*  Ortner's syndrome - Wikipedia
Ortner's syndrome is a rare cardiovocal syndrome and refers to recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy from cardiovascular disease. It was first described by Norbert Ortner (1865-1935), an Austrian physician, in 1897. The most common historical cause is a dilated left atrium due to mitral stenosis, but other causes, including pulmonary hypertension, thoracic aortic aneurysms, an enlarged pulmonary artery and aberrant subclavian artery syndrome have been reported compressing the nerve. Dysphagia caused by a similar mechanism is referred to as dysphagia aortica, or, in the case of subclavian artery aberrancy, as dysphagia lusoria. Due to compression of recurrent laryngeal nerve it can cause the hoarseness of the voice which is also one of the sign of the mitral stenosis. A second Ortner's syndrome, Ortner's syndrome II, refers to abdominal angina. Bickle IC, Kelly BE, Brooker DS (May 2002). "Ortner's syndrome: a radiological diagnosis". Ulster Med J. 71 (1): 55-6. PMC ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ortner's_syndrome
*  Hoarseness | Murtagh's General Practice, 6e | Murtagh Collection | McGraw-Hill Medical
Hoarseness (dysphonia) is defined as an altered voice due to a laryngeal disorder.2 It is an important symptom of laryngeal disease presenting in general practice, and ranges from the very common, trivial, self-limiting condition of viral upper respiratory tract infection to a life-threatening disorder (see Table 57.1). It may be of sudden presentation lasting only a few days or develop gradually and persist for weeks or months. The cut-off point between acute and chronic hoarseness is three weeks duration, by which time most self-limiting conditions have resolved. Hoarseness pertains to harsh, raspy, gravelly or rough tones of voice rather than pitch or volume. Rarely, hoarseness can be a functional or deliberate symptom referred to as 'hysterical aphonia'.3 In this condition, patients purposely hold the cords apart while speaking. ...
  http://murtagh.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1522§ionid=116033205
*  Significance of Harmonic Changes and Noise Components in Hoarseness | Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research | ASHA...
Acoustic Analysis and synthesis of hoarseness by sound spectrography suggests that the acoustic properties of hoarseness are mainly determined by the interactions of the following three factors: 1) noise components in the main formant of each vowel, 2) high frequency noise components above 3000 Hz, and 3) the loss of high frequency harmonic components. These three findings are more pronounced in the vowels /α/, /ε/, and /i/ than in /u/ and /ɔ/. With the progression of the severity of hoarseness, these three abnormal patterns become more prominent and exaggerated. On the basis of these findings, a classification of four types of hoarseness was presented using sonagram tracings.. ...
  http://jslhr.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=2459305
*  A 56-year-old woman with stress-induced hoarseness -- Latus et al. 2012 -- BMJ Case Reports
A 56-year-old woman was admitted to hospital due to stress-dependent hoarseness and hypertensive urgency. The patient reported peaks of blood pressure of 210/160 mm Hg in combination with hoarseness. With indirect mirror examination, the ear-nose-and throat doctor diagnosed a paralysis of the vocal cord on the left side. The authors suspected a mass affecting the vagus nerve and performed a CT-scan with iodinated contrast material of the neck and thorax. Surprisingly the CT-scan showed an aneurysm of the aortic arch with a dilatation up to 4.8 cm, a kinking of 120° and a chronic dissection in the aneurysm. During exercise or elevated blood pressure this aneurysm expanded and made a compression of the nervus laryngeus recurrens on the left side. Thus, there is an explanation for the patient's hoarseness on exertion and during hypertensive urgency. ...
  http://casereports.bmj.com/content/2012/bcr.01.2012.5688.short?rss=1
*  Hoarseness Prevention & Treatment Tips | Disease Click
Hoarseness of the voice is a complaint which accompanies or results from laryngitis (the inflammation of the larynx). Causes and Symptoms For Hoarseness Hoarseness may be caused by certain infections, taking a hot and cold substances alternately, or [...]. ...
