*  the RED QUEEN HYPOTHESIS | spectre footnotes
Early on, evolution branched into two distinct paths: independent organisms-those that exist… ... Which implies: Constant evolution is necessary just to stay competitive. If your rate of evolution falls behind your ... It was found by the evolutionary biologist Leigh Van Valen via extensive analysis of marine biological record. In short, it ... Your evolution must be relative to the evolution of your competitor. If they zig, you must zag (if not, you die). ...
  https://spectregroup.wordpress.com/2010/09/24/the-red-queen-hypothesis/
*  Evolutionary catastrophes, punctuated equilibria and gradualism in ecosystem evolution | Proceedings of the Royal Society of...
Your Name) thought you would like to see the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences web site. ... Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. ... Evolutionary catastrophes, punctuated equilibria and gradualism in ecosystem evolution Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you ... Evolutionary catastrophes, punctuated equilibria and gradualism in ecosystem evolution. D. A. Rand, H. B. Wilson ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/253/1337/137
*  Principles of Social Evolution - Oxford Scholarship
Ranging from the evolution of cells to the evolution of social insects, and drawing examples from the latest studies of ... The process common to them all is social evolution. Each occurs only if natural selection favours one unit joining with another ... By demonstrating how deeply the major transitions resemble one another, it places social evolution at the heart of the history ... This book presents a fresh synthesis of the principles of social evolution that underlie the major transitions, and explains ...
  http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.001.0001/acprof-9780199231157
*  Star Larvae: The Extended Evolutionary Synthesis - a moderate step in the right direction
... biological, philosophical and social science perspectives".. A discontent among those working in the evolution biz is brewing ... Evolution of species in ecologies. Development of cell types in organisms Conservation of DNA Much less genomic variability ... 5) Unlike the Modern Synthesis, which assumes a gene-centric perspective; i.e., evolution is about changes in gene frequencies ... Evolution as Development and the Demise of Darwin's Natural Selection Theory. The inhumanities of the Holocaust swept from ...
  http://starlarvae.blogspot.com/2016/10/the-extended-evolutionary-synthesis.html
*  Biological Evolution | Paul B Hartzog
Biological Evolution. NY Times on Martin Nowak: Cooperation is third fundamental element of evolution. By Howard Rheingold, 10 ... Nowak has argued that cooperation is one of the three basic principles of evolution. The other two are mutation and selection. ... While cooperation may be central to evolution, however, it poses questions that are not easy to answer. How can competing ... "We see this principle everywhere in evolution where interesting things are happening," Dr. Nowak said. ...
  http://cooperationcommons.com/taxonomy/term/4
*  Science of Evolution: Biological Evolution
Biological Evolution Scientific theories of evolution seek to explain the mechanisms of the observable FACT of biological ... Labels: biological evolution, Dawkins, Dobzhansky, Ernst Mayr, fallacies of logic, fossil record, Gould, macroevolution, ... Since the advent of modern molecular genetics, biological evolution has come to be understood as a change in genotype - a ... The fact of biological evolution is the only route to understanding life on this planet. ...
  http://science-evolution.blogspot.com/2007/11/biological-evolution.html
*  Evolution - A-Z - Antagonistic coevolution
Antagonisms are thought to be the biological factor most likely to cause extinction. ... the fossil record shows that the thickness of the shells increases in response to the evolution of more sophisticated predators ...
  http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/ridley/a-z/Antagonistic_coevolution.asp
*  Star Larvae: How Do Phenotypes Get To Be How They Get To Be? (or) Is Natural Selection Biology's Phlogiston?
