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*  Phylogenomics of Prokaryotic Ribosomal Proteins
... bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes). Despite the high sequence conservation, annotation of ribosomal (r-) protein genes is often ... lineage-specific gene loss, and horizontal gene transfer in evolution of bacterial ribosomal proteins. Genome Biol 2: RESEARCH ... Among these, 34 r-proteins are universally conserved in the three domains of cellular life (bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes); ... Bacterial and archaeal genomes. Genomic data for 995 bacterial and 87 archaeal completely sequenced genomes were retrieved from ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3353972/
*  Lon protease, bacterial/eukaryotic-type (IPR004815) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI
Sequence of the lon gene in Escherichia coli. A heat-shock gene which encodes the ATP-dependent protease La.. J. Biol. Chem. ... In pathogenic bacteria, it is required for the expression of virulence genes that promote cell infection [PMID: 10672180]. ... This family of sequences does not include the archaeal lon homologues, IPR004663. In the eukaryotes the majority of the ... It is required for cellular homeostasis and for survival from DNA damage and developmental changes induced by stress [PMID: ...
  http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR004815
*  ASMscience | Volume 4, Issue 9
More than 10,000 cytochrome P450 (CYP) gene sequences have been identified from eukaryotes, bacteria, and archaea. CYP is a ... show that three highly conserved bacterial genes of unknown function, from the same cellular pathway, are essential to ... Essential, Highly Conserved Genes Found in E. coli: Possible Targets for New Antibacterials. Mass genome sequencing has ... From Skepticism to Prominence: Circadian Clocks in Bacteria. Author: Carl Hirschie Johnson Not so long ago, chronobiologists ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/journal/microbe/4/9?tabReq=asmnews
*  Hsp90 - Wikipedia
... with the first 105 bp of the coding sequence derived from the CD47 gene on chromosome 3q13.2, and the remaining coding sequence ... Hsp90 is found in bacteria and all branches of eukarya, but it is apparently absent in archaea. Whereas cytoplasmic Hsp90 is ... In mammalian cells, there are two or more genes encoding cytosolic Hsp90 homologues, with the human Hsp90α showing 85% sequence ... Heat shock proteins, as a class, are among the most highly expressed cellular proteins across all species. As their name ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hsp90
*  Host-symbiont-pathogen interactions in blood-feeding parasites: nutrition, immune cross-talk and gene exchange | Parasitology |...
... immune cross-talk and gene exchange - Volume 145 Special Issue - Filip Husnik ... Husnik, F and McCutcheon, JP (2018) Functional horizontal gene transfer from bacteria to eukaryotes. Nature Reviews ... 2011) Comparison of the humoral and cellular immune responses between body and head lice following bacterial challenge. Insect ... 2017) Horizontally acquired biosynthesis genes boost Coxiella burnetii's physiology. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection ...
  https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/parasitology/article/hostsymbiontpathogen-interactions-in-bloodfeeding-parasites-nutrition-immune-crosstalk-and-gene-exchange/0D7F012E23FEAD973FACE375C4E21876
*  Ancestor of All Living Things More Sophisticated than Thought
By comparing the sequences of the genes for this enzyme from hundreds of organisms representing the three domains of life, the ... The researchers found a component of V-H+PPase shared by 31 species of eukaryotes, 231 of bacteria and 17 of archaea. The ... This suggests V-H+PPase and its associated organelle were passed down much like all the other genes were. If lateral gene ... Still, earlier research of his and his colleagues' showed that the polyphosphate storage structure in at least two bacterial ...
  https://www.livescience.com/16398-common-ancestor-complex.html
*  An Actin Homolog of the Archaeon Thermoplasma acidophilum That Retains the Ancient Characteristics of Eukaryotic Actin |...
The Ta0583 band corresponds to a molecular mass of 39 kDa, which is consistent with the gene sequence. ... In addition to the evolutionary origin of eukaryotic cellular structures, the origins of eukaryote-specific components, ... encoded by mreB genes, are conserved among rod-shaped, filamentous, and helical bacteria, suggesting that MreB protein is ... We also selected 21 homologs of bacterial MreB, ParM, actin and hsp70 as listed in Table 1. The 27 amino acid sequences were ...
  https://jb.asm.org/content/189/5/2039
*  Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::Evolution of prokaryote flagella
TCST systems are of bacterial origin and radiated into archaea and eukaryotes by lateral gene transfer. Their components show ... Ordering genes in a flagella pathway by analysis of expression kinetics from living bacteria.. Science. 2001 Jun 15;292(5524): ... Comparative sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene confirmed that the isolate is a member of the family Chromatiaceae. Sequence ... Study of the bacterial flagellum has provided insights into many aspects of prokaryotic cellular activities including genetics ...
