*  Bile acid-induced necrosis in primary human hepatocytes and in patients with obstructive cholestasis (Journal Article) |...
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AMINOTRANSFERASES; APOPTOSIS; BILE; BILIARY TRACT; CHOLIC ACID; CONCENTRATION RATIO; GLYCINE; HUMAN ... Accumulation of bile acids is a major mediator of cholestatic liver injury. Recent studies indicate bile acid composition ... while biliary levels decreased, implicating infarction of the biliary tracts. To assess bile acid-induced toxicity in man, ... This was recapitulated by treatment with biliary bile acid concentrations, but not serum concentrations. Marked elevations in ...
  https://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22465712
*  Compassionate Treatment of Patients With Inborn Errors of Bile Acid Metabolism With Cholic Acid - Full Text View -...
Bile Duct Diseases. Biliary Tract Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases ... Compassionate Treatment of Patients With Inborn Errors of Bile Acid Metabolism With Cholic Acid. The safety and scientific ... Cholic Acid Drug: Cholic Acids 10-15 mg/kg body weight/day taken orally. ... compassionate treatment study of cholic acid in the treatment of defects of bile acid metabolism. ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00007020?term=Brain&cond=%22Adrenomyeloneuropathy%22&rank=30
*  Intralumenal Effects on Cholesterol Absorption/Synthesis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Dietary Supplement: Bile Acids (Cholic, Ursodeoxycholic, Chenodeoxycholic) Dietary Supplement: Sphingomyelin Drug: Pluronic F- ... To assess intralumenal solubilization and absorption of biliary and dietary cholesterol.. Dietary Supplement: Bile Acids ( ... Experimental: Bile Acid To assess the role of bile acid pool size changes on cholesterol absorption, synthesis and intralumenal ... Dietary Supplement: Bile Acids (Cholic, Ursodeoxycholic, Chenodeoxycholic) 15 mg/kg/day for 18 days ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00328211?term=cholesterol&rank=15
*  Bile acid - Wikipedia
... with derivatives of cholic, chenodeoxycholic and deoxycholic acids accounting for over 90% of human biliary bile acids. Bile ... Cholic acid is converted into deoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid into lithocholic acid. All four of these bile acids ... The structures of the principal human bile acids Cholic acid Glycocholic acid Taurocholic acid Deoxycholic acid ... Bile acid synthesis occurs in liver cells which synthesize primary bile acids (cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid in humans ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile_acid
*  Medium-chain fatty acids decrease serum cholesterol via reduction of intestinal bile acid reabsorption in C57BL/6J mice,...
"Medium-chain fatty acids decrease serum cholesterol via reduction of intestinal bile acid reabsorption in C57BL/6J mice, ... Critical acids by regulating bile acid synthesis, biliary bile acid threshold; CVDs: Cardiovascular diseases; DCA: Deoxycholic ... 0 0.55 3.55 ND ND ND ND Cholic acid (CA), deoxycholic acid (DCA), chenodeoxy- cholic acid (CDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), ... The concentrations of primary bile acids (primarily CA) and secondary bile acids in faeces and secondary bile acids in bile in ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/medium-chain-fatty-acids-decrease-serum-cholesterol-via-reduction-of-E0UTApg40f
*  14.3.3 Proteins
... of the full total biliary bile acids. Unconjugated cholic acidity stayed within high concentrations in bile due to incomplete ... insufficiency who had elevated serum bile acids with just unconjugated bile acids in serum development failing coagulopathy ... from the bile acids had been secreted in bile in the conjugated type of which GCA symbolized 59.6 ± 9.3% ... deficiency due to the excessive creation of unconjugated cholic acidity and failing to conjugate principal bile acids with ...
