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*  Fat Outside of Arteries May Influence Onset of Coronary Artery Disease
Researchers at UC have confirmed that fat surrounding the outside of arteries in humans-particularly the left coronary artery- ... fat tissues in other parts of the body. Research has previously shown that perivascular fat tissue in humans with coronary ... that this outer fat tissue-known as perivascular fat tissue-is different from subcutaneous (beneath the skin) ... Chatterjee's team was able to replicate this inflammation in animal models. "The proximity of the perivascular fat to the ...
  http://www.uc.edu/news/NR.aspx?id=15626
*  The Rockefeller University » Paul Cohen
In obesity, this tissue is marked by inflammation and an increased accumulation of immune cells. However, other types of ... Meanwhile, subcutaneous adipose deposits around the hips and buttocks do not raise these risks and may even be protective. ... Brown adipocytes can defend body temperature by converting the chemical energy in glucose and triglycerides into heat and may ... The location and physiological role of beige adipocytes, which are also present in humans, is not yet fully defined. ...
  https://www.rockefeller.edu/our-scientists/?p=1112
*  Frontiers | Adipose Tissue Inflammation Induces B Cell Inflammation and Decreases B Cell Function in Aging | Immunology
Briefly, we cover how aging and related inflammation decrease antibody responses in mice and humans, and how obesity ... Briefly, we cover how aging and related inflammation decrease antibody responses in mice and humans, and how obesity ... Inflamm-aging, the age-related increase in low-grade chronic inflammation, may be a common link in age-related diseases. This ... The role of leptin in generating inflammation and decreased B cell responses is also discussed. We report data published by us ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2017.01003/full
*  A Man and His Botfly: What Happened When a Tropical Pest's Egg Got Into a Human Forehead
How: Larvae inside mosquitos are transmitted via bite to human flesh, where they hatch in lymphatic and subcutaneous tissues.. ... There is my body and then there is everything foreign to my body. Not so, it turns out. When it comes to the self-other ... How: Infected flies bite humans, transferring larvae onto our skin, which then travel into our bloodstream and subcutaneous ... They actually grow new nuclei.18 The host's tissue is just a pile of lumber as far as these architects are concerned. The ...
  http://nautil.us/issue/35/Boundaries/parasites-are-us
*  Release of Inflammatory Mediators by Human Adipose Tissue Is Enhanced in Obesity and Primarily by the Nonfat Cells: A Review
... adipose tissue matrix, and adipocytes from visceral and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissues of obese humans. Endocrinology. ... The relation of body fat mass and distribution to markers of chronic inflammation. International Journal of Obesity. 2001;25(10 ... Visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue volumes are cross-sectionally related to markers of inflammation and oxidative stress ... subcutaneous adipose tissue. Implication of nonadipose cells in adipose tissue. American Journal of Physiology. 2004;286(1):E8- ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2874930/
*  Fat Surrounding Coronary Artery Increases Risk of Atherosclerosis
... fat tissues in other parts of the body. Research has previously shown that perivascular fat tissue in humans with coronary ... that this outer fat tissue-known as perivascular fat tissue-is different from subcutaneous (beneath the skin) ... Chatterjee's team was able to replicate this inflammation in animal models. "The proximity of the perivascular fat to the ... Cholesterol is produced by the body (liver) and is essential for normal body functioning. ...
  http://www.medindia.net/news/fat-surrounding-coronary-artery-increases-risk-of-atherosclerosis-100453-1.htm
*  Coenurosis in humans - Wikipedia
In the muscular and subcutaneous tissues, the cyst causes disfiguring nodules that can protrude out of the body. These nodules ... A 4-year-old girl had T. multiceps in her subcutaneous tissue. She received proper treatment and made a full recovery. In all ... When the cyst occurs in the spinal cord, it can cause severe pain and inflammation, and loss of feeling in some nerves. When ... and subcutaneous tissues of infected humans. People with coenurosis do not develop a tapeworm infection because the larvae of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coenurosis_in_humans
*  JCI - Skeletal muscle inflammation and insulin resistance in obesity
IL-15 concentrations in skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue in lean and obese humans: local effects of IL-15 on ... particularly in adipose tissue (AT) (4-8). AT inflammation may contribute to whole-body insulin resistance and T2D via the ... Increased influx of fatty acids and inflammatory molecules from other tissues, particularly visceral adipose tissue, can also ... Tissue-specific overexpression of lipoprotein lipase causes tissue-specific insulin resistance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001; ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/88880
*  Body composition, resting energy expenditure and inflammatory markers: impact in users of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate...