  http://www.diseaseclick.com/tag/hoarseness-prevention-treatment-tips
*  Hoarse Voice For Months: 54 causes
The freeMD virtual doctor has found 54 conditions that can cause Hoarse Voice For Months. There are 6 common conditions that can cause Hoarse Voice For Months. There are 6 somewhat common conditions that can cause Hoarse Voice For Months. There are 7 uncommon conditions that can cause Hoarse Voice For Months. There are 35 rare conditions that can cause Hoarse Voice For Months.
  http://www.freemd.com/s1/hoarse-voice-for-months.htm
*  SILICEA. - THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PURE MATERIA MEDICA By TIMOTHY F. ALLEN, A.M., M.D.
RESPIRATORY ORGANS. [1020.] ► Sensation of soreness like rawness in the larynx, when breathing, [1]. ► Pain in the region of the larynx, when lifting a heavy weight, [1]. ► Tickling in the larynx with slight cough and hoarseness, [29]. ► Voice. ► *Hoarseness (first day), [2]; (sixth day), [14]; (about six hours after tincture), [15c]. ► Hoarseness while talking, [15b]. ► Constant hoarseness, with a painful sensation as if the throat were internally swollen, [13c]. ► Hoarseness, especially in the morning, so that she could scarcely speak aloud (after six days), [15a]. ► Hoarseness, with frequent, dry, hacking cough (after three days), [1]. ► Cough and Expectoration. ► Cough at night (after fifteen days), [1]. ► Cough in the morning and after going to bed, [1]. [1030.] ► Cough, for five weeks, [1]. ► *Cough, with hoarseness (nineteenth day), [1]. ► Hoarse cough (after six days), [15a]. ► ...
  http://www.homeoint.org/allen/s/sil-5.htm
*  Hoarseness | Mr Adam Frosh, Consultant ENT Surgeon
When hoarse, the voice may sound breathy, raspy, strained, or there may be changes in volume (loudness) or pitch (how high or low the voice is).. There are many causes of hoarseness. Fortunately, most are not serious and tend to go away in a short period of time. Some common causes of hoarseness are Acute Laryngitis, Vocal Nodules, Gastroesophageal Reflux and damage caused by Smoking. Some less common, but important causes include thyroid problems, neurological disorders, trauma to the voice box, and cancers of the voice box and gullet.. You should seek a specialist opinion on your hoarse voice if it lasts longer than two weeks, if there is pain, if you are coughing up blood, have a lump in your neck, or if the change is very severe and lasts longer than a few days.. ...
  http://adamfrosh.co.uk/voice-and-throat-disorders/hoarseness/
*  Classification | voicedoctor.net
Upon diagnosing a voice problem, I subdivide causes of hoarseness into two primary categories. I think of these broad categories in terms of what causes the vocal cord dysfunction and so I name them functional hoarseness and structural hoarseness. This categorization is based upon the perceived cause of the hoarseness and it helps in directing the type of treatment for the problem.. By functional, I mean that the problem has arisen from how the voice is used. The vocal behavior or pattern of use causes the problem. An example would be the person who talks so much that the voice becomes hoarse. The function (overuse) caused a change in the structure, usually swelling in the middle of the vocal cord, which causes an air leak around the swelling and stiff portion, and thus hoarseness.. A structural hoarseness problem is one in which the vocal cord structure changed as the primary etiology. For example, a smoker ...
  https://www.voicedoctor.net/diagnosis/classification
*  Evaluating Hoarseness
A complete history of the hoarseness, including vocal quality, duration of hoarseness, aggravating or alleviating symptoms, and any other associated symptoms such as cough, postnasal drainage, or sore throat will be helpful to the physician in determining the cause. Medications taken or changed in the recent past should be mentioned as well as any surgery that was performed on the head, neck, or chest area. Any other abnormal sensations such as muscle weakness or difficulty swallowing should be discussed. A history of smoking, even if it was in the past, is important to mention to the nurse or doctor.. The physician will perform a complete head and neck exam, including evaluation of the nose, mouth, neck, and lungs. A special procedure to visualize the vocal cords, called a laryngoscopy, will be performed. This procedure can be done with a camera that is a flexible fiberoptic design, or with a quartz Hopkins scope. Your physician will determine which kind of laryngoscopy ...
