*  ExploreLearning Gizmos: Math & Science Simulations Powering Inquiry and Understanding
... vocalization of animals and colorful plumage to attract mates for breeding, bright flowers attracting butterflies that transfer ... Examples of adaptations could include nest building to protect young from the cold, herding of animals to protect young from ... Examples could include artificial selection, genetic modification, animal husbandry, and gene therapy.. Evolution: Natural and ... 7.4.2: Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about specific animal and plant adaptations and structures that affect the ...
  https://www.explorelearning.com/index.cfm?method=cResource.dspStandardCorrelation&id=3919
*  Ultrasonic vocalization impairment of Foxp2 (R552H) knockin mice related to speech-language disorder and abnormality of...
Vocalization.. Animals were assessed for USV monitoring before behavioral testing on P8 and P10. Each pup was separated from ... F1 mice were bred by crossing of chimeric male offspring and C57BL/6 female mice. Germ-line transmission of the mutant Foxp2 ... D) Major vocalization patterns (P8). Wild-type vocalization was mainly whistle-type USVs, whereas heterozygous Foxp2 (R552H)-KI ... To generate animals homozygous for the targeted mutation, heterozygous animals were intercrossed. ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/105/8/3117
*  Midshipman fish - Wikipedia
Male midshipman fish produce several different vocalizations while females only make grunts in non-breeding situations. ... Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560. Archived ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midshipman_fish
*  Bulletin #1032, Tips for Detecting Disease or Injury in Sheep and Goats | Cooperative Extension Publications | University of...
Separation of animals should elicit some distress vocalization.. Breathing - Does the animal have a normal breathing rate? ... Remember that some hair sheep breeds or hair sheep breed crosses naturally shed their hair. Some breeds, such as Icelandic ... Animal Movement - Is the animal moving with ease? Does the animal struggle, limp or stay back from the group? Does the animal ... Does the animal come to the feeder (hay or grain) and does it eat its fill? Does the animal at pasture graze or browse with ...
  https://extension.umaine.edu/publications/1032e/
*  P-22, P-41, and the future of L.A.'s mountain lions - LA Times
We followed these animals. All of a sudden they had this confrontation. Two of the kittens ran by me; there were vocalizations ... If he wanted to go in and kill her right away [he could have]. Maybe he was attempting to breed. We just don't know what he was ... Sikich: Two of our study animals, P-3 and P-4, died of anti-coagulant toxicity. We believe they killed and ate a coyote that ... We don't know all the complicated ecological roles these animals play in our mountains, but we do know the mountain lion is our ...
  http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-morrison-riley-sikich-20150610-column.html
*  Devocalization - Wikipedia
... due to the nature of the environment in which the breed was developed. Vocalizations are a natural behavior of animals which ... Animal rights Animal welfare Bark (dog) Dog breeding Humane society Meow Overview of discretionary invasive procedures on ... Breeds and individual animals known for excessive barking/vocalizing have a higher chance of being adopted/rescued and not ... Owners or breeders generally request the procedure because of excessive animal vocalizations, complaining neighbors, or as an ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devocalization
*  River dolphin - Wikipedia
River dolphins are rarely kept in captivity; breeding success has been poor and the animals often die within a few months of ... River dolphins produce a variety of vocalizations, usually in the form of clicks and whistles. ... In the 1950s, the population was estimated at 6,000 animals, but declined rapidly over the subsequent five decades. Only a few ... Beyond locating an object, echolocation also provides the animal with an idea on the object's shape and size, though how ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_dolphin
*  Vocal tract length and acoustics of vocalization in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) | Journal of Experimental Biology
The physical nature of the vocal tract results in the production of formants during vocalisation. In some animals (including ... Domestication and selective breeding have resulted in a high variability in head size and shape in the dog (Canis familiaris), ... Emperor penguin males can fast for over a hundred days when breeding far from the sea during the bleak Antarctic winter. In ... Lateral radiographs were made of dogs from several breeds ranging in size from a Yorkshire terrier (2.5 kg) to a German ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/202/20/2859
*  Canidae - Wikipedia
ISBN 0-937548-08-1 "Lycaon pictus". Animal Info: Endangered animals of the world. 2005-11-26. Retrieved 2014-06-11. Liane ... The time of year in which the breeding season occurs is related to the length of day, as has been demonstrated in the case of ... Canids communicate with each other by scent signals, by visual clues and gestures, and by vocalizations such as growls, barks, ... In general, they are territorial or have a home range and sleep in the open, using their dens only for breeding and sometimes ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canidae
*  Frontiers | Vocal Interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals, and Robots | Robotics and AI
... vocalisation provides a valuable communication channel through which behaviour may be coordinated and controlled, and ... animals and artificial agents (such as robots), and it identifies a rich set of open research questions that may benefit from ... from assessing animal welfare, to understanding the precursors of human language, to developing voice-based human-machine ... from assessing animal welfare, to understanding the precursors of human language, to developing voice-based human-machine ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frobt.2016.00061/full
*  Galliform | order of birds | Britannica.com
The common quail (Coturnix coturnix), wild individuals of which normally breed at one year of age, matures to breeding ... Vocalizations. Like many other birds that inhabit dense cover, forest galliformes are endowed with strong voices, ranging from ... Animal, (kingdom Animalia), any of a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms (i.e., as distinct from… ... Domestic breeding of the turkey has been primarily for rapid growth and high market weight, the birds being raised solely for ...