Evolution as Development and the Demise of Darwin's Natural Selection Theory. The inhumanities of the Holocaust swept from ... We notice the scent of biological phlogiston. Phenotypes get to be how they get to be by some other means. ... This must be so, if evolution is to occur among the simulated creatures. But nature has no criteria by which to select winners ... Culture as Phenotype and Evolution's Crystal Ball. The issues are in the tissues. A massage therapist once shared with me that ...
  http://starlarvae.blogspot.com/2012/04/how-do-phenotypes-get-to-be-how-they.html
*  Biological evolution - Conservapedia
Biological evolution is "a process that results in heritable changes in a population spread over many generations." [1] ... Retrieved from "http://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=Biological_evolution&oldid=934563" ...
  http://www.conservapedia.com/Biological_evolution
*  Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution | SpringerLink
Volkenstein M.V. (1991) Physical Approaches to Biological Evolution. In: Peliti L. (eds) Biologically Inspired Physics. NATO ... J. Wicken, Evolution, Thermodynamics and Information. Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., Oxford, 1987.Google Scholar ... M. Kimura, The Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution. Cambridge Univ. Press, London, N. Y., Melbourne, Sidney, 1983.CrossRef ... C. Anfinsen, The Molecular Basis of Evolution. John Wiley and Sons, N. Y. 1959.Google Scholar ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-9483-0_28
*  View source for Biological evolution - Conservapedia
... www.talkorigins.org/faqs/evolution-definition.html][[Microevolution]] occurs in terms of biological evolution, but [[ ... Biological evolution''' is "a process that results in [[heritable]] changes in a [[population]] spread over many [[generations ... View source for Biological evolution. ← Biological evolution. Jump to: navigation, search You do not have permission to edit ...
  http://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=Biological_evolution&action=edit
*  Effect of psychological bias separates cultural from biological evolution | PNAS
Effect of psychological bias separates cultural from biological evolution Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Effect of psychological bias separates cultural from biological evolution. Nicolas Claidière, Simon Kirby and Dan Sperber ... 1) essentially implemented a search algorithm to find pleasing tunes, albeit one with key similarities to biological evolution ... 2012) Evolution of music by public choice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109(30):12081-12086. ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/109/51/E3526
*  Dissipative Structures and Biological Evolution
... Brändas, Erkki J. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and ... Biological evolution, Gödel's theorem, teleonomic processes, coherence and decoherence National Category Natural Sciences ...
  http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:685028
*  Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories - Wikipedia
Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories was a five-day conference held in March 2009 by the Pontifical Gregorian University in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_Evolution:_Facts_and_Theories
*  CERI: Editorial: The Biological Evolution of Energy Systems
The Biological Evolution. of Energy Systems. by Steven Wm. Fowkes. One of the thermodynamic laws of the universe is that closed ... Early in evolution, life forms developed the means to use chemicals to trap the energy needed to support life. Just as ... ed-evol.htm, editorial on evolution of energy systems -> ... light energy to power biological reactions. The development of ... Through biological photosynthesis, the primitive reducing atmosphere (hydrogen-rich, electron-rich) was gradually converted ...
  http://ceri.com/ed-evol.htm
*  Model explains rapid transition toward division of labor in biological evolution | EurekAlert! Science News
Model explains rapid transition toward division of labor in biological evolution. PLOS ... Biological organisms are highly complex and are comprised of many different parts that function together to ensure the survival ... It is the first model to show the evolution of complete germ-soma differentiation, where one part of the colony's cells (germ) ... In the model, the division of labor occurs through the evolution of the ability to develop in a variety of ways (developmental ...
  https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-06/plos-mer060810.php
*  2 The Evidence for Biological Evolution | Science, Evolution, and Creationism | The National Academies Press
Read chapter 2 The Evidence for Biological Evolution: How did life evolve on Earth? The answer to this question can help us ... C h a p t e r t w o the evidence for biological evolution Many areas of science have produced support for biological evolution ... Biological evolution thus explains why other organisms can be studied to understand biological processes critical to human life ... Science, Evolution, and Creationism (2008) Chapter: 2 The Evidence for Biological Evolution. ...