  http://www.texas-voice.com/voice-hoarsness/evaluating-hoarseness
*  Hoarseness: Effective Natural Remedies | From Doctor
When hoarseness is mild, but we have a sore throat, it may be useful to take anti-inflammatory virtues of some herbs, taken several times a day. We can make a homemade syrup and natural infusion of hedge mustard, made by mixing one tablespoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water with three tablespoons of honey. It is ideal to combat throat infections.. It can also be mixed with mallow.. Excellent ally against hoarseness is also the marshmallow, soothing and anti-inflammatory effect, it can be taken as a tincture, 20 drops in half a glass of water, once in the morning and afternoon. To do gargle, as appropriate may be the lavender for its inflammatory and soothing action. Prepare a tea with a teaspoon of dried lavender leaves in a cup of hot water and let cool.. As effective home-made remedy so that the vocal cords recover we can bet anti-inflammatory herbs as the thyme and eucalyptus, as well as ginger and basil, perfect to rinse and gargle to enhance throat and voice. ...
  https://fromdoctor.com/hoarseness-effective-natural-remedies.html
*  Hoarseness in children: Evaluation
The evaluation of the child with hoarseness will be presented here. The etiology and management are discussed separately. (See.)Hoarseness or dysphonia are the terms used to describe a change in the quality of the voice. The voice quality can be brea
  https://www.uptodate.com/contents/hoarseness-in-children-evaluation
*  Will you have Hoarseness or changing voice with Prednisone - from FDA reports - eHealthMe
Could Prednisone cause Hoarseness or changing voice? We studied 247,408 Prednisone users who have side effects from FDA and eHealthme. Among them, 1,394 have Hoarseness or changing voice. See what we found.
  http://www.ehealthme.com/ds/prednisone/hoarseness-or-changing-voice/
*  Hoarseness Medical Information
In evaluating hoarseness, the healthcare provider usually will take a complete medical history. Any symptoms associated with the hoarseness will also be discussed. The person may be asked if there is a history of other illnesses or conditions, such as cancer, arthritis, or aneurysm. A physical exam will also be done. The mouth and throat will be examined for redness, swelling, or drainage of pus. The neck will be felt for swollen glands, lymph nodes, thyroid enlargement, or other lumps in the neck. The healthcare provider may ask the person to stick out his or her tongue. If this is extremely difficult, there may be paralysis of one of the cranial nerves. The eyes may be examined for ulcers or other problems. The neck and chest may be examined for enlarged veins possibly indicating an thoracic aortic aneurysm. Vital signs, including pulse, rate of breathing, temperature, and blood pressure will also be monitored to evaluate for infection. A laryngoscopy may also be ...
  http://www.medicineonline.com/articles/H/2/Hoarseness.html
*  hoarseness
Frequently having pneumonia or other lung infections: Tumor cells can trap bacteria causing frequent lung infections.. Frequently getting pneumonia is also a symptom of lung cancer.. Male breast development: Gynecomastia is the over development of the male breast and can be a symptom of lung cancer in men. Breast growth in men is normally due to the increase of estrogen. Lung cancer has been known to produce estrogen.. Hoarseness: Do you constantly feel like you have to clear your throat or your throat feels hoarse. This is a very common symptom of lung cancer. Lung cancer tumor cells can block passageways leading to many symptoms, like hoarseness.. More About Lung Cancer: If you are experiencing the symptoms of lung cancer, please see your doctor. Keep in mind that these symptoms of lung cancer are also the symptoms of many other benign condition.. Source: Lisa Fayed ...
  http://www.ciggyfree.com/tag/hoarseness/
*  hoarseness - Thyroid Disorders - MedHelp
anyone else have come and go hoarseness, i have hoarseness 4 to 5 days out of the week, with slight swellng in throat, then it goes away for a couple of days and comes back i have enlarged thyroid w...
  http://www.medhelp.org/posts/Thyroid-Disorders/hoarseness/show/599596
*  Hoarseness After Surgery | Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments
Hoarseness after surgery can be caused by intubation or the type of surgery - i.e. cardiac or thyroid surgery. Learn more about common causes of hoarseness as well as treatment options.
  https://throatdisorder.com/voice-disorders/hoarseness-after-surgery/
*  Had Enough of Chronic Hoarseness or Persistent Sore Throats?
