*  Picornain 3C - Wikipedia
3C and 3D act similarly in rhinovirus as they do in poliovirus because they are both involved in early viral infection of the ... Picornain 3C is encoded by enteroviruses, rhinoviruses, aphtoviruses and cardioviruses. These genera all cause a wide range of ... that make the capsid proteins. P2 and P3 proteins assist in infectivity of the picornavirus to hijack and interfere with host ... Coxsackievirus is shed through stool and bodily fluids and is prevalent in children but can infection occur in adults. Symptoms ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picornain_3C
*  ASMscience | Theiler's Virus Central
... infection in the mouse, which is the virus' natural host. The recent identification of SAFV infection as a frequent one in ... There are many features of cardioviruses, and especially TMEV, that make them attractive for pathogenesis studies, including ... Furthermore, the identification of the human SAFV indicates that efforts investigating the involvement of cardioviruses as a ... This chapter discusses members of the Cardiovirus genus and distinctive characteristics of these viruses. It focuses on the ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555816698.ch26
*  Poliovirus | virology | Britannica.com
recognized genera are Enterovirus (polioviruses), Cardiovirus, Rhinovirus (common cold viruses), and Aphthovirus (foot-and- ... composed of 32 capsomeres and 180 molecules of a single capsid protein. The genome consists of a single strand of ... animal species are examples of acute infectious agents that shut down protein synthesis in the host cell soon after infection; ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/poliovirus
*  Picornavirus - Wikipedia
Cardiovirus Cardiovirus A Cardiovirus B Cardiovirus C Genus: Cosavirus Cosavirus A Genus: Dicipivirus Cadicivirus A Genus: ... with an icosahedral capsid. The capsid is an arrangement of 60 protomers in a tightly packed icosahedral structure. Each ... The whole of replication occurs within the host cell cytoplasm and infection can even happen in cells that do not contain a ... The interior surface of the capsid is composed of VP4 and the N termini of VP1. J.Esposito and Professor Freederick A. Murphy ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picornavirus
*  Mengovirus - Wikipedia
P1 encodes the virus capsid proteins, P2 and P3 encode genes required for genome replication to occur. For replication to occur ... There is no specific treatment for a Mengovirus infection; although Persantine has been shown to inhibit its replication. The ... belongs to the genus Cardiovirus which is a member of the Picornaviridae. Its genome is a single stranded positive-sense RNA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mengovirus
*  Cardioviral poly(C) tracts and viral pathogenesis | Springer for Research & Development
Mengovirus is a prototypical member of the cardiovirus genus of the family Picornaviridae. The positive-strand RNA genome is ... Mengovirus is a prototypical member of the cardiovirus genus of the family Picornaviridae. The positive-strand RNA genome is ... Potentiation of infection by immunosuppressants. Exp Pathol 17: 387-393Google Scholar ... Palmenberg AC (1989) Sequence alignments of picornaviral capsid proteins. In: Semler B, Semler BL, Ehrenfeld E (eds) Molecular ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7091-9326-6_8
*  Erbovirus - Wikipedia
The RNA genome of the virion is inside the capsid that is composed by twelve capsomers, which are cup-shaped pentamers. The ... The low serum antibody response of ERBV appears to allow the continual, seasonal re-infection of horses. Horses are also known ... relationship to each other and to aphthoviruses and cardioviruses". J Gen Virol. 77 ( Pt 8) (8): 1719-30. doi:10.1099/0022-1317 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erbovirus
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
The use of Ad-VP-helper, allows production of rec-PVs using a protocol that relies entirely on viral infection steps (as ... Their genome includes two promoters P4 and P38 which regulate the expression of non-structural (NS1 and NS2) and capsid ... and a novel cardiovirus in children with respiratory and diarrheal illness10. The current version of the Virochip has been ... The most common ATSs in use are derived from Sindbis virus (SINV). The broad species tropism of SINV allows for infection of ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/19816578/the-replicase-gene-avian-coronavirus-infectious-bronchitis-virus-is
*  ASMscience | Pathogenesis of Theiler&
The CD4-mediated immune response is critical in determining the outcome of infection using Theiler's viruses with VP1 capsid ... A coding RNA sequence acts as a replication signal in cardioviruses. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:11560-11565.. ... Analysis of cellular mutants resistant to Theiler's virus infection: differential infection of L929 cells by persistent and ... Theiler's infection in mice: an unusual biphasic disease process leading to demyelination. Infect. lmmun. 11:1147-1155.. ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555817916.chap34
*  Classification and General Properties | SpringerLink
... icosahedral positive single-stranded RNA viruses that cause common enteric infections in human populations throughout the world ... Capsid Protein Aseptic Meningitis Rectal Swab Prototype Strain Coxsackie Virus These keywords were added by machine and not by ... Gifford, R., and Dalldorf, G., 1951, The morbid anatomy of experimental Coxsackie virus infection, Am. J. Pathol. 27:1047-1064. ... the prototype cardiovirus, J. Virol. 60:1163-1165.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-0247-7_1
*  Mosaic Virus
Prevention and Control of Cardiovirus Infections Thu, 20 Jul 2017 , Mosaic Virus ... Reovirus particles consist of a core some 55 nm in diameter which is surrounded by an outer capsid shell that is about 12.5 nm ... Viruses may cause acute infection (hepatitis A virus) or acute infection with the possibility for chronic liver infection ... Clinical Features of Enteric Infection. *Clinical Features of Infection - 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 ...
