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*  Congenital heart defect - Wikipedia
On day 19 of development, a pair of vascular elements, the "endocardial tubes", form. The tubes fuse when cells between then ... Notch signaling is involved early in the formation of the endocardial cushions and continues to be active as the develop into ... A number of genes have been associated with cardiac manifestations. Mutations of a heart muscle protein, α-myosin heavy chain ( ... "endocardial cushions", fuse to form the four chambers of the heart. A failure to fuse properly will result in a defect that may ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congenital_heart_defect
*  MicroRNA-23 Restricts Cardiac Valve Formation by Inhibiting Has2 and Extracellular Hyaluronic Acid ProductionNovelty and...
Restricted endocardial expression of Has2 in wild-type endocardial cushions (C) and ectopic Has2 expression in MZdicer mutant ... We observed that in the linear heart tube of zebrafish embryos, Has2 was expressed in few endocardial cells already at 30 hpf ( ... It has been well documented that the cardiac valves originate from the endocardium that locally forms endocardial cushions; ... endocardial cushion. EMT. epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. MEEC. mouse embryonic endothelial cell. miRNA/miR. microRNA. MO ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/109/6/649
*  JCI - Neural crest-derived SEMA3C activates endothelial NRP1 for cardiac outflow tract septation
Thus, cardiac NCCs were abnormally placed in paired columns in the lateral parts of the endocardial cushions of E12.5 Nrp1-null ... Initially, the OFT comprises a solitary tube filled with an acellular cardiac jelly of extracellular matrix components that is ... Foxp1 regulates cardiac outflow tract, endocardial cushion morphogenesis and myocyte proliferation and maturation. Development. ... transition of OFT endothelium into mesenchymal cells that colonize the cushions (5). Once the endocardial cushions have ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/79668
*  Aaron D. Gitler | Stanford Medicine Profiles
Molecular markers of cardiac endocardial cushion development DEVELOPMENTAL DYNAMICS Gitler, A. D., Lu, M. M., Jiang, Y. Q., ... Endocardial cushions are precursors of mature heart valves. They form within the looped heart tube as discrete swellings and ... we provide a detailed comparative gene expression analysis of thirteen endocardial cushion markers. We identify endocardial ... At 18 hpf, when the heart tube is beginning to assemble, three domains of tbx1 expression can be seen: cardiac precursors, ...
  https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/aaron-gitler?tab=teaching
*  ACVR1 | Cancer Genetics Web
embryonic heart tube morphogenesis - endocardial cushion cell fate commitment - G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle - ... ALK in cardiac myocytes BIOCARTA. - Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction KEGG. - TGF-beta signaling pathway KEGG. Data from ... cardiac muscle cell fate commitment - cellular response to glucocorticoid stimulus - determination of left/right symmetry - ...
  http://www.cancerindex.org/geneweb/ACVR1.htm
*  Endocardial cushions - Wikipedia
... called the endocardial cushions seen in the heart tube. Upon sectioning of the heart the atrioventricular endocardial cushions ... a process whereby these cells break cell-to-cell contacts and migrate into the cardiac jelly (towards the interior of the heart ... The endocardial cushions are a subset of cells found in the developing heart tube that will give rise to the heart's valves and ... Endocardial cushions, or atrioventricular cushions, refer to a subset of cells in the development of the heart that play a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endocardial_cushions
*  Heart Valve Tissue Engineering: Concepts, Approaches, Progress, and Challenges | SpringerLink
During cardiac development, the valve cusps and leaflets originate as outgrowths (known as endocardial cushions) from ... 106 Cardiac myocytes become organized into a linear heart tube that subsequently undergoes looping.174 Growth of the looped ... Cardiac stem cells and mechanisms of myocardial regeneration. Physiol. Rev. 85:1373-1416, 2005.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... The cardiac valve interstitial cell. Int. J. Biochem. Cell. Biol. 35:113-118, 2003.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10439-006-9163-z
*  Congenital heart defect - Wikipedia
On day 19 of development, a pair of vascular elements, the "endocardial tubes", form. The tubes fuse when cells between then ... Notch signaling is involved early in the formation of the endocardial cushions and continues to be active as the develop into ... Non-cardiac manifestations[19]. Upper limb abnormalities. Small or absent thymus Small or absent parathyroids Facial ... "endocardial cushions", fuse to form the four chambers of the heart. A failure to fuse properly will result in a defect that may ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congenital_heart_defects
*  Isolated Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy Presenting as Recurrent Syncope
S. Li, D. Zhou, M. M. Lu, and E. E. Morrisey, "Advanced cardiac morphogenesis does not require heart tube fusion," Science, vol ... Fourth step includes the valvulogenesis from endocardial cushions. Subsequently, septation of heart is believed to occur as a ... The first step is the migration of two primordial epithelial tubes, followed by fusion leading to formation of heart tube [2]. ... L. A. Taber, "Mechanical aspects of cardiac development," Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, vol. 69, no. 2-3, pp. ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crim/2016/3742171/
*  Endocardial cushion defect | Nicklaus Children's Hospital
Cardiac catheterization (in some cases), a procedure in which a thin tube (catheter) is placed into the heart to see blood flow ... Endocardial cushion defect occurs while a baby is still growing in the womb. The endocardial cushions are two thicker areas ... Endocardial cushion defect Definition. Endocardial cushion defect (ECD) is an abnormal heart condition. The walls separating ...
