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*  Frontiers | Natural Mosquito-Pathogen Hybrid IgG4 Antibodies in Vector-Borne Diseases: A Hypothesis | Immunology
... cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis (VL)] caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania spp. Leishmaniasis is ... mucosal leishmaniasis; Ph, phlebotomus; PKDL, post Kala-Azar dermal leishmaniasis; SP, salivary protein; VL, visceral ... Chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis, a great mimicker with various clinical presentations: 12 years experience from Aleppo. J Eur ... Detection of specific antibody isotypes and subtypes before and after treatment of American visceral leishmaniasis. J Clin Lab ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00380/full
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Noah Craft (Translated to Hebrew)
There are three basic clinical forms: cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. The present review focuses on the ... Nov-Dec, 2009 , Pubmed ID: 19889134 Leishmaniasis is a cluster of diseases caused by protozoa in the genus Leishmania. ... with a global yearly incidence of 1-1.5 million for cutaneous and 500,000 for visceral Leishmaniasis (VL). VL is a major cause ... Killed but Metabolically Active Leishmania As a Novel Whole-cell Vaccine for Visceral Leishmaniasis Clinical and Vaccine ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Noah_Craft?language=Hebrew
*  Extracellular Vesicles: Role in Inflammatory Responses and Potential Uses in Vaccination in Cancer and Infectious Diseases
Leishmania genus encloses protozoan species that cause visceral, cutaneous, and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in humans. The ... U. Lambertz, J. M. Silverman, D. Nandan et al., "Secreted virulence factors and immune evasion in visceral leishmaniasis," ... and eventually develop a preventive prophylactic human therapy for leishmaniasis. ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jir/2015/832057/
*  Comparative study on the nocturnal activity of phlebotomine sand flies in a highland and lowland foci of visceral leishmaniasis...
Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), is most probably vectored by Phlebotomus orientalis in ... The diseases manifest from self-healing cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) to life-threatening visceral leishmaniasis (VL) [2]. In ... Species of this genus are known to transmit reptile leishmaniasis [13, 14]. However, there are contradictory reports regarding ... The role of Phlebotomus martini and P. celiae (Diptera: Phlebotominae) as vectors of visceral leishmaniasis in the Aba Roba ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-017-2339-6
*  Gérald Spaeth - LeiSHield - A new collaborative action to determine prevalence, anticipate emergence and assess urbanization of...
... anticipate emergence and assess urbanization of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in LeishRIIP partner countries. ... Protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania generate severe human diseases termed Leishmaniases. Due to their frequency and the ... and visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in endemic countries in the Mediterranean region and non-endemic countries of the EU, and to ... The presence of Pasteur Institutes in countries endemic for Leishmaniasis has provided important incentives to develop a strong ...
  https://research.pasteur.fr/en/project/leishield-a-new-collaborative-action-to-determine-prevalence-anticipate-emergence-and-assess-urbanization-of-cutaneous-and-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-leishriip-partner-countries/
*  Cutaneous financial definition of cutaneous
What is cutaneous? Meaning of cutaneous as a finance term. What does cutaneous mean in finance? ... Definition of cutaneous in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by sandfly bites (3-7 ... The term leishmaniasis encompasses cutaneous and visceral anthroponotic and zoonotic diseases caused by the vector-borne ...
  http://financial-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cutaneous
*  Immune response to leishmania: paradox rather than paradigm - Tripathi - 2007 - Pathogens and Disease - Wiley Online Library
... with a global yearly incidence of 1-1.5 million for cutaneous and 500 000 for visceral leishmaniasis (VL). VL is a major cause ... The leishmaniases are a group of diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Various Leishmania species can ... the focus is on cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), caused by L. major. Relatively fewer efforts have been focused on visceral ... Does the Leishmania major paradigm of pathogenesis and protection hold for New World cutaneous leishmaniases or the visceral ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1574-695X.2007.00311.x/full
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... the genus Leishmania are the causative agents of life-threatening visceral as well as cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Ulrich+Matt
*  Immunity to Visceral Leishmaniasis Using Genetically Defined Live-Attenuated Parasites
... self-healing cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL), and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Drug treatments ... Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania of the family Trypanosomatidae and is transmitted by the ... 0.5 million visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and 1.5 million cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL)) reported annually with an estimated death ... J. O. Olobo, M. M. Gicheru, and C. O. Anjili, "The African Green monkey model for cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis," Trends ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtm/2012/631460/
*  Pharmacological Assessment Defines Leishmania donovani Casein Kinase 1 as a Drug Target and Reveals Important Functions in...