  https://www.britannica.com/animal/galliform
*  Red wolf - Wikipedia
Of the 400 animals captured, only 43 were believed to be red wolves and sent to the breeding facility. The first litters were ... Measurements, vocalization analyses, and skull X-rays were used to distinguish red wolves from coyotes and red wolf-coyote ... Of the original 43 animals, only 17 were considered pure red wolves and since three were unable to breed, 14 became the ... Many of the young wolves spend time alone or in small non-breeding packs composed of unrelated individuals. The union of two ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_wolf
*  Eurasian lynx - Wikipedia
Eurasian lynx make a range of vocalizations, but are generally silent outside of the breeding season. They have been observed ... Some animals also possess dark brown stripes on the forehead and back. Although spots tend to be more numerous in animals from ... The skull of the shot animal can be sent back to the hunter for a fee of about €70. No more than 75 animals in 20 regions were ... "World of Animals at Plitvice Lakes". Plitvice Lakes National Park World of Animals. Archived from the original on March 5, 2009 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_lynx
*  Animal A Day!: October 2013
... forming monogamous breeding pairs and marking off small territories by using scent marks and vocalizations. Each year one or ... They give birth to a pup, and then breed again 1-2 weeks after.. One standout fact is that during this entire breeding season, ... In fact, nearly the entire populations breeds at three colony sites on the Aukland Islands.. Breeding takes place from November ... They can reach just shy of 40 years, and won't breed for the first time until they are 5-7.. IUCN Status : Least Concern. ...
  http://animaladay.blogspot.com/2013_10_01_archive.html
*  Animal A Day!: 2013
... forming monogamous breeding pairs and marking off small territories by using scent marks and vocalizations. Each year one or ... They give birth to a pup, and then breed again 1-2 weeks after.. One standout fact is that during this entire breeding season, ... In fact, nearly the entire populations breeds at three colony sites on the Aukland Islands.. Breeding takes place from November ... We do know that they live in small flocks outside of breeding season, and during the breeding season they aren't especially ...
  http://animaladay.blogspot.com.es/2013/
*  Publikasjoner - Norsk Polarinstitutt
2007 - Animal Behaviour. *. Distribution of sex and age groups of ringed seals Pusa hispida in the fast-ice breeding habitat of ... Vocalizations of male bearded seals, Erignathus barbatus: classification and geographical variation. Fagfellevurdert Risch et ... Vocalizations and movements suggest alternative mating tactics in male bearded seals. Fagfellevurdert Van Parijs, Lydersen & ... Toxic and essential elements changed in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) during their stay in an Arctic breeding area ...