  http://www.immune-source.com/category/14-3-3-proteins/
*  Biliary Tree and Gallstones Flashcards by Izzie Setford | Brainscape
Study Biliary Tree and Gallstones flashcards from Izzie Setford ... Cholic acid is conjugated to bile salts by the addition of an ... Biliary canaliculi to. interlobular bile ducts to. septal bile ducts to. intrahepatic ducts to. right and left hepatic ducts to ... Biliary Tree and Gallstones Flashcards Preview Year 2 - GI System , Biliary Tree and Gallstones , Flashcards ... 95% of bile salts are reabsorbed from the gut (6-8 times a day). - they are reabsorbed by the terminal ilium by active ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/biliary-tree-and-gallstones-4659760/packs/6800498
*  Medicinal Plants Qua Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Secretagogue via Intestinal Nutrient Sensors
Bile Acid Receptor. Bile acids are steroid acids responsible for biliary lipid secretion, cholesterol elimination, and ... Humans primarily synthesize cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) from the liver, and the CA and CDCA are changed ... Bile acids have been reported to bind to the farnesoid X receptor (FXR; also known as bile acid receptor, BAR) and TGR5 (also ... into various secondary bile acids such as deoxycholic acid (DCA), lithocholic acid (LCA), or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2015/171742/
*  digestive system disease - Biliary tract | Britannica.com
... is the most common disease of the biliary tract. Gallstones are of three types: stones containing primarily calcium ... Biliary tract: Cholelithiasis, or the formation of gallstones in the gallbladder, ... During pregnancy, the ratio of chenodeoxycholic acid to cholic acid in hepatic bile is reduced, thus making bile more prone to ... The ingestion of these medications increases the amount of bile acids in hepatic bile and increases the ratio of bile acids to ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/human-digestive-system-disease/Biliary-tract
*  Bile salts | definition of bile salts by Medical dictionary
... bile salts explanation free. What is bile salts? Meaning of bile salts medical term. What does bile salts mean? ... Looking for online definition of bile salts in the Medical Dictionary? ... See also bile duct, biliary.. bile acids. steroid acids derived from cholesterol; classified as primary, those synthesized in ... a mixture of sodium salts of the bile acids and cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids synthesized in the liver as a derivative of ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bile+salts
*  Bile passages | definition of bile passages by Medical dictionary
... bile passages explanation free. What is bile passages? Meaning of bile passages medical term. What does bile passages mean? ... Looking for online definition of bile passages in the Medical Dictionary? ... See also bile duct, biliary.. bile acids. steroid acids derived from cholesterol; classified as primary, those synthesized in ... bile acids steroid acids derived from cholesterol; classified as primary, those synthesized in the liver, e.g., cholic and ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bile+passages
*  Cutaneous manifestations in pregnancy: Main dermatoses - Health & Beauty Online Journal
However, the most steady diagnostic markers are characterized by an increase in total bile acid levels above 11 μmol / l, with ... increase in cholic acid and a decrease in glycine / taurine ratio below 1. Although bilirubin, transaminases, and alkaline ... Disturbed excretion of biliary salts with increasing maternal serum values is considered to be the major factor of this ... Initially, cholestyramine (anion exchange resin - bile-binding acid) was administered 4g /4 times / day in tea, juice or milk. ...
  http://e-dermatologie.md/cutaneous-manifestations-in-pregnancy-main-dermatoses/
*  Gallstone Disease Tad Kim, M.D. Connie Lee, M.D.
Bile - Bile salts (primary: cholic, chenodeoxycholic acids; secondary: deoxycholic, lithocholic acids) - Phospholipids (90% ... found in bile ducts, a/w biliary dysmotility and bacterial infection Gallstone Disease Gallstone Risk Factors ... Fatty diet DM Prolonged fasting TPN Ileal resection Hemolytic states Cirrhosis Bile duct stasis (biliary stricture, congenital ... dissolution therapy ursodeoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid • Operative: cholecystectomy • For unstable pts: percutaneous ...
  http://spotidoc.com/doc/384504/gallstone-disease-tad-kim--m.d.-connie-lee--m.d
*  What's new?: Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference
Cholic Acid: is used in the treatment of primary bile acid synthesis disorders and peroxisomal disorders, including Zellweger ... Obeticholic Acid: is a farnesoid X receptor agonist used in the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis. ... Deoxycholic acid: is used in the treatment of digestive disorders and to improve the appearance of double chin. ... Fumaric Acid: adverse effects updated.. Proprietary Preparations and Manufacturers updated for the following countries and ...
  https://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/current/whatsnew.htm
*  Sincalide (Cholecystokinin Octapeptide) Versus Placebo in Neonates at High Risk for Developing Parenteral Nutrition Associated...
Compare conjugated bilirubin levels and serum bile acid levels in severely premature newborns on long term p... ... p53-mediated regulation of bile acid disposition attenuates cholic acid-induced cholestasis in mice. ... It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct ... Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts ( ...
  https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/trial/125568/Sincalide-Cholecystokinin-Octapeptide-Versus-Placebo-in-Neonates-at-High-Risk-for-Developing.html
*  Enterohepatic circulation - Wikipedia
Hepatocytes metabolize cholesterol to cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. These lipid-soluble bile acids are conjugated ( ... The presence of biliary acids in the intestines helps in digestion of fats and other substances. Bilirubin is conjugated with ... Finally, the conjugated bile acids which remained un-ionized conjugated bile acids are passively absorbed. Venous blood from ... Bacteria deconjugate some of the primary and secondary conjugated bile salts back to lipid-soluble bile acids, which are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterohepatic_circulation
*  SeHCAT - Wikipedia
SeHCAT has been shown to be absorbed from the gut and excreted into the bile at the same rate as cholic acid, one of the major ... natural bile acids in humans. It undergoes secretion into the biliary tree, gallbladder and intestine in response to food, and ... The enterohepatic circulation of bile acids is reduced in these patients with ileal abnormalities and, as the normal bile acid ... This test has replaced 14C-labeled glycocholic acid (or taurocholic acid) breath tests and fecal bile acid measurements, which ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SeHCAT
*  salivary secretion
Cholic acid Chenodeoxycholic acid Deoxycholic acid Lithocholic acid primary (principle) bile acids BILE Cholic acid Colonic ... Bile acids is the most important component in bile for the digestion and absorption function of the biliary secretion. • 4 ... Deoxycholic acid Lithocholic acid Ursodeoxycholic acid Lithocholic acid BILEBile acids reduce surface tension. • Bile acids ... native or as bile acids) BILEBile is made up of bile acids, bile pigments, and other substances dissolved in alkaline ...