  http://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=59ee8ea0a0c2eb29
*  Antievolution.org Discussion Board [Powered by Ikonboard]
TCST systems are of bacterial origin and radiated into archaea and eukaryotes by lateral gene transfer. Their components show ... Old and New Sequence Homologies. TTS apparatuses are encoded by 25 genes (4), nearly all essential for function. About 10 TTSS ... The bacterial motor allows movement at such a speed that, if the bacteria were resized to the weight of cars, they would ... Study of the bacterial flagellum has provided insights into many aspects of prokaryotic cellular activities including genetics ...
  http://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=5a645b6dd642305a
*  Chromosome - Wikipedia
Prokaryotic chromosomes have less sequence-based structure than eukaryotes. Bacteria typically have a one-point (the origin of ... Number of genes is an estimate, as it is in part based on gene predictions. Total chromosome length is an estimate as well, ... Bacterial chromosomes tend to be tethered to the plasma membrane of the bacteria. In molecular biology application, this allows ... These are circular structures in the cytoplasm that contain cellular DNA and play a role in horizontal gene transfer. In ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome
*  Horizontal gene transfer - Wikipedia
... that resembles bacterial genes, and is thought to be transferred from bacteria in the beetle's gut. Plants are capable of ... Analysis of DNA sequences suggests that horizontal gene transfer has occurred within eukaryotes from the chloroplast and ... suggesting that DNA damage is a specific inducer of cellular aggregation. UV-induced cellular aggregation mediates ... The LINE1 sequence has transferred from humans to the gonorrhea bacteria. Agrobacterium, a bacterium well known for its ability ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horizontal_gene_transfer
*  Proteasome - Wikipedia
... whereas most bacteria possess heat shock genes hslV and hslU, whose gene products are a multimeric protease arranged in a two- ... The 20S proteasome is both ubiquitous and essential in eukaryotes. Some prokaryotes, including many archaea and the bacterial ... whereas the α sequence identity is much lower. The presence of 20S proteasomes in bacteria may result from lateral gene ... The proteasomal degradation pathway is essential for many cellular processes, including the cell cycle, the regulation of gene ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proteasome
*  Jakoba - Wikipedia
Sequencing is nearly completed. At present, 77 genes have been identified, none of them including an intron. Intergenic regions ... "A comparison of gene order in the mtDNAs of J. libera…" show "clusters that are otherwise not found in bacteria but that ... Cellular components for Jakoba are not particularly unique. They contain a single nucleus found close to the flagellar bases, a ... Jakoba mitochondria, however, are of particular interest evolutionarily due to their unique bacterial-like mitochondrial ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jakoba
*  Non-stop decay - Wikipedia
... end of mRNA and directs the mRNA to the exosome complex in eukaryotes or RNase R in bacteria, where the transcript is then ... Wu, X; Brewer, G (2012). "The regulation of mRNA stability in mammalian cells: 2.0". Gene. 500: 10-21. doi:10.1016/j.gene. ... Both RNases II and RNase R are members of RNR family, and they have a significant similarity in primary sequence and domain ... Non-stop decay is a cellular mechanism of mRNA surveillance to detect mRNA molecules lacking a stop codon and prevent these ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-stop_decay
*  Bacteria - Wikipedia
However, gene sequences can be used to reconstruct the bacterial phylogeny, and these studies indicate that bacteria diverged ... as well as sequencing genes that have not undergone extensive lateral gene transfer, such as the rRNA gene. Classification of ... Bacteria were also involved in the second great evolutionary divergence, that of the archaea and eukaryotes. Here, eukaryotes ... Bacteria can be classified on the basis of cell structure, cellular metabolism or on differences in cell components, such as ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteria
*  Ribonuclease P - Wikipedia
Cellular RNase Ps are ribonucleoproteins (RNP). RNA from bacterial RNase Ps retains its catalytic activity in the absence of ... Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a ubiquitous endoribonuclease, found in archaea, bacteria and eukarya as well as chloroplasts and ... such as gene transcription and the cell cycle. Despite the bacterial origins of mitochondria and chloroplasts, plastids from ... and P10/11 are common to all cellular RNase P RNAs. Yet, there is considerable sequence variation, particularly among the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribonuclease_P
*  Evolution of cells - Wikipedia
