*  Carbohydrate conformation - Wikipedia
Carbohydrate conformation refers to the overall three-dimensional structure adopted by a carbohydrate (saccharide) molecule as ... Conformations of five membered rings are limited to two, envelope and twist. The envelope conformation has four atoms in a ... processes which in turn can alter conformation). Chemical transformations and biological signalling mediated by conformation- ... The chair conformation of six membered rings have a dihedral angle of 60° between adjacent substituents thus usually making it ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate_conformation
*  Conformational isomerism - Wikipedia
Ring conformation Cyclohexane conformations with chair and boat conformers. Carbohydrate conformation. Allylic strain - ... The staggered conformation includes the gauche (±60°) and anti (180°) conformations, depending on the spatial orientations of ... The thermodynamically unfavored conformation has the t-Bu group in the axial position, which exhibits the high energetic 7-atom ... As a result, the t-Bu group "locks" the ring in the conformation where it is in the equatorial position and substitution ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conformational_isomerism
*  Pyranose - Wikipedia
Furanose Mutarotation Monosaccharide Carbohydrate conformation Robyt, J.F. (1998). Essentials of Carbohydrate Chemistry. ... "Structure and Conformation of Carbohydrates". In Fraser-Reid, B.O.; Tatsuta, K.; Thiem, J.; Coté, G.L.; Flitsch, S.; Ito, Y.; ... Rao, V.S.R.; Qasba, P.K.; Chandrasekaran, R.; Balaji, P.V. (1998). Conformation of Carbohydrates. CRC Press. ISBN 90-5702-315-6 ... In the chair and skew conformations, the reference plane should be selected. In the chair conformation, the reference plane is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyranose
*  David Allan Rees - Wikipedia
Rees was a lecturer in chemistry at the University of Edinburgh from 1960 until 1970, researching carbohydrate conformation and ... In 1970, Rees was awarded both the Carbohydrate Chemistry Award by the Chemical Society and the Colworth Medal by the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Allan_Rees
*  Carbohydrate chemistry - Wikipedia
Carbohydrate chemistry portal Anomeric effect Carbohydrate Carbohydrate conformation Disaccharide Glycosidic bond ... Chemical glycosylation Fischer glycosidation Glycosyl halide Koenigs-Knorr reaction Carbohydrate acetalisation Carbohydrates ... and function of carbohydrates. Due to the general structure of carbohydrates, their synthesis is often preoccupied with the ... Carbohydrate chemistry is a subdiscipline of chemistry primarily concerned with the synthesis, structure, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate_chemistry
*  Conformation - Wikipedia
... a form of stereoisomerism in chemistry Carbohydrate conformation Cyclohexane conformation Protein conformation Conformation ... and body proportions Conformation (dog) evaluates a dog according to physical standards for its breed Conformation show, a dog ... Conformation generally means structural arrangement and may refer to: Conformational isomerism, ... Equine conformation evaluates the degree of correctness of a horse's bone structure, musculature, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conformation
*  Monosaccharide nomenclature - Wikipedia
Carbohydrate conformation Polysaccharide Oligosaccharide Oligosaccharide nomenclature Carbohydrate Nomenclature Archived ... The carbohydrate part of the molecule is called glycone, the -O- bridge is the glycosisdic oxygen, and the attached group is ... the basic structural units of carbohydrates, which cannot be hydrolysed into simpler units. The elementary formula of a simple ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monosaccharide_nomenclature
*  List of MeSH codes (G06) - Wikipedia
... carbohydrate conformation MeSH G06.184.603.790.486 --- nucleic acid conformation MeSH G06.184.603.790.486.100 --- base pairing ... carbohydrate sequence MeSH G06.184.603.580 --- conserved sequence MeSH G06.184.603.580.175 --- consensus sequence MeSH G06.184. ... MeSH G06.184.603.790.709 --- protein conformation MeSH G06.184.603.790.709.550 --- protein structure, quaternary MeSH G06.184. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(G06)
*  Oligosaccharide nomenclature - Wikipedia
