J Clin Psychiatry/High-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Decreases Cigarette Smoking
Background: The mesolimbic dopaminergic reward system seems to play a crucial role in reinforcing effects of nicotine. Recently, acute high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of frontal brain regions has been shown to efficiently modulate the mesostriatal and mesolimbic dopaminergic system in both animals and humans. For this reason, we investigated whether high-frequency rTMS would be able to influence nicotine-related behavior by studying rTMS effects on craving and cigarette smoking. Method: Fourteen treatment-seeking smokers were included in a double-blind crossover trial, conducted in 2002, comparing single days of active versus sham stimulation. Outcome measures were rTMS effects on number of cigarettes smoked during an ad libitum smoking period and effects on craving after a period of acute abstinence. Results: High-frequency (20-Hz) rTMS of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex reduced ...http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2003/v64n08/v64n0815.aspx
Deep High-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Smoking Cessation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is currently being evaluated as a treatment option in major depression. It has been shown to be a safe procedure . Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation coils are designed to maximize the electrical field deep in the brain by the summation of separate fields projected into the skull from several points around its periphery. The device is planned to minimize the accumulation of electrical charge on the surface of the brain. Such accumulation can give rise to an electrostatic field that might reduce the magnitude of the induced electric field both at the surface and inside, thus reducing the depth penetration of the induced electric field . Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation could be more effective than repetitive transcranial magnetic ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00951782
Evaluation of the Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Pain Perception in Parkinson's Disease - Full...
Pain is a frequent symptom in Parkinson's disease. Previous studies have shown that pain perception was altered in Parkinson's disease patients and could be related to nociceptive cortical area hyperactivation. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is an electrophysiological tool which can modify cortical excitability. Its efficacy was demonstrated in neuropathic pain. This is a randomized, double blind cross-over study. In this study, subjective pain threshold (using thermal stimulation (Thermotest)).will be evaluated in 3 groups of subjects: healthy volunteers, painful Parkinson's patients and pain free Parkinson's disease patients. Each group will receive a high frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and placebo stimulation in different order with a gap of one week.. The investigators supposed that a 20 Hz Repetitive Transcranial ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01275573?term=parkinson
Frontiers | Individualized Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment in Chronic Tinnitus? | Neurology
Background: Prefrontal and temporo-parietal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients suffering from chronic tinnitus have shown significant but only moderate effectiveness with high inter-individual variability in treatment response. This open-label pilot study was designed to examine the general feasibility of an individualized fronto-temporal rTMS protocol and to explore what criteria are needed for a more detailed evaluation in randomized clinical studies. Methods: During the first session of a two-week rTMS protocol, we applied different rTMS protocols to the left and right temporo-parietal and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in 25 tinnitus patients. Short trains of 1Hz, 5Hz, 10Hz, 20Hz and cTBS (continuous theta burst stimulation) were applied and patients were asked for immediate tinnitus reductions after each train. If a patient reported such improvements rTMS treatment was applied over 9 sessions with ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneur.2017.00126/full
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a Treatment for Tinnitus - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (Figured 8-Coil Cool-B65): 1000 stimuli of 1Hz rTMS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (110% motor threshold) followed by 2000 stimuli of 1 Hz rTMS over the left primary auditory cortex (110% motor threshold), each consisting of 4 days of rTMS treatment. (20 subjects ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01886092?term=rtms&rank=14
'transcranial magnetic stimulation' Protocols and Video...
Video articles in JoVE about 'transcranial magnetic stimulation' include 'Utilizing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Human Neuromuscular System', 'How to Use the H1 Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Coil for Conditions Other than Depression', 'Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Investigating Causal Brain-behavioral Relationships and their Time Course', 'Neuronavigation-guided Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Aphasia', 'Effects of Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation on the Primary Motor Cortex by Online Combined Approach with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation', 'Repetitive Transcranial ...https://www.jove.com/keyword/transcranial+magnetic+stimulation
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Improve Speech in Aphasia - Study Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
These patients receive a series of 10 Sham rTMS treatments, which are identical to the Real rTMS treatments. However, no magnetic pulse is emitted from the coil.. There is pre-testing, and post-testing at 2 months after the last Sham rTMS treatment.. The patients then receive a series of 10 Real rTMS treatments.. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Repetitive: 10 rTMS treatments (90% of motor threshold, 20 minutes, at 1 Hz) to specific right hemisphere area of brain cortex; 5 days per week for 2 weeks at the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; or at the Neurology Department, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.. ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/results/NCT00608582
New in the Literature: Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (J Hand Ther. 2012. September 7. [Epub ahead of print])
Eight randomized placebo-controlled trials provide further evidence that anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) may benefit motor function of the paretic upper limb in patients with chronic stroke, say authors of a meta-analysis published online in Journal of Hand Therapy. Prior reviews on the effects of a-tDCS have shown the effectiveness of a-tDCS on corticomotor excitability and motor function in healthy individuals but nonsignificant effect in participants with stroke. To summarize and evaluate the evidence for the efficacy of a-tDCS in the treatment of upper limb motor impairment after stroke, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared a-tDCS with placebo and change from baseline.. A pooled analysis showed a significant increase in scores in favor of a-tDCS (standard mean difference [SMD]=0.40, compared with baseline). A similar effect was observed between a-tDCS and sham (SMD=0.49). APTA members Margaret ...http://www.apta.org/PTinMotion/NewsNow/2012/9/13/NewLiterature/?blogmonth=10&blogday=2&blogyear=2013&blogid=10737418615
Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) as an add-on Treatment for Resistant OCD - Full Text View -...
