*  Changes in the composition of the RNA virome mark evolutionary transitions in green plants | BMC Biology | Full Text
Additional file 10: List of capsid proteins from plant and fungal viruses and of 1KP scaffolds matching one or more of these ... Viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerases are pervasive in the transcriptomes of non-angiosperm plants. Viral RNA-dependent RNA ... the catalytic subunits of DNA-dependent RNA polymerases and eukaryotic RNA-dependent RNA polymerases and the origin of RNA ... sense single-stranded RNAs (ssRNA), double-stranded RNAs (dsRNA), or ambisense RNA. Sequence similarity analysis and ...
  https://preview-bmcbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12915-016-0288-8
*  Chapter 16 Slide - BIO 205 Chapter 16 Fungi Characteristics of Fungi Fungi Share a Combination of Characteristics • Fungal life...
BIO 205 Chapter 16 Fungi Characteristics of Fungi Fungi Share a Combination of Characteristics: • Fungal life cycles involve a ... ss RNA helical capsid envelop H N spikes antigenic variation genome 8 segments ... A mycelium is a thick mass of hyphae Fungal hyphae growing on a leaf • Fungal cell walls are composed of chitin • In many ... Fungal life cycles involve a growth phase and reproductive phase • Molds grow as long, tangled filaments of cells in visible ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/file/1929359/Chapter-16-Slide/
*  Molecular Basis of DNA Recognition in the Immune System | The Journal of Immunology
RNA polymerase III. Following the discovery of DAI, RNA polymerase III was linked to DNA recognition, adding another layer of ... The Nlrp3 inflammasome is the best-studied inflammasome and is associated with bacterial, viral, parasitic, and fungal ... For adenovirus, intracellular viral DNA, but not viral capsids, activate the Nlrp3 inflammasome. However, caspase-1 activation ... 72) using a cDNA library to screen for cellular interacting proteins of HIV-1 RNA; it was shown to bind RNA, as well as DNA ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/190/5/1911
*  Double-stranded RNA viruses - Wikipedia
The virus-encoded RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, VP1, is incorporated into the capsid through its association with VP3. VP3 also ... Hypoviruses are mycoviruses (fungal viruses) with unencapsidated dsRNA genomes. They may have common ancestry with plant ... CPV exhibits striking capsid stability and is fully capable of endogenous RNA transcription and processing. The overall folds ... The IBDV capsid protein exhibits structural domains that show homology to those of the capsid proteins of some positive-sense ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double-stranded_RNA_viruses
*  Virome comparisons in wild-diseased and healthy captive giant pandas | Microbiome | Full Text
The large RNA segment encodes the capsid protein while the small segment encodes the viral RdRp. PBV was originally found in ... Most partitiviruses examined to date are associated with latent infections of their fungal, plant, and protozoan hosts [55]. ... RNA viruses were predominant with ,80% of plant viral reads, the majority being related to single-stranded RNA viruses in the ... and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) domains. Genomic organization is variable with a single polyprotein expressed in all ...
  https://microbiomejournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40168-017-0308-0
*  Biology Reviews: Revolution of novel fungal genes
The evolution of novel fungal genes from non-retroviral RNA viruses. Derek J. Taylor and Jeremy Bruenn ... comparison of residues that are necessary for viral capsid functioning and assays for transcripts, dsRNA and viral particles. ... At present, there is little known of the evolution and function of integrated non-retroviral RNA virus genes. Here, we provide ... Endogenous derivatives of non-retroviral RNA viruses are thought to be absent or rare in eukaryotic genomes because integration ...
  http://biolog-reviews.blogspot.com/2009/12/revolution-of-novel-fungal-genes.html
*  Virology by Christian - Issuu
2. Capsid is the protein coat that encloses the genetic material. 3. Capsomer is the protein subunit that makes up the capsid. ... C. RNA-dependent DNA polymerase is also known as reverse transcriptase. The enzyme uses an RNA template to synthesize the ... Antimicrobials that inhibit bacterial and fungal growth 3. Samples for viral cultures can be refrigerated in VTM for about 48 ... Some medically important RNA viruses are listed in Table 9-3 •. 2. Retroviruses contain an RNA-dependent DNA polymerase ( ...
  https://issuu.com/christianmugabo/docs/virology
*  Microbiology Society Journals | Molecular characterization of the plant virus genus Ourmiavirus and evidence of inter-kingdom...