Are you experiencing chronic hoarseness or a persistent sore throat and you are not sick? If so, it is called vocal abuse and it will not go away on its own. In ...
  http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/had_enough_of_chronic_hoarseness_or_persistent_sore_throats
*  Popular Product Reviews by Amy: Sprouts Voice Remedy - For Voice Hoarseness Review + Video
During the dry winter months especially, I find myself getting a hoarse. I never took any medication for it because I never knew or heard of anything to take, until I came across Sprouts healing with green voice remedy herbal supplement. I love that it is a liquid supplement that is easy to take. I just use the built in dropper and drop 25 drops of the herbal supplement into a cup of water and drink it when I have the hoarseness in my throat and voice. I like that it has no negative side effects and helps my voice and throat naturally. I think this would be a wonderful supplement for those who sing or use their voice for public speaking or lecturing etc. ...
  http://www.popularproductreviewsbyamy.com/2016/05/sprouts-voice-remedy-for-voice.html
*  Singer, have hoarseness in voice, frequent urge to clear throat after starting Losartan. Will the problem be fixed if I change...
Question - Singer, have hoarseness in voice, frequent urge to clear throat after starting Losartan. Will the problem be fixed if I change to other medicine? . Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Sore throat, Ask an ENT Specialist
  http://www.healthcaremagic.com/questions/Singer-have-hoarseness-in-voice-frequent-urge-to-clear-throat-after-starting-Losartan-Will-the-problem-be-fixed-if-I-change-to-other-medicine/323682
*  The Truth About Chronic Hoarseness and Voice Loss
Many people suffer from chronic hoarseness, sore throats and even loss of voice; and, most of these people do so because of misuse of the speaking voice. It is ...
  http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/the-truth-about-chronic-hoarseness-and-voice-loss
*  Hoarseness Of Voice | Disease Click
Hoarseness of voice - Fractured voice Voice is waves of sounds. It should not be treated just as sound, since it reflects one's inner feelings / thoughts. Intelligent use of voice with variation in tone and [...]. ...
  http://www.diseaseclick.com/tag/hoarseness-of-voice
*  year old male chronic smoker complaints hoarseness voice for past months
... Laryngeal keratosis is a precancerous condition. Treatment modalities includes avoidance of aetiological factors such as smoking, stripping of vocal cords and examination of tissues for malignancy and
  http://mbbsdost.com/medical-jobs/year-old-male-chronic-smoker-complaints-hoarseness-voice-for-past-months/random-mcqs-questions/
*  How to Treat Silent Reflux Symptoms: Heartburn, Persistent Cough & Hoarseness - Nutrition Studies
Have you ever had recurrent hoarseness? A persistent cough that doesn't go away? The sensation of a lump in the throat or even pain in the throat that lasts a long time? Would you believe that these are all reflux related symptoms that affect the throat?. Many Americans are on a form of acid reflux therapy. Most people are familiar with the common symptoms associated with common variety reflux symptoms: burping, heartburn, regurgitation. However, as an Otolaryngologist (Ear, Nose and Throat specialist), I see a large number of patients who do not know that they have reflux in the first place. It has been estimated that roughly 10% of patients presenting to an otolaryngologist have an upper aerodigestive tract complaint related to reflux[1]. You ask how this could be? I will explain. Clinicians refer to this form of reflux as silent reflux or Laryngopharyngeal reflux. The larynx, or organ oftentimes referred to as the "voice box" is actually a complicated part of our body where the ...
  http://nutritionstudies.org/how-to-treat-silent-reflux-symptoms-heartburn-persistent-cough-hoarseness/