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*  Constraints to estimating the prevalence of trypanosome infections in East African zebu cattle | Parasites & Vectors | Full Text
Accurate species-specific prevalence measurements of these parasites in animal populations are complicated by mixed infections ... These are important for assessing the contribution of infections in animal reservoirs and the risk posed to humans from ... Many Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) based diagnostic tools are available to characterise and quantify infection in animals. ... At low parasite densities in the host, this stochastic sampling effect results in underestimation of prevalence based on single ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-3305-3-82
*  Coccidia PCR test for rabbits and other mammals
... caused by coccidian infections. Coccidia is a diverse subclass of parasitic protozoa that includes many genera, such as ... These parasites usually infect the intestinal tracts of animals, causing diarrhea. In some cases, coccidia can migrate to the ... Most infections result in asymptomatic carriers of the parasites, especially in adults. However, these carriers can ... continuously shed the parasites in their feces, thereby infecting other animals. Young or immunocompromised animals may suffer ...
  http://zoologix.com/rodent/Datasheets/Coccidia.htm
*  antibiotic facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about antibiotic
Protozoa. -Single-celled animals.. Toxoplasmosis. -Infection caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, affecting ... Infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Trichomonas ; especially vaginitis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis ... Antibiotics are drugs that are used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other organisms, including protozoa, parasites, ... For example, prior to 1990, infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (e.g., pneumonia, bronchitis, ear infections), were ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/drugs/pharmacology/antibiotic
*  Medical Xpress - malaria parasite
Plasmodium is a genus of parasitic protozoa. Infection by this parasite is known to cause malaria. The genus Plasmodium was ... Other species infect animals, including monkeys, rodents, birds, and reptiles. The parasite always has two hosts in its life ... As of 2006[update], the genus is in need of reorganization as it has been shown that parasites belonging to the genera ... Related topics: malaria · red blood cells · mosquitoes · parasites · proceedings of the national academy of sciences Sorry, no ...
  https://medicalxpress.com/tags/malaria+parasite/sort/date/1d/
*  Frontiers | New Approaches to Overcome Transport Related Drug Resistance in Trypanosomatid Parasites | Pharmacology
Despite efforts to eradicate them, migrations are expanding these infections to developing countries. There are no vaccines ... opening alternative ways to solve drug resistance in protozoan parasitic diseases. ... Most resistance mechanisms developed by these parasites are related with a decreased uptake or increased efflux of the drug due ... Most resistance mechanisms developed by these parasites are related with a decreased uptake or increased efflux of the drug due ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2016.00351/full
*  WO2015017767A1 - Cryptosporidium transfection methods and transfected cryptosporidium cells - Google Patents
... is a genus of protozoans that can cause gastrointestinal illness with diarrhea in humans and in a variety of domestic animals. ... Indeed, Cryptosporidium infection is a common cause of diarrheal disease in infants. Unlike some other parasites, ... Reporter parasites can facilitate study of infection and pathogen growth. Suitable detectable signals can include, for example ... Cryptosporidium, cause intestinal infection. Exemplary pathogens thus include, for example, rotavirus, norovirus, enterotoxic E ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2015017767A1/en
*  World Community Grid - Research - Drug Search for Leishmaniasis
Leishmaniasis is caused by a single celled protozoan parasite. The genus of this protozoan is Leishmania. It is transmitted ... Leishmaniasis is a tropical disease caused by a parasite transmitted by specific insects. Infections of this disease have been ... The insect injects humans or other animals with promastigotes, the infective stage of the parasite. Once injected into the skin ... Furthermore, drug resistant parasites are causing major problems in many endemic countries. Several additional drugs such as ...
  https://www.worldcommunitygrid.org/research/dsfl/details.do
*  Babesiosis
... is a tick-borne zoonotic infection caused by protozoa of the genus Babesia. The major tick vector in the United ... The main animal reservoir is the white-footed mouse. Babesia species, like Plasmodium, are obligate intracellular parasites of ... The incubation period post-tick bite is 1-6 weeks but may be as long as 9 weeks in transfusion-related infection. Infections ... The emergence of merozoites from erythrocytes causes cell lysis, and new infection of red blood cells ensues. Hemolytic anemia ...
