*  On the blue coloration of vertebrates - Bagnara - 2007 - Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research - Wiley Online Library
In Pigment Cell 1985 - Biological, Molecular and Clinical Aspects of Pigmentation, J.T.Bagnara, S.N.Klaus, E.Paul, and M. ... Adults and children alike revel in the striking reds, yellows and blues of organisms as diverse as butterflies and birds and in ... Tillotson, H.M., and Oliphant, L.W. (1990). Iris stromal pigment cells of the ringed turtle dove. Pigment Cell Res. 3, 319-323 ... Bagnara, J.T. (1985). The amphibian egg as a pigment cell. Pigment Cell Res. 6, 277-281. ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0749.2006.00360.x/full
*  speciation in Heliconius butterflies | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
Given the underlying homology of the genetic architecture and the plesiomorphic occurrence of red pigment production in the ... 1982 How do refuges produce biological diversity? Allopatry and parapatry, extinction and gene flow in mimetic butterflies. In ... In Butterflies: ecology and evolution taking flight (eds Boggs CL, Watt WB, Ehrlich PR), pp. 281-318. Chicago, IL: University ... 1977 Butterfly mimicry: the genetical evolution of an adaptation. In Evolutionary biology, vol. 10 (eds Hecht MK, Steere WC, ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/280/1752/20122302
*  Colias eurytheme - Wikipedia
2005). Pterin Pigments Amplify Iridescent Ultraviolet Signal in Males of the Orange Sulphur Butterfly, Colias Eurytheme. ... Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90(2):349-64. Grula, John W., and Orley R. Taylor. (1979). The Inheritance of ... C. eurytheme butterflies can be found from southern Mexico to almost all throughout North America. Historically, they were ... These butterflies exhibit a polyandrous mating system. Upon mating, male C. eurytheme donate a nutritious spermatophore to the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colias_eurytheme
*  The Wonder of Nanotechnology: Quantum Optoelectronic Devices and Applications | (2013) | Razeghi | Publications | Spie
Many biological systems exhibit interesting structures that manipulate light. For example, the Morpho butterflies are known for ... These thermal pits are made up of nanometer-sized pigments. Using quantum dots, bio-inspired nanometer engineering can lead to ... 29.5 EpiSENSE Prototype Biosensor for Rapid Detection of Airborne Biological Pathogens. 29.5.1 Sensor design. 29.5.2 Testing of ... while also giving rise to the functional complexity of nature.The wings of a butterfly, the feather of a peacock, the sheen of ...
  http://www.spie.org/Publications/Book/2022876?&origin_id=x113901&view_as=grid&tech=3
*  Albinism in biology - Wikipedia
Animals may have both biological pigments and structural colors, for example, some butterflies with white wings. Many animal ... Biological pigments include plant pigments and flower pigments. Animals can appear colored due to two mechanisms, pigments and ... Terms associated with this phenomenon are "hypochromia" and "albiflora". Biological pigments are substances produced by living ... For example, "Absence of the pigment melanin in the eyes, skin, hair, scales, or feathers." refers only to the pigment melanin ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albinism_in_biology
*  Butterflies on the prowl show some color
He's shown in a butterfly often seen in Arizona, the Checkered White, that the beads contain pterin pigments, and -"thanks to ... In a paper published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, ASU biologists Nathan Morehouse and Ron ... "Pterin pigments are the most nitrogen-rich pigments described in the animal kingdom," Morehouse says. "So the mystery is that ... "How butterflies see each other is enriching our understanding of butterfly coloration, how and why it is being produced, and ...
  https://phys.org/news/2007-04-butterflies-prowl.html
*  Plant Pigment Chromatography Analysis : 6 Plant Pigment Chromatography. Plant Pigment Chromatography Analysis.
Amazing pictures of 4 Malachite Butterfly Caterpillar Photo is totally great for your biological science knowledge. The image ... Malachite Butterflies Caterpillars, Malachite butterfly caterpillar photo, malachite butterfly facts, Malachite Butterfly ... plant pigment chromatography a guided lab activity, plant pigment chromatography analysis, plant pigment chromatography lab, . ... Amazing pictures of 6 Plant Pigment Chromatography is totally great for your biological science knowledge. The image Resolution ...
  http://pulpbits.net/tag/plant-pigment-chromatography-analysis/
*  A model for colour pattern formation in the butterfly wing of Papilio dardanus | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B:...
