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*  Eye - Wikipedia
Complex eyes can distinguish shapes and colours. The visual fields of many organisms, especially predators, involve large areas ... of binocular vision to improve depth perception. In other organisms, eyes are located so as to maximise the field of view, such ... Visual acuity, or resolving power, is "the ability to distinguish fine detail" and is the property of cone cells. It is often ... Bruce, Vicki; Green, Patrick R.; Georgeson, Mark A. (1996). Visual Perception: Physiology, Psychology and Ecology. Psychology ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye
*  Psychoanatomical substrates of Bálint's syndrome | Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Results: The syndrome affects visual perception (causing simultanagnosia/visual disorientation) and visual control of eye and ... The cerebellum, with its multiple visual and motor connections,53,54 may support neural mechanisms that distinguish between ... Damasio AR, Tranel D, Rizzo M. Disorders of complex visual processing. In: Mesulam MM, ed. Principles of behavioral and ... Previous studies have found that impairments of binocular depth perception (stereopsis) are not sufficient to account for ...
  http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/72/2/162
*  Sensation and Perception by Leo Ham on Prezi
Deafness- the inability to hear Depth Perception Involves interpretation of visual cues that indicate how near or far away ... Binocular/monocular depth cues. -retinal disparity. -pictorial depth cues A readiness to perceive a stimulus in a particular ... feature detectors: neurons that respond selectively to very specific features of more complex stimuli Ernst Weber - founder of ... colorblindness: a variety of deficiencies in the ability to distinguish among colors. Hearing:. ...
  https://prezi.com/y7s7imq5you7/sensation-and-perception/
*  Day vision | Article about day vision by The Free Dictionary
One may distinguish monocular and binocular vision. In monocular vision, one eye functions; in binocular vision, the visual ... Complex visual acts, such as form recognition, movement perception, and reading, are believed to depend on widespread cortical ... Humans normally have binocular vision, i.e., separate images of the visual field are formed by each eye; the two images fuse to ... visual defect resulting in the inability to distinguish colors. About 8% of men and 0.5% of women experience some difficulty in ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/day+vision
*  Eyes | Children's Education Materials
This is called binocular vision. Through binocular vision, images are formed on the retina of each eye. These images are ... The portion of the brain that processes visual input and interprets the messages that the eye sends is called the visual cortex ... This ability to sense distance is called depth perception.. Our vision is a fine-tuned process. All the parts of the eye - and ... Each eye has about 120 million rods that help us see in dim light and detect shades of gray, but they cannot distinguish colors ...
  https://www.childrensmn.org/educationmaterials/teens/article/9491/eyes/
*  Integral Options Cafe: Mark P Mattson - Superior Pattern Processing Is the Essence of the Evolved Human Brain
... visual system selected for during this transition were forward-positioned eyes to allow binocular vision and depth perception, ... creativity and complex behaviors. The ability to distinguish reality from fantasy is one example where education is lacking ... Language is a complex behavior in which auditory and/or visual patterns learned from other individuals or perceived in the ... visual working memory (hippocampus), and programs of complex behaviors, decision-making and planning for the future (frontal ...
  http://integral-options.blogspot.com/2014/09/mark-p-mattson-superior-pattern.html
*  Enhanced Motion Perception as a Psychophysical Marker for Autism? | Journal of Neuroscience
2009) Enhanced visual motion perception in major depressive disorder. J Neurosci 29:9072-9077, doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1003- ... 2013) Normal binocular rivalry in autism: implications for the excitation/inhibition imbalance hypothesis. Vision Res 77:59-66 ... The authors used two tasks, one low and one high contrast, to distinguish spatial suppression and summation effects. Yet, ... and a unifying biophysical explanation of complex phenomena such as IQ and autism seems ambitious at this stage, that these ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/33/37/14631.full
*  Visual system - Wikipedia
Newborn infants have limited color perception. One study found that 74% of newborns can distinguish red, 36% green, 25% yellow ... "The Role of Visual Cortex for Binocular Interactions in the Cat Lateral Geniculate Nucleus." The Role of Visual Cortex for ... The visual system carries out a number of complex tasks, including the reception of light and the formation of monocular ... Prosopagnosia Scotopic sensitivity syndrome Recovery from blindness Visual agnosia Visual modularity Visual perception Visual ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_system
*  Peripheral Head-Mounted Display (PHMD) - Wikipedia
Research showes that designing an optimal visual output for Head-Mounted Displays is a complex issue, since there are several ... A Peripheral Head-Mounted Display (PHMD) describes a visual display (monocular or binocular) mounted to the user's head that is ... In this article Human Factors for visual perception are being summarized, which are important to be taken into consideration ... but the brain is not able to distinguish between those. This phenomenon is also known as the inability for visual separation. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peripheral_Head-Mounted_Display_(PHMD)
*  Toward a Unified Theory of Visual Area V4
Responses of primary visual cortical neurons to binocular disparity without depth perception. Nature. 1997;389:280-283. [PubMed ... The summaries presented here suggest that V4 plays a role in the representation of a complex array of visual stimulus features ... to distinguish an object from its background, a differential process is required (cf. Zhou et al., 2000). As previously ... Binocular Matching To calculate binocular disparity, how does the visual system find the appropriate matching between left and ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4912377/
*  Frontiers | Object Localization Does Not Imply Awareness of Object Category at the Break of Continuous Flash Suppression |...