  https://www.visualdx.com/visualdx/diagnosis/babesiosis?diagnosisId=51158&moduleId=101
*  Parasitism - Wikipedia
Protozoan endoparasites, such as the malarial parasites in the genus Plasmodium and sleeping sickness parasites in the genus ... ticks of the genus Ixodes, from the diseases' reservoirs in animals such as deer. Campylobacter jejuni, a cause of ... "Helminth Parasites". Australian Society of Parasitology. Retrieved 9 October 2017.. *^ "Pathogenic Parasitic Infections". PEOI ... Protozoa[edit]. Further information: Human parasite. Protozoa such as Plasmodium, Trypanosoma, and Entamoeba,[65] are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasites
*  Identification of a Novel Prostaglandin F2α Synthase in Trypanosoma brucei | JEM
Members of the genus Trypanosoma cause African trypanosomiasis in humans and animals in Africa. Infection of mammals by African ... In the protozoan parasites Trypanosoma and Leishmania, several enzymes involved in citric acid cycle (49), respiratory chain ... Studies have shown the production of PGs by parasites such as cestodes, trematodes, nematodes, and protozoa (8)(9)(10)(11)(12)( ... Our data show that PGH2 may be used as a substrate for PG synthesis by a protozoan parasite. Earlier studies on cell-cell ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/content/192/9/1327
*  Survey of Tick Infestation in Domestic Ruminants of Haramaya District, Eastern Hararghe, Ethiopia | OMICS International
In addition to transmitting certain protozoan, rickettsial and viral diseases, ticks also predispose animals to secondary ... they also transmit tick borne disease which can cause severe loss to the productivity of these animals. In order to reduce and ... Solomon G, Kaaya GP, Gebreab F, Gemetchu T, Tilahun G (1998) Ticks and tick borne parasites associated with indigenous cattle ... Up on identification, the ticks were classified into three genera and five species. (Table 3) Overall, total of 1042 ticks ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/survey-of-tick-infestation-in-domestic-ruminants-of-haramaya-district-eastern-hararghe-ethiopia-2155-9597-1000246.php?aid=62465
*  WHO - March 2017 fact sheets | Sanitation Updates
... is a potentially life-threatening illness caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). ... Echinococcosis - Human echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. Humans are infected ... through ingestion of parasite eggs in contaminated food, water or soil, or through direct contact with animal hosts. ... Soil-transmitted helminth infections, January 2017. *Drinking water, November 2016. *Sanitation, November 2016 ...
  https://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/2017/03/13/who-march-2017-fact-sheets/
*  Evaluation of in vivo antitrypanosomal activity of crude extracts of Artemisia abyssinica against aTrypanosoma congolense...
... antitrypanosomal potential and can be considered a potential source of new drugs for the treatment of tropical diseases caused ... African trypanosomiasis, a parasitic infection caused by single-celled protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma that are ... 19]. The animals were left to develop parasitaemia, and when average parasitaemia became approximately 107.03 parasites/ml, ... The positive effect of the extracts against trypanosome infection can further be deduced from the weight status of the animals ...
  https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-14-117
*  Trichodina - The Free Freshwater and Saltwater Aquarium Encyclopedia Anyone Can Edit - The Aquarium Wiki
Trichodina is caused by protozoan ciliate parasites of genus Trichodina. They are small, about 50 µm in diameter. ... Heavy infections of Trichodina can cause a greyish, white film over the body of the fish. Using a microscope of 200X will show ... They live in the mulm of the substrate and filter systems waiting for a passing aquatic animal to come near enough for them to ... Internal Parasite Guard - clear internal parasites. *Anti-Parasite Medicated Fish Food - For Internal Parasites (contains ...
  http://www.theaquariumwiki.com/w/index.php?title=Trichodina&oldid=64934
*  Immune response to leishmania: paradox rather than paradigm - Tripathi - 2007 - Pathogens and Disease - Wiley Online Library
The leishmaniases are a group of diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Various Leishmania species can ... Targeted disruption of the IFN-γ gene in C57BL/6 mice causes these animals, which are otherwise resistant to infection with L. ... For instance, TNF-α is critical for the resolution of an L. major infection because infection with the parasite in TNF-α ... targeted disruption of the IL-4 gene in BALB/c mice causes these animals, which are otherwise susceptible to infection with L. ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1574-695X.2007.00311.x/full
*  quercitrin (CHEBI:17558)
An antiprotozoal drug used to treat or prevent infections caused by protozoan parasites that belong to the genus Leishmania. . ... and is widespread in plants and animals. ... caused by protozoan parasites that belong to the genus ... An antiprotozoal drug used to treat or prevent infections ...
  https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=17558
*  Most recent papers with the keyword cryptosporidiosis | Read by QxMD
This infection, caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Cryptosporidium, has been reported worldwide as a frequent cause of ... are common intestinal protozoa causing diarrhea in humans and a variety of animal species. With the recent development of fur ... Cryptosporidiosis and cyclosporiasis are caused by waterborne coccidian protozoan parasites of the genera Cryptosporidium and ... A better understanding of the immune responses required to prevent or limit infection by this protozoan parasite is the ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/113988
*  Molecular characterization of Babesia microti thioredoxin (BmTrx2) and its expression patterns induced by antiprotozoal drugs |...