  https://www.centrallakesclinic.biz/mosaic-virus/
*  Picornaviruses (Enterovirus and Rhinovirus Groups) | Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg's Medical Microbiology, 27e | AccessMedicine |...
However, subclinical infection is far more common than clinically manifest disease. Etiology is difficult to establish because ... Surface capsid proteins VP1 and VP3 are major antibody-binding sites. VP4 is an internal protein.. ... Less -common picornaviruses associated with human illness include hepatitis A virus, parechovirus, cardiovirus, and Aichi virus ... A: Exploded diagram showing internal location of the RNA genome surrounded by capsid composed of pentamers of proteins VP1, VP2 ...
  http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1551§ionid=94110029
*  Virome comparisons in wild-diseased and healthy captive giant pandas | Microbiome | Full Text
Feng N, Yu Y, Wang T, Wilker P, Wang J, Li Y, Sun Z, Gao Y, Xia X. Fatal canine distemper virus infection of giant pandas in ... The polyprotein comprised the capsid proteins VP4, VP2, VP3, and VP1 and non-structural proteins 2A to 2C and 3A to 3D (Fig. 4c ... The greatest sequence similarity values were seen with members of the genera Mischivirus, Cardiovirus, and Senecavirus. We ... Viral infections have become a potential threat to the health of these endangered animals, but limited information related to ...
  https://microbiomejournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40168-017-0308-0
*  Genus: Cardiovirus - Picornaviridae - Picornavirales - International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)
Boone cardioviruses were detected in specimens of rats. Cardiovirus infection does not cause cleavage of the host eIF-4G. The ... When compared by mean wall thickness, surface unevenness, and chain length of the major proteins, the cardiovirus capsid is ... The crystal structures of mengovirus (Cardiovirus A) and TMEV and Saffold virus 3 (Cardiovirus B) have been resolved [{Grant et ... The orthologous 2A protein of Boone cardioviruses (Cardiovirus C) is shorter (127 aa) and lacks an NPG↓P motif. ...
  https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv-reports/ictv_online_report/positive-sense-rna-viruses/picornavirales/w/picornaviridae/678/genus-cardiovirus/revision/2
*  VIRAL ADJUVANTS - Patent application
Capsid mutations that reduce or ablate the autoprotease activity of the alphavirus capsid are known in the art, see e.g., WO 96 ... For example, in the case of a chronic or latent infection in the subject, the subject fails to mount a sufficient immune ... Cardiovirus (e.g., encephalomyocarditis virus [Mengovirus, Columbia SK virus and Maus Elberfield virus strains], and ... 0182]The helper sequences and/or replicon may further comprise an alphavirus capsid enhancer sequence (e.g., a S.A.AR86 capsid ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20110064772
*  Non-canonical Translation in Plant RNA Viruses
... and RPS6 is up-regulated under TuMV infection in Arabidopsis thaliana. The silencing of RPS6 abolished TuMV infection and also ... 1995). Aphid transmission of beet western yellows luteovirus requires the minor capsid read-through protein P74. EMBO J. 14:650 ... in cardioviruses (Barry and Miller, 2002; Finch et al., 2015). Thus far, most frameshifting by plant viruses is in the -1 ... Hafrén A., Eskelin K., Mäkinen K. (2013). Ribosomal protein P0 promotes Potato virus A infection and functions in viral ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5382211/
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Those data demonstrate the impact of NoV infection in cases of infantile gastroenteritis, surpassing RVA infection responsible ... ORF2 and ORF3 are contained within the subgenomic RNA region and encode the capsid proteins (VP1 and VP2, respectively) (Figure ... and a novel cardiovirus in children with respiratory and diarrheal illness10. The current version of the Virochip has been ... given their greater risk for developing severe infection. Many laboratory methods for the detection of CMV infection have been ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/22448271/assessment-gastroenteric-viruses-frequency-childrens-day-care-center
*  Indian Patents. 257379:'VACCINE COMPRISING AN ATTENUATED PESTIVIRUS'
21 after infection.. All Group 1 animals showed elevated rectal temperature after infection that were detected. between Days 7- ... Npro sequence and the aminoterminus of the capsid protein. The PS leads to a cleavage that generates a functional capsid ... 1998 and references therein) or 3C of picomaviruses, 2A of cardioviruses or aphtoviruses, pi5 of rabbit hemorrhagic disease ... Foetal organ samples were collected during routine necropsy and examined for BVDV infection.. The presence of fetal infection ...
