*  Lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase - Wikipedia
Effects of P45014DM Inhibitors on Sterol Biosynthesis Downstream of Lanosterol." J Lipid Res. 1991, 32(6): 893-902 Vanden ... "Substrate Preferences and Catalytic Parameters Determined by Structural Characteristics of Sterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51) ... and other types of sterols in plants (Lepesheva et al.). These sterols localize to the plasma membrane of cells, where they ... "Sterol 14α-Demethylase Cytochrome P450 (CYP51), a P450 in All Biological Kingdoms." Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008. 1770(3): 467-77 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lanosterol_14_alpha-demethylase
*  Sterol 14-demethylase - Wikipedia
... lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase, and sterol 14alpha-demethylase. This enzyme participates in biosynthesis of steroids. As of ... In enzymology, a sterol 14-demethylase (EC 1.14.13.70) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction obtusifoliol + 3 O2 + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is sterol,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (14-methyl cleaving). Other names in common use ... DHR (1972). "The removal of the 32-carbon atom as formic acid in cholesterol biosynthesis". J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun.: 383- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sterol_14-demethylase
*  Frontiers | Lab to Field Assessment of the Ecotoxicological Impact of Chlorpyrifos, Isoproturon, or Tebuconazole on the...
... and TCZ blocks sterol 14α-demethylase and impedes any additional modes of action on sterol biosynthesis). Thus, no direct ... 14, 35, 70, and 105 days after treatment from the top 20 cm of the soil profile and were subsequently used for DNA extraction. ... 14, 35, 70, and 105 days after treatment) in soil exposed to each of the three studied pesticides (CHL, IPU, or TCZ) applied at ... 14, 35, 70, and 105 days after treatment). Bacterial phyla whose abundance sum of all samples was ,0.05% were grouped as " ...
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C and D, mean ± SEM HOE-positive tumor vascular area in (C) LX-14 tumors treated with vehicle (n = 5), itraconazole (ITRA, n = ... Cultures from LX-7 and LX-14 tumors were derived from preparations of single-cell suspensions grown in Media-2 plus 4.5 g/L ... NCI-H358, NCI-H1838, NCI-H596, NCI-H1975, LX-7, and LX-14 cells were suspended in respective RPMI-1640-based media. Cells were ... B, mice bearing established LX-14 tumors were treated with vehicle (n = 6), oral itraconazole 75 mg/kg twice daily (ITRA, n = 7 ...
  http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/71/21/6764
*  Characterization of a Biflaviolin Synthase CYP158A3 from
is involved in the biosynthesis of the avermectins, where it catalyzes the formation of the furan ring (Han et al. ., 2016; ... Heterologous expression and characterization of the sterol 14α-demethylase CYP51F1 from Candida albicans. Arch Biochem Biophys ... 2003). These P450 enzymes seem to play important roles in the biosynthesis of many secondary metabolites in S. avermitilis. . ... Its genome contains approximately 33 cytochrome P450 genes and they seem to play important roles in the biosynthesis of many ...
  http://www.biomolther.org/journal/view.html?uid=772&vmd=Full
*  RESEARCH BY SCHOOL<...
... and using one or more agents that selectivity target ergosterol biosynthesis enzymes,24-SMT and sterol 14-demethylase (14-SDM ... and using one or more agents that selectivity target ergosterol biosynthesis enzymes,24-SMT and sterol 14-demethylase (14-SDM ... Project Summary: Sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) is a drug target in lower eukaryotic pathogens such as Trypanosoma cruzi, which ... Project Summary: Sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) is a drug target in lower eukaryotic pathogens such as Trypanosoma cruzi, which ...
  https://home.mmc.edu/research/research-by-school/
*  Frontiers | Mildew-Omics: How Global Analyses Aid the Understanding of Life and Evolution of Powdery Mildews | Plant Science
The respective protein is the target of a class of fungicides termed DMIs (sterol demethylase inhibitors). A single amino acid ... which is a key enzyme involved in fungal sterol biosynthesis. ... ranging from one to fourteen copies, which generally correlated ... mainly caused by the accumulation of transcripts related to protein biosynthesis (e.g., encoding ribosomal proteins) at later ... as well as for protein biosynthesis. These findings corroborate those obtained from the survey of transcriptomes based on ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2016.00123/full
*  to improve the distinction with Adobe Photoshop CS2 software. | rgsinhibitor.com
Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors (SBIs). Ketoconazole (an inhibitor of sterol fourteen-alpha-demethylase, C14-DMT) and lovastatin ...
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*  Protein trafficking, ergosterol biosynthesis and membrane physics impact recombinant protein secretion in Pichia pastoris |...
Amounts of sterol (μgsterol mgDWC-1) were determined from P. pastoris X-33 pGAPZαA Fab2F5 cells treated with 0.6 μg ml-1 ... It specifically inhibits lanosterol C-14a demethylase, encoded by the yeast ERG11 gene. A fluconazole stock solution (100 μg ml ... Analysis of total sterols. Total sterol content was quantified as previously described [57]. Briefly, lyophilized cells (0.1 g ... 12934_2011_600_MOESM1_ESM.PPT Additional file 1: Sterol profiling of P. pastoris cells by GC analysis. Sterol composition ...
  https://microbialcellfactories.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2859-10-93
*  Candidiasis in Emergency Medicine Medication: Antifungals, azole, Antifungals, polyenes, Antimetabolite, Antifungals,...
