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*  Amoeba - Wikipedia
... water is transferred across the amoeba's cell membrane by osmosis. Without a contractile vacuole, the cell would fill with ... Amoebae typically ingest their food by phagocytosis, extending pseudopods to encircle and engulf live prey or particles of ... To regulate osmotic pressure, most freshwater amoebae have a contractile vacuole which expels excess water from the cell. This ... Some amoebae also feed by pinocytosis, imbibing dissolved nutrients through vesicles formed within the cell membrane . The size ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoeba
*  Ameba | Encyclopedia.com
ameba or amoeba (both: əmē´bə), common name for certain one-celled organisms belonging to the phylum Sarcodina of the kingdom ... When an ameba is divided artificially, the portion containing the nucleus forms a new cell membrane and continues as a whole ... from other material and use different tactics in approaching different food. Freshwater amebas take up water constantly through ... In a process known as phagocytosis, amebas engulf their prey, or particles of appropriate size, with their pseudopodia, forming ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/microbes-algae-and-fungi/moneran-and-protistan/ameba
*  Chaos (genus) - Wikipedia
... nor is there any fixed site on the cell membrane at which phagocytosis normally occurs. The cell's membrane, or plasmalemma, is ... freshwater amoebae into one species, which he proposed to call Amoeba proteus. A dozen species, including several that had been ... they take in food by phagocytosis, encircling food particles with its pseudopodia, then enclosing them within a food ball, or ... Chaos is a genus of amoebae, in the family Amoebidae. The largest and best known species, the so-called "giant amoeba" Chaos ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaos_(genus)
*  Amoeba (genus) - Wikipedia
... taking in dissolved nutrients through vesicles formed within the cell membrane. Food enveloped by the Amoeba is stored in ... Placed into fresh water, Amoeba will match the concentration of the surrounding water, causing the cell to swell. If the ... An Amoeba obtains its food by phagocytosis, engulfing smaller organisms and particles of organic matter, or by pinocytosis, ... The cell's overall shape may change rapidly as pseudopodia are extended and retracted into the cell body. An Amoeba may produce ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoeba_(genus)
*  Eukaryotic Diversity
a. Nuclear membrane persists during cell division.. 8. Inhabit freshwater, marine and soil habitats. ... 6. Engulfs food by phagocytosis. 7. Grows by extending pseudopodia.. 8. Lives in moist soil, leaf mulch and rotting longs.. ... B. Rhizopoda (Amoebas). 1. Includes amoebas and their relatives.. 2. Simplest of protists. ... 1. Feeding stage consists of individual, solitary haploid cells.. 2. When food supply is depleted, cells aggregate but remain ...
  http://www.angelfire.com/sc3/missmcteer/eukaryotic_diversity.htm
*  BIOLOGY - Mercer County Community College - Course Hero
1. Amoeba 2. Foraminfera they move with pseudopods, phagocytosis food calcium carbonated shells, shells form limestones 3. ... the plasma membrane c. the nuclear membrane d. the cell wall The plasma membrane is the outer boundary of a ... 1. Pond Water Animalia, 2. Hay infusion Protista 3. Spirogyra 4. Volvox is photosynthetic and has chloroplast colonial fresh water ... What is the outer boundary of a cell that encloses the cell's content? a. the vesicle b. the plasma membrane c. the nuclear ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/sitemap/schools/2973-Mercer-County-Community-College/departments/550518-BIOLOGY/
*  Amoeba - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
... are extensions of the organism's cell membrane. They are used by the amoeba for phagocytosis (active food/nutrient intake) and ... Amoebae are often found within freshwater, typically on vegetation in decay in still or slow moving water, or in the benthic ... Amoeba (plural = amoebae) is a well known genus of unicellular organism, a protist. One of its most common species, the Amoeba ... Amoeba info. References[change , change source]. *↑ Leidy, Joseph (1878). "Amoeba proteus". The American Naturalist 12 (4): 235 ...
  https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoeba
*  Sponge - Wikipedia
Some types of cells have a single nucleus and membrane each, but are connected to other single-nucleus cells and to the main ... Other types of cell live and move within the mesohyl: Lophocytes are amoeba-like cells that move slowly through the mesohyl and ... Archaeocytes transport food packaged in vesicles from cells that directly digest food to those that do not. At least one ... Freshwater sponges often host green algae as endosymbionts within archaeocytes and other cells, and benefit from nutrients ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sponge
*  Protists - Biology Questions and Answers
Protozoa obtain food via phagocytosis. This food is digested when phagosomes fuse with lysosomes within the cell, forming ... Amoebae move through amoeboid movements, which are small projections and invaginations of their plasma membrane (pseudopods) ... Fresh water has a lower concentration of solutes than sea water and it (fresh water) tends to be less concentrated than the ... The outer face of the plasma membrane of paramecia is covered by cilia that flap around, helping the cell to move. Trichomonas ...