The results of Western blot analysis showed the native BmTrx2 in parasite lysates could be detected by mouse anti-BmTrx2 serum ... The expression of BmTrx2 was upregulated on both the third and eighth day post-infection in mice, whereas expression was ... The predominant causative pathogen of this disease is the intra-erythrocytic parasite Babesia microti. The thioredoxin system ... In other intra-erythrocytic apicomplexans like the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, anti-oxidative proteins are ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-018-2619-9
*  What is coccidia? - Sarah's Dogs
These protozoal parasites multiply rapidly causing major damage to the intestinal walls when the cells of the dog's intestinal ... This does not mean though that the puppy or an adult dog already has the parasite in its intestines. Coccidia protozoa are not ... Stress, a change in environment, an illness or another parasitic infection can trigger coccidia infection. This is why puppies ... These intestinal diseases that vary in virulence infect dogs, cats, rodents and many other animals. Due to an undeveloped ...
  https://www.sarahsdogs.com/qa/what-is-coccidia/
*  Babesiosis | definition of babesiosis by Medical dictionary
1. Any of several tick-borne infections of domestic and wild animals that are caused by protozoans of the genus Babesia. ... a potentially severe and sometimes fatal disease caused by infection with protozoa of the genus Babesia. The parasite is ... a group of tickborne diseases due to infection with protozoa of the genus Babesia, usually seen in wild or domestic animals as ... 2. A human disease caused by infection of red blood cells by protozoans of the genus Babesia that are transmitted by deer ticks ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/babesiosis
*  CR-2 Binding Peptide P28 as Molecular Adjuvant for DNA Vaccines - Patent application
0004]Malaria is caused by the mosquito-borne hematoprotozoan parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. Four species of ... Infection was determined by the presence of blood stage parasites in Giemsa stained thin blood smears one week after challenge ... We used this analysis schedule because animals that are infected with P. berghei ANKA strain malaria parasites do not self-cure ... protozoa. J. Cell Biol., 125: 333-343. [0237]N J, P. (1989). How RNA polymerase II terminates transcription in higher ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100255075
*  Diseases - Runnels County TXGenWeb
... amebic dysentery caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica; (2) bacillary dysentery caused by bacteria of the genus ... Child bed fever - Infection following birth of a child; puerperal fever. Childbirth - A cause given for many female deaths of ... By 1850 cholera was thought to be caused by putrid animal poison and miasma or pestilential vapor rising from swamps and ... Elephantiasis - Gross enlargement of the body, especially the limbs, due to lymphatic obstruction by a nematode parasite ...
  https://sites.google.com/site/runnelscountytxgenweb/general-research-links/diseases
*  Immunity to Visceral Leishmaniasis Using Genetically Defined Live-Attenuated Parasites
Articles on the pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of tropical diseases, parasites and their hosts, epidemiology, and public ... Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania of the family Trypanosomatidae and is transmitted by the ... Criteria for establishment of infection in the animals are (i) susceptibility to infection, (ii) the age of the animal, and ( ... iii) mode of infection. For in vivo testing of DNA, protein, or live parasite vaccines for VL, many animals have served as ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtm/2012/631460/
*  Malaria
Plasmodium Falciparum Infection, Plasmodium Malariae Infection, Plasmodium Vivax Infection, Plasmodium Ovale Infection, Ovale ... A protozoan infection caused by the genus Plasmodium. There are four species of Plasmodium that can infect humans: Plasmodium ... malaria in animals is caused by other species of plasmodia.. Definition (MSH). A protozoan disease caused in humans by four ... A species of protozoan parasite causing MALARIA. It is the rarest of the four species of PLASMODIUM infecting humans, but is ...
  https://fpnotebook.com/legacy/ID/Parasite/Mlr1.htm
*  Nephrops norvegicus - Wikipedia
The most significant parasite of N. norvegicus is a dinoflagellate of the genus Hematodinium, which has caused epidemic ... and the animal appears moribund. Other parasites of N. norvegicus include the gregarine protozoan Porospora nephropis, the ... infection in fished populations of N. norvegicus since the 1980s. Hematodinium is a genus that contains major pathogens of a ... It is now the only extant species in the genus Nephrops, after several other species were moved to the closely related genus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephrops_norvegicus