The adipose tissue contributes to inflammation in both obese vascular and non-vascular tissues (23). Abnormal levels of fatty ... Leptin is directly related to body fat in both experimental models and in humans (20,21), and is also related to food intake ( ... Increased waist circumference is indicative of an increase in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue. HOMA-IR, although not ... Body Mass Index). National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health ...
  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?lng=en&script=sci_arttext&pid=S2359-39972017000100070
*  Inflammation, a Link between Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease
The paper discusses the methods of body fat evaluation in humans, the endocrinology and distribution of adipose tissue in the ... of fat tissue is currently the favored technique by which one can measure both the subcutaneous and visceral fat tissues. ... This paper focuses on the inflammation related to obesity and CVD. It will discuss the methods of body fat evaluation in humans ... 2. Methods of Evaluation of Body Fat in Humans. There are many methods that can be used to evaluate body fat in different ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2929614/
*  Effects of Acupuncture on Obesity and Adipokines Involved in Body Weight Control | Open Access Journals
... adipose tissue matrix, and adipocytes from visceral and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissues of obese humans. Endocrinology ... Obesity is closely associated with a chronic inflammation and a few studies have described the anti-inflammatory actions of ... The predominant type of adipose tissue commonly called "fat" is the white adipose tissue (WAT) located in subcutaneous region ... 1996) The expression of ob gene is not acutely regulated by insulin and fasting in human abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/effects-of-acupuncture-on-obesity-and-adipokines-involved-in-body-weight-control-2167-1206.1000129.php?aid=17335
*  Mycobacterium chelonae associated with tumor-like skin and oral masses in farmed Russian sturgeons (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) ...
... origin associated with a chronic granulomatous inflammation was considered as a primary diagnosis consequent to tissue injury ... presence in a stressful rearing environment and subsequent to a dystrophic calcinosis occurred in previously damaged tissues. ... characterized by abundant calcium deposits and by mild to moderate granulomatous inflammation) were observed with a significant ... In particular, an ectopic mineralization characterized by tumor-like nodules in subcutaneous tissues containing calcium ...
  https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1746-6148-10-18
*  Bancroftian elephantiasis | definition of Bancroftian elephantiasis by Medical dictionary
... marked by inflammation and obstruction of the lymphatics and hypertrophy of the skin and subcutaneous tissues, chiefly ... Hypertrophy, edema, and fibrosis of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. elephantiasis (el´əfəntī´əsis),. n a chronic disease ... Lymph - A watery substance that collects in the tissues and organs of the body and eventually drains into the bloodstream. ... Protozoa - (Plural form of protozoan) Single-celled organisms (not bacteria) of which about 30 kinds cause disease in humans. ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bancroftian+elephantiasis
*  Adipose tissue - Wikipedia
In humans, adipose tissue is located: beneath the skin (subcutaneous fat), around internal organs (visceral fat), in bone ... In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.[1] In addition ... Ectopic fat is the storage of triglycerides in tissues other than adipose tissue, that are supposed to contain only small ... Marette A (December 2003). "Molecular mechanisms of inflammation in obesity-linked insulin resistance". International Journal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adipose
*  Dermatomyositis | definition of dermatomyositis by Medical dictionary
an acute, subacute or chronic disease of humans, marked by nonsuppurative inflammation of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and ... In a healthy body, cells of immune system attack only foreign or defective cells in the body to protect it from disease. In an ... a disease of the connective tissues, characterized by pruritic or eczematous inflammation of the skin and tenderness and ... der·ma·to·myo·si·tis/ (-mi″o-si´tis) a collagen disease marked by nonsuppurative inflammation of the skin, subcutaneous tissue ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/dermatomyositis
*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acid Deficiency and High Fructose Intake in the Development of Metabolic...
A 2% increase in body weight and similar increases in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue were measured by proton magnetic ... This is most important in the more unusual insulin target tissues such as the brain, where tissue insulin sensitivity currently ... Effect of short-term carbohydrate overfeeding and long-term weight loss on liver fat in overweight humans. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. ... Simopoulos, A.P. Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation an autoimmune diseases. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 2002, 21, 495-505. [Google ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/5/8/2901/htm
*  Glossary Glossary of health
Painful infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with production and discharge of pus and dead tissue, similar to a boil ... An abnormal lump or swelling sac-like structure, filled with fluid or semi-solid cheesy material, in any body organ or tissue. ... Inflammation of the bladder or ureters, which connect the kidneys and bladder. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection. ... The causal agent of opportunistic and vaginal infections in humans; the fungus responsible for monilial.. ...
