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*  Nucleus raphe magnus - Wikipedia
... the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, central nucleus of the amygdala, lateral hypothalamic area, parvocellular reticular ... All of these brain areas influence the main function of the nucleus raphe magnus. The main function of the nucleus raphe magnus ... The nucleus raphe magnus (called the magnus raphe nucleus by Terminologia Anatomica and some scientific publications), is ... Mounting evidence suggests that the nucleus raphe magnus plays an important role in homeostatic regulation. The nucleus raphe ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleus_raphe_magnus
*  Orexins, orexigenic hypothalamic peptides, interact with autonomic, neuroendocrine and neuroregulatory systems | PNAS
... fos expression in the paraventricular thalamic nucleus, locus coeruleus, arcuate nucleus, central gray, raphe nuclei, nucleus ... Orexin projections and Fos expression in the raphe nuclei and central gray suggest that orexins may function in serotonin- ... paraventricular thalamic nucleus;. LC,. locus coeruleus;. SCN,. suprachiasmatic nucleus;. PVN,. paraventricular nucleus;. NTS, ... prepositus hypoglossal nucleus; PrL, prelimbic cortex; PVN, paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus; PVT, paraventricular thalamic ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/96/2/748
*  Central Network Dynamics Regulating Visceral and Humoral Functions | Journal of Neuroscience
... projections to the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (Tucker et al., 1987; Schiltz and Sawchenko, 2007). The C1 cells that ... Nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS)-central amygdala circuitry: target of ethanol. Central regulation of gastric function occurs ... The LC projects to the cortex and limbic nuclei, where it can function in central aspects of voiding behavior. The dorsal motor ... 2006) Aldosterone-sensitive neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract: bidirectional connections with the central nucleus of ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/37/45/10848
*  Contribution of Central Nervous System Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase to Neurohumoral Activation in Heart Failure Rats |...
Hypothalamic integration: organization of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1983;6:269-324. ... Central actions of nitric oxide in regulation of autonomic functions. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1999;30:52-65. ... Inhibition of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus in spontaneously hypertensive rats dramatically reduces sympathetic ... Acute inhibition of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity and arterial blood ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/58/3/454
*  Plus it
... including central amygdala nuclei (cAMYG), ventromedial (VMN) and paraventricular (PVN) hypothalamic nuclei, hippocampus (HIPP ... and/or noradrenergic function in these nuclei. Furthermore, our findings make sense from an evolutionary point of view, in that ... Cing., right anterior cingulate; R PPN, right peripeduncular nucleus; R VMN, right ventromedial hypothalamic nuclei. ... paraventricular and ventromedial hypothalamic nuclei, hippocampus, orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), anterior cingulate gyrus (aCING ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/25/40/9309
*  Neuropeptide FF and neuropeptide VF inhibit GABAergic neurotransmission in parvocellular neurons of the rat hypothalamic...
Several lines of evidence suggested that the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus might be an important locus for these central ... Panula P, Aarnisalo AA, Wasowich K. Neuropeptide FF, a mammalian neuropeptide with multiple functions. Prog Neurobiol 48: 461- ... including the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), an autonomic nucleus critical for the secretion of neurohormones and ... Kenney MJ, Weiss ML, Haywood JR. The paraventricular nucleus: an important component of the central neurocircuitry regulating ...
  http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/292/5/R1872
*  Central nervous system inflammation induces muscle atrophy via activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis | JEM
Activation of corticotropin-releasing hormone neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (the hypothalamic component of the HPA ... GSE26766). Significantly regulated genes were grouped based on their known functions in skeletal muscle. At the 2- and 4-h time ... central nervous system. CSA. cross-sectional area. EDL. extensor digitorum longus. Gn. gastrocnemius. HPA. hypothalamic- ... Central nervous system inflammation induces muscle atrophy via activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Theodore ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/content/early/2011/11/10/jem.20111020
*  Central Cardiovascular Circuits Contribute to the Neurovascular Dysfunction in Angiotensin II Hypertension | Journal of...
One involves SFO-dependent activation of the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, elevations in plasma vasopressin, ... The findings unveil a previously unrecognized central component of the alterations in neurovascular function induced by AngII ... are thought to activate neural pathways projecting from the SFO to the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN), which, in ... 2001) Subfornical organ neurons projecting to paraventricular nucleus: whole-cell properties. Brain Res 921:78-85. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/32/14/4878.long
*  Non-thyroidal Illness Syndrome | SpringerLink
... with acute illness not caused by an intrinsic abnormality of thyroid function.... ... Transthyretin Albumin Hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis Central hypothyroidism Leptin Paraventricular nucleus Tanycyte ... Thyroid function in patients with cystic fibrosis: no longer a concern? Thyroid. 2016;26:875-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... of prothyrotropin-releasing hormone messenger ribonucleic acid in neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-73782-9_19
*  Sex differences in activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis by methamphetamine - Zuloaga - 2014 - Journal of...
... paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus; CEA, central amygdala; PVT, paraventricular thalamic nucleus; BNST, bed nucleus of the ... Chronic hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation can lead to lasting alterations in HPA axis function (Herman et al ... parvocellular paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus; PVNm, magnocellular paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus; CEA, central ... including the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), central amygdala, cingulate, and CA3 hippocampal region. MA increased ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jnc.12651/full?globalMessage=0
*  Atividade serotonin√©rgica perinatal: um fator decisivo para o controle da ingest√£o alimentar
31 Zhang X, Cui J, Tan Z, Jiang C, Fogel R. The central nucleus of the amygdala modulates gutrelated neurons in the dorsal ... Phenotypic plasticity is established to develop a central function on the etiology of chronic-degenerative diseases associated ... and paraventricular nuclei, and the lateral hypothalamus area are associated energy balance regulation [18]. The hypothalamus ... Impact of hypothalamic d-norfenfluramine and peripheral d-fenfluramine injection on macronutrient intake in the rat. Brain Res ...
  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-52732017000400535&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Frontiers | Relationship of the Chemokine, CXCL12, to Effects of Dietary Fat on Feeding-Related Behaviors and Hypothalamic...
... in both the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) where the neuropeptides enkephalin (ENK) and galanin (GAL) were also stimulated and ... In contrast, the HFD had no impact on expression of CXCL12 or its receptors in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) where the carbohydrate ... In contrast, the HFD had no impact on expression of CXCL12 or its receptors in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) where the carbohydrate ... in both the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) where the neuropeptides enkephalin (ENK) and galanin (GAL) were also stimulated and ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00051/full
*  Centrally released oxytocin mediates mating-induced anxiolysis in male rats | PNAS
A major site of both OT synthesis and release within the brain is the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) (2), a region ... The neuropeptide oxytocin has been shown to exert multiple functions in male and female reproduction, and to play a key role in ... Furthermore, blockade of the activated brain oxytocin system by central administration of an oxytocin receptor antagonist ... specifically within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, of male rats during mating with a receptive female. ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/104/42/16681.full
*  Detection of extracellular glucose by GLUT2 contributes to hypothalamic control of food intake | Endocrinology and Metabolism
6A). In another GLUT2-positive nucleus, i.e., the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus, basal c-Fos activation was also ... Sweet taste signaling functions as a hypothalamic glucose sensor. Front Integr Neurosci 3: 12, 2009. ... 47) was used in this study to focus on the central control of food intake. The amount of GLUT2 protein was not reduced in the ... A, left: representative photomicrographs of arcuate nucleus (ARC), paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT), and ...
  http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/298/5/E1078
*  Insensitivity of well-conditioned mature sheep to central administration of a leptin receptor antagonist | animal | Cambridge...
Insensitivity of well-conditioned mature sheep to central administration of a leptin receptor antagonist - Volume 9 Issue 11 - ... synthesis and CRF neuron activation in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus of obese (ob/ob) mice. Endocrinology 139, 1524- ... evidence for a dissociation of effects on appetite and neuroendocrine function. Endocrinology 140, 1175-1182. ... Central nervous system control of metabolism. Nature 491, 357-363. Niv-Spector, L, Gonen-Berger, D, Gourdou, I, Biener, E, ...
  https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/animal/article/insensitivity-of-wellconditioned-mature-sheep-to-central-administration-of-a-leptin-receptor-antagonist/4F2282B90C5C09945F79A50DC231CDF0
*  Tamoxifen 20 mg. Buy Tamoxifen online
Some of these regions such as the paraventricular hypothalamic (PVH) and arcuate (Arc) nuclei and the central nub of the ... Osteoclastic function, howsoever, intention result in bone wrecking and may be characterized through lytic lesions or ... tion in some cognitive abilities involving the function of the ipsilateral hemisphere to carotid artery stenosis (Silvestrini ...
  https://ddna.org/medsupport/set7/option3/
*  Discovery of PACAP and its receptors in the brain | SpringerLink
... and in the periventricular and paraventricular hypothalamic nuclei. In addition, they were found in some hypothalamic ( ... PACAP and its receptors are involved in diverse biological functions. Peripherally, they function in the control of anterior ... whereas VPAC2-R mRNA is predominantly expressed in the central nucleus of amygdala, the hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, ... the paraventricular nucleus, the ventromedial nucleus and the supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus, the cerebellum, the ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s10194-018-0855-1
*  Chronic treatment with morphine and ethanol, but not cocaine, attenuates IL-1 beta activation of FOS expression in the rat...