  http://www.npolar.no/no/publikasjoner/index.html?filter-topics=marine&start=0&q=&filter-research_stations=Ny-%C3%85lesund
*  The Incredible Journey (film) - Wikipedia
It also has vocalizations of the animals' thoughts and communications with each other. Palgrave, Ontario (the hermit's cabin) ... All three pets are renamed, the breeds of the dogs are changed, the sex and breed of the cat changed, and the ages of the ... The animals, meanwhile, escape from the barn and the humans realize where they are and that they have only forty miles left to ... By the next morning, old Bodger is very tired and is beginning to slow down, so the animals stop for a rest in a clearing and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Incredible_Journey_(film)
*  How Do Frogs Croak? | Reference.com
Paw Nation says female frogs also emit a vocalization for breeding. However, the vocalization is very quiet and often cannot be ...
  https://www.reference.com/pets-animals/frogs-croak-baf79615239a6ae6
*  eastern gray fox | VDGIF
The breeding season is from January-April with peaks in February. A litter of 2-7 pups are born from March-May in a whelping ... Animal matter is most important in the winter and spring. Insects and fruit are important in the summer and fall. Cottontails ... Barks, yaps and yips are the frequent vocalizations. Life span in the wild is 1 1/2 to 3 years. ... They are primarily nocturnal animals and are most active at dawn and dusk. They are adept climbers, and use trees to escape ...
  http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/wildlife/information/eastern-gray-fox/
*  African elephant - Wikipedia
Animals of the Amboseli National Park. amboselinationalpark.co.uk Animal Structure & Function. Sci.waikato.ac.nz. Retrieved ... Wild males begin breeding in their thirties when they are at a size and weight that is competitive with other adult males. Male ... Physical Production Mechanism of Elephant Infrasonic Vocalizations". Science. 337: 595-599. doi:10.1126/science.1219712. PMID ... With a mass of just over 5 kg (11 lb), elephant brains are larger than those of any other land animal, and although the largest ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_elephant
*  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
... derived plumage patches and vocalizations, which have been the subject of foundational studies in animal behaviour [64,67,68]. ... This might accurately describe extreme breeding systems with complete male dominance. But in intermediate breeding systems in ... 1995 Sexual coercion in animal societies. Anim. Behav. 49, 1345-1365. doi:10.1006/anbe.1995.0166 (doi:10.1006/anbe.1995.0166). ... 2000 Economic models of animal communication. Anim. Behav. 59, 259-268. doi:10.1006/anbe.1999.1330 (doi:10.1006/anbe.1999.1330) ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/367/1600/2324.short
*  Redhead (bird) - Wikipedia
Redheads undergo a niche switch when breeding and when wintering. During the breeding season, redheads will eat as much animal ... There is little information on redhead vocalizations outside of breeding calls. Males will emit calls when courting the female ... Breeding male Breeding male Female BirdLife International (2012). "Aythya americana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ... During breeding season, adult males have a copper head and neck, with a black breast. The back and sides are grey, the belly is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redhead_(bird)
*  Boreal Chickadee Behavior - Whatbird.com
Breeding and Nesting. Boreal Chickadee: Four to nine white eggs with red brown specks are laid in a cavity nest made of ... Vocalization. Boreal Chickadee: Song is short and warbled. Call is a drawling "chick-a-dee-dee-dee" or "chick-chee-day-day." ... decaying wood, grass, moss, and animal hair, usually from 1 to 15 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 14 to 18 days ...
  http://identify.whatbird.com/obj/815/behavior/Boreal_Chickadee.aspx
*  Animal Behavior/Learning - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
The ability to hear its own vocalizations are critical for normal development. In transition to the Mature phase, birds adopt a ... and are presented intact during each subsequent breeding season. In contrast open-ended learners (e.g. starlings and canaries) ... You can help by expanding this section of the Animal Behavior Book. In the meantime please consult Wikipedia on this subject. ... Animal Behavior, 7th ed., Sinauer Associates, Inc.: Sunderland. *↑ Winkler I and N Cowan. 2005. From sensory to long-term ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Animal_Behavior/Learning
*  Redbone Coonhound - Wikipedia
Therefore, this breed will have the desire to chase small animals such as rabbits, squirrels, badgers, or even cats. A Redbone ... desires that sometimes drive their vocalizations. A Redbone Coonhound will have a "specific" bay when it has an animal either ... The breed is known for its distinctive "drawling" bark, also known as a bay. Hunters who use the breed follow the sound of the ... Coonhounds are in the same group as well known breeds such as the Beagle, Basset Hound, and Bloodhound: they are bred primarily ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redbone_Coonhound