RNA1 potentially encoded a 97.5 kDa protein carrying the GDD motif typical of RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRps). The ... The sequence of the ORF3 protein showed limited but significant similarity to capsid proteins of several plant and animal ... with the closest similarity and phylogenetic affinity observed with fungal viruses of the genus Narnaviridae. RNA2 encoded a ... The sizes of the three genomic RNAs of OuMV, the type member of the genus, were 2814, 1064 and 974 nt and each had one open ...
  http://jgv.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/vir.0.013086-0
*  Virus - Wikipedia
For RNA viruses, each segment often codes for only one protein and they are usually found together in one capsid. However, all ... The infection of plant and fungal cells is different from that of animal cells. Plants have a rigid cell wall made of cellulose ... Negative-sense viral RNA is complementary to mRNA and thus must be converted to positive-sense RNA by an RNA-dependent RNA ... a b Temin HM, Baltimore D. RNA-directed DNA synthesis and RNA tumor viruses. Advances in Virus Research. 1972;17:129-86. doi: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus_structure
*  Patent US5416010 - Olpidium zoospores as vectors of recombinant DNA to plants - Google Patents
In the case of intact TNV and many other RNA viruses, the RNA is simply balled up inside the icosohedral capsid. The capsid ... The fungal body responsible for plant infection is the zoospore, which may eventually be absorbed by the root cells when in a ... This formulation caused a release of TNV RNA from the capsid, leaving the capsid almost intact but swollen. The released RNA ... At pH 1.8, 2% PTA causes a release of TNV RNA from the capsid while leaving the capsid almost intact. Addition of KCl will ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5416010?dq=6,263,507
*  Non-Mendelian inheritance - Wikipedia
Two double-stranded RNA viruses, designated L and M, are responsible for this phenotype. The L virus codes for the capsid ... This phenomenon can be detected through the offspring non-Mendelian ratios, and is frequently observed, e.g., in fungal crosses ... The M viral RNA also renders the host cell immune to the lethal effects of the toxin. For a cell to be susceptible it must ... The M viral RNA encodes a toxin which is secreted from the host cell. It kills susceptible cells growing in close proximity to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-Mendelian_inheritance
*  Molecular virology - Wikipedia
Class IV: Single-stranded RNA- Positive-sense. The genome of these viruses are positive-sense RNAs, in which the RNA is ... Due to their rigid cellulose-made (chitin in case of fungal cells) cell walls, plants and fungal cells get infected differently ... Uncoating is the removal of viral capsid, which makes the viral nucleic acids available for transcription. The capsid could ... Class V: Single-stranded RNA viruses - Negative-sense. All viruses in this class have negative-sense RNAs, in which the RNA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_virology
*  Prisutnost virusa Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 u kalusima kestena | Croatian Digital Theses Repository
Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 (CHV1) is a double-stranded (ds)RNA virus without a capsid that infects phytopathogenic fungus ... Observed presence of virulent fungal strains in chestnut calli was high. As many as 29.16% of calli had only virulent fungal ... It is assumed that this could have happened because of the spontaneous loss of virus from hypovirulent fungal strains or due to ... Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 (CHV1) je dvolančani (ds)RNA virus bez kapside koji inficira fitopatogenu gljivu Cryphonectria ...
  https://zir.nsk.hr/en/islandora/object/pmf%3A656
*  Astrovirus encephalitis in boy with x-linked agammaglobulinemia. - Free Online Library
Representative capsid gene (open reading frame 2) sequences were downloaded from GenBank, and aligned with the capsid gene ... RNA (0.5 [micro]g) from the frontal cortex biopsy specimen was treated with DNase I (Ambion DNA-free; Austin, TX, USA) and ... Bacterial and fungal cultures, broad-based 16S rRNA PCR, viral culture, and PCR for multiple viruses were negative (Tables 2-4 ... Real-time PCR indicated that viral load was higher in the biopsy specimen (1.53 x [10.sup.7] RNA molecules per reaction) than ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Astrovirus+encephalitis+in+boy+with+x-linked+agammaglobulinemia-a0229542696
*  US20060058213A1 - Anti-viral and anti-bacterial cleaning composition - Google Patents
... to cleave composition peptides that would normally release RNA, or alters naked RNA ionically, so that RNA cannot then be ... It can be concluded that the composition is not destructive to viral capsids, but inhibits enzymatic cleavage of the capsid, ... Furthermore, the present invention may alternatively or additionally be an anti-fungal composition. ... The result of the attack(s) on the viral DNA or RNA is the inhibition of the DNA or RNA's ability to replicate. For Example 1, ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US20060058213A1/en
*  Tombusviridae - Wikipedia
The RNA is encapsulated in an icosahedral (T=3) capsid, composed of 180 units of a single coat protein 27-42K in size; the ... Viruses in this family are primarily soil-borne, some transmitted by fungal species of the order Chytridiales, others by no ... Viral DI RNAs with their small size and cis-acting elements are good templates both in vivo and in vitro on which to study RNA ... Positive stranded RNA virus transcription, using the premature termination model of subgenomic RNA transcription is the method ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tombusviridae
*  A novel virus genome discovered in an extreme environment suggests recombination between unrelated groups of RNA and DNA...