... β-D-Glucan Oligosaccharide Carbohydrate Conformation Monosaccharide Monosaccharide nomenclature (a) R. W. Bailey, ... D.C. Baker; J. Defaye; D. Horton; E. F. Hounsell; J. P. Kamerling; A.S. Serianni (1997). "Nomenclature of Carbohydrates". ... Oligosaccharides are carbohydrates that are composed of several monosaccharide residues joined through glycosidic linkage, ... While a strict definition of an oligosaccharide is not established, it is generally agreed that a carbohydrate consisting of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligosaccharide_nomenclature
*  Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy - Wikipedia
Carbohydrate NMR spectroscopy addresses questions on the structure and conformation of carbohydrates. The analysis of ... For smaller carbohydrates, the dispersion of the anomeric proton resonances facilitates the use of 1D TOCSY experiments to ... It is now a common tool for the determination of Conformation Activity Relationships where the structure before and after ... and sugar pucker conformations. For large-scale structure, these local parameters must be supplemented with other structural ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_magnetic_resonance_spectroscopy
*  Anomeric effect - Wikipedia
Alkane stereochemistry Anomer Carbohydrate conformation Conformational isomerism Cyclohexane conformation Gauche effect ... In addition, the dipole is minimized in the (Z)-conformation and maximized in the (E)-conformation. If the lone pairs of ... conformation. In the (Z) conformation the lone pair of electrons in the alpha oxygen can donate into the neighboring σ* C-O ... gauche conformation is about 3-5 kcal/mol lower in energy (more stable) than the trans,trans conformation-this is about two ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anomeric_effect
*  Avadhesha Surolia - Wikipedia
Banerjee R, Das K, Ravishankar R, Suguna K, Surolia A; Vijayan M (1996). "Conformation, protein-carbohydrate interactions and a ... Carbohydrate specificity generated by water bridges". Current Science. 72: 855-861. Reddy GB, Bharadwaj S; Surolia A (1999). " ... He delineated the molecular basis of carbohydrate recognition by legume lectins and demonstrated the novel C-H…O/N hydrogen ... Sankaranarayanan R, Sekar K, Banerjee R, Sharma V, Surolia A; Vijayan M (1998). "A novel mode of carbohydrate recognition in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avadhesha_Surolia
*  M. Vijayan - Wikipedia
Banerjee, R.; Das, K.; Ravishankar, R.; Suguna, K.; Surolia, A.; Vijayan, M. (7 June 1996). "Conformation, protein-carbohydrate ... Devarajan, S.; Nair, C.M.K.; Easwaran, K.R.K.; Vijayan, M. (7 August 1980). "A novel conformation of valinomycin in its barium ... Prabu, M.M.; Sankaranarayanan, R.; Puri, K.D.; Sharma, V.; Surolia, A.; Vijayan, M.; Suguna, K. (6 March 1998). "Carbohydrate ... His contributions have been towards the structure and carbohydrate specificity of lectins and protein hydration. He has also ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._Vijayan
*  Stanisław Komorowski - Wikipedia
... methyl derivatives on conformation, Carbohydrate Research, 89, 21-32. Komorowski S.J., Z. R. Grabowski, and W. Zielenkiewicz, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanis%C5%82aw_Komorowski
*  Carbohydrate-binding module - Wikipedia
Evidence that xylan binds in an approximate 3-fold helical conformation". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276 (52): 49061- ... Carbohydrate-binding module family 20 (CBM20) binds to starch. Carbohydrate-binding module family 21 (CBM21), found in many ... Carbohydrate-binding module family 5 (CBM5) binds chitin. CBM5 and CBM12 are distantly related. Carbohydrate-binding module ... In molecular biology, a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) is a protein domain found in carbohydrate-active enzymes (for example ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate-binding_module
*  Protein-carbohydrate interaction - Wikipedia
Molecular Modeling In many cases, the conformation information is required, however, sometimes it is not able to get directly ... Carbohydrates are important biopolymers and have a variety of functions. Often carbohydrates serve a function as a recognition ... Lectin is a kind of protein that can bind to carbohydrate with their carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs). We could use ... Carbohydrate biosensor As Lectin can strongly bind to specific carbohydrate, scientists develop several lectin-based ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein%E2%80%93carbohydrate_interaction
*  Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of carbohydrates - Wikipedia