Your Name) thought you would like to see the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences web site. ... Our results suggest that the wing coloration is due to a simple underlying stripe-like pattern of some pigment-inducing ... The butterfly Papilio dardanus is well known for the spectacular phenotypic polymorphism in the female of the species. We show ... A model for colour pattern formation in the butterfly wing of Papilio dardanus. Toshio Sekimura, Anotida Madzvamuse, Andrew J. ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/267/1446/851
*  Pterin - Wikipedia
Pterins were first discovered in the pigments of butterfly wings (hence the origin of their name, from the Greek pteron (πτερόν ... They are critical compounds in a large number of biological group transfer reactions. These folate-dependent biosynthetic ... Colors and pterin pigmentation of pierid butterfly wings. J Insect Physiol. 2007 Dec;53(12):1206-17. Epub 2007 Jul 1 πτερόν. ... Molybdopterin is a substituted pteridine that binds molybdenum to yield redox cofactors involved in biological hydroxylations, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterin
*  Infrared - Wikipedia
... darkly pigmented butterflies (Pachliopta aristolochiae and Troides rhadamantus plateni), and possibly blood-sucking bugs ( ... Typical applications include biological, mineralogical, defence, and industrial measurements. Thermal infrared hyperspectral ... There is uncertainty regarding the exact thermal sensitivity of this biological infrared detection system. Other organisms that ... Gorbunov, V.; Fuchigami, N.; Stone, M.; Grace, M.; Tsukruk, V. V. (2002). "Biological Thermal Detection: Micromechanical and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrared
*  Chemistry International -- Newsmagazine for IUPAC
... synthesize both the white pigment of the white cabbage butterfly and the gorgeous yellow pigment of the brimstone butterfly, ... and we therefore anticipated that these compounds might have different biological properties as a result. Of particular ... I have often been asked how an interest in the lovely white, yellow, and red pigments in the wings of butterflies could have ... To their amazement, the two-ring core of the Lederle compound was almost identical to the butterfly wing pigments described by ...
  http://media.iupac.org/publications/ci/2011/3305/1_taylor.html
*  Biological pigment - Wikipedia
For example, butterfly wings typically contain structural color, although many butterflies have cells that contain pigment as ... Biological pigments include plant pigments and flower pigments. Many biological structures, such as skin, eyes, feathers, fur ... Biological pigments, also known simply as pigments or biochromes, are substances produced by living organisms that have a color ... All biological pigments selectively absorb certain wavelengths of light while reflecting others. The principal pigments ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_pigment
*  The New Jungles
Butterflies and moths that a century ago adapted to sooty factory districts by developing black pigment have, in recent years, ... Yet for some reason many of us continue to see cities as barren or worse, spreading biological destruction wherever they sprawl ... Fewer than 10 percent of all biological field studies take human settlement into consideration at all. It was not until 1997 ... attract ten times more species of butterflies than farmland, again because they more closely approximate woodsy meadows. In ...
  http://www.newsweek.com/new-jungles-112665
*  Fossil Record | The Institute for Creation Research
Fossil Pigment Paints Long Ages into a Corner. The famous Confuciusornis sanctus fossil from China contains patches that appear ... Many butterflies and moths have colors that show a metallic sheen. That sheen occurs because the refracting material in their ... Long evolutionary ages should have made this impossible, since any such biological material would have completely decayed ... Fossil Skin Pigment Evolved Three Times?. Paleontologists recently presented their analysis of original skin leftovers from ...
  http://www.icr.org/creation-fossil/
*  Publications
Pterin pigments amplify iridescent ultraviolet signal in males of the orange sulphur butterfly, Colias eurytheme. Proceedings ... The evolutionary history of the 'alba' polymorphism in the butterfly sub-family Coliadinae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Biological ... A description of unique fluorescent yellow pigments in penguin feathers. Pigment Cell Research, 20, 301-304. PDF ... Characterizing the pigment composition of a variable warning signal of Parasemia plantaginis larvae. Functional Ecology, 24(4 ...
  http://www.morehouselab.pitt.edu/?page_id=3233
*  definitions
a green pigment found in most plants, algae, and cyan bacteria. Its name is derived from ancient Greek: chloros = green and ... and butterflies), and of the beaks of cephalopods (e.g. squids, and octopus). Chitin has also proven useful for several medical ... biological, and chemical systems, and is widely used in industrial applications such as activated charcoal, synthetic resins ... The iris consists of pigmented fibro vascular tissue known as a stoma. The stoma connects a sphincter muscle (sphincter ...
