*  Sarayköy Nuclear Research and Training Center - Wikipedia
With the proton bombardment following radioisotopes are produced in three separate target rooms: Indium-111, gallium-67, ... thallium-201 on solid target material, Fluorine-18 on liquid target material, Iodine-123 on evaporated target material. These ... By producing radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals, the facility conducts research work in the fields of medicine, industry, ... radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals produced from those radioisotopes are used for the diagnosis and therapy of diseases ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarayk%C3%B6y_Nuclear_Research_and_Training_Center
*  Positron emission tomography - Wikipedia
... because bombardment with a cyclotron to prepare the radioisotope destroys any organic carrier for it. Instead, the isotope must ... The half-life of fluorine-18 is long enough that radiotracers labeled with fluorine-18 can be manufactured commercially at ... As the radioisotope undergoes positron emission decay (also known as positive beta decay), it emits a positron, an antiparticle ... PET scanning with the tracer fluorine-18 (F-18) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), called FDG-PET, is widely used in clinical oncology. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pet_scan
*  Element 117 officially named 'Tennessine' | Business Standard News
Superheavy elements, which do not occur naturally, are synthesised by exposing a radioisotope target to a beam of another ... Halogens include elements such as chlorine and fluorine. Tennessine's symbol on the Periodic Table will be Ts. The discovery of ... After six months of relentless bombardment with a calcium-48 beam, researchers had detected six atoms in which the nuclei of ...
  http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/element-117-officially-named-tennessine-116120100505_1.html
*  Fludeoxyglucose (18F) - Wikipedia
After 18F-FDG decays radioactively, however, its 2-fluorine is converted to 18O−, and after picking up a proton H+ from a ... Cyclotron production of 18F may be accomplished by bombardment of neon-20 with deuterons, but usually is done by proton ... Subsequently, a "nucleophilic synthesis" was devised with the same radioisotope. As with all radioactive 18F-labeled ... About 75% of the fluorine-18 activity remains in tissues and is eliminated with a half-life of 110 minutes, presumably by ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fludeoxyglucose_(18F)
*  Trace radioisotope - Wikipedia
Natural processes which produce trace radioisotopes include cosmic ray bombardment of stable nuclides, ordinary alpha and beta ... Isotopes of other elements: Tritium Beryllium-7 Beryllium-10 Carbon-14 Fluorine-18 Sodium-22 Sodium-24 Magnesium-28 Silicon-31 ... A trace radioisotope is a radioisotope that occurs naturally in trace amounts (i.e. extremely small). Generally speaking, trace ... Trace radioisotopes are therefore present only because they are continually produced on Earth by natural processes. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trace_radioisotope
*  Nicholas M. Smith Jr. - Wikipedia
Van Allen, James A., & Smith Jr, N. M. (1941). The absolute number of quanta from the bombardment of fluorine with protons. ... Creager, Angela N. H. (2 October 2013). Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine. University of Chicago ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_M._Smith_Jr.
*  Positron emission tomography - Wikipedia
... because bombardment with a cyclotron to prepare the radioisotope destroys any organic carrier for it. Instead, the isotope must ... The half-life of fluorine-18 is long enough that radiotracers labeled with fluorine-18 can be manufactured commercially at ... as rollout of radiopharmacies to supply radioisotopes has grown 30%/year. Because the half-life of fluorine-18 is about two ... As the radioisotope undergoes positron emission decay (also known as positive beta decay), it emits a positron, an antiparticle ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positron_emission_tomography
*  Isotopes of oxygen - Wikipedia
Fourteen radioisotopes have been characterized, with the most stable being 15O with a half-life of 122.24 s and 14O with a half ... Its parent nuclide is fluorine-14. Oxygen-15 is an isotope of oxygen, frequently used in positron emission tomography, or PET ... Oxygen-15 is synthesized through deuteron bombardment of nitrogen-14 using a cyclotron. Oxygen-15 and nitrogen-13 are produced ... "Periodic Table of Elements: F - Fluorine". EnvironmentalChemistry.com. 1995-10-22. Retrieved 2014-12-02. Rischpler, Christoph; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_oxygen
*  Gold - Wikipedia
Thirty-six radioisotopes have been synthesized ranging in atomic mass from 169 to 205. The most stable of these is 195. Au with ... Some free halogens react with gold.[35] Gold is strongly attacked by fluorine at dull-red heat[36] to form gold(III) fluoride. ... who synthesized gold from mercury in 1924 by neutron bombardment.[28] An American team, working without knowledge of Nagaoka's ... Most of gold's radioisotopes with atomic masses below 197 decay by some combination of proton emission, α decay, and β+ decay. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold
*  Nuclear chemistry - Wikipedia
18F, fluorine-18 can be made by the reaction of neon with deuterons, 20Ne reacts in a (d,4He) reaction. It is normal to use ... ³H, Tritium, the radioisotope of hydrogen, is available at very high specific activities, and compounds with this isotope in ... 11C, Carbon-11 is usually produced by cyclotron bombardment of 14N with protons. The resulting nuclear reaction is 14N(p,α)11C ... A short review of the biochemical properties of a series of key long lived radioisotopes can be read on line. 99Tc in nuclear ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_chemistry
*  نیتروژن - ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
The radioisotope 16N is the dominant radionuclide in the coolant of pressurised water reactors or boiling water reactors during ... Ammonia burns in air or oxygen, though not readily, to produce nitrogen gas; it burns in fluorine with a greenish-yellow flame ... for example in a cyclotron via proton bombardment of 16O producing 13N and an alpha particle.[31] ... Table of nuclides (Segrè chart) from carbon to fluorine (including nitrogen). Orange indicates proton emission (nuclides ...