... suppresses conscious perception of a test stimulus, presented to the other eye, until the suppressed stimulus comes to ... suppresses conscious perception of a test stimulus, presented to the other eye, until the suppressed stimulus comes to ... This finding is plausible, given findings that upright faces are efficiently found in complex visual scenes (Hershler and ... Tong, F., Nakayama, K., Vaughan, J. T., and Kanwisher, N. (1998). Binocular rivalry and visual awareness in human extrastriate ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2017.00312/full
*  Ambiguous image - Wikipedia
Escher Monocular rivalry Multistable perception My Wife and My Mother-in-Law Optical illusion Salvador Dalí Visual perception ... This allows the visual system to identify the edges of a complex image by identifying points where lines cross. For example, ... The texture can provide information that helps to distinguish whole objects, and the changing texture in an image reveals which ... Amy Krouse Rosenthal Binocular rivalry Cognitive neuroscience M.C. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambiguous_image
*  Stereoscopic Vision in the Absence of the Lateral Occipital Cortex
Perception. 1998;27:1367-1377. [PubMed]. 14. Cumming BG, Parker AJ. Responses of primary visual cortical neurons to binocular ... In a complex scene, one can distinguish many different sorts of relative disparity [2]: e.g. relative disparity within a ... Monocular and binocular distance cues: insights from visual form agnosia I (of III). Exp Brain Res. 2001;139:127-136. [PubMed] ... Topographical representation of binocular depth in the human visual cortex using fMRI. J Vis. 2007;7:15 11-14. [PubMed] ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2935377/
*  On designing a visual system (Sloman)
A simple example is perception of a hole or doorway capable of being used as a way in to an object or room. A more complex case ... It is as if the frequent need to distinguish certain classes of individuals somehow causes the visual system to enrich its ... so little in common with ordinary optic arrays that the slow processes they require for binocular fusion and depth perception ... Figure 4: Is the perception of happiness or sadness in a face visual, or is it a post-visual inference? Do the eyes in the two ...
