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*  The arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) : an opportunistic specialist.
Reliable and abundant resources are likely to favour specialisation, while unpredictable environmental variation should favour a generalist strategy. The rodent population cycles of northern latitudes can be seen as both predictable and unpredictable, depending on the scale in time and space. The arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) is an opportunistic carnivore, but paradoxically, it seems to function as a specialist on fluctuating rodent (Arvicolinae) populations in most inland areas. We have studied the dietary response of arctic foxes in Sweden during five years of varying abundance of Norwegian lemming (Lemmus lemmus), and how these changes influenced reproductive success of the foxes. The arctic fox population on mainland Fennoscandia is threatened by extinction and the situation has deteriorated during the 1980´s and 90´s, due to an absence of lemming peaks. Our results showed that in all years, lemming was the main prey for arctic foxes, with in total 85% ...
  http://su.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:186365
*  Vulpes vulpes (Cross Fox, Red Fox, Silver Fox)
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.. Baker, S. J. and S. Harris. 2004. Red foxes. In: D. W. Macdonald and C. Sillero-Zubiri (eds), The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids, pp. 207-216. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.. Caley, P., Ramsey, D.S.L. and Barry, S.C. 2015. Inferring the Distribution and Demography of an Invasive Species from Sighting Data: The Red Fox Incursion into Tasmania. PLoS One 10(1): e0116631.. Clark, E. L. & Munkhbat, J. 2006. Mongolian Red List of mammals. Zoological Society of London, London, UK.. Harris, S. 1977. Distribution, habitat utilization and age structure of a suburban fox (Vulpes vulpes) population. Mammal Review 7: 25-39.. Harris, S. and Rayner, J. M. V. 1986. Urban fox (Vulpes vulpes) population estimates and habitat requirements in several British cities. Journal of Animal Ecology 55: 575-591.. Harris, S. and Smith, G. C. 1987. Demography of two ...
  http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/23062/0
*  The carbon isotopic composition of individual fatty acids as indicators of dietary history in arctic foxes on Svalbard |...
We have measured the carbon isotopic compositions of individual fatty acids isolated from the adipose tissue of arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) from the island of Svalbard on the Spitsbergen archipelago to examine whether dietary sources can be distinguished in the fatty acid isotopic signature. The diets of Svalbard arctic foxes are unusual in that some members of the population are believed to feed largely in the terrestrial food chain while others feed mainly from the marine food chain. Isotopic data were obtained for the five major fatty acids present (16:0, 16:1, 18:0, 18:1, and 20:1). A wide range in δ13C values for specific fatty acids in Arctic foxes is observed and the mixing lines produced by the correlation in δ13C of the 16- and 18-carbon fatty acids indicate that both marine and terrestrial dietary sources determine fatty acid isotope composition. The differences in δ13C values between marine and terrestrial organisms appear to be passed on to ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/349/1328/135
*  On the Psychoacoustics of the Vulpes vulpes (Red fox) - Prism
It seems rather plausible that the fox says "Ring-ding-ding-ding-dingeringeding," but then other sounds such as "Joff-tchoff-trchoffo-tchoff-tchoff" are posited as possibilities. Just as in any science, it is difficult to determine with certainty the answers to questions. Philosophically, the explicit answer to the question is not what we are interested in; rather, we want to know the meaning and tone behind what the fox says, which are cogently presented by Ylvis.. According to an anonymous music major and honors student, the classic four-note progression repeated throughout the entire song is typical of most pop songs. Logically, it follows that the fox's sound should be popular since, as demonstrated by Ylvis, it communicates with the same notes as much pop music. The music is also an earworm, which implies that the fox's voice would get stuck in your head.. The fox is a mysterious creature, a trait echoed by the camera work throughout the video. The lighting transitions in the video from ...
  https://ufprism.com/2013/10/09/on-the-psychoacoustics-of-the-vulpes-vulpes-red-fox/
*  Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox, Grey Fox, Tree Fox)
If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information ...