... saccharide conformation, stoichiometry of substituents, and ratio of individual saccharides in a mixture. Modern high field NMR ... Common chemical shift ranges for nuclei within carbohydrate residues are: Typical 1H NMR chemical shifts of carbohydrate ring ... Carbohydrate NMR Spectroscopy is the application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to structural and ... The following is a list of structural features that can be elucidated by NMR: Chemical structure of each carbohydrate residue ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_magnetic_resonance_spectroscopy_of_carbohydrates
*  Teicoplanin - Wikipedia
The major and minor components also contain a third carbohydrate moiety - β-D-glucosamine - and differ only by the length and ... conformation of a side-chain attached to it. The structures of the teicoplanin core and the side-chains that characterize the ... a fused ring structure to which two carbohydrates (mannose and N-acetylglucosamine) are attached. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teicoplanin
*  Oxalate - Wikipedia
X-ray crystallography of simple oxalate salts show that the oxalate anion may adopt either a planar conformation with D2h ... Oxalate occurs in many plants, where it is synthesized by the incomplete oxidation of carbohydrates. Oxalate-rich plants ... Specifically, the oxalate moiety adopts the planar, D2h conformation in the solid-state structures of M2C2O4 (M = Li, Na, K). ... As the preceding examples indicate that the conformation adopted by the oxalate dianion is dependent upon the size of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxalate
*  Aldose - Wikipedia
Carbohydrates with more than 4 carbons exist in an equibrium between the closed ring, or cyclic form, and the open-chain form. ... However, aldoses are not locked into any one conformation: they can and do fluctuate between different forms. Aldoses can ... Like most carbohydrates, simple aldoses have the general chemical formula Cn(H2O)n. Because formaldehyde (n=1) and ... The minimum number of carbons in a backbone needed to form a molecule that is still considered a carbohydrate is 3, and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aldose
*  Endomembrane system - Wikipedia
These cells provide an example of the role of smooth ER in carbohydrate metabolism. Liver cells store carbohydrates in the form ... Those that reach the inside of the endoplasmic reticulum are folded into the correct three-dimensional conformation. Chemicals ... The modification and synthesis of the carbohydrate portions of glycoproteins is common in protein processing. The Golgi ... metabolism of carbohydrates, and detoxification of drugs and poisons. Enzymes of the smooth ER are vital to the synthesis of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endomembrane_system
*  Glycomimetic - Wikipedia
As well as changing the stability of the glycosidic bond, the ring-conformation may be affected. Also the conformation of the ... Carbohydrate Research Volume 342, Issues 12-13, Pages 1537-1982 Sollogoub et al. Carbohydrate Research 342 (2007) 1689-1703. ... Glycomimetic is a term used to refer to molecules that have structures similar to carbohydrates, but with some variation. This ... Tamiflu is a carbocyclic mimic of the cell-surface carbohydrate sialic acid. Tamiflu is an enzyme inhibitor that blocks the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycomimetic
*  Dimethoxymethane - Wikipedia
Due to the anomeric effect, dimethoxymethane has a preference toward the gauche conformation around the C-O bonds, instead of ... Since it is one of the smallest molecules exhibiting this effect, which has great interest in carbohydrate chemistry, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimethoxymethane
*  Outline of biology - Wikipedia
... conformation - native state - protein folding - enzyme - receptor - transmembrane receptor - ion channel - membrane transporter ... collagen - silk DNA - RNA polysaccharide: cellulose - carbohydrate - chitin - glycogen - starch Biochemical mechanisms: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_biology
*  Mannose receptor - Wikipedia
... thereby supporting the existence of this U-shaped conformation. It is thought that transitions between these two conformations ... Mullin NP, Hitchen PG, Taylor ME (1997). "Mechanism of Ca2+ and monosaccharide binding to a C-type carbohydrate-recognition ... It has been suggested that the mannose receptor can exist in at least two different structural conformations. The C-type CRDs ... The extracellular portion of the receptor is composed of 8 consecutive C-type carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs) closest ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannose_receptor