Inhibits biosynthesis of ergosterol, damaging fungal cell wall membrane, which results in fungal cell death. ... Synthetic oral antifungal (broad-spectrum bistriazole) that selectively inhibits fungal cytochrome P-450 and sterol C-14 alpha- ... Aggregates of amphotericin B accumulate at sterol sites, resulting in an increase in cytoplasmic membrane permeability to ... Aggregates of amphotericin B accumulate at sterol sites, resulting in an increase in cytoplasmic membrane permeability to ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/781215-medication
*  Dr Josie Parker
Functional importance for developmental regulation of sterol biosynthesis in Acanthamoeba castellanii. Biochimica et Biophysica ... Demethylase. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79(5)-1645.. https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa14420 doi:10.1128/AEM. ... Hull, C. Parker, J. Bader, O. Weig, M. Gross, U. Warrilow, A. Kelly, D. & Kelly, S. (2012). Facultative Sterol Uptake in an ... Cools, H. Mullins, J. Fraaije, B. Parker, J. Kelly, D. Lucas, J. & Kelly, S. (2011). Impact of Recently Emerged Sterol 14 alpha ...
  http://www.swansea.ac.uk/staff/medicine/research/parkerje/
*  Viridin - Wikipedia
In the biosynthesis of viridiol by Gliocladium deliquescens, the 3β-OH reduced form of viridin, the incorporation of squalene, ... ISBN 978-0-470-74167-2. Hanson, James R.; O'Leary, Margaret A.; Wadsworth, Harry J. "Fungal cleavage of the sterol side chain ... "The biosynthesis of the steroid, viridiol, by Gliocladium deliquescens". Phytochemistry. 27 (2): 387-389. doi:10.1016/0031-9422 ... Golder, Walter S.; Watson, Thomas R. "Lanosterol derivatives as precursors in the biosynthesis of viridin. Part 1". Journal of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viridin
*  Operons | SpringerLink
Sterols and avenacins are both synthesized from the mevalonate pathway [124]. While the genes for sterol synthesis are ... Gierl A, Frey M (2001) Evolution of benzoxazinone biosynthesis and indole production in maize. Planta 213:493-498PubMedCrossRef ... Investigation of triterpene biosynthesis in plants has led to the discovery of two other examples of operon-like metabolic gene ... Ehrlich KC, Yu J, Cotty PJ (2005) Aflatoxin biosynthesis gene clusters and flanking regions. J Appl Microbiol 99:518-527PubMed ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00018-009-0114-3
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The compounding decrease in ergosterol biosynthesis and accumulation of 14ф-methyl resolutions disrupt the relatively ... The azoles are antifungal activities that contain Cheap Sildenafil Citrate 100mg Columbia 14ф-sterol demethylase. ... Coenzymes of 14 ф-Sterol Demethylase Imidazoles and Triazoles Synoptic nonfat Cheap Sildenafil Citrate 100mg Columbia target in ... ambient pathway is 14ф-sterol demethylase, a microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme that includes lanosterol to ergos- terol. ...
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*  Functionalized Derivatives of Benzo-Crown Ethers. Part 4. Antifungal Macrocyclic Supramolecular Complexes of Transition Metal ...
demethylase, a metallo-enzyme playing a key role in sterol biosynthesis in fungi, bacteria and eukariotes. ... Demethylase Ihibitors. Mihai Barboiu,1,2 Claudiu T. Supuran,3 Andrea Scozzafava,3 Cornelia Guran,4 Paula Diaconescu,4 Mihaela ... Part 4. Antifungal Macrocyclic Supramolecular Complexes of Transition Metal Ions Acting as Lanosterol-14-. α. - ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mbd/1999/802029/abs/
*  RCSB PDB - 5TZ1: Crystal structure of sterol 14-alpha demethylase (CYP51) from Candida albicans in complex with the...
... complexed with azole drugs address the molecular basis of azole-mediated inhibition of fungal sterol biosynthesis. ... Structural analyses of Candida albicans sterol 14 alpha-demethylase ... Sterol 14-alpha demethylase A, B 490 Candida albicans EC#: 1.14.13.70 IUBMB Mutation: A48P, S263L Gene Name(s): ERG11 CYP51 ... Crystal structure of sterol 14-alpha demethylase (CYP51) from Candida albicans in complex with the tetrazole-based antifungal ...