  https://www.theherbprof.com/GlossaryC.htm
*  Glossary - Wings for Life
Inflammation. A localised inflammatory response that involves a complex series of events elicited by injury or destruction of ... tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute or wall off (sequester) both the injurious agent and the injured tissue. ... Humans have 31 left-right pairs of spinal nerves. The spinal nerves are part of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). ... The parts of the brain and spinal cord composed mainly of cell bodies and dendrites. The grey matter of the spinal cord lies in ...
  http://www.wingsforlife.com/us/glossary/
*  Malign tissue | definition of Malign tissue by Medical dictionary
Malign tissue explanation free. What is Malign tissue? Meaning of Malign tissue medical term. What does Malign tissue mean? ... Looking for online definition of Malign tissue in the Medical Dictionary? ... The inflammation causes severe swelling and discoloration of skin and exposed tissues. There may be local subcutaneous ... Each type of tissue is made up of specific types of cells. Cancer can develop in just about any type of cell in the body. So ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Malign+tissue
*  From white to brown fat through the PGC-1α-dependent myokine irisin: implications for diabetes and obesity | Disease Models &...
2010). Brown adipose tissue-a new role in humans? Nat. Rev. Endocrinol. 6, 319-325. ... This effect improved the tissue metabolic profile and increased whole-body energy expenditure, making irisin a potential new ... treated subcutaneous adipocytes with either control medium or medium from cells ectopically expressing PGC-1α (Boström et al., ... Furthermore, PGC-1α is known to benefit tissues that do not have a primary metabolic function, such as the brain (Lin et al., ...
  http://dmm.biologists.org/content/5/3/293.full
*  Forkhead Transcription Factor FoxO1 in Adipose Tissue Regulates Energy Storage and Expenditure | Diabetes
Muscle mass (A), adipose tissue mass (sum of visceral and subcutaneous fats) (B), visceral fat mass (C), and subcutaneous fat ... These data indicate that FoxO1 in adipose tissues might regulate energy homeostasis through regulation of adipose tissue- ... including humans, although there may be brown fat cells dispersed among the adipocytes of white adipose tissue (WAT) (1). The ... 2H). Body weight was not different from wild-type mice (Fig. 2A). However, fed blood glucose levels of transgenic mice were ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/57/3/563
*  Resveratrol Suppresses PAI-1 Gene Expression in a Human In Vitro Model of Inflamed Adipose Tissue
In this study, we used SGBS adipocytes and a model of human adipose tissue inflammation to examine the effects of resveratrol ... and also in human obesity with higher expression levels in visceral compared to subcutaneous adipose tissue depots [17]. Thus, ... body weight, and survival [29-39]. While the resveratrol effects are intensively studied in animal models only few clinical ... high plasma PAI-1 levels are a common finding in obesity in both mice and humans [18-25]. Most importantly, the obesity-induced ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2013/793525/
*  Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number in Peripheral Blood Is Independently Associated with Visceral Fat Accumulation in Healthy Young...
... respiration was reduced in the visceral adipose tissues of obese humans compared to that in subcutaneous fat tissues [27]. ... B. L. Wajchenberg, "Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: their relation to the metabolic syndrome," Endocrine Reviews, vol ... Mitochondria synthesize the molecules essential for the body metabolism and influence metabolic homeostasis of the entire body ... "Visceral fat adipokine secretion is associated with systemic inflammation in obese humans," Diabetes, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 1010- ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ije/2014/586017/
*  Adiposopathy - Wikipedia
... between that of visceral fat tissue and other areas of subcutaneous fat tissue. However, other subcutaneous fat tissues also ... However, subcutaneous fat tissue represents the largest proportion of fat tissue in the body, and is the major source of leptin ... Inflammation is a contributing cause to metabolic disease, and the ultimate contribution of fat tissue to inflammation is ... In humans, the observation of leptin-induced hypertension is not as yet conclusive. But to the extent that leptin may increase ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adiposopathy
*  Project : USDA ARS
Feeding mice a high fat diet for several months causes inflammation in many tissues of the body, particularly fatty tissues ( ... and local inflammatory changes in intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissue depots. The inflammatory changes analyzed ... In humans, a single high-fat meal increases inflammatory proteins and white blood cells in the blood. We found that short-term ... White blood cells migrate into these tissues and release proteins that change the normal functions of these tissues, thereby ...
  https://www.ars.usda.gov/research/project/?accnNo=416979&fy=2013