... in several hypothalamic nuclei including the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Since FOS expression has been used as an anatomical ... Treatment with several substances of abuse has been shown to modify immune function in vivo and in vitro. In this study, we ... We have shown that central treatment with IL-I beta induces the expression of FOS proto-oncogene protein immunoreactivity (FOS- ... Acute treatment with morphine or ethanol induced FOS-IR in several nuclei including the PVN. Cocaine, which induced FOS-IR in ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Chronic-treatment-with-morphine-and-ethanol%2C-but-of-Chang-Kenigs/eb3bd344a071da14cc261bbd8162894c5740f8ae
*  Neural pathways of stress integration: relevance to alcohol abuse. - Free Online Library
Anatomical interactions between the central amygdaloid nucleus and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the rat: A dual ... 2003). However, there is a marked subregional specialization of stress-integrative functions within the amygdala. The central ... Ventral subicular interaction with the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus: Evidence for a relay in the bed nucleus of the ... interleukin-1beta on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and c-fos mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Neural+pathways+of+stress+integration%3A+relevance+to+alcohol+abuse-a0347526541
*  Neurons Containing Hypocretin (Orexin) Project to Multiple Neuronal Systems | Journal of Neuroscience
... the paraventricular nuclei of the thalamus and hypothalamus, the central nucleus of the amygdala, the arcuate nucleus, the ... and their excitatory effect on cultured hypothalamic neurons suggest that the hypocretins function in intercellular ... central amygdaloid nucleus; CM, central medial thalamic nucleus;CPu, caudate putamen; DEn, dorsal endopiriform nucleus; DG, ... paraventricular thalamic nucleus;PVA, paraventricular thalamic nucleus, anterior part;Re, reuniens thalamic nucleus; Rh, ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/18/23/9996.long
*  Paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus - Wikipedia
Argiolas A, Melis MR (May 2005). "Central control of penile erection: role of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus ... While the supraoptic nucleus releases vasopressin. Other PVN neurons control various anterior pituitary functions, while still ... Nillni EA (April 2010). "Regulation of the hypothalamic thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) neuron by neuronal and peripheral ... The paraventricular nucleus (PVN, PVA, or PVH) is a nucleus in the hypothalamus. It is a group of neurons that can be activated ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraventricular_nucleus_of_hypothalamus
*  Dopamine D1-like receptors agonist SKF 38393 increases cFOS expression in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus-...
... a single dose of cocaine without further progression of adaptation or resistance of D1-like receptor-mediated genomic function ... increases in the expression of cFos proteins in the rat paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN). This effect was ... There were also certain populations of nuclei that showed expression of cFos but did not co-localize with the above markers. We ... Alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and in levels of proopiomelanocortin and corticotropin-releasing ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Dopamine-D1-like-receptors-agonist-SKF-38393-incre-Chocyk-Czyrak/b5ab4fcfdfc576d943a0a2959d44209ec43b6d92
*  Anxiety (MPKB)
... paraventricular (PVN) and dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei (DMH), basolateral and central nuclei of the amygdala (BLA, CEA), bed ... Cognitive dysfunctionThe loss of intellectual functions such as reasoning; memory loss; and other neurological abilities that ... Reduced anxiety-like behavior and central neurochemical change in germ-free mice.. Neufeld KM, Kang N, Bienenstock J, Foster JA ... and activates brain regions associated with autonomic function, likely via a vagal pathway. As yet, however, little is known ...
  https://mpkb.org/home/diseases/anxiety
*  Frontiers | Implications of mitochondrial dynamics on neurodegeneration and on hypothalamic dysfunction | Frontiers in Aging...
Moreover, impairment of the activity of mitochondrial fusion proteins dysregulates the function of hypothalamic neurons, ... we review selected findings in the field of mitochondrial dynamics and their relevance for neurodegeneration and hypothalamic ... we review selected findings in the field of mitochondrial dynamics and their relevance for neurodegeneration and hypothalamic ... Moreover, impairment of the activity of mitochondrial fusion proteins dysregulates the function of hypothalamic neurons, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2015.00101/full
*  The effect of endocrine gland extirpations on the size of nucleoli in rat hypothalamic neurons.
Olivecrona, Hans 1957 Paraventricular nucleus and pituitary gland. Acta Physiol. Scand., 40 (SUPPZ. 136): 1-178. Rasmussen, A. ... involved in regulation of many of the endocrine functions and that the association of hypothalamic control with specific nuclei ... Okinaka, S., K. Shizume and K. Matsuda 1960 Central nervous system regulation of thyrotropin secretion. Acta Endocrin., (suppl ... 599 600 JOHN D. IFFT cleoli in each of the 16 hypothalamic nuclei. This median figure for each nucleus was then set on the ...
  https://www.docme.ru/doc/2170991/the-effect-of-endocrine-gland-extirpations-on-the-size-of..