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*  Extrachromosomal DNA - Wikipedia
Inheritance of extrachromosomal DNA differs from the inheritance of nuclear DNA found in chromosomes. In humans, virtually all ... cell aging and the evolution of chromosomes. Viral DNA is an example of extrachromosomal DNA. Understanding viral genomes is ... A second, more complex theory, involves the digestion of the paternal mtDNA to prevent its inheritance. It is theorized that ... This uniparental inheritance is an example of non-Mendelian inheritance. Plants also show uniparental mtDNA inheritance. Most ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extrachromosomal_DNA
*  Syllabus of CSIR-UGC NET JRF (LIFE SCIENCE)
... chromosome aberration: Transposons; Sex-linked inheritance and genetic disorders; Somatic cell genetics; Genome organization ( ... Extrachromosomal inheritance (episomes, mitochondria and chloroplasts); Mutation: DNA damage and repair, ... 7. Biodiversity and Taxonomy: Species concept; Biological nomenclature theories of biological classification, Structural ... mechanism of cell division (including mitosis and meiosis) cell differentiation: Cell-cell interaction malignant growth, immune ...
  http://lifescienceclasses.tripod.com/id4.html
*  SET Coaching Institute & Center in Ahmednagar | Set Exam Classes & Online Exam in Ahmednagar
... chromosome aberrations, Transposons, Sex-linked inheritance and genetic disorders, Somatic cell genetics, Genome organisation ( ... Collision theory of reaction rates, steric factor, treatment of unimolecular reactions. Theory of absolute reaction rates, ... chromosome structure and function, Gene Structure and regulation of gene expression, Linkage and genetic mapping, Extra- ... Mechanism of cell division including (mitosis and meiosis) and cell differentiation; Cell-cell interation, Malignant growth, ...
  http://www.ahmednagar.mc2academy.com/welcome/set_maharashtra
*  Chromosome - Wikipedia
... by naming the chromosome theory of inheritance the Boveri-Sutton chromosome theory (the names are sometimes reversed). Ernst ... Human cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes (22 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes), giving a total of 46 per cell ... Certain bacteria also contain plasmids or other extrachromosomal DNA. These are circular structures in the cytoplasm that ... Chromosomes are normally visible under a light microscope only when the cell is undergoing the metaphase of cell division. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome
*  ESP What's New
... theory that the Mendelian laws of inheritance could be applied to chromosomes at the cellular level of living organisms. This ... The Cell in Development and Inheritance, 2nd Edition - Edmund B. Wilson was the leading cytologist of his time and The Cell in ... or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements. Mutations result from errors during DNA replication or other types of damage ... "Theories of Inheritance and Development:, and it begins: Every discussion of inheritance and development must take as its point ...
  http://www.esp.org/whatsnew/index.html
*  Genetic Research and Technology | Encyclopedia.com
Also, the development of a theory of the cell by Kasper Friedrich Wolff (1734-1794) further supported epigenesis. ... proposed that genes located on the same chromosome were linked together and could recombine by exchanging chromosome segments. ... that the inheritance of each trait was determined by "units" or "factors" that were passed on to descendents unchanged (now ... The use of plasmids, extra-chromosomal genetic elements found in a variety of bacterial species, and of bacterial viruses as ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/genetic-research-and-technology
*  GATE 2018 Syllabus for Life Sciences- Check Complete Syllabus
Structure of cell, cellular organelles and their structure and function, cell cycle, cell division, chromosomes and chromatin ... Section 5- Genetics- Principles of Mendelian inheritance, linkage, recombination, genetic mapping; extrachromosomal inheritance ... Section 2- Structure and Bonding- Ionic and covalent bonding, MO and VB approaches for diatomic molecules, VSEPR theory and ... Section 4- Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function- Prokaryotic Cells: cell walls, cell membranes, mechanisms ...
  http://www.htcampus.com/article/gate-life-sciences-syllabus/
*  CSIR NET Life Sciences Syllabus Latest 2015 | easybiologyclass
Extra chromosomal inheritance: Inheritance of Mitochondrial and chloroplast genes, maternal inheritance.. *Microbial genetics: ... cell-cell fusion in both normal and abnormal cells. *Cell signaling Hormones and their receptors, cell surface receptor, ... Organization of genes and chromosomes: Operon, unique and repetitive DNA, interrupted genes, gene families, structure of ... Biogeography: Major terrestrial biomes; theory of island biogeography; biogeographical zones of India. ...