There are several types of the disease, cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis, with the last type being the most ... Leishmaniasis is an important human disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. This parasite has two ... suggesting that D4476 has an impact on the causative agents of cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. IC261 had ... Treatment options for visceral leishmaniasis: a systematic review of clinical studies done in India, 1980-2004. Lancet Infect. ...
  https://aac.asm.org/content/58/3/1501
*  Archaic Medical Terms English List L
Three major types of leishmaniasis occur in humans - cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral. [HyperBiology]. ... Leishmaniasis. A group of diseases caused by parasitic protozoans of the genus Leishmania. It is transmitted by sand flies and ... Visceral Leishmaniasis. In visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala azar (a Hindi term meaning 'black fever') or dumdum fever ... Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. In cutaneous leishmaniasis, also known as aleppo boil, aleppo button, Baghdad boil, Baure ulcer, Delhi ...
  http://antiquusmorbus.com/English/EnglishL.htm
*  Leishmanias | definition of leishmanias by Medical dictionary
Related to leishmanias: cutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis. Leishmania. [lēsh-ma´ne-ah] a genus of protozoa ... causing visceral leishmaniasis), L. tro´pica (causing the Old World form of cutaneous leishmaniasis), L. mexica´na (causing the ... They have also been separated based on their tendency to cause visceral, cutaneous, or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. In some ... Inter- and intraspecific variations of Leishmania strains isolated from patients with cutaneous and visceral leishmaniases in ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/leishmanias
*  Th1, Th2 Serum Cytokines and Spleen White Pulp Changes Against Preliminary L. Major Vaccine Injection and Challenge With Live L...
Human Leishmaniasis is distributed worldwide and is mainly in the tropics and subtropics, with a prevalence of 12 million cases ... and 1.5 million cases of cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) [1]. Leishmaniasis denotes the human disease caused by any species in the ... The disease in human can be divided into cutaneous, visceral, and mucosal syndromes. The aim of this study was to conduct ... protozoan parasite genus Leishmania. The parasites exist as flagellated extracellular promastigotes in their vectors, ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/th-th-serum-cytokines-and-spleen-white-pulp-changes-against-preliminary-l-major-vaccine-2155-9899-1000281.php?aid=38182
*  American leishmaniasis | definition of American leishmaniasis by Medical dictionary
What is American leishmaniasis? Meaning of American leishmaniasis medical term. What does American leishmaniasis mean? ... Looking for online definition of American leishmaniasis in the Medical Dictionary? American leishmaniasis explanation free. ... American leishmaniasis forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis found in the Americas. ... Any of a group of related chronic parasitic diseases of the skin, viscera, or mucous membranes, caused by species of the genus ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/American+leishmaniasis
*  Combination and monotherapy of Leishmania major infection in BALB/c mice using plant extracts and herbicides. - Free Online...
Complicated clinical symptoms range from the skin lesions of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) to the fatal visceral leishmaniasis ( ... It is caused by the protozoan parasite of the genus Leishmania and transmitted to the mammalian host by the bite of the ... This phase of murine cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. major corresponds to the end of the acute phase of the Disease (27) ... 28.) Rousseau D, Le Fichoux Y, Stien X, Suffia I, Ferrua B, Kubar J. Progression of visceral leishmaniasis due to Leishmania ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Combination+and+monotherapy+of+Leishmania+major+infection+in+BALB%2Fc+...-a0309727733
*  Bir Pediatrik Kutanöz Leishmaniasis Olgusu
... cutaneous leishmaniasis, visceralleishmaniasis and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is an endemic infection inmany ... It is caused by obliged intra-cellular protozoa of the genus Leishmania and isresponsible for a broad spectrum of clinical ... Cutaneous leishmaniasis is endemic in the western and southeasternparts of Turkey. Its clinical presentations are extremely ... Bir Pediatrik Kutanöz Leishmaniasis Olgusu. AKARSU, SEVGİ; KARAMAN, ÖZKAN; ALAYGUT, DEMET; UZUNER, NEVİN; KUŞKU, ERGÜN; ...
