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*  Bile acid-induced necrosis in primary human hepatocytes and in patients with obstructive cholestasis (Journal Article) |...
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AMINOTRANSFERASES; APOPTOSIS; BILE; BILIARY TRACT; CHOLIC ACID; CONCENTRATION RATIO; GLYCINE; HUMAN ... Accumulation of bile acids is a major mediator of cholestatic liver injury. Recent studies indicate bile acid composition ... while biliary levels decreased, implicating infarction of the biliary tracts. To assess bile acid-induced toxicity in man, ... This was recapitulated by treatment with biliary bile acid concentrations, but not serum concentrations. Marked elevations in ...
  https://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22465712
*  Compassionate Treatment of Patients With Inborn Errors of Bile Acid Metabolism With Cholic Acid - Full Text View -...
Bile Duct Diseases. Biliary Tract Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn. Brain Diseases, ... Compassionate Treatment of Patients With Inborn Errors of Bile Acid Metabolism With Cholic Acid. The safety and scientific ... Cholic Acid Drug: Cholic Acids 10-15 mg/kg body weight/day taken orally. ... compassionate treatment study of cholic acid in the treatment of defects of bile acid metabolism. ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00007020?cond=%22x-linked+adrenoleukodystrophy%22&rank=24
*  Intralumenal Effects on Cholesterol Absorption/Synthesis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Dietary Supplement: Bile Acids (Cholic, Ursodeoxycholic, Chenodeoxycholic) Dietary Supplement: Sphingomyelin Drug: Pluronic F- ... To assess intralumenal solubilization and absorption of biliary and dietary cholesterol.. Dietary Supplement: Bile Acids ( ... Experimental: Bile Acid To assess the role of bile acid pool size changes on cholesterol absorption, synthesis and intralumenal ... Dietary Supplement: Bile Acids (Cholic, Ursodeoxycholic, Chenodeoxycholic) 15 mg/kg/day for 18 days ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00328211?term=cholesterol&rank=15
*  Bile acid - Wikipedia
... with derivatives of cholic, chenodeoxycholic and deoxycholic acids accounting for over 90% of human biliary bile acids. Bile ... Cholic acid is converted into deoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid into lithocholic acid. All four of these bile acids ... The structures of the principal human bile acids Cholic acid Glycocholic acid Taurocholic acid Deoxycholic acid ... Bile acid synthesis occurs in liver cells which synthesize primary bile acids (cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid in humans ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile_acid
*  Medium-chain fatty acids decrease serum cholesterol via reduction of intestinal bile acid reabsorption in C57BL/6J mice,...
"Medium-chain fatty acids decrease serum cholesterol via reduction of intestinal bile acid reabsorption in C57BL/6J mice, ... Critical acids by regulating bile acid synthesis, biliary bile acid threshold; CVDs: Cardiovascular diseases; DCA: Deoxycholic ... 0 0.55 3.55 ND ND ND ND Cholic acid (CA), deoxycholic acid (DCA), chenodeoxy- cholic acid (CDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), ... The concentrations of primary bile acids (primarily CA) and secondary bile acids in faeces and secondary bile acids in bile in ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/medium-chain-fatty-acids-decrease-serum-cholesterol-via-reduction-of-E0UTApg40f
*  Bile acid stimulates hepatocyte polarization through a cAMP-Epac-MEK-LKB1-AMPK pathway | PNAS
The major bile acids in mammals are tauro or glycine conjugates of cholic, deoxycholic, and chenodeoxycholic acids (8). In ... Hepatic biliary epithelial cells acquire epithelial integrity but lose plasticity to differentiate into hepatocytes in vitro ... 1999) Signal transduction and hepatocellular bile acid transport: Cross talk between bile acids and second messengers. ... Parallel to the morphological change, bile acid synthesis accelerates (16), suggesting that bile acids may influence hepatocyte ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/108/4/1403
*  14.3.3 Proteins
... of the full total biliary bile acids. Unconjugated cholic acidity stayed within high concentrations in bile due to incomplete ... insufficiency who had elevated serum bile acids with just unconjugated bile acids in serum development failing coagulopathy ... from the bile acids had been secreted in bile in the conjugated type of which GCA symbolized 59.6 ± 9.3% ... deficiency due to the excessive creation of unconjugated cholic acidity and failing to conjugate principal bile acids with ...