OCD is a chronic condition with a high rate of poor responders to conventional treatments, such as antidepressants and psychotherapy. Chronic symptoms can lead to important social impairment and suffering for patients and families.. The present study aims to investigate if the addition of transcranial magnetic stimulation can provide enhanced response to conventional treatment.. Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a noninvasive technique that can influence specific areas of the brain and has very few side effects. ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01043900
Enhancement of pinch force in the lower leg by anodal transcranial direct current stimulation - pdf descargar
Enhancement of pinch force in the lower leg by anodal transcranial direct current stimulation. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.http://libros.duhnnae.com/2017/jul8/150152551992-Enhancement-of-pinch-force-in-the-lower-leg-by-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation.php
Efficacy of rTMS (Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) on Patients With Somatoform Pain Disorder - Tabular View -...
Chronic somatoform pain is common in psychiatric patients. Chronic somatoform pain causes significant distress and disrupts social functioning. Moreover, chronic somatoform pain often does not sufficiently respond to medication.. Chronic somatoform pain is associated with medial pain system. The medial pain system is comprised of structures engaged in affect and motivation, such as medial thalamus and limbic structures. The medial pain system gets inhibitory control from motor cortex. Functional neuroimaging studies indicate that chronic somatoform pain is associated with hypoactivity of motor cortex, defective inhibitory process, and hyperactivity of medial pain system.. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a safe and non-invasive tool to modulate neurophysiologic activity of the focal brain. Therefore, pain relief by rTMS can be obtained from motor cortex stimulation, restoration of defective inhibitory ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00726791
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The investigators' preliminary studies demonstrated that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the brain may determine a slight slowing in the rate of disease progression in ALS patients (Di Lazzaro et al 2004, 2006). The aim of this study is to investigate whether rTMS of the motor cortex performed over a long period of time (12 months) in a group of patients with ALS, can have a more pronounced beneficial effect. The investigators will compare the disease progression in two groups of patients: the first group of patients will be treated with real rTMS (one week daily treatment every month) and the second group of patients will be treated with sham (placebo) rTMS ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00833820?term=rtms&rank=18
Improved Discrimination of Visual Stimuli Following Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Background Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) at certain frequencies increases thresholds for motor-evoked potentials and phosphenes following stimulation of cortex. Consequently rTMS is often assumed to introduce ahttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0010354
Language Localization Using Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Patients With Epilepsy - Full Text View -...
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may be able to provide a moderately detailed localization of language functions in the brain. We propose to test the ability of rTMS to locate the substrate of visual naming to a limited area of the temporal lobe in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy before and after surgical resections. The study is expected to yield information on the organization of language in the temporal lobes and how unilateral temporal lobe lesions and lobectomy cause relocation of language mechanisms in the lesioned and in the other hemisphere. It will also be a preliminary step in the development of a clinically useful procedure for locating critical language areas in potential surgical candidates ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct/show/NCT00001672
Language Localization Using Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Patients With Epilepsy - Full Text View -...
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may be able to provide a moderately detailed localization of language functions in the brain. We propose to test the ability of rTMS to locate the substrate of visual naming to a limited area of the temporal lobe in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy before and after surgical resections. The study is expected to yield information on the organization of language in the temporal lobes and how unilateral temporal lobe lesions and lobectomy cause relocation of language mechanisms in the lesioned and in the other hemisphere. It will also be a preliminary step in the development of a clinically useful procedure for locating critical language areas in potential surgical candidates ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00001672
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Treatment for Tinnitus and Musical Ear Syndrome?
Good questions. People suffering with severe tinnitus or from hearing other phantom sounds (Musical Ear Syndrome (MES)) are always on the lookout for any new therapy that might alleviate their tinnitus or MES symptoms.. The new kid on the block (only developed in 1995) goes by the fancy name of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS for short).. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation works on the principle that a varying magnetic field will induce an electrical current in nearby "structures." In this case, the nearby "structures" are the cortical areas of your brain.. A doctor typically holds a powerful electromagnet (basically a coil of wire encased in plastic) over the frontal regions of your skull and delivers magnetic pulses for about 20 minutes a day for 5 days. The treatment alters the biochemistry and firing patters of neurons in the ...http://hearinglosshelp.com/blog/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-tinnitus-and/
Disruption of saccadic adaptation with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the posterior cerebellum in humans. -...