  https://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%88%DA%98%D9%86?match=en
*  Molten salt reactor - Wikipedia
... and does not easily become radioactive under neutron bombardment. Both of these make fluorine better than chlorine, which has ... Online fuel processing can introduce risks of fuel processing accidents, which can trigger release of radio isotopes. In some ... Fluorine-Lithium-Beryllium ("FLiBe") can be used with beryllium additions to lower the redox potential and almost eliminate ... Chlorine, unlike fluorine, must be purified to isolate the heavier stable isotope, chlorine-37, thus reducing production of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molten_salt_reactor
*  Noble gas compound - Wikipedia
Krypton compounds with other than Kr-F bonds (compounds with atoms other than fluorine) have also been described. KrF 2 reacts ... compounds such as WHe2 and HgHe2 were reported to have been formed by electron bombardment, but recent research has shown that ... clathrates of radioisotopes may provide suitable formulations for experiments requiring sources of particular types of ... In 1933, Linus Pauling predicted that the heavier noble gases would be able to form compounds with fluorine and oxygen. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_gas_compound
*  Isotopes of helium - Wikipedia
All radioisotopes are short-lived, the longest-lived being 6 He with a half-life of 7002806700000000000♠806.7 milliseconds. The ... The team fired a beam of fluorine ions at a proton-rich target to produce 18 Ne , which then decayed into oxygen and two ... Extraplanetary material, such as lunar and asteroid regolith, has trace amounts of 3 He from solar wind bombardment. For helium ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_helium
*  Radioactive tracer - Wikipedia
The other main method used to synthesize radioisotopes is proton bombardment. The proton are accelerated to high energy either ... Fowler J. S. and Wolf A. P. (1982) The synthesis of carbon-11, fluorine-18 and nitrogen-13 labeled radiotracers for biomedical ... 99mTc is a very versatile radioisotope, and is the most commonly used radioisotope tracer in medicine. It is easy to produce in ... The commonly used radioisotopes have short half lives and so do not occur in nature. They are produced by nuclear reactions. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radioactive_tracer
*  99m | Article about 99m by The Free Dictionary
The radioisotope technetium-99m, with a half-life of six hours, is used in radiotherapy. Symbol: Tc; atomic no.: 43; half-life ... a silvery-grey metallic element, artificially produced by bombardment of molybdenum by deuterons: used to inhibit corrosion in ... Technetium and its compounds react with oxygen to yield the oxides Tc2O7and TcO2 and with chlorine and fluorine to yield the ... Only two of the approximately 20 radioisotopes are of practical importance: 99Tc and 99mTc, having half-lives of 2.12 × 105 ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/99m
*  Radiation damage - Wikipedia
Over the course of sustained bombardment, some of the atoms do not come to rest at lattice sites, which results in the creation ... Radioactive daughter products (radioisotopes) caused by the collision of cosmic rays with the atmosphere and other materials, ... Carbon tetrafluoride can be used as a component of the gas for high-rate detectors; the fluorine radicals produced during the ... This is a tremendous issue for pressure sensitive or constrained materials that are under constant radiation bombardment, like ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiation_damage
*  Synthesis of ¹⁸F-radiolabeled LLP2A for use in PET imaging via aryltrifluoroborate formation - UBC Library Open Collections
For electrophilic incorporation, 18O2 gas is converted to 18F2 by proton bombardment.11 Elemental fluorine is highly reactive, ... radioisotope must remain anchored to the imaging agent at all times in order to produce a clear, high resolution image. ... In addition, electrophilic fluorine is produced at low specific activity. The preferred method is nucleophilic incorporation. ... Ting, R.; Lo, J.; Adam, M. J.; Ruth, T. J.; Perrin, D. M., Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 2008, 129 (5), 349--‐358. 91 31. Ting ...