  https://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/Aaron.Sloman_vision.design.html
*  Frontiers | Regarding Reality: Some Consequences of Two Incapacities | Psychology
My perception of the visual world is phenomenally fused or "cyclopean" despite having two disparate physical sources. Moreover ... In human vision, for instance, the binocular visual field is synthesized (by a set of sophisticated stereopsis algorithms) from ... I believe that this concern dissipates with the observation that a complex system may possess multiscale intrinsic dynamics ( ... Unfortunately, even a confirmed miracle still leaves us with the need to distinguish among several possibilities. The miracle ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00044/full
*  Electrical Stimulation of Human Fusiform Face-Selective Regions Distorts Face Perception | Journal of Neuroscience
1998) Binocular rivalry and visual awareness in human extrastriate cortex. Neuron 21:753-759. ... 1999) Differential processing of objects under various viewing conditions in the human lateral occipital complex. Neuron 24:187 ... 2003) Transient inability to distinguish between faces: electrophysiologic studies. J Clin Neurophysiol 20:102-110. ... EBS and distortion of conscious visual face perception. Multimedia material online (Movie 1) shows the video of the EBS ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/32/43/14915.full
*  Stereopsis - Wikipedia
Disparities are processed in the visual cortex of the brain to yield depth perception. While binocular disparities are ... It has also been suggested to distinguish between two different types of stereoscopic depth perception: static depth perception ... In 1939 the concept of the prism stereoscope was reworked into the technologically more complex View-Master, which remains in ... or static stereo perception) and motion-in-depth perception (or stereo motion perception). Some individuals who have strabismus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stereopsis
*  Auditory and visual scene analysis | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
They propose that auditory input to the primary visual cortex could activate visual predictive codes to facilitate perception. ... They stress the importance of the contributions of bottom-up visual analysis to the representation of complex scenes. Such ... and also to imagine visual and auditory scenes and distinguish them from 'real' scenes. ... Binocular rivalry occurs when different images are presented to each eye; the percept tends to switch irregularly from the ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/372/1714/20160099
*  Volume Three | The Tattoo Article Library | Tattoo Concierge
THE VISUAL PERCEPTION OF 3D SHAPES patterns of optical stimulation. A fundamental problem for the visual perception of 3D shape ... They establish a more complex perception organized through proximity, similarity, symmetry and good continuity, building on ... These factors distinguish two kinds of mental images. One is associated with sensory stimulus and operating from a retinal ... These include apparent motion sequences with three or more distinct views [6] and binocular displays with both horizontal and ...
  https://www.tattooconcierge.com/the-guide/tattoo-article-library-volume-three/
*  Color constancy - Wikipedia
... actual human color perception has been shown to be more complex. Chromatic adaptation Shadow and highlight enhancement ... If spatial comparisons occur later in the visual system such as in cortical area V4, the brain would be able to perceive both ... Color vision is a process by which organisms and machines are able to distinguish objects based on the different wavelengths of ... the void color appears different than when perceived in a binocular fashion. This means that color judgements, as they relate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_constancy
*  Consciousness - Wikipedia
... responsive neurons in parts of the temporal lobe reflect the visual perception in the situation when conflicting visual images ... complex imagery; elementary imagery; audio-visual synesthesia; and changed meaning of percepts. Phenomenology is a method of ... Another approach applies specifically to the study of self-awareness, that is, the ability to distinguish oneself from others. ... are presented to different eyes (i.e., bistable percepts during binocular rivalry). Modulation of neural responses may ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consciousness
*  Color vision - Wikipedia
... color perception systems, which distinguish blue, green, and yellow-but cannot distinguish oranges and reds. There is some ... a complex process that starts with the differential output of these cells in the retina and it will be finalized in the visual ... But such impossible colors can be perceived due to binocular rivalry.) A range of wavelengths of light stimulates each of these ... In this sense, color is not a property of electromagnetic radiation, but a feature of visual perception by an observer. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_vision
*  Hans Wallach - Wikipedia
Two kinds of adaptation in the constancy of visual direction and their different effects on the perception of shape and visual ... This difference (known as binocular disparity) is the fundamental cue underlying stereoscopic depth perception . The importance ... If a slanted line moves behind such an aperture, the physical stimulus presented to the eyes will not distinguish whether the ... highly simplified experimental setup does not deal with three-dimensional spatial arrangements nor with complex visual fields ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Wallach
*  CSAIL Publications
... the role of prior knowledge and expectation in object perception, and the developmental changes in object perception skills ... The human visual system is adept at detecting and encoding statistical regularities in its spatio-temporal environment. Here we ... I show that an average cell neighborhood of 15 is sufficient to reliably self-assemble complex shapes and geometric patterns on ... Under normal viewing conditions, humans find it easy to distinguish between objects made out of different materials such as ...
  http://publications.csail.mit.edu/ai/browse/2001browse.shtml
*  natural connections: January 2014
We also can move our eyes within our sockets, and use binocular vision to aid in depth perception, something that many birds ... I'll leave the visual bonanza to the flock of chickadees chattering overhead. Instead, I'll appreciate the subtle beauty of ... The trees themselves revealed complex mosaics of browns and grays. Thin stripes of orange, even, lay in the bottom of the deep ... This means that the animals see wavelengths beyond those of a typical human being's eyesight, and may be able to distinguish ...
  http://cablemuseumnaturalconnections.blogspot.com/2014/01/