*  Artificial General Intelligence: Concept, State of the Art, and Future Prospects : Journal of Artificial General Intelligence
In recent years broad community of researchers has emerged, focusing on the original ambitious goals of the AI field - the creation and study of software or hardware systems with general intelligence comparable to, and ultimately perhaps greater than, that of human beings. This paper surveys this diverse community and its progress. Approaches to defining the concept of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) are reviewed including mathematical formalisms, engineering, and biology inspired perspectives. The spectrum of designs for AGI systems includes systems with symbolic, emergentist, hybrid and universalist characteristics. Metrics for general intelligence are evaluated, with a conclusion that, although metrics for assessing the achievement of human-level AGI may be relatively straightforward (e.g. the Turing Test, or a robot that can graduate from elementary school or university), metrics for assessing partial progress remain more controversial and ...
  https://www.degruyter.com/dg/viewarticle/j$002fjagi.2014.5.issue-1$002fjagi-2014-0001$002fjagi-2014-0001.xml
*  Essentials of general intelligence: the direct path to AGI | KurzweilAI
General intelligence comprises the essential, domain-independent skills necessary for acquiring a wide range of domain-specific knowledge -- the ability to learn anything. Achieving this with artificial general intelligence (AGI) requires a highly adaptive, general-purpose system that can autonomously acquire an extremely wide range of specific knowledge and skills and can improve its own cognitive ability through self-directed learning. This chapter in the forthcoming book, Real AI: New Approaches to Artificial General Intelligence, describes the requirements and conceptual design of a prototype AGI system.
  http://www.kurzweilai.net/essentials-of-general-intelligence-the-direct-path-to-agi
*  Peer Evaluation : Characteristics and Heuristics of Human Intelligence
Abstract : n the centenary year of Turing's birth it is appropriate to explore the relationship between Computational and Human Intelligence along the path that he proposed over 60 years ago. In many way, he saw clearly what the issues were, although there were some that he missed or underestimated. We approach the problem of Human-level Computational Intelligence from two perspectives: the aspects of human cognition that we want to achieve, and those that we need to achieve for the system to work and achieve our primary goals. The first set of characteristics are useful in their own right, whilst the second vista has an even more fundamental utility as heuristics that allow us to wend a path through a mire of computability and complexity issues. This paper explores a 35 year program of research into theoretical understanding and computational modelling, with implementation of human-like language and learning capabilities based on psycholinguistic principles from the study ...
  http://www.peerevaluation.org/read/libraryID:29923
*  Human Intelligence
My journey towards understanding human intelligence began quite by accident. For much of my life, I have practiced medicine. As the Director of an large urban Emergency Department in the early 1970s, I led a team that treated over 236, 000 patients. It was there that I first learned about stress. An Emergency Department is a very stressful place to work, and a very stressful place to visit as a patient. I personally treated and cared for thousands of highly stressed patients and their families. By the end of 1978, it was clear to me that the number one factor in surviving disease and injury was stress, and that those physicians understanding stress would be the most effective in helping their patients. Knowing the power of the stressor causing the injury or illness, and the effectiveness of the patient's ability to adapt to their stressors would allow them to predict and augment the course of their patient's recovery. I realized that modern medicine was too often treating patients too late ...
  http://www.synearth.net/HumanIntelligence/
*  But it has, in addition, an even more precious quality - a consciousness of the human intelligence, the human spirit and that...
'But it has, in addition, an even more precious quality - a consciousness of the human intelligence, the human spirit and that man is a social creature.' - Norman McLaren quotes from BrainyQuote.com
  https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/norman_mclaren_283863
*  Do Standard Intelligence Tests Actually Measure Intelligence? Essay - 2196 Words
The concept of intelligence has been widely debated throughout time following the inception of the IQ test. Many theories have been proposed although no single definition of intelligence has been universally accepted with disagreement between researchers from biological and psychometric fields. The psychometric approach, which is the dominant field with respect to public attention and research, attempts to measure intelligence by means such as the Stanford-Binet or Wechsler tests. General intelligence is measured on these tests by including many different items which utilise various aspects of reasoning; for example the subject may be required to complete verbal and nonverbal items which assess spatial abilities, arithmetic and literacy (Neisser et al., 1996). The aim of this essay is to examine whether standard intelligence tests actually measure intelligence. The conventional psychometric definition of ...