  http://www.msnucleus.org/membership/html/jh/biological/dictionary/microscopy/definitions.htm
*  Pigment - Wikipedia
Most of the pigments in use were earth and mineral pigments, or pigments of biological origin. Pigments from unusual sources ... For example, butterfly wings typically contain structural color, although many butterflies have cells that contain pigment as ... The resulting pigment is called a lake pigment. The term biological pigment is used for all colored substances independent of ... Pigments through the ages ColourLex Pigment Lexicon Meyrs, G.D., An Artists Paint and Pigment Reference with Color Index Names ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pigment
*  KENT MARINE ZOOPLEX 8oz
The species of zooplankton used in KENT Marine ZooPlex are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, biological pigments, fiber, and protein ... Also a perfect food source for marine fish from gobies to juvenile angelfish and butterfly fish. For best results, alternate ... of Omega-3 fatty acids and carotenoid pigments. Particle size is approximately 800 microns; ideal for filter-feeding marine ...
  http://www.pjstropicalfish.com/kent-marine-zooplex-p-318.html
*  Table of Contents - July 12, 2017, 284 (1858) | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
Idiosyncratic development of sensory structures in brains of diapausing butterfly pupae: implications for information ... of symbiotic corals to mesophotic light environments through wavelength transformation by fluorescent protein pigments. ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/284/1858?current-issue=y
*  Absence of eye shine and tapetum in the heterogeneous eye of Anthocharis butterflies (Pieridae) | Journal of Experimental...
screening pigment. Introduction. The Rhopalocera (butterflies) is a recently evolved group in the order Lepidoptera (Grimaldi ... detailed molecular biological analyses revealed that in the latter case the short-wavelength receptors diversified to such an ... Ribi, W. A. (1979). Coloured screening pigments cause red eye glow hue in Pierid butterflies. J. Comp. Physiol. A 132,1 -9. ... The red-pigmented ommatidia in fact form two separate types of ommatidia, as part of the red-pigmented ommatidia fluoresces ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/210/17/3075
*  OSA | Cylindrical Bragg mirrors on leg segments of the male Bolivian blueleg tarantula Pamphobeteus antinous (Theraphosidae)
M. Srinivasarao, "Nano-optics in the biological world: beetles, butterflies, birds and moths," Chem. Rev. 99(7), 1935-1962 ( ... multilayer reflection together with long-pass filtering pigment determines the wing coloration of papilionid butterflies of the ... M. Srinivasarao, "Nano-optics in the biological world: beetles, butterflies, birds and moths," Chem. Rev. 99(7), 1935-1962 ( ... M. Srinivasarao, "Nano-optics in the biological world: beetles, butterflies, birds and moths," Chem. Rev. 99(7), 1935-1962 ( ...
  https://www.osapublishing.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-21-6-6979
*  Nanomaterials - Wikipedia
Biological systems often feature natural, functional nanomaterials. The structure of foraminifera (mainly chalk) and viruses ( ... spatula: 200 × 10-15 nm). SEM micrograph of a butterfly wing scale (× 5000) Peacock feather (detail) Brazilian Crystal Opal. ... Fires represent particularly complex reactions and can produce pigments, cement, fumed silica etc. Natural sources of ... some butterfly wing scales, natural colloids (milk, blood), horny materials (skin, claws, beaks, feathers, horns, hair), paper ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanomaterials
*  Dopamine - Wikipedia
... biological control, morphology, and function". Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research. 22 (5): 563-79. doi:10.1111/j.1755-148X. ... The complex patterns that appear on butterfly wings, as well as black-and-white stripes on the bodies of insect larvae, are ... Melanins are a family of dark-pigmented substances found in a wide range of organisms. Chemically they are closely related to ... Dopamine-derived melanin probably appears in at least some other biological systems as well. Some of the dopamine in plants is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dopamine
*  Many variations on a few themes: a broader look at development of iridescent scales (and feathers) | Journal of The Royal...
2008 Wing coloration and pigment gradients in scales of pierid butterflies. Arthropod Struct. Dev. 37, 118-128. doi:10.1016/j. ... 2008 Gyroid cuticular structures in butterfly wing scales: biological photonic crystals. J. R. Soc. Interface. 5, 85-94. doi: ... in pierid butterflies, pigment beads (two dark arrows) that may scatter, absorb or otherwise control the reflection of selected ... 2008 Biological materials: structure and mechanical properties. Prog. Mater. Sci. 53, 1-206. doi:10.1016/j.pmatsci.2007.05.002 ...
  http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2009/02/09/rsif.2008.0372.focus
*  Zhimin (Jimmy) Xu | School of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Butterfly Pea (Clitoria Ternatea) Seed and Petal Extracts Decreased HEp-2 Carcinoma Cell Viability. International Journal of ... An improved GC-MS method in determining glycerol in different types of biological samples. Journal of Chromatography B. 2013. ... Simultaneous determination of red and yellow artificial food colorants and carotenoid pigments in food products. Food Chemistry ...
  https://www.lsu.edu/departments/nfs/people/xu/