  http://www.easybiologyclass.com/csir-ugc-jrf-net-life-sciences-syllabus-latest/
*  Koshika Academy: Csir Net Life Sciences Coaching Lucknow
E. Extra chromosomal inheritance: Inheritance of mitochondrial and chloroplast genes, maternal inheritance.. F. Microbial ... structure of chromatin and chromosomes, unique and repetitive DNA, heterochromatin, euchromatin, transposons.. D. Cell division ... H. Biogeography: Major terrestrial biomes; theory of island biogeography; biogeographical zones of India.. I. Applied ecology: ... cell-cell fusion in both normal and abnormal cells.. B. Cell signaling: Hormones and their receptors, cell surface receptor, ...
  http://koshikaacademylko.blogspot.com/2017/10/csir-net-life-sciences-coaching-lucknow.html
*  GATE Biotechnology syllabus online tests books
Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extra chromosomal ... Cell Biology. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell-Cell communication, Cell ... This book also covers theory as well as problems.The book has around 1,000 pages. The book is good one. The unique feature of ... Animal cell and tissue preservation; Anchorage and non-anchorage dependent cell culture; Kinetics of cell growth; Micro & macro ...
  https://ibpssc.in/gate-biotechnology-syllabus-online-tests-books
*  Epigenetic Memories Are Passed Down 14 Successive Generations, Game-Changing Research Reveals - Pause For Thought
This notion is confirmatory of the evolutionary theory of "soft inheritance" proposed by French naturalist Jean-Baptiste ... through sexual reproduction and that traits are passed to offspring through the chromosomes contained in germ line cells, and ... behaving both as vector of their native genome and of extrachromosomal foreign genetic material which is "then delivered to ... Body Cells Pass Genetic Information Directly Into Sperm Cells. Not only that, but studies are illuminating that genetic ...
  http://www.thepause.com/science-tech/epigenetic-memories-are-passed-down-14-successive-generations-game-changing-research-reveals/
*  GATE 2017 Syllabus Syllabi GRADUATE APTITUDE TEST IN ENGINEERING 2017
Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extra chromosomal ... Cell Biology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell-Cell communication, Cell ... Thin airfoil theory, Kutta condition, starting vortex; Finite wing theory: Induced drag, Prandtl lifting line theory; Critical ... Structure of cell, cellular organelles and their structure and function, cell cycle, cell division, chromosomes and chromatin ...
  https://freehomedelivery.net/2016/10/13/gate-2017-syllabus-syllabi-graduate-aptitude-test-engineering-2017/
*  Viruses and Other Gene Transfer Mechanisms (What'sNEW overflow)
23 Jul 2010: The cell, and indeed evolution, can dial up these microRNAs very flexibly in different cells to address various ... New Theory on Aging, The George Washington University Medical Center, 23 Jun 2010. "...A new theory states that within the DNA ... "We conclude that both the Z chromosome and the X chromosome experienced substantial net gene gain.". Claudia P. Marquez and ... Yaniv Brandvain et al., "Gene Co-Inheritance and Gene Transfer" [abstract], doi:10.1126/science.1134789, p 1685 v 315, Science ...
  https://panspermia.org/oldnewvirus.htm
*  Esoteric Sanctum Article Directory - ESOTERIC SANCTUM DIRECTORY, BOOKSTORE AND PODCAST
This notion is confirmatory of the evolutionary theory of "soft inheritance" proposed by French naturalist Jean-Baptiste ... through sexual reproduction and that traits are passed to offspring through the chromosomes contained in germ line cells, and ... behaving both as vector of their native genome and of extrachromosomal foreign genetic material which is "then delivered to ... "One cell line involved are the so-called HeLa cells. These cancerous cervical cells - named for Henrietta Lacks, from whom they ...
  http://www.esotericsanctum.com/esoteric-article-directory/category/new-science
*  Epigenetics - Wikipedia
Several types of epigenetic inheritance systems may play a role in what has become known as cell memory,[44] note however that ... The opposite theory was formerly known as the 'theory of evolution'; to avoid the ambiguity of this name, it is now spoken of ... the traditional genetic basis for inheritance.[2] Epigenetics often refers to changes in a chromosome that affect gene activity ... "Extrachromosomal psi+ determinant suppresses nonsense mutations in yeast". J. Bacteriol. 139 (3): 1068-71. PMC 218059 . PMID ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epigenetic
*  Lexicon of Evolutionary Genetics
The number and constitution of the chromosomes in a eukaryote cell. In multicellular organisms the somatic cells (all cells ... CYTOPLASMIC INHERITANCE. Non-Mendelian (extra-chromosomal) inheritance via genes in cytoplasmic organelles. Examples of such ... NEUTRALITY THEORY OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION (NEUTRAL-MUTATION THEORY) asserts that many genetic mutations are adaptively ... Cell division of a diploid cell to produce four haploid daughter cells. The process consists of two successive cell divisions ...