Saccadic eye movements are driven by motor commands that are continuously modified so that errors created by eye muscle fatigue, injury, or-in humans-wearing spectacles can be corrected. It is possible to rapidly adapt saccades in the laboratory by introducing a discrepancy between the intended and actual saccadic target. Neurophysiological and lesion studies in the non-human primate as well as neuroimaging and patient studies in humans have demonstrated that the oculomotor vermis (lobules VI and VII of the posterior cerebellum) is critical for saccadic adaptation. We studied the effect of transiently disrupting the function of posterior cerebellum with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on the ability of healthy human subjects to adapt saccadic eye movements. rTMS significantly impaired the adaptation of the amplitude of saccades, without modulating saccadic amplitude or variability in baseline conditions. Moreover, increasing the intensity ...https://www.ndcn.ox.ac.uk/publications/244997
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Cancer Patients With Depression and Anxiety - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials...
Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. In addition, cancer is associated with high rates of depression and anxiety among its sufferers, and cancer patients with depression usually have worse treatment outcomes and long-term survival. Surprisingly, many cancer patients with depression do not receive treatment for their depression, perhaps because treatments for cancer-related depression are usually adapted from those used in non-cancer populations and may not be suitable for cancer patients. Moreover, cancer patients with depression are more likely to have a long latency of anti-depressant drug action, negative drug-drug interactions with cancer chemotherapies and an increased susceptibility for systemic side effects. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a new treatment modality for depression that affects the brain directly with no systemic side effects and poses no potential for drug-drug ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01701284?recr=Open&cond=%22Anxiety%22&rank=18
Utilizing Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Improve Language Function in Stroke Patients with Chronic Non-fluent...
We explore the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to improve language abilities in patients with chronic stroke ...https://www.jove.com/video/50228/utilizing-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-improve
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Used to Both Measure Cortical Excitability and Explore Methamphetamine Cue Craving - Full...
Specific Primary Aims include:. Aim # 1. The investigators explore the feasibility of using the TMS to investigate the cortical excitability and to inhibit meth cue craving in meth dependent population. The investigators anticipate that meth elevates cortical excitability measured by motor threshold, causes changes of cortical silent period, and RC. The investigators also anticipate that paired pulse measures (short-interval intracortical inhibition, short-interval intracortical facilitation and long-interval intracortical inhibition) will be different from healthy control, which are more directly linked to glutamatergic cortical facilitation and GABAergic inhibition, respectively.. Aim # 2. Given the change of the cortical excitability in meth users, the investigators will use inhibiting TMS (1 Hz) over medial prefrontal cortex to study whether TMS can be used to reduce cue craving. The investigators hypothesize that repetitive TMS reduce meth cue craving in meth dependent population compared ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01685463?recr=Open&cond=%22Methamphetamine%22&rank=10
Pain Clinical Trial - Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a
Pain clinical trial. Clinical trial for Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a Treatment for Pain in Parkinson's Disease.http://inclinicaltrials.com/pain/NCT03350464/
मनोरोग चिकित्सा transcranial magnetic stimulation at home transcranial magnetic stimulation transcranial magnetic ...
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Frontiers | Impact of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on Neuronal Functions | Neuroscience
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a noninvasive brain stimulation technique, modulates neuronal excitability by the application of a small electrical current. The low cost and ease of the technique has driven interest in potential clinical applications. However, outcomes are highly sensitive to stimulation parameters, leading to difficulty maximizing the technique's effectiveness. Although reversing the polarity of stimulation often causes opposite effects, this is not always the case. Effective clinical application will require an understanding of how tDCS works; how it modulates a neuron; how it affects the local network; and how it alters inter-network signaling. We have summarized what is known regarding the mechanisms of tDCS from sub-cellular processing to circuit level communication with a particular focus on what can be learned from the polarity specificity of the effects.https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnins.2016.00550/full
Prolonged cortical silent period after transcranial magnetic stimulation in generalized epilepsy. - Semantic Scholar
Semantic Scholar extracted view of 'Prolonged cortical silent period after transcranial magnetic stimulation in generalized epilepsy.' by Roberto M Cantellohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Prolonged-cortical-silent-period-after-transcrania-Cantello/5ce518cfddcc9486261715e1f5aed201d1ee83e6
Effect of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation TMS on Parietal and Premotor Cortex during Planning of Reaching Movements - pdf...
Effect of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation TMS on Parietal and Premotor Cortex during Planning of Reaching Movements. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.http://libros.duhnnae.com/2017/jun6/149800952918-Effect-of-Transcranial-Magnetic-Stimulation-TMS-on-Parietal-and-Premotor-Cortex-during-Planning-of-Reaching-Movements.php