmj.com/content/86/4/476.1
*  Retinal blood vessels | definition of retinal blood vessels by Medical dictionary
What is retinal blood vessels? Meaning of retinal blood vessels medical term. What does retinal blood vessels mean? ... Looking for online definition of retinal blood vessels in the Medical Dictionary? retinal blood vessels explanation free. ... the blood vasculature of the retina, including the branches and tributaries of the central retinal artery and vein, ... of the tortuosity of retinal blood vessels, decreased mobility of vitreous gel, retinal stiffness, and rolled edges of retinal ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/retinal+blood+vessels
*  Orbits & Eyes Flashcards by Jason Hsu | Brainscape
arterial ischemia/occlusion of central retinal artery 33 what are the vessels you see in the fundoscope? ... 3 layers of blood vessels under the retina that keeps it alive ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/orbits-amp-eyes-2549118/packs/4415250
*  Unilateral Central Retinal Artery Occlusion in Eisenmenger Syndrome | OMICS International
To report a case of unilateral central retinal artery occlusion in a patient with Eisenmenger syndrome. Methods: Full ... and retinal vessels dialation and tortuosity, small blot retinal hemorrhages in left eye (Figure 2). Fluorescein angiography ... Unilateral Central Retinal Artery Occlusion in Eisenmenger Syndrome Lin Zhao*, Jia-lin Wang, Yu-ling Liu and Fang Qian. ... Conclusion: The unilateral central retinal artery occlusion in a patient with Eisenmenger syndrome is rarely. reported in the ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/retinal-artery-occlusion-in-eisenmenger-syndrome-2155-9570.1000241.php?aid=8173
*  Optic nerve head microvasculature of the rabbit eye. | IOVS | ARVO Journals
The only large vessel to enter the optic nerve is a central retinal artery that has few branches within the optic nerve and ... The retinal arteries contribute to the surface vasculature of the optic nerve head. The pial system also plays a significant ... Moderately numerous vessels connect the retinal and ciliary vascular layers within the optic nerve head. Few arterioles to the ... an incomplete arterial circle was identified as terminal branches of two to three short posterior ciliary arteries around the ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2179165
*  Central retinal vein occlusion - Wikipedia
The central retinal vein is the venous equivalent of the central retinal artery and, like that blood vessel, it can suffer from ... central retinal vein occlusion, also CRVO), similar to that seen in ocular ischemic syndrome. Since the central retinal artery ... Central Retinal Vein Occlusion at eMedicine Braithwaite T, Nanji AA, Lindsley K, Greenberg PB (2014). "Anti-vascular ... endothelial growth factor for macular oedema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion". Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 5: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_retinal_vein_occlusion
*  Central retinal vein - Wikipedia
The central retinal vein is the venous equivalent of the central retinal artery, and like that blood vessel can suffer from ... The central retinal vein (retinal vein) is a short vein that runs through the optic nerve, leaves the optic nerve 10 mm from ... The anatomy of the veins of the orbit of the eye varies between individuals, and in some the central retinal vein drains into ... 2003;44:988-995 MeSH entry for central retinal vein - National Library of Medicine - Medical Subject Headings - 2007 Interior ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_retinal_vein
*  A-F | Uveitis.org | OIUF
CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY. The blood vessel that carries blood into the eye; supplies nutrition to the retina. ... The blood vessel that carries blood from the retina.. A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z [Browse Terms] [Top] ... The central part of the macula that provides the sharpest vision.. A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z [Browse ... The ophthalmologist will search carefully for retinal tears.. A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z [Browse Terms ...
  http://www.uveitis.org/patients/education/glossary/a-f/
*  Central retinal artery occlusion - Wikipedia
Additional risk factors include endocarditis, atrial myxoma, inflammatory diseases of the blood vessels, and predisposition to ... Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a disease of the eye where the flow of blood through the central retinal artery is ... The ophthalmic artery branches off into the central retinal artery which travels with the optic nerve until it enters the eye. ... This central retinal artery provides nutrients to the retina of the eye, more specifically the inner retina and the surface of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_retinal_artery_occlusion
*  Ophthalmodynamometric Determination of the Central Retinal Artery Collapse Pressure Correlated with Systemic Blood Pressure |...
In eyes with retinal arterial occlusions, central retinal vessel collapse pressure measurements were not correlated with ... the pressure value at the time when the central retinal artery and vein started pulsating were noted as central retinal artery ... T. Libera, J.B. Jonas; Ophthalmodynamometric Determination of the Central Retinal Artery Collapse Pressure Correlated with ... Ophthalmodynamometric Determination of the Central Retinal Artery Collapse Pressure Correlated with Systemic Blood Pressure ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2411922
*  The Relationship of Retinal Vessel Caliber With Erectile Dysfunction in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes | IOVS | ARVO Journals
... from the optic disc margin were measured and vessel calibers of the biggest six were summarized as the central retinal artery ... Retinal Vessel Diameters Change Within 1 Hour of Intracranial Pressure Lowering. Rodent Hyperglycemia-Induced Inner Retinal ... Retinal vessel diameter was measured from retinal photographs by trained graders using semiautomated software. ED was defined ... Permeability and patency of retinal blood vessels in experimental diabetes.. Correlation between Retinal Oscillatory Potentials ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2127379