  http://www.studymode.com/essays/Do-Standard-Intelligence-Tests-Actually-Measure-150312.html
*  Defining Intelligence in the Modern World: IQ Tests Become Obsolete | homeAI.info
There are means to directly test the brain and see how intelligent a person is as per the modern scientists.(Photo : Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images) Many cultures reject the integrity of IQ tests to measure one's intelligence. Apparently, people have different levels of thinking and IQ tests are not always efficient. High IQ test scores do not necessarily mean that a child or a person is intelligent more than others. However, such scores can possibly indicate that the individual who took the exam will attain academic achievement, economic success, and even better health. Like Us on Facebook Advertisement IQ test is not anymore the standard as per the study was done at the University of Warwick. The study, as reported by Science Daily, is summarized as: "Human intelligence is ...
  http://homeai.info/blog/news-stories/defining-intelligence-in-the-modern-world-iq-tests-become-obsolete/
*  Bibliography - Central Intelligence Agency
Alberts, David S, John J. Garstka, Frederick P. Stein. Network Centric Warfare: Developing and Leveraging Information Superiority. Washington DC: C4ISR Cooperative Research Program, 1999.. Allen, Charles. "Comments of the Associate Director of Central Intelligence" for Collection at a Public Seminar on Intelligence at Harvard University, spring 2000. (,http://pirp.Harvard.edu/pdf-blurb.asp?id+518,.). Andrus, Calvin, "Toward a Complex Adaptive Intelligence Community: The Wiki and the Blog." Studies in Intelligence 49, no. 3 (2005).. Armstrong, Fulton. "Ways to Make Analysis Relevant but Not Prescriptive." Studies in Intelligence 46, no. 3 (2002).. Barger, Deborah. "It Is Time to Transform, Not Reform, US Intelligence," SAIS Review of International Affairs 24, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2004).. Berkowitz, Bruce. "Intelligence for the Homeland." SAIS Review of International Affairs 24, no. 1 ...
  https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/curing-analytic-pathologies-pathways-to-improved-intelligence-analysis-1/bibliography.htm
*  Intelligence: General Intelligence - Part II
... Hopefully, having read Part I of this series, the reader has come to regard intelligence as a sort of ill
  http://mindandmuscle.net/articles/intelligence-general-intelligence-part-ii/
*  9 Intelligence Children Parents Need to Know | Health and Beauty Information
Intelligence of children is not only measured by the size of the IQ (Intelligence Quotient). Every child has the intelligence compound, the intelligence quotient (IQ) and emotional intelligence (Emotional Quotient / EQ). According to Howard Gardner, one of the professors educators and researchers from Harvard University USA, there are 9 aspects of a child's intelligence. The term that we often hear is multiple intelligences ...
  http://health-and-beauty-information.blogspot.com/2013/05/9-intelligence-children-parents-need-to.html
*  Childhood intelligence in relation to major causes of death in 68 year follow-up: prospective population study. - Department of...
Objectives To examine the association between intelligence measured in childhood and leading causes of death in men and women over the life course.Design Prospective cohort study based on a whole population of participants born in Scotland in 1936 and linked to mortality data across 68 years of follow-up.Setting Scotland.Participants 33 536 men and 32 229 women who were participants in the Scottish Mental Survey of 1947 (SMS1947) and who could be linked to cause of death data up to December 2015.Main outcome measures Cause specific mortality, including from coronary heart disease, stroke, specific cancer types, respiratory disease, digestive disease, external causes, and dementia.Results Childhood intelligence was inversely associated with all major causes of death. The age and sex adjusted hazard ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) per 1 SD (about 15 points) advantage in intelligence test score were strongest for respiratory disease (0.72, 0.70 to 0.74), ...
