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*  Viruses and the Prokaryotic World
Next, the viral proteins and viral nucleic acid are assembled into new virions. The host cell begins to fill with new viruses. ... The amino acid composition of Flagellin varies for each species and thus confers immunological specificity for each species.. ... In 1935, biochemist Wendell M. Stanley announced he had crystallized the virus of tobacco mosaic disease. He used techniques ... The viral nucleic acid reprograms the cell's DNA. The cell begins to follow the instructions of the viral nucleic acid. The ...
  http://www.angelfire.com/ga2/nestsite2/webunit10.html
*  Virus | Encyclopedia.com
Although viruses share several features with living organisms, such as the presence of genetic material (DNA or RNA), they are ... Virus A virus is a parasite that must infect a living cell to reproduce. ... Within the cell the virus nucleic acid uses the host machinery to make copies of the viral nucleic acid as well as enzymes ... Viruses are found in the environment in a wide range of sizes, chemical composition, shape, and host cell specificity. Viruses ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/microbes-algae-and-fungi/moneran-and-protistan/virus
*  virus - Students | Britannica Kids | Homework...
The composition of a virus is relatively simple, and its size is extremely small. It cannot even properly be called an organism ... Once inside the host cell, the virus's genes usually direct the cell's production of new viral protein and nucleic acid. These ... For details of cell division, see Cell.). In such cases no virions are produced, and the infecting virus seems to disappear. ... when the virus responsible for causing mosaic disease in tobacco was isolated and crystallized; the fact that it could be ...
  https://kids.britannica.com/students/article/virus/277614
*  Potyvirus - Wikipedia
... mosaic virus Wild tomato mosaic virus Wisteria vein mosaic virus Yam mild mosaic virus Yam mosaic virus Yambean mosaic virus ... nucleic acid stain). There are four different kinds of Potyvirus inclusions. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA ... The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. The virus is transmitted via a ... The base composition is: 21-23.51-26% G; 23-30.15-44% A; 14.9-22.41-28% C; 15.6-24.41-30.9% U. In the species with a single ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potyvirus
*  The Structure of Influenza Virus Defective Interfering (DI) RNAs and Their Progenitor Genes | Springer for Research &...
... virus particles was used by Huang and Baltimore [31] to define a class of virus particles which possess the following ... virus nucleic acid relationship between biological characteristics of the vims particle and properties of the nucleic acid. J. ... Nucleotide sequences of influenza virus segments 1 and 3 reveal mosaic stmctures of a small viral RNA segment. Cell 28, 303-313 ... Choppin, P. W., Pons, M. W.: The RNAs of infective and incomplete influenza virions grown in MDBK and HeLa cells. Virology 42, ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7091-8706-7_8
*  Thirty-thousand-year-old distant relative of giant icosahedral DNA viruses with a pandoravirus morphology | PNAS
Nucleic and Amino Acid Sequences Support Structure-Based Viral Classification. *. Efficiency in Complexity: Composition and ... Evolution of viruses and cells: do we need a fourth domain of life to explain the origin of eukaryotes? ... These Acanthamoeba-infecting viruses exhibit much larger amphora-shaped virions 1-1.2 μm in length. Their guanine-cytosine (GC ... 1999) Detection of tomato mosaic tobamovirus RNA in ancient glacial ice. Polar Biol 22(3):207-212. ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/111/11/4274
*  US6344323B1 - Compositions and methods for inhibiting cox-2 expression and treating cox-2 associated disorders by using cox-2...
... cell proliferative disorders, and inflammation associated with Alzheimer's Disease and stroke. ... A third type of target cell for introduction of heterologous nucleic acid sequences is the embryonal stem cell (ES). ES cells ... Y10S977/788-Of specified organic or carbon-based composition * Y10S977/802-Virus-based particle ... These cell lines produce empty virions, since no genome is packaged. If a retroviral vector is introduced into such cells in ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US6344323
*  Bionanomaterials and Their Synthesis - UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
For instance, rod-like viruses can be used to form composite nanofibers that are fixed ... such as viruses and virus-like particles, to form nanostructures is generally disclosed. ... Overall, the length of a helical capsid is related to the length of the nucleic acid contained within it, while the diameter is ... Two well known examples of icosahedral viruses are cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) and turnip mosaic virus (TYMV). The diameter of ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2017/0096643.html
*  Frontiers | A Novel Mechanism Underlying the Innate Immune Response Induction upon Viral-Dependent Replication of Host Cell...
