*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Effects of Diets Supplemented with Branched-Chain Amino Acids on the Performance and Fatigue...
This study aimed to determine the effects of diets chronically supplemented with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) on the ... BCAAs compete with free tryptophan by binding to the same transport of neutral amino acids in the blood-brain barrier. Thus, ... The chromatographic system was operated with the following phase at 30 °C: 0.1 M sodium acetate, 0.1 M citric acid, 0.15 M EDTA ... for 10 s in 120 μL of ice cold 0.1 M perchloric acid containing 0.02% EDTA and 0.02% sodium bisulfite. Protein and cell debris ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/4/11/1767/htm
*  The role of the neutral amino acid transporter SNAT2 in cell volume regulation.
... accounts for the activity of transport system A for neutral amino acids in most mammalian tissues. As the transport process ... Sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transporter-2 (SNAT2), the ubiquitous member of SLC38 family, ... Amino Acid Transport System A / physiology*. Amino Acids, Neutral / metabolism*. Biological Transport. Cell Membrane / ... 0/Amino Acid Transport System A; 0/Amino Acids, Neutral; 0/Hypertonic Solutions; 0/RNA, Small Interfering; 0/SLC38A2 protein, ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/role-neutral-amino-acid-transporter/16734764.html
*  SLC43A2 polyclonal antibody - (PAB21430) - Products - Abnova
Recombinant protein corresponding to amino acids of human SLC43A2. (PAB21430) - Products - Abnova ... mediate sodium-independent transport of bulky neutral amino acids across cell membranes (Bodoy et al., 2005 [PubMed 15659399 ... System L amino acid transporters, such as SLC43A2, ... Recombinant protein corresponding to amino acids of human ... shows strong cytoplasmic and membranous positivity in cortical cells. ...
  http://www.abnova.com/products/products_detail.asp?catalog_id=PAB21430
*  Membrane chaperone Shr3 assists in folding amino acid permeases preventing precocious ERAD.
Amino Acid Transport Systems/chemistry/*metabolism, Amino Acid Transport Systems; Neutral/chemistry/metabolism, Endoplasmic ... 2007 (English)In: J Cell Biol, ISSN 0021-9525, Vol. 176, no 5, 617-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published Place, ... Membrane chaperone Shr3 assists in folding amino acid permeases preventing precocious ERAD.. Kota, Jhansi ... Reticulum/*metabolism, Membrane Proteins/genetics/*metabolism, Mutation, Protein Folding, Protein Structure; Quaternary, ...
  http://su.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:187544
*  The transport of S-cysteine conjugates in LLC-PK1 cells and its role in toxicity. | Molecular Pharmacology
2-amino-2-norbornane carboxylic acid, as well as a variety of other S-cysteine conjugates and neutral amino acids with large, ... The saturable uptake of this conjugate did not require sodium and was selectively inhibited by the amino acid transport system ... suggesting either adaptive regulation to cell growth or polarization of transport to the basolateral membrane. L-DCVC toxicity ... The transport of S-cysteine conjugates in LLC-PK1 cells and its role in toxicity.. V H Schaeffer and J L Stevens ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/31/5/506
*  TCDB » SEARCH
... isobutyric acid-transporting system A, ATA3 or SNAT4. Transports most neutral short chain amino acids electrogenically. Present ... Cell membrane1 / Multi-pass membrane protein2 Substrate. Alanine, Alpha-methylaminoisobutyric acid, Na+ ... 1] "Structure and function of ATA3, a new subtype of amino acid transport system A, primarily expressed in the liver and ... GO:0006865 P:amino acid transport GO:0006814 P:sodium ion transport ...
  http://www.tcdb.org/search/result.php?tc=2.A.18.6.7
*  Regulation of Nutrient Transport across the Placenta
System A. The system A amino acid transporter facilitates uptake of small non-essential neutral amino acids such as alanine, ... cells: role of plasma membrane fatty acid-binding protein," Journal of Lipid Research, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 2558-2568, 1997. ... System L. The system L transporter is a sodium-independent obligatory exchanger of neutral amino acids. Non-essential amino ... F. Verrey, "System L: heteromeric exchangers of large, neutral amino acids involved in directional transport," Pflugers Archiv ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jp/2012/179827/
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Zhihui Yang (Translated to Norwegian)
... grown on membrane inserts were used as an in vitro BBB model. Expression of amino acid transporters, like large neutral amino ... despite profound effects on transport system(s) at the brain side of cell monolayers, P85 had no effect on AP to BL transport ... acid transporter 1, cationic amino acid transporter 1, and small neutral amino acid transporter 1, were confirmed by reverse ... Effect of Pluronic P85 on Amino Acid Transport in Bovine Brain Microvessel Endothelial Cells Journal of Neuroimmune ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Zhihui_Yang?language=Norwegian
*  TCDB » SEARCH
Na+-dependent system A-like transporter, System A2 or ATA2 (transports neutral amino acids with decreasing affinity in the ... Cell membrane1 / Multi-pass membrane protein2 Substrate. Amino acids Cross database links:. ... 6] "Transcriptional control of the human sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporter system A gene by amino acid availability ... 23] "Transcriptional control of the human sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporter system A gene by amino acid ...