  https://www.psych.ox.ac.uk/publications/702989
*  Talk:Race and intelligence/Archive 19 - Wikipedia
Race and Intelligence is a controversial area of anthropology and intelligence research studying the nature, origins and consequences of racial and ethnic group differences in intelligence tests scores and other constructed measures of cognitive ability.. The research is founded upon several controversial assumptions. These include the proposition that race is concordant with a meaningful genetic category that is seperable from other factors, and that intelligence is measurable and dominated by a unitary cognitive ability as opposed to being one of several abilities, which may or may not be measurable by present psychometric tests. The validity of race and intelligence research is closely tied to the validity of the (often controversial) method of testing intelligence via IQ.. Nectar, I've removed the 'measured by' passage and qualified the preceding sentence with the word 'constructed' instead, which is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Race_and_intelligence/Archive_19
*  Researchers Find an Algorithm That Could Explain Human Intelligence - LearningSimplify
The capacity of the brain, i.e. the things it can do and how it performs have led researchers to be inspired to create an artificial intelligence model.
  https://learningsimplify.com/2016/12/03/researchers-find-algorithm-explain-human-intelligence/
*  Genetic study offers clues to how intelligence changes through life - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
Researchers at the Universities of Edinburgh and Queensland and Aberdeen have also suggested that many of the genes that affect intelligence in childhood also influence intelligence in old age, according to the study published in Nature.. Identifying genetic influences on intelligence could help us to understand the relationship between knowledge and problem solving and an individual's outcomes in life, and especially to understand why some people age better than others in terms of intelligence.. The study was conducted within The University of Edinburgh Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, part of the Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Cross-Council Programme , with funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Medical Research Council (MRC).. The researchers combined DNA ...
  https://www.healthcanal.com/genetics-birth-defects/25663-genetic-study-offers-clues-to-how-intelligence-changes-through-life.html
*  Wooing
Without my really knowing it, my brain started to wonder how all these ideas fit together when it came to the sexual behavior of us-the supposed "higher animals." And then it occurred to me. That once human intelligence began to emerge, if the genes of brighter, more cerebral men were going to be reproduced, they were going to have to show the ladies something more than their muscles. And if anyone was going to guard the tollgate on the evolutionary turnpike, it would have to be the women. And so I came to the conclusion that deep in our species' past, perhaps it was late December 1,963,000 years ago, at the dawn of human intelligence, there came a time when if a Neanderthal lass was approached by a lad in heat, she wanted to know more about him than that he was the toughest guy on the rock. The females developed a preference for males with brainpower as well as biceps. And they readily mated only with males who could figure out how to woo ...
  https://murderiseverywhere.blogspot.com/2014/09/wooing.html
*  Bully Times Two
Ever notice that bully behavior rarely happens in lone situations? The bully always seems to have a buddy (or two or three)...and for some, bully behavior seems to give them permission to suspend all moral and ethical convictions. It's sad when humans do this...you'd think human intelligence would teach us to be better...but human intelligence
  https://foreverwhy.wordpress.com/2011/06/21/bully-times-two/
*  WARP | Releases | When Machines Exceed Human Intelligence
Warp's artists create groundbreaking music, videos and cinema; Aphex Twin, Shane Meadows, Grizzly Bear, Boards of Canada, Battles, Richard Ayoade... Watch and listen here.
  http://warp.net/releases/when-machines-exceed/?o=purchase&release=ep1
*  Study Claims Human Intelligence Peaked Two To Six Millennia Ago - Slashdot
eldavojohn writes 'Professor Gerald 'Jerry' Crabtree of Stanford's Crabtree Laboratory published a paper (PDF) that has appeared in two parts in Trends in Genetics. The paper opens with a very controversial suggestion: 'I would be willing to wager that if an average citizen from Athens of 1000 BC w...
  https://science.slashdot.org/story/12/11/13/191217/study-claims-human-intelligence-peaked-two-to-six-millennia-ago?sdsrc=popbyskidbtmprev
*  Human Intelligence: Redirect
This page has been redesigned and is now located at an updated address.. Please update your bookmarks! The new address is posted below.. You will be redirected to the new page in just a few seconds.. ...