  http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/classify/22780/0
*  Occurrence ofEchinococcus multilocularis(Cestoda, Taeniidae) in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from Western Ukraine | SpringerLink
Echinococcus multilocularis was found for the first time in red foxes in the L'vivska and Volynska regions (Western Ukraine). Prevalence was 36% and intensity was 11-731 parasites. The material was identified as E. multilocularis on morphological characters. It is presumed that this infection of foxes with E. multilocularis occurred locally and, probably, can be considered as a consequence of the expansion of the range of the parasite. ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.2478%2Fs11686-008-0008-9
*  FOX Portugal - Wikipedia
A FOX Portugal é um canal de televisão pago da FOX International Channels (FIC) Portugal. Está presente em todos os operadores de Cabo, Satélite e IPTV em Portugal. O canal em alta definição foi lançado a 31 de Julho de 2009. Da sua grelha fazem parte várias séries de origem norte-americana de grande sucesso internacional, como Os Simpsons, House, Ossos, The Walking Dead, Family Guy e Foi Assim Que Aconteceu. A FOX foi o primeiro canal lançado em Portugal pela FIC, seguido pela FOX Life (dedicada a sitcoms e séries dramáticas), o FX (dedicado a séries de culto) e o FOX Crime (dedicada a séries policiais). No dia 1 de Julho de 2010, iniciou as suas emissões em 16:9, juntamente com os canais FOX Life e FOX Movies (antiga FOX Next). Smallville Gotham Lie to Me Agente Dupla Os Reis da Fuga American Horror Story Segurança Nacional Os Homens do Presidente Dr. House (também na TVI e agora na Fox Life) Ossos (agora na Fox Life) The Finder Hawai Força Especial (anteriormente na TVI) ...
  https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOX_Portugal
*  Silver Fox - Grapevine Private Dining | OpenTable
Silver Fox - Grapevine offers private dining rooms for birthday parties, rehearsal dinners, wedding receptions, special events or business meetings. Contact the restaurant about your event on OpenTable.
  https://www.opentable.com/rest_profile_privatedining.aspx?rid=4957&m=20&pid=228&scpref=109&tab=3&pd=1
*  Arctic fox - Wikipedia
The conservation status of the species is in general good and several hundred thousand individuals are estimated to remain in total. The IUCN has assessed it as being of "least concern".[1] However, the Scandinavian mainland population is acutely endangered, despite being legally protected from hunting and persecution for several decades. The estimate of the adult population in all of Norway, Sweden, and Finland is fewer than 200 individuals.[12] As a result, the populations of arctic fox have been carefully studied and inventoried in places such as the Vindelfjällens Nature Reserve (Sweden), which has the arctic fox as its symbol.. The abundance of the Arctic fox tends to fluctuate in a cycle along with the population of lemmings and voles (a 3- to 4-year cycle).[15] The populations are especially vulnerable during the years when the prey population crashes, and uncontrolled trapping has almost eradicated two subpopulations.[12]. The pelts of Arctic foxes with a slate-blue coloration-an ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_Fox
*  Oh, you fox: February is the month for love
Colorado is home to four species of foxes. However, the smaller kit fox and the swift fox are fairly rare and live mostly on Colorado s eastern plains. The types of foxes found around this part of Colorado are the red fox and the gray fox. Both are extremely adaptable, eating bugs, berries, reptiles, eggs and small mammals. Rodents are often preferred, and the cubs learn at an early age to become adept at killing live prey through a pouncing method. Foxes are solitary, rather than pack hunters. But, however adaptive and wily foxes may be, they often have a short life span. Though they can live up to 14 years in the wild, they rarely live more than two years because of hunting, road accidents and disease ...