  http://www.tcdb.org/search/result.php?tc=2.A.18.6.5
*  TCDB » SEARCH
Plasma membrane System A-like neutral amino acid transporter, SA1, SAT2 or SNAT2 (transports small, neutral aliphatic amino ... "Transforming growth factor-beta 1 stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell L-proline transport by inducing system A amino acid ... "A novel system A isoform mediating Na+/neutral amino acid cotransport." Yao D.et.al. 10811809. [3] "Amino acid transport system ... 4] "Subcellular localization and adaptive up-regulation of the system A (SAT2) amino acid transporter in skeletal-muscle cells ...
  http://www.tcdb.org/search/result.php?tc=2.A.18.6.4
*  Identification and Functional Characterization of a Na+-Independent Large Neutral Amino Acid Transporter, LAT1, in Human and...
Shotwell, MA, Jayme, DW, Kilberg, MS, et al (1981) Neutral amino acid transport systems in Chinese hamster ovary cells J Biol ... Amino acid transport across animal cell membranes is a highly complex process, primarily because of the existence of multiple ... 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 System L is a major amino acid transporter that transports large neutral amino acids in a Na+- ... 61 System L is a major Na+-independent system for the transport of large neutral amino acids, including several essential amino ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2181705
*  Recombinant Human SLC38A4 protein (ab162957) | Abcam
The transport of cationic amino acids by SLC38A4 is Na+ and pH independent, while the transport of neutral amino acids is Na+ ... Cell Biology. Epigenetics. Metabolism. Developmental Biology. By research area. Immunology. Microbiology. Neuroscience. Signal ... SLC38A4 is found predominantly in liver and transports both cationic and neutral amino acids. ... System N amino acid transporter 3. see all. * Relevance. ... Amino acid transporter A3. *Na(+)-coupled neutral amino acid ...
  http://www.abcam.com/recombinant-human-slc38a4-protein-ab162957.html
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
We interpret the translocation of ND6 as functionally neutral but the change in amino acid sequence as adaptive and supportive ... Cell Biology, Issue 16, human embryonic stem cells, mitochondria, oxidative phosphorylation, respiration, electron transport ... The plasma membrane of toxin-treated cells is selectively permeabilized with digitonin, allowing collection of a cytosolic ... alkane hydroxylase system, resting cell assay, prefoldin, Escherichia coli, synthetic biology, homologous interaction mapping, ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/22363756/mitochondrial-function-antarctic-nototheniids-with-nd6
*  Drosophila expresses a CD98 transporter with an evolutionarily conserved structure and amino acid-transport properties. -...
L-type amino acid transporter 1) or LAT2 specifically promote sodium-independent System L exchange of neutral amino acids, ... CD98hc is also implicated in other processes, including cell fusion, cell adhesion and activation of TOR (target of rapamycin) ... Surprisingly, recent reports suggested that insects lack a membrane-bound CD98hc, but in the present study we show that ... are required for normal levels of System L transport. Furthermore, we show that System L activity is increased by methoprene, ...
  https://www.dpag.ox.ac.uk/publications/4025
*  Frontiers | Functional Polarity of Microvascular Brain Endothelial Cells Supported by Neurovascular Unit Computational Model of...
The LAT1-mediated trans-endothelial transport of LNAAs, however, could not be characterized precisely by available in vitro and ... We show that accounting for functional polarity of MBECs with either asymmetric LAT1 distribution between membranes and/or ... among which SLC7A5/LAT1 is considered to be the major contributor in microvascular brain endothelial cells (MBEC). The LAT1- ... mediated trans-endothelial transport of LNAAs, however, could not be characterized precisely by available in vitro and in vivo ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2018.00171/full
*  Minerals ~ Potassium
A similar mechanism is used to transport amino acids.. Potassium is an essential constituent of several blood buffer systems. ... within the cellular membrane which, upon energy release from ATP, transport three sodium molecules to the outside of the cell ... neutral water molecule. ... Potassium is pumped into the cell by active transport systems, ... Potassium complexes ionically with the sulfate group of sulfuric acid, thereby reducing the acidity of the system by forming a ...