  http://www.indiana.edu/~intell/ebbinghaus.html
*  If Artificial Intelligence is Like a Cat, What Animal Are Humans? | Big Think
This is a great way of understanding the difference between artificial intelligence and genuine intelligence, i.e., human intelligence.
  http://bigthink.com/ideafeed/the-surprising-iq-of-ai
*  How modular is intelligence?, by Peter Frost - The Unz Review
That is where things stood for over a century. In recent years, however, we've begun to identify the actual genes that contribute to intelligence. These genes are very numerous, numbering perhaps in the thousands, with each one exerting only a small effect. Many act broadly on intelligence in general and may correspond to the g factor, which seems to be a widespread property of neural tissue, perhaps cortical thickness or the integrity of white matter in the brain. Other genes act more narrowly on specific mental tasks. The ability to recognize faces, for instance, seems to have no relation at all to general intelligence. You can be great at recognizing faces while being as dumb as rocks (Zhu et al., 2009).. One way to locate these genes is through genome-wide association studies. We look at the various alleles of genes whose locations are already known, typically SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms), and see whether this source of ...
  http://www.unz.com/pfrost/how-modular-is-intelligence/
*  Visual Intelligence Sharpen Your Perception, Change Your Life torrent
Books, Torrent Books, Torrent Stuff - Download Visual Intelligence Sharpen Your Perception, Change Your Life torrent, Download Visual Intelligence Sharpen Your Perception, Change Your Life torrent Full Book Torrent, Free PDF Books Download, Free Visual Intelligence Sharpen Your Perception, Change Your Life torrent Book Download, PDF Books Free Download, U Torrent Books PDF, Utorrent Books Download, Utorrent Download Books, Visual Intelligence Sharpen Your Perception, Change Your Life torrent Download Free, Visual Intelligence Sharpen Your Perception, Change Your Life torrent Ebook Download, Visual Intelligence Sharpen Your Perception, Change Your Life torrent Free Download
  http://www.downloadmaar.com/visual-intelligence-sharpen-your-perception-change-your-life-torrent/
*  New Zealand Intelligence Corps - Wikipedia
The New Zealand Intelligence Corps (NZIC) analyses information from a variety of sources and provides commanders with intelligence on such things as enemy locations, capabilities and intentions. Corps personnel also provide advice on Field Security on operations. The NZIC is one of the smallest corps in the New Zealand Army. It was formed in 1942, apparently disbanded in 1947, and reformed in 1985. It has both regular and territorial members. The NZIC school is known as the School of Military Intelligence and Security currently located in Palmerston North. The NZIC has followed the British Army Intelligence Corps tradition in the selection of dress embellishments. The NZIC motto is "Forewarned is Forearmed". Up until approximately 2008, soldiers 'corps changed' into the New Zealand Intelligence Corps mainly from the two regular battalions, 1 RNZIR and 2/1 RNZIR, where they had often had previously served in the battalions' ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_Intelligence_Corps
*  Embedded Intelligence Market size and Key Trends in terms of volume and value 2017 - 2027 - Find Market Research
Global Embedded Intelligence Market can be divided into five segments, the based on Solution, End-user Industry Application, Services, Application, and Region. The major segments in Embedded Intelligence market by solution type include: Software, Services; The major segments of Embedded Intelligence Market on the basis of the end-user industry application include: OEMs- Original Equipment Manufacturer, Semiconductor Manufactures, Enterprise Hardware Manufacturers; The major segments of Embedded Intelligence Market on the basis of the services include: Platform engineering, System integration, Protocol engineering, Application development, porting and sustenance, Testing; The major segments of Embedded Intelligence Market on the basis of the application include: Home Infotainment, In-Vehicle Infotainment, Navigation, Building Automation, Video Surveillance, Switches and Routers, Data Center Solutions, Automobile sector; The ...
  http://www.findmarketresearch.org/2018/01/embedded-intelligence-market-size-and-key-trends-in-terms-of-volume-and-value-2017-2027/