  https://durangoherald.com/articles/51420-oh-you-fox-february-is-the-month-for-love
*  Category:Vulpes vulpes vulpes - Wikimedia Commons
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
  https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Vulpes_vulpes_vulpes
*  Rabies eradication in Belgium by fox vaccination using vaccinia-rabies recombinant virus
Oral immunization of foxes against rabies, by distributing vaccine-baits in the field, has been in progress since 1993 in the whole of the infected area of Belgium (10 000 km²). A vaccinia-rabies recombinant virus (VR-G) was used as vaccine because of its efficacy, safety and heat-stability. The successive campaigns of fox vaccination have induced a drastic decrease in rabies incidence and in 1993 there were no cases of rabies detected in the fox population. A marked decrease of human post-exposure treatments and the elimination of the disease in domestic animals have been the consequence of fox rabies control ...
  https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/41331
*  Sales Assistant - Fox Careers
Fox Networks Group (FNG) is a primary operating unit of 21st Century Fox (NASDAQ: FOXA). FNG consists of Fox Television Group, which includes Fox Broadcasting Company and 20th Century Fox Television; Fox Sports Media Group; Fox Cable Networks, which includes FX Networks and National Geographic Partners; and Fox Networks Group Europe, Asia and Latin America. Together these units create, program and distribute the world's most popular entertainment, sports and nonfiction programming.. ...
  http://www.foxcareers.com/Search/JobDetail/FNG0007384?organization=Fox+Networks+Group
*  Fox Rescue Archives - Derbyshire Fox Rescue
Yes we have been supplying this treatment for many years to pet owners for their dogs and other animals with great success. The mange treatment that we supply (Arsenicum Alb & Sulphur 30c) is a homoeopathic remedy that has been proven to work against the dreadful condition of Sarcoptic Mange in foxes. Since the remedy is made up of natural ingredients there is no fear of overdosing and nothing to worry about if a non-infected fox or other animal or bird takes the treatment. To avoid the local cat population stealing the treatment meant for the fox, we suggest that it is administered via jam, honey or peanut butter sandwiches; foxes love sweet things - cats don't! Since foxes are instinctively selfish with their food, if you have more than one fox visiting your property suffering from mange we recommend that the food is scattered rather than placing it in one spot. This will then ensure that more than one fox feeding at the same time can do so without having ...
  http://derbyfoxes.org.uk/category/fox-rescue/
*  FOX, SARAH JANE - Polk County, Iowa | SARAH JANE FOX - Iowa Gravestone Photos
SARAH JANE FOX - Polk County Iowa - Gravestone of Sarah Jane (Ricketts) Fox b. May 2, 1844 in Illinois d. Nov 18, 1885 in Lucas Co, IA. Daughter of Isaac and Catherine C. (Simpson) Rickets. 1st wife of John N. Fox of Chariton, IA. Mother of Clara, Eliza, Bonham, Merritt, Etta, Orpha & Mae Fox. Sarah Jane Fox was originally burried next to her husband's parents, Levi and Sarah Fox in New York Cemetery, Wayne Co. IA. However, her daughter Mae (Fox)McKelvey had her re-interred in Glendale Cemetery in 1961.
  http://iowagravestones.org/gs_view.php?id=143948
*  Population monitoring of arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) - Norsk Polarinstitutt
3) they are important vectors for zoonosis (rabies and parasites as Echinococcus multilocularis). Background: Data are collected from the annual monitoring of breeding arctic fox dens in two main areas, and from the annual trapping through autopsy of carcasses (demography, trapping statistics, zoonosis). The den surveys are carried out annually in two areas one in Kongsfjorden-Brøggerhalvøya and the other in Adventdalen-Sassendalen. The survey in Kongsfjorden-Brøggerhalvøya started in 1990 and covers an area of 221 km². The den survey in Adventdalen-Sassendalen started in 1982 and ended in 1989, but was started again in 1997 and is now conducted annually and covers an area of 900 km². The field work in Sassen-Adventdalen are conducted during three weeks in July, and in Kongsfjorden-Brøggerhalvøya for 8 days in July ...