  https://www.nicklauschildrens.org/health-information-library/disease/endocardial-cushion-defect?lang=es-CO
*  Transitions in Early Embryonic Atrioventricular Valvular Function Correspond With Changes in Cushion Biomechanics That Are...
... study we examined the mechanical properties and myocardial/endocardial cushion mechanical interaction in 3 stages of cardiac ... which occurs in a quasi-linear fashion along the looped heart tube. During migration, mesenchymal cells secrete collagen (HH21 ... Prior models of endocardial cushion function and their contribution to flow regulation have not accounted for cushion material ... The cushions exhibited simultaneous changes in thickness with the myocardium through the cardiac cycle at the limits of M-mode ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/100/10/1503
*  FOXC1 Gene - GeneCards | FOXC1 Protein | FOXC1 Antibody
Cushion Mesenchymal Cells Endocardium * Endocardial Tube Cells Endocardium *span" data-trigger="SectionLoaded"> Adipose ( ... Cardiac Neural Crest Cells Cardiac Neural Crest * Cranial Neural Crest Cells Branchial Arch 1 ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=FOXC1&ortholog_desc=all
*  ADGRG6 Gene - GeneCards | AGRG6 Protein | AGRG6 Antibody
Endocardial Tube Cells Endocardium * Cushion Mesenchymal Cells Endocardium * Cardiac Fibroblasts Myocardium *span" data-trigger ... cardiac and ear development via G-protein- and/or N-terminus-dependent signaling (By similarity). May act as a receptor for ... cardiac and ear development via G-protein- and/or N-terminus-dependent signaling (By similarity). May act as a receptor for ...
  https://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=ADGRG6
*  FOXC2 Gene - GeneCards | FOXC2 Protein | FOXC2 Antibody
Endocardial Cells Endocardium * Cardiac Fibroblasts Myocardium * Cushion Mesenchymal Cells Endocardium * Endocardial Tube Cells ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=FOXC2
*  A null mutation of Hhex results in abnormal cardiac development, defective vasculogenesis and elevated Vegfa levels |...
First, there was a dramatic overabundance of endocardial cushion cells (ECCs) and cardiac jelly in both the AV cushion (AVC) ... is seen in the ventral foregut endoderm adjacent to the heart and in endocardial cells of the developing cardiac tubes, but not ... cells that undergo EMT to form the endocardial cushions and are subsequently involved in the formation of cardiac cushions and ... AV endocardial cushion transformation occurs in vivo between 21-28 somites in the mouse. Cultured AV canal endocardial cushions ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/131/20/5197
*  Frontiers | Discovering miRNA Regulatory Networks in Holt-Oram Syndrome Using a Zebrafish Model | Bioengineering and...
Haploinsufficiency and gene duplication of Tbx5 are at the basis of the cardiac abnormalities associated with Holt-Oram ... Haploinsufficiency and gene duplication of Tbx5 are at the basis of the cardiac abnormalities associated with Holt-Oram ... Interestingly these targets have roles in cardiac contractility, cardiomyocyte proliferation/apoptosis and valve formation ... some of them are already known to be involved in cardiac development and functions, such as miR-30, miR-34, miR-190, miR-21. We ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fbioe.2016.00060/full
*  Prevalence and Spectrum of TBX5 Mutation in Patients with Lone Atrial Fibrillation
... endocardial cushion defects, left heart hypoplasia, and morphological and functional abnormalities in the conduction system, ... Tbx5 is widely expressed in cardiac crescent, linear heart tube, common atrium, ventricles, inferior and superior vena cavae, ... Akazawa H, Komuro I. Cardiac transcription factor Csx/Nkx2-5: its role in cardiac development and diseases. Pharmacol Ther. ... Chamber-specific cardiac expression of Tbx5 and heart defects in Holt-Oram syndrome. Dev Biol. 1999;211:100-8 ...
  http://www.medsci.org/v13p0060.htm
*  Cardiac Morphogenesis: Implications for Congenital Cardiovascular Diseases | Neonatal Cardiology, 3e | AccessPediatrics |...