  http://www.geodata.soton.ac.uk/biology/gene.html
*  DBT BET JRF Syllabus Latest | easybiologyclass
b). Extra-chromosomal inheritance: Maternal inheritance (mitochondria and chloroplast). c). Gene concept: Allele, multiple ... Common chromosome abnormalities in cancer Cell transformation and tumourigenesis: Cell cycle check point and cancer, Oncogenes ... Theory and applications of FRET and fluorescence lifetime measurements.. f). Fundamentals of CD, IR and Raman spectroscopy and ... cell-cell fusion in both normal and abnormal cells.. f). Cell signaling: Hormones and their receptors, cell surface receptor, ...
  http://www.easybiologyclass.com/biotechnology-eligibility-test-bet-syllabus-latest-dbt-jrf-examination/
*  Epigenetics - Wikipedia
The mechanisms of such inheritance are unclear, but reasons exist to assume that multicellular organisms also use existing cell ... The opposite theory was formerly known as the 'theory of evolution'; to avoid the ambiguity of this name, it is now spoken of ... the traditional genetic basis for inheritance. Epigenetics most often denotes changes in a chromosome that affect gene activity ... Liebman SW, Sherman F (September 1979). "Extrachromosomal psi+ determinant suppresses nonsense mutations in yeast". J. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epigenetics
*  Glossary of biotechnology and genetic engineering
chromosome theory of inheritance The theory that chromosomes carry the genetic information and that their behaviour during ... cell selection The process of selecting cells within a group of genetically different cells. Select cells or cell lines are sub ... extrachromosomal inheritance. Thus, plastid characteristics in plants are inherited by a mechanism independent of nuclear genes ... cell-free translation See in vitro translation.. cell fusion Formation of a single hybrid cell from two cells of different ...
  http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X3910E/X3910E06.htm
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Andreas Houben
A Fast Air-dry Dropping Chromosome Preparation Method Suitable for FISH in Plants' ... Nondisjunction in Favor of a Chromosome: the Mechanism of Rye B Chromosome Drive During Pollen Mitosis The Plant Cell. Oct, ... Extrachromosomal Circular DNA Derived from Tandemly Repeated Genomic Sequences in Plants The Plant Journal : for Cell and ... Additive Inheritance of Histone Modifications in Arabidopsis Thaliana Intra-specific Hybrids The Plant Journal : for Cell and ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Andreas_Houben
*  GATE 2015 Life Sciences (XL) Syllabus | easybiologyclass
Cell Biology: Structure of cell, cellular organelles and their structure and function, cell cycle, cell division, chromosomes ... Genetics: Principles of Mendelian inheritance, linkage, recombination, genetic mapping; extrachromosomal inheritance; ... Structure and bonding: Ionic and covalent bonding, M.O. and V.B. approaches for diatomic molecules, VSEPR theory and shape of ... Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function: Prokaryotic Cells: cell walls, cell membranes, mechanisms of solute ...
  http://www.easybiologyclass.com/biology-exams/gate-syllabus-life-sciences-xl-latest/
*  Operons | SpringerLink
Danchin A, Guerdoux-Jamet P, Moszer I, Nitschke P (2000) Mapping the bacterial cell architecture into the chromosome. Philos ... providing evidence against the selfish operon theory [14, 15]. The selfish cluster theory also does not explain the many ... The chromatin fibre of the extended MHC forms extra-chromosomal loops that are periodically anchored to the nuclear matrix at ... the gene cluster is likely to have arisen through strong epistatic selection for maintenance and co-inheritance of this gene ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00018-009-0114-3
*  Immunoglobulin genes | Kickoff
immunological surveillance theory the theory that the cell-mediated immune system evolved pri- marily to continuously monitor ... in situ hybridization a technique utilized to local- ize, within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells, ... in-frame mutation a mutation, generally of the missense type, that does not cause a reading frame shift (q.v.). inheritance of ... infectious transfer the rapid spread of extrachro- mosomal episomes (plus any integrated chromo- somal genes) from donor to ...
  http://fx.damasgate.com/immunoglobulin-genes/
*  CRISPR - Wikipedia
... had a role in correctly segregating replicated DNA into daughter cells during cell division because plasmids and chromosomes ... In theory, repeated rounds of DNA cleavage should cause an increased opportunity for the desired genomic editing to occur. In ... For this reason, Koonin described CRISPR/Cas as a Lamarckian inheritance mechanism. However, this was disputed by a critic who ... In 2005, three independent research groups showed that some CRISPR spacers are derived from phage DNA and extrachromosomal DNA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CRISPR