  http://www.biology-questions-and-answers.com/protists.html
*  Unicellular organism - Wikipedia
Eukaryotes are cells that contain membrane bound organelles, such as mitochondria, a nucleus, and chloroplasts. Prokaryotic ... mostly unicellular algae that occur often in fresh water. In contrast to most other algae, they lack cell walls and can be ... "amoeba , protozoan order". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2015-11-23. Kelso AA, Say AF, Sharma D, Ledford LL, Turchick A, ... Cui, Yanhua; Hu, Tong; Qu, Xiaojun; Zhang, Lanwei; Ding, Zhongqing; Dong, Aijun (2015-06-10). "Plasmids from Food Lactic Acid ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unicellular_organism
*  Free Living Ameba - ONA
... including a pore-forming protein that creates a hole in the target cell membrane, depolarizing the membrane potential and ... Acanthamoeba trophozoites destroy host nerve cells by cell lysis and phagocytosis. Additionally, Acanthamoeba secretes several ... Several species of Acanthamoeba produce food cups (amoebostomes) on their surface that engulf cell fragments and aid in ... are found in soil, dust, fresh water (such as lakes, rivers, hot springs), brackish water (such as marshes), and sea water. ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/free-living-ameba/article/610664/
*  13.3: Protists - Biology LibreTexts
Amoebas and some other heterotrophic protist species ingest particles by a process called phagocytosis, in which the cell ... membrane engulfs a food particle and brings it inward, pinching off an intracellular membranous sac, or vesicle, called a food ... Nearly all protists exist in some type of aquatic environment, including freshwater and marine environments, damp soil, and ... Protist cells may be enveloped by animal-like cell membranes or plant-like cell walls. Others are encased in glassy silica- ...
  https://bio.libretexts.org/TextMaps/Introductory_and_General_Biology/Book%3A_Concepts_in_Biology_
*  Protozoa - Wikipedia
Protozoa may take in food by osmotrophy, absorbing nutrients through their cell membranes; or they may feed by phagocytosis, ... as amoebae do), or taking in food through a mouth-like aperture called a cytostome. All protozoa digest their food in stomach- ... Patterson, D.J. Free-Living Freshwater Protozoa. A Colour Guide. Manson Publishing; London, 1996. Patterson, D.J., M.A. Burford ... The pellicle is a thin layer supporting the cell membrane in various protozoa, such as ciliates, protecting them and allowing ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protozoa
*  Microbiology (Basic)
Plasma membrane alteration, leading to host immune system attack on the cell or to cell fusion 14. Toxicity from high viral ... 1. Food chain-series of organisms, each feeding on the preceding one 2. Food web-complex interlocking series of food chains. E ... They range from single cells to multicellular organisms over 75 meters in length. They are found in oceans and freshwater ... g. Some have a loose-fitting shell called a test (e.g., foraminiferans and radiolarians, which are primarily marine amoebae; a ...
  http://mikrobiologicoke.blogspot.com/2009/06/microbiology-basic.html
*  Microbiology Flashcards by Nick Bradfield | Brainscape
Lipid membrane surrounding either the capsid or nucleocapsid that is formed by the host cells' membrane (not present in all ... What type of infection is it called when a virus infects a cell, but does not harm the cell and only emerges at a later time as ... What type of infection is it where a virus infects a cell and slowly releases virus particles without killing the host cell? ... What do we call the period between a virus infecting a cell and the intracellular number of viruses rising? ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/microbiology-3180631/packs/3503031
*  Frontiers | Innate Immune Memory in Invertebrate Metazoans: A Critical Appraisal | Immunology
These studies highlight the central role of an increase in the number of immune cells and of their epigenetic re-programming in ... These studies highlight the central role of an increase in the number of immune cells and of their epigenetic re-programming in ... Phagocytosis became the specific defense function in the sentinel cells of social amoebae aggregates, cells that can be fully ... AMPs have in common the ability to permeabilizing microbial membranes, leading to cell death. In general, e.g., in marine ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2018.01915/full
*  Quiz & Worksheet - Amoeboid Movement | Study.com
Know what kinds of cells use amoeboid movement *Explain the steps in the process of phagocytosis ... Food and Industrial Microbiology:... * Go to Food and Industrial Microbiology: Tutoring Solution ... Common Freshwater Protists * 3 Methods of Protist Locomotion 4:25 * Protist Life Cycle ... The reaction of the cell membrane to amoeboid movement Start your free trial to access this entire worksheet ...