... as both the AV canal and the outflow tract contain an increasing amount of cardiac jelly that forms the endocardial cushions. ... Primary heart tube derived of FHF mesoderm. The tube consists of myocardium, lined by cardiac jelly. C. Heart tube after ... derived from the endocardial lining as a result of endocardial-mesenchymal transition. Subsequently, the primary heart tube ... The myocardium secretes a glycoprotein-rich layer, the cardiac jelly, toward the endocardium. The primary heart tube connects ...
  https://accesspediatrics.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2045§ionid=154264200
*  Human embryonic heart (48 days), CD 34 and CD 31 immune | Open-i
Nevertheless, endocardial tip cells were also found in cardiac cushions, but they were not related to cushion endothelial ... Within the subepicardium α-SMA+/desmin+ myoid coats of the endothelial tubes were found (Figs. 4and5). In the outer part of the ... Nevertheless, endocardial tip cells were also found in cardiac cushions, but they were not related to cushion endothelial ... vimentin+ endocardial tip cells.Nevertheless, endocardial tip cells were also found in cardiac cushions, but they were not ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4305311_pone.0115853.g004&req=4
*  WEEK 1 Flashcards by Emma Wilson | Brainscape
Endocardial cushions form left & right ridges in the conus. An extension of the inferior atrio-ventricular cushion will ... It receives the great cardiac vein at its left end and the middle & small cardiac veins at its right end. The left posterior ... Cephalo-caudal folding casues the heart tube to effectuvely migrate from the head end of embryo, throguh the neck & in to the ... The septum primum grows down towards the endocardial, AV cushions. Blood passes from RA to LA via the foramen (ostium) primum ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/week-1-5360660/packs/8057051
*  Heart development - Wikipedia
By day 19, an endocardial tube begins to develop in each side of this region. These two tubes grow and by the third week have ... Tissue masses called endocardial cushions develop into atrioventricular and conotroncal regions. In these places, the cushions ... The heart tube continues stretching and by day 23, in a process called morphogenesis, cardiac looping begins. The cephalic ... they are referred to as endocardial tubes. At the same time that the tubes are forming other major heart components are also ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_development
*  Down Syndrome of Louisville (DSL) : Family Resources : Medical Healthcare Guidelines
The most common heart defect (about 2/3) is called an endocardial cushion defect or atrioventricular canal defect. In its ... This is administered by a nasal mask or tube during sleep. The tube/mask administers air with an amount of pressure designed to ... This "pulmonary hypertension" can cause the right side of the heart to become enlarged and other cardiac complications can ... of children with Down syndrome and cardiac abnormalities are probably the most common malformations seen in trisomy 21. ...
  http://downsyndromeoflouisville.org/family-resources/healthcare-guidelines.html
*  Tetralogy of Fallot and Alterations in Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-A Signaling and Notch Signaling in Mouse Embryos...
Other Cardiac Anomalies Correct looping of the early heart tube is crucial for proper cardiac septation. In half of the E10.5 ... 23-25 Notch has also been described to stimulate endocardial cushion EMT,23,26 implying a potential effect of VEGF on cushion ... these disturbances will exert an effect on cushion EMT and could relate to OFT cushion hyperplasia and associated cardiac ... the development of both the endocardial cushions and the adjacent myocardium is crucial. Within this process, the cushions must ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/100/6/842
*  test #14 4.2 Flashcards by Nashid Chaudhury | Brainscape
schwann cell, PIA & ARACHNOID MATER, aorticopulmonary septum & endocardial cushions, BRANCHIAL ARCHES (bones & cartilage), ... cardiac: as cardiac muscle is stretched, cardiac output increases [frank-staring effect]. venous return curve: describes how ... which induces overlying ectoderm to differentiate into neuroectoderm & form neural plate --> neural tube & neural crest cells ( ... on cardiac - vascular fxn curves, what shifts venous return x-intercept to right? left? ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/test-14-42-2162795/packs/3729903