  http://slidegur.com/doc/106345/salivary-secretion
*  Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Chronic Liver Disease | OMICS International
Bile acid metabolism in patients with cirrhosis. I. Kinetic aspects of cholic acid metabolism.Gastroenterology 60: 491-498. ... Sung JY, Shaffer EA, Costerton JW (1993) Antibacterial activity of bile salts against common biliary pathogens. Effects of ... reduction in the conversion of primary bile acids to secondary bile acids is associated with an increase in the prevalence of ... As bile acids have a secondary function of inhibiting the growth of bacteria in the small intestine [68,69], the reduced bile ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-chronic-liver-disease-2161-069X.1000257.php?aid=39154
*  Pharmaceutical composition based on a hepatoprotector and a prebiotic, and production and application thereof - Dikovskiy...
Main BAs detected in human bile are cholic acid (CA) (3a, 7a, 12a-trioxy-5b-cholanic acid), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), ... Bile acid secretion, bile flow and biliary lipid secretion in humans. Hepatologi. 1990; 12; 17S; Meier P J. The bile salt ... wherein the bile acids or bile acid salts are selected from the group consisting of chenodesoxycholic acid (CDCA), desoxycholic ... due to reduced formation of endogenous micellae from bile acids in duodenal bile or to reduced secretion of bile acids ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/9446058.html
*  Cafestol, the Cholesterol-Raising Factor in Boiled Coffee, Suppresses Bile Acid Synthesis by Downregulation of Cholesterol 7α...
The main bile acids formed were cholic acid and β-muricholic acid in a ratio of approximately 20:80, which did not change after ... Effects of biliary drainage on individual reactions in the conversion of cholesterol to taurocholic acid. Eur J Biochem. 1967;2 ... Quantitation of Mass Production of Bile Acids. Mass production of bile acids by rat hepatocytes was measured by gas-liquid- ... Björkhem I. Mechanism of bile acid synthesis in mammalian liver. In: Danielsson H, Sjövall J, eds. Sterols and Bile Acids. ...
  http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/17/11/3064.full
*  Human Metabolome Database: Showing metabocard for Deoxycholic acid (HMDB0000626)
Characterization of serum and urinary bile acids in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis by gas-liquid chromatography-mass ... Endogenous ursodeoxycholic acid and cholic acid in liver disease due to cystic fibrosis. Hepatology. 2004 Jun;39(6):1673-82. [ ... Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, ... Receptor for bile acids such as chenodeoxycholic acid, lithocholic acid and deoxycholic acid. Represses the transcription of ...
  http://www.hmdb.ca/metabolites/HMDB0000626
*  Frontiers | In Silico Analysis Identifies Intestinal Transit as a Key Determinant of Systemic Bile Acid Metabolism | Physiology
Since changes of bile acid metabolism accompany obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and bariatric surgery, there is great ... Since changes of bile acid metabolism accompany obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and bariatric surgery, there is great ... Intestinal transit was found to have a surprisingly central role in plasma bile acid appearance, as was evidenced by both the ... Intestinal transit was found to have a surprisingly central role in plasma bile acid appearance, as was evidenced by both the ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2018.00631/full
*  Ursodeoxycholic acid potentiates dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor sitagliptin by enhancing glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion in...
However, chenodeoxycholic and cholic acids, which are the primary bile acids secreted from the liver, are so toxic that they ... is a unique bile acid that is widely used in the treatment of various chronic liver diseases, such as primary biliary cirrhosis ... Lastly, bile acid composition was not analyzed in either plasma or feces to confirm our hypothesis that UDCA affects bile acid ... Bile acids are a new pharmacological target of diabetic therapy. However, bile acid receptor agonists, such as Takeda G protein ...
  https://drc.bmj.com/content/6/1/e000469
*  Cholic (definition) by Webster 1913 - Everything2.com
from bile.] Physiology,Physiol. Chemistry,Chem. Pertaining to, or obtained from, the bi... ... from bile.] Physiol. Chem. Pertaining to, or obtained from, the bile.. Cholic acid Chem., a complex organic acid found as a ... Cholic (definition). See all of Cholic, no other writeups in this node. ... natural constituent of taurocholic and glycocholic acids in the bile, and extracted as a resinous substance, convertible under ...
  https://everything2.com/user/Webster+1913/writeups/Cholic