  https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0062351
*  Curium - Wikipedia
About 20 radioisotopes and 7 nuclear isomers between 233Cm and 252Cm are known for curium, and no stable isotopes. The longest ... Thus, bombardment of 248Cm with oxygen (18O), magnesium (26Mg), or calcium (48Ca) yielded certain isotopes of seaborgium (265Sg ... fluoride with molecular fluorine: 2 C m F 3 + F 2 ⟶ 2 C m F 4 {\displaystyle \mathrm {2\ CmF_{3}\ +\ F_{2}\ \longrightarrow \ 2 ... The alternative routes to 238Pu use the (n,γ) reaction of 237Np, or the deuteron bombardment of uranium, which both always ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curium
*  Antimatter bomb | Physics Forums - The Fusion of Science and Community
Would it be possible to make an antimatter bomb by using regular h-bomb and radioisotopes like those used in pet scanners? ... There is also efficiency, and an anti-matter bomb would be highly destructive... why not use kinetic or nuclear bombardment? ... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorine-18 ) so that led me to this awesome idea. ... Would it be possible to make an antimatter bomb by using regular h-bomb and radioisotopes like those used in pet scanners? ...
  https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/antimatter-bomb.392434/
*  List of elements by stability of isotopes - Wikipedia
These comprise 253 stable isotopes, and with the addition of the 33 long-lived radioisotopes with half-lives longer than 100 ... Fluorine-18, Cobalt-60, Strontium-90, Technetium-99m, Iodine-123, Iodine-124, Promethium-147, Iridium-192 etc. f For elements ... such as carbon-14 made from atmospheric nitrogen by bombardment from cosmic rays. An even number of protons or neutrons is more ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_elements_by_stability_of_isotopes
*  Nitrogen - Wikipedia
... for example in a cyclotron via proton bombardment of 16O producing 13N and an alpha particle. The radioisotope 16N is the ... Ammonia burns in air or oxygen, though not readily, to produce nitrogen gas; it burns in fluorine with a greenish-yellow flame ... Given the half-life difference, 13N is the most important nitrogen radioisotope, being relatively long-lived enough to use in ... and fluorine (57 pm). The nitride anion, N3−, is much larger at 146 pm, similar to that of the oxide (O2−: 140 pm) and fluoride ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrogen
*  Cobalt | Article about Cobalt by The Free Dictionary
The radioisotope cobalt-60, with a half-life of 5.3 years, is used in radiotherapy and as a tracer. Symbol: Co; atomic no.: 27 ... The brown fluoride CoF3 is formed by treating Co or CoCl2 powder with fluorine at 300°-400°C. Complex compounds of Co (III) are ... A radioactive isotope, cobalt-60 (with gamma ray emission 25 times that of radium), is prepared by neutron bombardment. It is ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Cobalt
*  Stable nuclide - Wikipedia
Primordially present radioisotopes are easily detected with half-lives as short as 700 million years (e.g., 235U). This is the ... such as cosmogenic nuclides produced by present bombardment of Earth by cosmic rays (for example, 14C made from nitrogen). Some ... mass number 8 Beryllium-9 Boron-10 Boron-11 Carbon-12 Carbon-13 Nitrogen-14 Nitrogen-15 Oxygen-16 Oxygen-17 Oxygen-18 Fluorine- ... Many naturally occurring radioisotopes (another 51 or so, for a total of about 339) exhibit still shorter half-lives than 68 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stable_nuclide
*  Radioactive Decay- Online Textbook Chapters - Alyvea.com
For example, F-18 is produced by proton bombardment of 18O (. 8. 18. O. +. 1. 1. p. ⟹. 9. 18. F. +. 0. 1. n. ). (. 8. 18. O. + ... Several radioisotopes have half-lives and other properties that make them useful for purposes of "dating" the origin of objects ... d) neon-19 decays into fluorine-19. Footnotes. *1 The "m" in Tc-99m stands for "metastable," indicating that this is an ... use of radioisotopes and their properties to date the formation of objects such as archeological artifacts, formerly living ...
  http://www.alyvea.com/chemistry/radioactive-decay.php