Results: I. Capsid protein: Similarity of the BSL-RDHV capsid protein to those of RNA viruses appears to be highly significant ... Taylor DJ, Bruenn J: The evolution of novel fungal genes from non-retroviral RNA viruses. BMC Biol. 2009, 7: 88-10.1186/1741- ... the jelly-roll capsid protein clearly related to capsid proteins of positive-strand RNA viruses (tombusvirudae) and two ... Dolja VV, Koonin EV: Phylogeny of capsid proteins of small icosahedral RNA plant viruses. J Gen Virol. 1991, 72 (Pt 7): 1481- ...
  https://biologydirect.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1745-6150-7-13
*  Soil-borne wheat mosaic virus - Wikipedia
The Soil-borne Wheat Mosaic Virus uses the fungal-like protist Polymyxa graminis, an endoparasitic slime mold as a vector. The ... The 150 kDa and 209 kDa proteins are translated directly from the message sense viral RNA, whereas the 37 kDa protein is ... The first is the 19 kDa coat or capsid protein (CP). Sometimes, the coat protein UGA termination codon is suppressed allowing ... The virus is spread by a fungal-like protist, Polymyxa graminis, whose asexual secondary and sexual primary cycles help the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soil-borne_wheat_mosaic_virus
*  Virology - Wikipedia
Also in 1955, Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat and Robley Williams showed that purified TMV RNA and its capsid (coat) protein can self- ... Viruses can be classified according to the host cell they infect: animal viruses, plant viruses, fungal viruses, and ... RNA viruses (divided into positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses and the much ... naked circular RNA molecules infecting plants), satellites (nucleic acid molecules with or without a capsid that require a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virology
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Manfred J. Schmitt
Pubmed ID: 20010803 RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) in plants requires two RNA polymerase (Pol) II-related RNA polymerases ... The L genome of the H. uvarum L-dsRNA virion HuV-L was shown to encode a 77-kDa major capsid protein. Peptide maps of the ... Pubmed ID: 28228551 K28 is a viral A/B protein toxin that intoxicates yeast and fungal cells by endocytosis and retrograde ... which were shown to be separately packaged into icosahedral virus-like particles exhibiting RNA-dependent RNA polymerase ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Manfred+J._Schmitt
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Lei Cao (Translated to Japanese)
The entire genome was 16,562 bp in length, with a gene content of 13 protein-coding, 2 ribosomal RNA, and 22 transfer RNA genes ... The fungal pathogen is notorious for its ability to overcome host resistance. To better understand its genetic variation in ... Electron microscopy showed that the structural protein capsid P1 was cut by virus-encoded protease 3CD and assembled into EV71 ... The contents of the P. nitidus mitochondrial genome are 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA and 22 transfer RNA genes, ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Lei_Cao?language=Japanese
*  Virus - Wikipedia
For RNA viruses, each segment often codes for only one protein and they are usually found together in one capsid. All segments ... The infection of plant and fungal cells is different from that of animal cells. Plants have a rigid cell wall made of cellulose ... Negative-sense viral RNA is complementary to mRNA and thus must be converted to positive-sense RNA by an RNA-dependent RNA ... A virus has either a DNA or an RNA genome and is called a DNA virus or an RNA virus, respectively. The vast majority of viruses ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus
*  New research aims to shut down viral assembly line - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
In general, such RNA viruses mutate more rapidly than DNA viruses, posing particular challenges to virologists hoping to combat ... First, viral proteins located on the virus' outer capsid bind to particular receptors on the host cell's surface. Next, virions ... Test could detect patients at risk from lethal fungal spores 09/20/2018 Flu ... "Coronaviruses are a very large family of RNA viruses," Hogue says. "They infect humans and a broad range of animals." While the ...
  https://www.healthcanal.com/infections/13724-new-research-aims-to-shut-down-viral-assembly-line.html
*  Study adds to evidence that viruses are alive - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
The protein folds that are unique to viruses include those that form these viral "capsids." "These capsids became more and more ... Some scientists have argued that viruses are nonliving entities, bits of DNA and RNA shed by cellular life. They point to the ... Test could detect patients at risk from lethal fungal spores 09/20/2018 Flu ... These ancient cells likely contained segmented RNA genomes, Caetano-Anollés said. The data also suggest that at some point in ...
  https://www.healthcanal.com/infections/68326-study-adds-to-evidence-that-viruses-are-alive.html
*  Tomato bushy stunt virus - Wikipedia
The viral capsid protein CP, or p41, is a double jelly roll protein that assembles into an icosahedral capsid containing 180 ... Defective interfering RNA (DI) molecules are RNAs that are produced from the viral genome but are not competent to infect cells ... Mahy, Brian W. J.; Regenmortel, Marc H. V. Van (2009-10-15). Desk Encyclopedia of Plant and Fungal Virology. Academic Press. pp ... When the genome is replicated, two subgenomic RNA molecules are produced that act as messenger RNA; one from which the p41 (CP ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato_bushy_stunt_virus