  http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/explore/explore.do?structureId=5TZ1
*  Comparison of Genes Encoding Enzymes of Sterol Biosynthesis from Plants to Orthologs in Yeast | OMICS International
Squalene is the first intermediate unique to sterol biosynthesis. Eleven, twelve and fourteen enzymes are involved in the ... Podust LM, Poulos TL, Waterman MR (2001) Crystal structure of cytochrome P450 14a-sterol demethylase (CYP51) from Mycobacterium ... sterol methyl oxidase; SMT: sterol methyltransferase; ST14R: sterol Δ14 reductase; ST24R: sterol Δ24 reductase; ST7R: sterol Δ7 ... sterol; SMO: Sterol Methyl Oxidase; SMT: Sterol Methyltransferase; ST14R: sterol Δ14 reductase; ST24R: sterol Δ24 reductase; ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/comparison-of-genes-encoding-enzymes-of-sterol-biosynthesis-fromplants-to-orthologs-in-yeast-2375-4338-1000160.php?aid=67583
*  Identification of two novel powdery mildew resistance loci, Ren6 and Ren7, from the wild Chinese grape species Vitis piasezkii ...
To further saturate and refine the region for chromosome 9 and for chromosome 19, fourteen new SSR markers were developed (PN9 ... In a very few cases, minor amounts of conidiophore formation was observed on some Ren6 −/Ren7 + leaves at 14 dpi in the in ... 14] demonstrated that the Run1 and Run2.1 loci, which originated from different breeding lines of M. rotundifolia, show clear ... Délye C, Laigret F, Corio-Costet M-F. A mutation in the 14 alpha-demethylase gene of Uncinula necator that correlates with ...
  https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12870-016-0855-8
*  Ketoconazole - Wikipedia
Experimentally, resistance usually arises as a result of mutations in the sterol biosynthesis pathway. Defects in the sterol 5- ... This enzyme participates in the sterol biosynthesis pathway that leads from lanosterol to ergosterol. Lower doses of ... As azole antifungals all act at the same point in the sterol pathway, resistant isolates are normally cross-resistant to all ... While ketoconazole blocks the synthesis of the sterol ergosterol in fungi, in humans, at high dosages (>800 mg/day), it ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketoconazole
*  The genome of the basal agaricomycete Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous provides insights into the organization of its acetyl-CoA...
The sterol biosynthesis pathway to ergosterol, the major sterol in Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous . Numbers indicate the ... This is not the case for sterol and carotenoid biosynthesis in the genome of X. dendrorhous and is in contrast to carotenogenic ... Ergosterol is the dominating sterol especially in higher fungi [21]. Its biosynthesis pathways is established in Figure 3 ... Genes of the sterol biosynthesis pathway leading to ergosterol in Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous ...
  https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-015-1380-0
*  Structure-activity relationship study for fungicidal activity of 1-(4-phenoxymethyl-2-phenyl-[1,3]dioxolan-2-ylmethyl)-1H-1,2,4...
Plant sterols and the membrane environment. Trends in Plant Science 3 (5): 170-175. ... Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel azole derivatives as selective potent inhibitors of brassinosteroid biosynthesis. ... Asymmetric synthesis and effect of absolute stereochemistry of YCZ-2013, a brassinosteroid biosynthesis inhibitor. Bioorganic ... Synthesis of novel brassinosteroid biosynthesis inhibitors based on the ketoconazole scaffold. Bioorganic and Medicinal ...
  http://agro.icm.edu.pl/agro/element/bwmeta1.element.agro-0891cb1a-fff8-46da-9751-001b61db5854
*  EMERGING FUNGAL PATHOGENS - A MAJOR THREAT TO HUMAN LIFE | INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES AND RESEARCH
Sanati H, Belanger P, Fratti R and Ghannoum M: A new triazole, voriconazole (UK-109,496), blocks sterol biosynthesis in Candida ... Inhibiting the lanosterol-14alpha-demethylase. Dermatophytes, yeasts, Moulds, dimorphic fungi. Not present. 600-800mg. Oral 70 ... One research the study for turmeric discovered that turmeric is successful against fourteen strains of candida 124. Curcumin ... responsible for sterol/isoprenoid biosynthesis; 2. exocyst complex component SEC3 (3A58) where Rho- and phosphoinositide- ...
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1): (i) inhibition of ergosterol biosynthesis (azole derivatives and allylamines) and alteration of membrane function through ... demethylase, a protein encoded by ERG11, causing an creation ergosterol depletion and accumulation of 14-?-methyl-3,6-diol, a ... toxic sterol produced by the ?-5,6-desaturase encoded by ERG3 ( 5 Shapiro RS Robbins N Cowen LE. Regulatory circuitry governing ... responsible for the first step of the biosynthesis of ergosterol. However, these inhibitors have a poor efficacy, being ...
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1966) Effect of a new inhibitor of cholesterol biosynthesis (AY 9944) on serum and tissue sterols in the rat. J Lipid Res 7:116 ... α-demethylase; DHCR24, 24-dehydrocholesterol reductase; DHCR14, sterol delta(14)-reductase; SC5D, sterol-C5-desaturase; DHCR7, ... 1998) Regulation of rat hepatic cytochrome P450 expression by sterol biosynthesis inhibition: inhibitors of squalene synthase ... Squalene synthase catalyzes the first committed step in sterol biosynthesis whereby the branch-point isoprenoid farnesyl ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/355/3/429