... analysis of the complete genome of the eukaryote yeast shows that many of its genes are more closely related to bacterial genes ... Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya (or Eukaryota) - of currently existing cells. Instead of relying a single gene such as the small ... The common ancestor of the now existing cellular lineages (eukaryotes, bacteria, and archaea) may have been a community of ... or a few genes, scientific effort has shifted to analyzing complete genome sequences. Evolutionary trees based only on SSU rRNA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_cells
*  List of sequenced plant genomes - Wikipedia
2013). "Gene transfer from bacteria and archaea facilitated evolution of an extremophilic eukaryote." Science 339(6124): 1207- ... List of sequenced animal genomes List of sequenced archaeal genomes List of sequenced bacterial genomes List of sequenced fungi ... The genome sequence of the most widely cultivated cacao type and its use to identify candidate genes regulating pod color BMC ... Gene functionalities and genome structure in Bathycoccus prasinos reflect cellular specializations at the base of the green ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sequenced_plant_genomes
*  Actin - Wikipedia
... gamma-actin gene: evolution of six human actin genes". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 11 (6): 3296-306. doi:10.1128/mcb.11.6. ... The bacterial cytoskeleton may not be as complex as that found in eukaryotes; however, it contains proteins that are highly ... where the similarity between nucleotide sequences is between 40−50 % among different bacteria and archaea species. Some authors ... Regulation of gene activity - actin binds to the regulatory regions of different kinds of genes Actin ability to regulate gene ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actin
*  NF-κB - Wikipedia
... the expression of specific genes that have DNA-binding sites for NF-κB nearby. The activation of these genes by NF-κB then ... Many bacterial products and stimulation of a wide variety of cell-surface receptors lead to NF-κB activation and fairly rapid ... NF-κB is found in almost all animal cell types and is involved in cellular responses to stimuli such as stress, cytokines, free ... Plaksin D, Baeuerle PA, Eisenbach L (June 1993). "KBF1 (p50 NF-kappa B homodimer) acts as a repressor of H-2Kb gene expression ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NF-%CE%BAB
*  RNA polymerase - Wikipedia
Nucleotide sequence of the rpoC gene and amino acid sequence of the β′-subunit". Nucleic Acids Research. 10 (13): 4035-4044. ... "housekeeping genes"), while σ32 recognizes promoters for genes required at high temperatures ("heat-shock genes"). After ... regulates gene activity; and catalytic RNA (Ribozyme)) - an enzymatically active RNA molecule. Eukaryotes have multiple types ... In bacteria, the same enzyme catalyzes the synthesis of mRNA and non-coding RNA (ncRNA). RNAP is a large molecule. The core ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_polymerase
*  Actin assembly-inducing protein - Wikipedia
The gene encoding ActA is named actA or prtB. As soon as L. monocytogenes bacteria are ingested by humans, they get ... ActA localizes to the old pole of the bacterium and spans both the bacterial cell membrane and the cell wall, lateral diffusion ... In summary, besides the absence of sequence homology in the actin-binding-region and an alteration in the sequence of ARP2/3 ... WASP/N-WASP, which is functionally mimicked by ActA, is highly conserved in eukaryotes. It is an important actin-cytoskeleton ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actin_assembly-inducing_protein
*  Gemmata obscuriglobus - Wikipedia
The bacterium has a large genome by the standards of other PVC bacteria, around 9 megabases, and contains about 8,000 genes. It ... the latter is considered unlikely due to statistical features of the bacterial genes associated with the process. There is ... The question of how the PVC superfamily membranes are organized and how they relate to eukaryotes is an active and ... The G. obscuriglobus genome was sequenced by the J. Craig Venter Institute. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemmata_obscuriglobus
*  Archaea - Wikipedia
1999). "Evidence for lateral gene transfer between Archaea and bacteria from genome sequence of Thermotoga maritima". Nature. ... are common between Archaea and Bacteria, while most genes involved in genome expression are common between Archaea and Eukarya ... Ng SY; Chaban B; Jarrell KF (2006). "Archaeal flagella, bacterial flagella and type IV pili: a comparison of genes and ... hypothesized that cellular aggregation enhances species specific DNA transfer between Sulfolobus cells in order to provide ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archaea
*  Bacterial genome - Wikipedia
Genome sequences show that parasitic bacteria have 500-1200 genes, free-living bacteria have 1500-7500 genes, and archaea have ... "Distinct Gene Number-Genome Size Relationships for Eukaryotes and Non-Eukaryotes: Gene Content Estimation for Dinoflagellate ... Because universal cellular processes require over 80 genes, variation in genes imply that the same functions can be achieved by ... or transposon-related sequences. Although sequence-based methods reveal the prevalence of horizontal gene transfer in bacteria ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacterial_genome