  http://www.immune-source.com/category/14-3-3-proteins/
*  Biliary Tree and Gallstones Flashcards by Izzie Setford | Brainscape
Study Biliary Tree and Gallstones flashcards from Izzie Setford ... Cholic acid is conjugated to bile salts by the addition of an ... Biliary canaliculi to. interlobular bile ducts to. septal bile ducts to. intrahepatic ducts to. right and left hepatic ducts to ... Biliary Tree and Gallstones Flashcards Preview Year 2 - GI System , Biliary Tree and Gallstones , Flashcards ... 95% of bile salts are reabsorbed from the gut (6-8 times a day). - they are reabsorbed by the terminal ilium by active ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/biliary-tree-and-gallstones-4659760/packs/6800498
*  Medicinal Plants Qua Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Secretagogue via Intestinal Nutrient Sensors
Bile Acid Receptor. Bile acids are steroid acids responsible for biliary lipid secretion, cholesterol elimination, and ... Humans primarily synthesize cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) from the liver, and the CA and CDCA are changed ... Bile acids have been reported to bind to the farnesoid X receptor (FXR; also known as bile acid receptor, BAR) and TGR5 (also ... into various secondary bile acids such as deoxycholic acid (DCA), lithocholic acid (LCA), or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2015/171742/
*  digestive system disease - Biliary tract | Britannica.com
... is the most common disease of the biliary tract. Gallstones are of three types: stones containing primarily calcium ... Biliary tract: Cholelithiasis, or the formation of gallstones in the gallbladder, ... During pregnancy, the ratio of chenodeoxycholic acid to cholic acid in hepatic bile is reduced, thus making bile more prone to ... The ingestion of these medications increases the amount of bile acids in hepatic bile and increases the ratio of bile acids to ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/human-digestive-system-disease/Biliary-tract
*  Bile - Wikipedia
Biliary obstructionEdit. Biliary obstruction refers to a condition when bile ducts which deliver bile from the gallbladder or ... "Secretion of Bile and the Role of Bile Acids In Digestion". Colorado State Hypertextbook article on Bile. Archived from the ... "Secretion of Bile and the Role of Bile Acids In Digestion". www.vivo.colostate.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-31.. ... "Secretion of Bile and the Role of Bile Acids In Digestion". www.vivo.colostate.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-05.. ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile
*  Bile passages | definition of bile passages by Medical dictionary
... bile passages explanation free. What is bile passages? Meaning of bile passages medical term. What does bile passages mean? ... Looking for online definition of bile passages in the Medical Dictionary? ... See also bile duct, biliary.. bile acids. steroid acids derived from cholesterol; classified as primary, those synthesized in ... bile acids steroid acids derived from cholesterol; classified as primary, those synthesized in the liver, e.g., cholic and ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bile+passages
*  Dose-response effect of berberine on bile acid profile and gut microbiota in mice | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine ...
Bile acids (BAs) are known to regulate blood levels of triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose and energy homeostasis, and gut ... The standards included unconjugated bile acids, which are cholic acid (CA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), α, β and ω muricholic ... BAs are also the driving force for bile formation, and can reduce bacteria in the biliary tract and intestine [1]. In addition ... Effects of feeding bile acids and a bile acid sequestrant on hepatic bile acid composition in mice. J Lipid Res. 2010;51(11): ...
  https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12906-016-1367-7
*  Cutaneous manifestations in pregnancy: Main dermatoses - Health & Beauty Online Journal
However, the most steady diagnostic markers are characterized by an increase in total bile acid levels above 11 μmol / l, with ... increase in cholic acid and a decrease in glycine / taurine ratio below 1. Although bilirubin, transaminases, and alkaline ... Disturbed excretion of biliary salts with increasing maternal serum values is considered to be the major factor of this ... Initially, cholestyramine (anion exchange resin - bile-binding acid) was administered 4g /4 times / day in tea, juice or milk. ...
  http://e-dermatologie.md/cutaneous-manifestations-in-pregnancy-main-dermatoses/
*  Effect of irradiation on the activity of the major P450 cytochromes implicated in the biosynthesis of bile acids
... results in severe alterations of biliary physiology which are manifested in particular by changes in the profiles of bile acids ... or to cholic acid (CA) after hydroxylation by the microsomal sterol 12alpha-hydroxylase (CYP8B1). Thus, the aim of this work ... Concomitantly, in the bile, changed proportions of individual bile acids in the pool of total bile salts were observed: ratio ... alteration of intestinal bile acid reabsorption and modification of hepatic bile acid biosynthesis are probably the major ones ...
  https://www.irsn.fr/EN/Research/publications-documentation/Publications/DRPH/LRPAR/Pages/Effect-of-irradiation-on-the-activity-of-the-major-P450-cytochromes-implicated-in-the-biosynthesis-of-bile-834.aspx
*  Gallstone Disease Tad Kim, M.D. Connie Lee, M.D.