  https://www.nap.edu/read/11876/chapter/3
*  Life | Free Full-Text | Horizontal Gene Transfer among Bacteria and Its Role in Biological Evolution | HTML
... the identification of its functions and the molecular mechanisms of its evolution. Particular attention is thereby given to ... We assume that in the long past of biological evolution, the evolution gene activities of variation generators and of ... Many genes serve the individual life, while the evolution genes principally serve for the biological evolution of the ... In this self-organized biological evolution nature uses, besides the activities of evolution genes, a number of already ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2075-1729/4/2/217/htm
*  The Fallacy of Biological Evolution vs. the Divine Miracles of Life and Creation by Lewis J. Marcon | LibraryThing
All about The Fallacy of Biological Evolution vs. the Divine Miracles of Life and Creation by Lewis J. Marcon. LibraryThing is ... The Fallacy of Biological Evolution vs. the Divine Miracles of Life and…. by Lewis J. Marcon. ...
  http://www.librarything.com/work/5701964
*  Lignin, land plants, and fungi: Biological evolution affecting Phanerozoic oxygen balance | Geology
Lignin, land plants, and fungi: Biological evolution affecting Phanerozoic oxygen balance Message Subject (Your Name) has sent ... Lignin, land plants, and fungi: Biological evolution affecting Phanerozoic oxygen balance. Jennifer M. Robinson ...
  http://geology.geoscienceworld.org/content/18/7/607
*  9780763728892: Teaching Biological Evolution in Higher Education: Methodological, Religious, and Nonreligious Issues ...
Biological Science (Jones and Bartlett)) (9780763728892) by Brian J. Alters and a great selection of similar New, Used and ... Teaching Biological Evolution in Higher Education: Methodological, Religious, and Nonreligious Issues ( ... Teaching Biological Evolution in Higher Education: Methodological, Religious, and Nonreligious Issues (Biological Science ( ... Teaching Biological Evolution in Higher Education: Methodological, Religious, and Nonreligious Issues (Biological Science ( ...
  https://www.abebooks.com/9780763728892/Teaching-Biological-Evolution-Higher-Education-0763728896/plp
*  15 PDF - Mitch Emery, A closed-loop self-organizing system for cosmological and biological evolution - Physics Essays...
A closed-loop self-organizing system for cosmological and biological evolution. Mitch Emery 1 ... Yet the principles involved seem to explain biological evolution better than those of present-day theories. In this setting, ... 15 PDF - Mitch Emery, A closed-loop self-organizing system for cosmological and biological evolution ... along with other questions about biological evolution. The proposed cosmological model is based on exploratory ideas, and so it ...
  http://physicsessays.org/browse-journal-2/product/324-15-pdf-mitch-emery-a-closed-loop-self-organizing-system-for-cosmological-and-biological-evolution.html
*  KAKEN - Research Projects | Development of a parallel stochastic method with learning for large-scale optimization based on...
Development of a parallel stochastic method with learning for large-scale optimization based on biological evolution. Research ... The project has studied the development of a new parallel stochastic method based on biological mechanism and applied to VLSI ...
  https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-07650456/
*  A View from the Year 3000 - WikiIslam
Theory of biological evolution by natural selection 26 John J. Maxwell (2076-2163) Builder of the first space colony ...
  http://www.wikiislam.net/wiki/A_View_from_the_Year_3000
*  Reaction diffusion equation with non-local term arises as a mean field limit of the master equation
H. G. Othmer, S. R. Dumber and W. Alt, Models of dispersal in biological systems,, J. Math. Biol., 26 (1988), 263. doi: 10.1007 ... Evolution Equations & Control Theory, 2012, 1 (1) : 43-56. doi: 10.3934/eect.2012.1.43 ... H. G. Othmer, S. R. Dumber and W. Alt, Models of dispersal in biological systems,, J. Math. Biol., 26 (1988), 263. doi: 10.1007 ...
  http://aimsciences.org/article/doi/10.3934/dcdss.2012.5.115