  https://study.com/academy/practice/quiz-worksheet-amoeboid-movement.html
*  Characteristics of Protists | Boundless Biology
... other heterotrophic protist species ingest particles by a process called phagocytosis in which the cell membrane engulfs a food ... Other protists, such at amoebae, form cytoplasmic extensions called pseudopodia anywhere on the cell, anchor the pseudopodia to ... Nearly all protists exist in some type of aquatic environment, including freshwater and marine environments, damp soil, and ... Animal-like cell membranes or plant-like cell walls envelope protist cells. In other protists, glassy silica-based shells or ...
  https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-biology/chapter/characteristics-of-protists-2/
*  Microorganisms. - ppt video online download
33 Sarcodina - Amoeba Most have flexible cell membrane; Some marine forms have calcium carbonate shells. Move by means of ... Excess water excreted by Contractile Vacuole Ingest nutrients (food) by phagocytosis Undigested food and water excreted by ... Live mostly on land or in freshwater. Feeding stage - Myxameba - uninucleate cell Live on forest floor or on decaying plants ... cell reproduces by splitting in two Asexual DNA replicates first Plasma membrane and cell wall grows inward form 2 identical ...
  http://slideplayer.com/slide/4019371/
*  Microbiology Laboratory Report Sample
Ascaris Lumbricoides, Stemonitis, Saprolegina, Coprinus mushroom, Peridinium, Amoeba Proteus, Physarum Plasmodium... ... The cell wall is made of chitin and has dense protoplasm with many vacuoles, haploid nuclei, and other cell organelles. Food is ... the amoeba forms a tough protective membrane to become a microbial cyst. It will remain dormant until the conditions become ... They are found in both freshwater and seawater environments where they get plenty of bacteria, which are their source of food. ...
  https://123helpme.org/essays/microbiology-laboratory-report/
*  Chapter 28, 31 Campbell Reece Flashcards - Cram.com
the cell wells of the root and also form tubes through invagination of the root cell membrane ... mostly freshwater aquatic organisms some grow in moist soil, or even in snow similar biochemically to higher green plants, ... 1. Heterotrophs that do not eat/engulf their food.. 2. Secrete Exoenzymes that break down complex compounds and absorb smaller ... Amoebas - no cell walls. Move by extensions of the protoplasm, known as pseudopods. Cause of dysentery ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/chapter-28-31-campbell-reece-443407
*  Protozoan parasites
Phylum Ciliata  Motility via cilia  Cilia surround the cell; their co-ordinated movement  Uses energy from the cell membrane ... 7. Giardia lamblia Amoeba Amoeba feeding * 8. Kingdom Protista  Subkingdom Protozoa  automonous unicellular eucaryotic ... Prevention and Control  Avoid swimming or jumping into bodies of warm fresh water  Avoid swimming in thermally polluted water ... Entamoeba gingivalis  endoplasm contains food vacuoles with bacteria and rarely rbc  possesses a single nucleus which is ...
  https://de.slideshare.net/jayewalk/protozoan-parasites
*  Antiparasitic Therapy
Liposomal amphotericin, a polyene, forms pores in cell membranes. In India, single-dose liposomal amphotericin was as effective ... Opportunistic amoebae: challenges in prophylaxis and treatment. Drug Resist Updat. 2004;7:41-51 [PubMed] ... Naegleria fowleri. N fowleri is a thermophilic protist found worldwide in soil and fresh water. It causes primary amebic ... E granulosus infection results from ingesting food or water contaminated with Echinococcus eggs or from contact with infected ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3104918/?lang=en-ca
*  Frontiers | Emerging Sponge Models of Animal-Microbe Symbioses | Microbiology
... researchers tested their hypothesis by feeding amoebas with recombinant E. coli cells expressing sponge-symbiont-derived ELPs; ... 2011). RNA interference in marine and freshwater sponges: actin knockdown in Tethya wilhelma and Ephydatia muelleri by ingested ... Nguyen, M. T. H., Liu M., and Thomas, T. (2014). Ankyrin-repeat proteins from sponge symbionts modulate amoebal phagocytosis. ... membrane-bounded (immunoglobulin-like domains), and intracellular (NOD-like receptor, NLR, domains) PRRs (Hentschel et al., ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.02102/full
*  Intermediary Metabolism in Protists: a Sequence-based View of Facultative Anaerobic Metabolism in Evolutionarily Diverse...
It grows and divides as an amoeba that hunts, captures and phagocytoses its bacterial food, and it also can form synchronously ... Cell. 2010;140:631-642. [PubMed]. *Fulton C. Cell differentiation in Naegleria gruberi. Annu Rev Microbiol. 1977;31:597-629. [ ... It is likely that Nyctotherus requires a membrane potential across the inner hydrogenosomal membrane for protein and metabolite ... including oxic and sub-oxic sediments from marine and freshwater study sites, the open ocean, and freshwater locations (Amaral ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3021972/?lang=en-ca