  http://dspace.deu.edu.tr/xmlui/handle/12345/2931
*  leishmaniasis facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about leishmaniasis
Make research projects and school reports about leishmaniasis easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia ... cutaneous l. leishmaniasis that affects the tissues of the skin. See espundia, oriental sore. visceral l. leishmaniasis in ... LEISHMANIASIS. Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania that are spread by the bite of female ... and a hypo-immune response results in visceral and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis. In Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis, the ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/leishmaniasis
*  Phlebotomus | definition of Phlebotomus by Medical dictionary
A genus of sandfly that transmits LEISHMANIASIS (KALA AZAR) and SANDFLY FEVER.. Phlebotomus. a genus of biting flies, called ... They are vectors of various diseases, including visceral leishmaniasis(P. argen´tipes, P. chinen´sis, P. ma´jor, P. marti´ni, P ... cutaneous leishmaniasis(P. lon´gipes, P. sergen´ti), and phlebotomus fever(P. papata´sii) .. Phle·bot·o·mus. (flĕ-bot'ŏ-mŭs) A ... They are vectors of various diseases, including visceral leishmaniasis (P. argen´tipes, P. chinen´sis, P. marti´ni, P. pernicio ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Phlebotomus
*  Trypanosomatida
cutaneous leishmaniasis (dry form) humans, hyrax. Africa, Asia, Europe. L. infantum visceral leishmaniasis (mostly). humans, ... The two most important genera are Trypanosoma and Leishmania, the members of which are responsible for numerous diseases of ... Main forms are cutaneous leishmaniasis, which may be mutilating and disfiguring and visceral leishmaniasis, which is systemic ... espundia, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. humans, rodents. South America. L. mexicana. kala azar, visceral leishmaniasis. humans, ...
  http://tolweb.org/Trypanosomatida
*  Parasitic flies of domestic animals - Wikipedia
... sandflies are notorious as transmitters of species of Leishmania protozoa that cause visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis in ... Typical genera are Tabanus, Haematopota, Chrysops and Hybromitra, also many other genera of importance to domestic animals in ... 2009) Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum transmitted by Phlebotomus tobbi. International Journal for ... in genus Lipoptena). Alternatively flies of genus Melophagus are so adapted to parasitism that the adults never develop wings. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitic_flies_of_domestic_animals
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Volume 37, Issue 2
Human Visceral Leishmaniasis: Analysis of the Specificity of Humoral Immune Response to Polypeptides of Leishmania Donovani ... An extensive cross-reactivity with sera from patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis and Chagas' disease also was observed. ... When using a genus-specific monoclonal antibody (83-J3D2) as the primary reagent in an indirect immunofluorescent antibody ... Two polypeptides (Mr 119,000 and 123,000) reacted with all the sera from visceral leishmaniasis patients. When they were ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/14761645/37/2
*  Toll-Like Receptors in Leishmania Infections: Guardians or Promoters?
... and DCs to the activation of NK cells during visceral leishmaniasis. The protective role of NK cells in murine leishmaniasis is ... Protozoa of the genus Leishmania cause a wide variety of pathologies ranging from self-healing skin lesions to visceral damage ... The mouse model for cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. major has been largely explored over the years, providing a solid body ... M. Ameen, "Cutaneous leishmaniasis: advances in disease pathogenesis, diagnostics and therapeutics," Clinical and Experimental ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jpr/2012/930257/
*  Indian Patents. 254367:'5-[2-(2,6,6,-TRIMENTHYL-CYCLOHEX-2-ENYL)-ENTHENYL]-ISOXAAZOLES'
For the treatment of both visceral (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) pentavalent antimonials is recommended for , 50 years ... Leishmaniasis is an infection caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania presenting several forms of the disease such as ... and visceral leishmaniasis (VL), which can be fatal when untreated. The currently available chemotherapy for leishmaniasis is ...
  http://www.allindianpatents.com/patents/254367-5-2-2-6-6-trimenthyl-cyclohex-2-enyl-enthenyl-isoxaazoles
*  Most recent papers in the journal Journal of Medical Entomology | Read by QxMD
They are cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (ML), and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Up to 2 million cases ... Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a vector-borne infection caused by flagellated parasitic protozoans in the genus Leishmania. ... vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) across Pakistan. Our study was undertaken in view of ... Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the Metropolitan City of Multan, Pakistan, a Neglected Tropical Disease. ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/journal/23819
*  Infectious Diseases
The ways through which the disease can be present are mucocutaneous, cutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. The cutaneous form ... Leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is a disease fo which the genus Leishmania protozoan parasites are responsible, and spread by the ... The disease is caused by infection with genus Ebolavirus, a virus of the family Filoviridae. This is the forum for discussing ... presents with skin ulcers, while the mucocutaneous form presents with ulcers of the mouth, skin, and nose, and the visceral ...
  https://www.healthician.org/forumdisplay.php?70-Infectious-Diseases&s=dd5f140e602f72e3b3d5bc47e5ae0b79