Bile - Bile salts (primary: cholic, chenodeoxycholic acids; secondary: deoxycholic, lithocholic acids) - Phospholipids (90% ... found in bile ducts, a/w biliary dysmotility and bacterial infection Gallstone Disease Gallstone Risk Factors ... Fatty diet DM Prolonged fasting TPN Ileal resection Hemolytic states Cirrhosis Bile duct stasis (biliary stricture, congenital ... dissolution therapy ursodeoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid • Operative: cholecystectomy • For unstable pts: percutaneous ...
  http://spotidoc.com/doc/384504/gallstone-disease-tad-kim--m.d.-connie-lee--m.d
*  Cholic acid synonyms, cholic acid antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Antonyms for cholic acid. 1 word related to cholic acid: bile acid. What are synonyms for cholic acid? ... water-insoluble neutral detergent fiber isolated from Syzygium cumini seeds on biliary and fecal bile acids and sterols in rats ... The 4 major bile acids, lithocolic acid, cholic acid, deoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid (all supplied by Sigma Aldrich ... Words related to cholic acid. an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile. Related Words. *bile acid ...
  https://www.freethesaurus.com/Cholic+Acid
*  Sincalide (Cholecystokinin Octapeptide) Versus Placebo in Neonates at High Risk for Developing Parenteral Nutrition Associated...
Compare conjugated bilirubin levels and serum bile acid levels in severely premature newborns on long term p... ... p53-mediated regulation of bile acid disposition attenuates cholic acid-induced cholestasis in mice. ... It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct ... Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts ( ...
  https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/trial/125568/Sincalide-Cholecystokinin-Octapeptide-Versus-Placebo-in-Neonates-at-High-Risk-for-Developing.html
*  Enterohepatic circulation - Wikipedia
Hepatocytes metabolize cholesterol to cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. These lipid-soluble bile acids are conjugated ( ... The presence of biliary acids in the intestines helps in digestion of fats and other substances. Bilirubin is conjugated with ... Finally, the conjugated bile acids which remained un-ionized conjugated bile acids are passively absorbed. Venous blood from ... Bacteria deconjugate some of the primary and secondary conjugated bile salts back to lipid-soluble bile acids, which are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterohepatic_circulation
*  What's new?: Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference
Cholic Acid: is used in the treatment of primary bile acid synthesis disorders and peroxisomal disorders, including Zellweger ... Obeticholic Acid: is a farnesoid X receptor agonist used in the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis. ... Deoxycholic acid: is used in the treatment of digestive disorders and to improve the appearance of double chin. ... Fumaric Acid: adverse effects updated.. Proprietary Preparations and Manufacturers updated for the following countries and ...
  https://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/current/whatsnew.htm
*  SeHCAT - Wikipedia
SeHCAT has been shown to be absorbed from the gut and excreted into the bile at the same rate as cholic acid, one of the major ... natural bile acids in humans. It undergoes secretion into the biliary tree, gallbladder and intestine in response to food, and ... The enterohepatic circulation of bile acids is reduced in these patients with ileal abnormalities and, as the normal bile acid ... This test has replaced 14C-labeled glycocholic acid (or taurocholic acid) breath tests and fecal bile acid measurements, which ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SeHCAT
*  salivary secretion
Cholic acid Chenodeoxycholic acid Deoxycholic acid Lithocholic acid primary (principle) bile acids BILE Cholic acid Colonic ... Bile acids is the most important component in bile for the digestion and absorption function of the biliary secretion. • 4 ... Deoxycholic acid Lithocholic acid Ursodeoxycholic acid Lithocholic acid BILEBile acids reduce surface tension. • Bile acids ... native or as bile acids) BILEBile is made up of bile acids, bile pigments, and other substances dissolved in alkaline ...
  http://slidegur.com/doc/106345/salivary-secretion
*  Bile salts | definition of bile salts by Medical dictionary
... bile salts explanation free. What is bile salts? Meaning of bile salts medical term. What does bile salts mean? ... Looking for online definition of bile salts in the Medical Dictionary? ... See also bile duct, biliary.. bile acids. steroid acids derived from cholesterol; classified as primary, those synthesized in ... a mixture of sodium salts of the bile acids and cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids synthesized in the liver as a derivative of ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bile+salts
*  Bile Secretions/Large Intestine Flashcards by Michael Matheney | Brainscape
Study Bile Secretions/Large Intestine flashcards from Michael Matheney ... Produced by the liver from cholesterol; primarily cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids 15 ... Bile-dependent fraction of biliary secretion Amount of bile secreted is directly related to the amount of bile reabsorbed. * ... Bile Secretions/Large Intestine Flashcards Preview S&F IV: Exam One , Bile Secretions/Large Intestine , Flashcards ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/bile-secretions-large-intestine-3651518/packs/5513072
*  Bile acid synonyms, bile acid antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Antonyms for bile acid. 2 words related to bile acid: steroid, cholic acid. What are synonyms for bile acid? ... water-insoluble neutral detergent fiber isolated from Syzygium cumini seeds on biliary and fecal bile acids and sterols in rats ... 3[sz]-HSD enzyme dysfunction can lead to bile acid biosynthesis errors, which will cause primary bile acid (cholic acid [CA] ... bile acid. Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to bile acid: bile salt ...
  https://www.freethesaurus.com/bile+acid