  http://www.npolar.no/no/prosjekter/detaljer?pid=0904849c-ef2d-5356-b324-3d1b8ba1e0b7
*  "Seasonal and Regional Animal Use of Drainage Structures to Cross Under" by James L. Sparks and J. Edward Gates
Road drainage structures, hereafter designated culverts, are often used by wildlife and other animals to cross under roadways. However, crossings may vary by species, culvert design, different environmental factors, and land-use and land-cover (LULC) at culvert sites. We monitored 265 culverts located throughout Maryland, USA, with motion-detecting game cameras to assess seasonal and regional effects on culvert crossing rates by wildlife and other animal species considered common to the areas. Northern raccoon (Procyon lotor) and Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) exhibited lower crossing rates in culverts during winter than at other times of the year. We did not detect any difference in seasonal crossings for other species, but several species exhibited similar patterns of lower crossings/culvert/day during winter. We detected more crossings/culvert/day in the Piedmont ecoregion of Maryland for several species associated with farmland and suburbia (e.g., raccoon and red fox [Vulpes vulpes]). In
  https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/hwi/vol11/iss2/9/
*  Bat-eared Fox - Redorbit
The bat-eared fox is a canid of the African savanna. It is named after its huge ears. Bat-eared foxes have tawny fur, their ears, legs and parts of the face are black. They are 21.65 in (55 cm) long (head and body). Their ears are 5.12 in (13 cm) long. It is the only species in the genus Otocyon.. The teeth of the bat-eared fox are much smaller than teeth of other canid species. This is an adaptation to their insectivorous diet. 80% of the diet consists of insects. Bat-eared foxes visit termite hills, follow locust swarms or stay close to herds of zebras or antelopes in order to feed on the insects landing on their excrements. In addition to insects bat-eared foxes eat rodents, birds and eggs, and sometimes fruits.. Bat-eared foxes are nocturnal animals that live in small groups consisting of a couple and their young. The pairs live in dens and raise the pups (two to five) together.. Due to their unusual teeth, Bat-eared ...
  http://www.redorbit.com/reference/bateared_fox/
*  Michael J. Fox
... , OC (born June 9, 1961 as Michael Andrew Fox), is a Canadian-American actor, author, comedian, producer, activist and voice-over artist. With a film and television career spanning from the 1970s, Fox's roles have included Marty McFly from the Back to the Future trilogy (1985-1990); Alex P. Keaton from Family Ties for which he won three Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award; and Mike Flaherty from Spin City (1996-2000), for which he won an Emmy, three Golden Globes, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards.. Fox was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in 1991, and disclosed his condition to the public in 1998. Fox semi-retired from acting in 2000 as the symptoms of his disease worsened. He has since become an activist for research toward finding a cure. This led him to create the Michael J. Fox Foundation, and on March 5, 2010, Sweden's Karolinska Institutet gave him a honoris causa doctorate for his work in advocating a cure for Parkinson's disease.[1]. Since 2000 Fox has mainly worked as ...
  https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Michael_J._Fox.html
*  admin, Author at Derbyshire Fox Rescue
Yes we have been supplying this treatment for many years to pet owners for their dogs and other animals with great success. The mange treatment that we supply (Arsenicum Alb & Sulphur 30c) is a homoeopathic remedy that has been proven to work against the dreadful condition of Sarcoptic Mange in foxes. Since the remedy is made up of natural ingredients there is no fear of overdosing and nothing to worry about if a non-infected fox or other animal or bird takes the treatment. To avoid the local cat population stealing the treatment meant for the fox, we suggest that it is administered via jam, honey or peanut butter sandwiches; foxes love sweet things - cats don't! Since foxes are instinctively selfish with their food, if you have more than one fox visiting your property suffering from mange we recommend that the food is scattered rather than placing it in one spot. This will then ensure that more than one fox feeding at the same time can do so without having ...