  http://www.allindianpatents.com/patents/257379-vaccine-comprising-an-attenuated-pestivirus
*  SERUM RESISTANCE FACTORS OF GRAM POSITIVE BACTERIA - Patent application
23A except that infection was carried out in A549 cells. Mean values±standard deviations of three individual experiments. Data ... Parvovirus antigens may be selected from VP-1, VP-2, VP-3, NS-1 and NS-2. Preferably, the Parvovirus antigen is capsid protein ... Cardioviruses and Aphthoviruses. Antigens derived from Enteroviruses, such as Poliovirus are preferred. [0185] Enterovirus: ... infection. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES [0010] FIG. 1A. Diagram of BibA inserted in the cell membrane. [0011] FIG. 1B, ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120171211
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Infection, Issue 84, Gram-Positive Bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pneumonia, Bacterial, Respiratory Tract Infections, ... and a novel cardiovirus in children with respiratory and diarrheal illness10. The current version of the Virochip has been ... genetic analysis a conventional RT-PCR that targets the highly variable N-terminal-shell from the major protein of the capsid ( ... Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) infections present a broad spectrum of disease severity, ranging from mild infections ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/23077477/phylodynamics-dispersal-hrsv-entails-its-permanence-general
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
The global epidemic of infection by HIV has created an urgent need for new classes of antiretroviral agents. The potent ability ... and a novel cardiovirus in children with respiratory and diarrheal illness10. The current version of the Virochip has been ... genetic analysis a conventional RT-PCR that targets the highly variable N-terminal-shell from the major protein of the capsid ( ... HERVs, which are spread throughout the human genome, originate from ancestral and independent infections within the germ line, ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/22485178/skip-alignment-degenerate-multiplex-primer-probe-design-using-k-mer
*  IRRADIATED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MICROPARTICLES - Patent application
... acute viral infection including the common cold, and infection due to respiratory syncytial virus, influenza, coronavirus ( ... Parvovirus antigens may be selected from VP-1, VP-2, VP-3, NS-1 and NS-2. Preferably, the Parvovirus antigen is capsid protein ... 0135] Viral antigens may be derived from Picornaviruses, such as Enteroviruses, Rhinoviruses, Heparnavirus, Cardioviruses and ... therapy and chronic infection, including tuberculosis and aspergillosis and other fungal infections; complications of lung ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20130101609
*  Patent US6783977 - Internal ribosome entry site and vector containing same - Google Patents
The infection is continued overnight at 37 C. and the next day, the cells are washed and cultured in fresh medium. After 48 h, ... gag encoding the capsid proteins, pol encoding reverse transcriptase and integrase and env encoding the envelope proteins. The ... the in vitro translation of the capped cellular RNAs whereas the internal initiation directed by the IRES of the cardiovirus is ... The GP+E-86 helper cells and the NIH3T3 target cells are cultured on the day before the transfection and infection. The viral ...
  http://www.google.ca/patents/US6783977
*  Virus classification - wikidoc
Viral infections characterized by. skin and mucous membrane lesions. Herpes simplex - Chickenpox - Herpes zoster - Smallpox - ... Enterovirus, Rhinovirus, Hepatovirus, Cardiovirus, Aphthovirus, Poliovirus, Parechovirus, Erbovirus, Kobuvirus, Teschovirus ... diameter of capsid, number of capsomers.[3] This classification was approved by the Provisional Committee on Nomenclature of ... Viral infections of the CNS. Poliomyelitis (Post-polio syndrome) - Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis - Progressive multifocal ...
  https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Virus_classification
*  ASMscience | The Making of a Picornav
... and cardioviruses) and/or as proteinases that are able to clip the polypeptide chain at their own N termini. Genetic ... In cardioviruses and aphthoviruses, the genome segment preceding the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) differs completely ... Venter, P. A.,, N. K. Krishna, and, A. Schneemann. 2005. Capsid protein synthesis from a replicating RNA directs specific ... Infection and Immunity® Journal of Bacteriology® Journal of Clinical Microbiology® Journal of Virology® ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555816698.ch03