... a process known as virus-host cell co-evolution. Positive-single stranded RNA (+sRNA) viruses are an important group of viral ... is their ability to rearrange cellular membranes to serve as platforms for genome replication and assembly of new virions, ... a process known as virus-host cell co-evolution. Positive-single stranded RNA (+sRNA) viruses are an important group of viral ... So, we have included recent data explaining the mechanism by, even though viruses have evolved elegant hideouts, host cells are ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2017.00005/full
*  Miscellany (Page 4) / This is Cool / Math Is Fun Forum
... from the host cell. The invading virus uses the nucleotides and amino acids of the host cell to synthesize its nucleic acids ... The nucleic acids of virions are arranged into genomes. All double-stranded DNA viruses consist of a single large molecule, ... 68) Virus. Virus, an infectious agent of small size and simple composition that can multiply only in living cells of animals, ... By far the best-studied example of a helical rod-shaped virus is the tobacco mosaic virus, which was crystallized by Wendell ...
  http://www.mathisfunforum.com/viewtopic.php?pid=402105
*  Platinum Publications, June 26-July 30, 2015
NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH. Sherpa C, Rausch JW, Le Grice SFJ, Hammarskjold ML, Rekosh D. The HIV-1 Rev response element (RRE) ... Synthesis and applications of RNAs with position-selective labelling and mosaic composition. Nature 522(7556):368-372, 2015 [17 ... adopts alternative conformations that promote different rates of virus replication. Nucleic Acids Res 43(9):4676-4686, 2015 [20 ... Targeting B cell receptor signaling with ibrutinib in diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Nat Med 2015 [18].. [Epub ahead of print ...
  https://ncifrederick.cancer.gov/about/theposter/print/content/platinum-publications-june-26%E2%80%93july-30-2015
*  EUDML | Host Factors in Viral Life Cycles
The DNA-A Component of a Plant Geminivirus (Indian Mung Bean Yellow Mosaic Virus) Replicates in Budding Yeast Cells. J. Virol ... Nucleic Acids Res., 40 (2012), No. 5, 2181-2196. * A.W. Tai, Y. Benita, L.F. Peng, S.S. Kim, N. Sakamoto, R.J. Xavier, R.T. ... HCV infection alters P-body composition but is independent of P-body granules. J. Virol., 86 (2012), No. 16, 8740-8749. ... Replication of Bovine Papillomavirus Type 1 (BPV-1) DNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae following Infection with BPV-1 Virions. J. ...
  https://eudml.org/doc/222422
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Vitaly Citovsky
Assaying Proteasomal Degradation in a Cell-free System in Plants', 'Identification of Plasmodesmal Localization Sequences in ... A Cell-to-cell Macromolecular Transport Assay in Planta Utilizing Biolistic Bombardment', 'Protein Membrane Overlay Assay: A ... Probing Interactions Between Plant Virus Movement Proteins and Nucleic Acids Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2008 ... Cell-to-cell tobacco mosaic virus movement protein (TMV MP) mediates viral spread between the host cells through plasmodesmata ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Vitaly_Citovsky
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... binding between Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) movement protein (MP), which exerts multiple functions during viral cell-to-cell ... In the case of HIV-1, viral proteins involved in the regulation of the virus activity recognize several nucleic acids. The ... We will focus on using this technique to analyze an area of emerging interest, the role of cargo composition in modulating the ... deciphers the information regarding the know-how of the mechanism regulating virus assembly to form infectious virions. Such ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/25781476/in-vivo-localization-iris-yellow-spot-tospovirus-bunyaviridae-encoded
*  09th week of 2009 patent applcation highlights part 37
COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING T CELL RECEPTORS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF - Nucleic acids encoding antitumor TCRs recognizing MART-1 ... Modified tobacco mosaic virus particles as scaffolds for display of protein antigens for vaccine applications - Display of ... DENTIFRICE COMPOSITION CONTAINING SILICONE OIL BEADS - Dentifrice composition and method of using such dentifrice composition ... We evaluated the immunogenicity of GFP decorated virions in both mice and guinea pigs, and found augmented humoral IgG titers ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/hgl/02-26-09/02-26-09_37
*  Waikaviruses: Studied But Not Understood
... as well as decreased free amino acid content (75). Vesiculation, common in cells where RNA virus replication takes place, was ... 2. Foregut localization of Anthriscus yellows virus (AYV) and Maize chlorotic dwarf virus (MCDV) virions in their insect ... 2D) led one group to suggest that this matrix of unknown composition might comprise the putative virus helper component, ... Tree based on partial CP1 nucleic acid sequences corresponding to nt 2477-3070 of RTSV-A (GenBank accession number M95497.1). ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/waikavirus.aspx
*  Patent US6372957 - Transgenic mouse comprising a MEF2 binding site operatively linked to an ... - Google Patents