  http://derbyfoxes.org.uk/author/admin/
*  Parasites: Tales of Humanity's Most Unwelcome Guests: 2011
Infected rodents could potentially be spreading it as well as foxes, and one wonders about this possibility with respect to Sweden, since an overland route for migrating foxes around the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia would take a very long time. But, realistically, any number of animals could bring it in, and there is also the possibility that it has been present for decades at a low level, and is only being discovered now because people are actively looking for it. Interestingly, I found a report that said the population of red foxes in Sweden declined by more than 70% in the 1970s and 80s due to sarcoptic mange, so the fox population there may be on the rise due to recovery from that as well ("Red Fox: Vulpes vulpes." D.W. MacDonald and J.C. Reynolds, canids.org ...
  http://rdparasites.blogspot.fr/2011/
*  국가생명연구자원통합시스템 KOBIS
The red fox, (Vulpes vulpes), is the largest of the true foxes and the most abundant wild member of the Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia. It is listed as least concern by the IUCN.[1] Its range has increased alongside human expansion, having been introduced to Australia, where it is considered harmful to native mammals and bird populations. Due to its presence in Australia, it is included among the list of the "world's 100 worst invasive species".[3] The red fox originated from smaller-sized ancestors from Eurasia during the Middle Villafranchian period,[4] and colonised North America shortly after the Wisconsin glaciation.[5] Among the true foxes, the red fox represents a more progressive form in the direction of carnivory.[6] Apart from its large size, the red fox is distinguished from other fox species by its ability to adapt quickly to new environments. Despite its name, the ...
  http://kobis.re.kr/go_species_classification.do?classification_keyword=vulpes%20vulpes
*  What are fox breeders? | Reference.com
Fox breeders breed foxes for the pet and fur trade. Some people enjoy keeping exotic animals such as foxes as pets. Foxes that are bred and kept as pets include fennec foxes, red foxes (which come in...
  https://www.reference.com/pets-animals/fox-breeders-4f52560988570f4c
*  FOX & FRIENDS FIRES HOSTS, HIRES CHIMPS | Weekly World News
Roger Ailes, President of Fox News Channel couldn't take his moronic morning hosts anymore, so he fired them late last night. Ailes wanted to hire Rick Sanchez to host Fox & Friends, but realized that Sanchez doesn't have friends anymore.. Ailes came up with yet another brilliant "casting" idea… he hired 3 chimpanzees to take the place of the three fired hosts.. "I decided we should stick to our brand and hire hosts with underdeveloped frontal lobes," Ailes said.. Ailes did a test show with the three chimps in front of a live audience. "The audience couldn't tell the difference. The audience thought the chimps had more intelligent things to say than Doocy, Kilmeade and Carlson - combined," said Ailes.. To promote the new show with the three chimp hosts, Fox is bringing out the heavy guns this morning to sit on the Fox & Friends' couch. Bill O'Reilly will discuss his new book, Foxes on Fox, Sean Hannity will be discussing President Obama's bathing habits and Glenn Beck will explain to the ...
  http://weeklyworldnews.com/headlines/23356/fox-friends-fires-hosts-hires-chimps/?like=1&source=post_flair&_wpnonce=8ef4095fcf
*  Most recent papers in the journal Journal of Heredity | Read by QxMD
The de novo assembly of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) genome has facilitated the development of genomic tools for the species. Efforts to identify the population history of red foxes in North America have previously been limited by a lack of information about the red fox Y-chromosome sequence. However, a megabase of red fox Y-chromosome sequence was recently identified over 2 scaffolds in the reference genome. Here, these scaffolds were scanned for repeated motifs, revealing 194 likely microsatellites. Twenty-three of these loci were selected for primer development and, after testing, produced a panel of 11 novel markers that were analyzed alongside 2 markers previously developed for the red fox from dog Y-chromosome sequence ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/journal/23814