  http://www.springboard4health.com/notebook/min_potassium.html
*  SLC6A19 - Wikipedia
"Molecular cloning of mouse amino acid transport system B0, a neutral amino acid transporter related to Hartnup disorder". J. ... 2009). "Transport characteristics of L-citrulline in renal apical membrane of proximal tubular cells". Biopharm Drug Dispos. 30 ... SLC6A19 is a system B(0) transporter that mediates epithelial resorption of neutral amino acids across the apical membrane in ... Solute carrier family 6 member 19 also known as the sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transporter B(0)AT1 or system B(0) ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SLC6A19
*  The importance of serine metabolism in cancer | JCB
Serine is a small, neutral amino acid and, as such, can be transported by one of three systems. Two of the systems are sodium ... Amino acids rather than glucose account for the majority of cell mass in proliferating mammalian cells. Dev. Cell. 36:540-549. ... This includes nucleotides for genome replication and ribosomal RNA, lipids for membranes, amino acids for proteins, and other ... The third is a family of neutral amino acid antiporters, the alanine/serine/cysteine transporter (ASC) system (El-Hattab, 2016 ...
  http://jcb.rupress.org/content/214/3/249?cct=1418
*  Transport of the Photodynamic Therapy Agent 5-Aminolevulinic Acid by Distinct H+-Coupled Nutrient Carriers Coexpressed in the...
In other cells, ALA transport may be via either amino acid or peptide transporters. A common transport system for ALA and the ... absorptive route for small neutral amino acids, such as GABA, and many orally active analogs across the brush-border membrane ... ALA inhibition of PAT1-mediated amino acid uptake at the apical membrane of the human intestinal cell line Caco-2. The cells ... 2000) 5-Aminolevulinic acid, but not 5-aminolevulinic acid esters, is transported into adenocarcinoma cells by system BETA ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/332/1/220
*  Legionella pneumophila - Wikipedia
Amino acids are imported into the LCV through various amino acid transporters such as the SLC1A5 (neutral amino acid ... it stains poorly due to its unique lipopolysaccharide content in the outer leaflet of the outer cell membrane. The bases for ... the high demand of amino acids is not covered by the transport of free amino acids found in the host cytoplasm. To improve the ... which are secreted by the Dot/Icm translocation system to interfere with host cell processes to aid bacterial survival. One key ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legionella_pneumophila
*  Neurovascular pathways to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease and other disorders. - PubMed - NCBI
... serine and cysteine preferring system (ASC), and the alanine preferring system (A)) and excitatory amino acid transporter 1 ( ... At the brain capillary level, vascular endothelial cells and pericytes are attached to the basement membrane. Pericyte ... and the L1 and y+ transporters for large neutral and cationic essential amino acids, respectively. These four transporters are ... peptide transport system 1 (PTS1) for encephalins; and the PTS2 and PTS4-vasopressin V1a receptor (V1AR) for arginine ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22048062?access_num=22048062&link_type=MED&dopt=Abstract
*  Pharmaceutics | Free Full-Text | Proteoliposomes as Tool for Assaying Membrane Transporter Functions and Interactions with...
... transporters for neutral amino acid, B0AT1 and ASCT2, and others. Transporters can mediate absorption of substrate-like ... bilayers with the same orientation as in the cell membranes and in the absence of other interfering molecular systems. These ... Several mechanisms have been defined and in some cases the amino acid residues responsible for the interaction have been ... Therefore, proteoliposomes have recently been used for studying the interaction of some plasma membrane and mitochondrial ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4923/5/3/472/xml
*  NHE3 regulatory complexes | Journal of Experimental Biology
... allowing regulation at a more complex manner in eukaryotic cells. While the amino acid make up of the transport domains is ... continually cycle between an intracellular juxtanuclear location which includes the recycling system and the plasma membrane ( ... 1, there are two major types of Na linked transport processes in the proximal small intestine. In addition to neutral NaCl ... 2C, we show that four amino acids in NhaA and the homologous amino acids in NHE1 which are critical for Na and H transport ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/212/11/1638
*  Endomembrane system - Wikipedia
The plasma membrane of a cell has multiple functions. These include transporting nutrients into the cell, allowing waste to ... Many types of cells export proteins produced by ribosomes attached to the rough ER. The ribosomes assemble amino acids into ... If a lysosome were to rupture, the enzymes released would not be very active because of the cytosol's neutral pH. However, if ... The plasma membrane is a phospholipid bilayer membrane that separates the cell from its environment and regulates the transport ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endomembrane_system
*  Designing a novel cell-permeable peptide chimera to promote wound healing
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have attracted great interest as delivery vehicles in medicine, with potential for the ... the authors investigated the initial step of cell entry on a molecular level using artificial membrane systems known as giant ... The study also included a truncated version of sC18 that lacked four amino acids from the C-terminal known as sC18*. The CPP ... The peptides did not significantly accumulate on membranes of neutral GUVs. In contrast, when anionic GUVs were incubated with ...
  https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-11-cell-permeable-peptide-chimera-wound.html