Further provided are methods of using the transgenic animals of the present invention, or cells isolated therefrom, for the ... the nucleic acid may be stably maintained in the cell as a separate, episomal segment of DNA. Such nucleic acid segments or " ... cauliflower mosaic virus, HSV-TK, and avian sarcoma virus.. Similarly tissue specific promoters may be used to effect ... In order to produce virions, a packaging cell line containing the gag, pol, and env genes but without the LTR and packaging ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6372957?dq=7125605
*  Viruses Associated with Ovarian Degeneration in Apis mellifera L. Queens
A large-scale survey for 10 distinct honeybee viruses showed that DWV and VDV-1 were by far the most prevalent honeybee viruses ... A cDNA library from degenerated ovaries contained a high frequency of deformed wing virus (DWV) and Varroa destructor virus 1 ( ... infection of the ovaries by these viruses does not necessarily result in ovarian degeneration, even at high titres, and ... Nucleic Acids Research 37: JM RuijterC. RamakersWMH HoogaarsY. KarlenO. Bakker2009Amplification efficiency: linking baseline ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0016217
*  virus | Definition, Structure, & Facts | Britannica.com
Virus, an infectious agent of small size and simple composition that can multiply only in living cells of animals, plants, or ... All true viruses contain nucleic acid-either DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) or RNA (ribonucleic acid)-and protein. The nucleic ... later called tobacco mosaic virus, passing through a minute filter that would not allow the passage of bacteria. This virus and ... cells, although considerably less efficiently than can the intact virions. ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/virus
*  Mark A. Young - Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology | Montana State University
... mineralization of tobacco mosaic virus, Adv. Mater., 11: 253-256, 1999. Douglas, T., Young, M. J., Virus particles as templates ... Nucleic acids and methods of use thereof for controlling viral pathogens. (42710‑PCT). ... My program utilizes viruses to understand viral diseases and as model systems to explore cell biology. By combining biochemical ... vitro assembled CCMV virions by cryo-electron microscopy and image reconstruction. Virology, 224:212-218, 1998. ...
  http://plantsciences.montana.edu/facultyorstaff/faculty/young/
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Viruses modulate host cell abundance and diversity, contribute to the cycling of nutrients, alter host cell phenotype, and ... Fractionation of purified nucleic acid subtypes provides an effective mechanism by which to study viral assemblages without ... Isolation and Genome Analysis of Single Virions using 'Single Virus Genomics'. Authors: Lisa Zeigler Allen, Thomas Ishoey, Mark ... Induction of Agrobacterium harboring pBID4-GFP (Tobacco mosaic virus-based) using chemicals such as acetosyringone and ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/26203654/ecological-dynamics-two-distinct-viruses-infecting-marine-eukaryotic
*  Microbiology (Basic)
... replication of virus nucleic acids, synthesis and assembly of capsids, and virus release.. 2. Viruses may harm their host cells ... G. Plant virus reproduction (using tobacco mosaic virus as an example) 22. The virus uses either a cellular or a virus-specific ... synthesis of virus nucleic acid and capsid proteins, assembly of complete virions, and the release of phage particles from the ... 2. discuss the difference between the cell walls of archaea and those of bacteria 3. describe the lipid composition of archaeal ...
  http://mikrobiologicoke.blogspot.com/2009/06/microbiology-basic.html
*  WO2016112242A1 - Split cas9 proteins - Google Patents
... expression and splicing system derived from Rhodothermus marinus Methods of utilizing the split Cas9 proteins and nucleic acids ... The Cas9 proteins were derived from nucleic acids encoding the S. pyogenes Cas9 protein. The split Cas9 proteins are provided ... Foreign nucleic acids (i.e. those which are not part of a cell's natural nucleic acid composition) may be introduced into a ... and mosaic genetic modifications in all progeny, Fig. 28. This indicates that viruses encoding gene-editing machinery are ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2016112242A1
*  METHOD OF REGULATING PROLIFERATION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF KERATINOCYES - Patent application
... plant cell systems infected with recombinant virus expression vectors (e.g., cauliflower mosaic virus, CaMV; tobacco mosaic ... is preferably ligated into a nucleic acid construct suitable for mammalian cell expression. Such a nucleic acid construct ... cell produces many progeny virions that bud off and infect neighboring cells. The result is that a large area becomes rapidly ... 2. A pharmaceutical composition comprising an insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) polypeptide or a nucleic ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20110207665
*  US20040204580A1 - Novel human mitochondrial proteins and polynucleotides encoding the same - Google Patents
... plant cell systems infected with recombinant virus expression vectors (e.g., cauliflower mosaic virus, CaMV; tobacco mosaic ... from the nucleotide sequences of nucleic acids, or from study of complexes of the relevant compound or composition with its ... Treating anemia using recombinant adeno-associated virus virions comprising an EPO DNA sequence ... In addition, expression host cells (e.g., B95 cells, COS cells, CHO cells, OMK cells, fibroblasts, Sf9 cells) genetically ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US20040204580A1/en