*  Fulminant citrobacter meningitis with multiple periventricular abscesses in a three-month-old infant.
Citrobacter, a Gram-negative enteric bacillus, is a rare cause of septicemia and meningitis, seldom reported beyond the neonatal period. It is characterized by a fulminant clinical course and a high incidence of complications, including brain abscess
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Fulminant-citrobacter-meningitis-with-multiple/14636485.html
*  What are different types of colitis? | Reference.com
Different types of colitis include ulcerative colitis, microscopic colitis, ischemic colitis, infectious colitis and Crohn's disease, notes University of California Irvine. Colitis can also arise as...
  https://www.reference.com/health/different-types-colitis-f9072de72ca5da1d
*  Terminal ileitis (differential) | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
The differential diagnosis for a terminal ileitis is quite extensive, and includes: inflammatory bowel disease Crohn's disease (most common) backwash ileitis due to ulcerative colitis infectious colitis Yersinia spp. Yersinia enterocolitic...
  https://radiopaedia.org/articles/terminal-ileitis-differential
*  Dynamic Regulation of Epithelial Cell Survival by Enteropathogenic E. coli - V...
Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), an intestinal pathogen that causes diarrhea, is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality, especially among children...
  http://grantome.com/grant/NIH/R01-AI081742-02
*  Bladder Infection following Prostatectomy...
Hi DanMc,. I got a UTI following my stay in hospital for the operation. Symptoms were burning around the penis, including some loss of skin. I was given the antibiotic Norfloxacin, and after about 6 weeks, it cleared up - took a lot longer than the doctor thought to disappear. The test showed I had picked up Citrobacter which is a hospital acquired bug that is resistant to some antibiotics. In addition to the Citrobacter, I requested a skin test for yeast infection, and it turns out I also had Candida Albicans. I applied Canesten over the penis and scrotum, and this seemed to help - I still use it a couple of times a week.. One thing I found helpful when I had the UTI was to drink more water. This seemed to dilute the buring effect of the urine, even though it meant more pad usage. Berb ...
  http://www.healingwell.com/community/default.aspx?f=35&m=818185
*  ILCS - What does ILCS stand for? The Free Dictionary
Looking for online definition of ILCS or what ILCS stands for? ILCS is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms
  https://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/ILCS
*  Maternal retinoids control type 3 innate lymphoid cells and set the offspring immunity. | Sigma-Aldrich
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Serge A van de Pavert, Manuela Ferreira, Rita G Domingues, Hélder Ribeiro, Rosalie Molenaar, Lara Moreira-Santos, Francisca F Almeida, Sales Ibiza, Inês Barbosa, Gera Goverse, Carlos Labão-Almeida, Cristina Godinho-Silva, Tanja Konijn, Dennis Schooneman, Tom O'Toole, Mark R Mizee, Yasmin Habani, Esther Haak, Fabio R Santori, Dan R Littman, Stefan Schulte-Merker, Elaine Dzierzak, J Pedro Simas, Reina E Mebius, Henrique Veiga-Fernandes].
  https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/24670648
*  Table of Contents - May 02, 1997, 276 (5313) | Science
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (~3 micrometers long) adhere to human epithelial (HeLa) cell surfaces by inducing the formation of a "pedestal." Bacterial pathogens communicate with each other and with the cells they are attempting to colonize by secreting signals that make conditions more permissible for infection. The rich diversity of microbes, how best to use the latest techniques, and applications to industry and medicine are discussed in the special section beginning on 699. [Image: B. B. Finlay, A. Abe, and I. Rosenshine] ...
  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/276/5313
*  Longfonds Research
The field of type 2 immunity has broadened significantly over the past decade with the addition of new players such as the type 2 innate lymphoid cell (ILC2) and developments in understanding host-microbiota interactions. The conference featured an exceptional group of cross-disciplinary speakers each of whom are experts in different aspects within a defined set of diseases involving type 2 imm.... Keyword: type 2 immunity Airway dendritic cells ...
  http://research.longfonds.nl/database-zoeken?page=6
*  Suspicion of respiratory tract infection with multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae: epidemiology and risk factors from a...
In this study we analysed the spectrum of Enterobacteriaceae in tracheal aspirates of intubated PICU patients from 2005 to 2014. The spectrum of Enterobacteriaceae in lower respiratory tract material revealed Enterobacter spp., E.coli and Klebsiella spp. as the most common isolates (86%). Comparable data of matching study settings are scarce in the current literature. Wilson et al. [5] collected daily tracheal aspirates from intubated children. Consistent with our findings, the most common Gram-negative organisms isolated were Klebsiella spp. and E.coli, followed by Citrobacter freundii and Enterobacter cloacae. Lee et al. [34] described the microbiological spectrum and susceptibility pattern of clinical isolates from a PICU and found a rate of 20% ESBL-positive Klebsiella in 2005. Our study displayed a lower rate with only 6.5% of Klebsiella spp. isolates being ESBL-positive. However, more than half of E.coli isolates (55%), about a quarter of all ...
  https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-017-2251-x
*  ESCAPPM - Wikipedia
ESCAPPM or ESCHAPPM is a mnemonic for the organisms with inducible beta-lactamase activity that is chromosomally mediated. E: Enterobacter spp. S: Serratia spp. C: Citrobacter freundii H: Hafnia spp. A: Aeromonas spp.[citation needed] P: Proteus spp. (P. vulgaris) P: Providencia spp. M: Morganella morganii In vitro sensitivities are not applicable in vivo. In general, treatment with cephalosporins results in inducible beta-lactamase activity. Treatment with an aminoglycoside or carbapenem is usually indicated. Carbapenems are a class of beta-lactam antibiotics with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity. They have a structure that renders them highly resistant to beta-lactamases. Examples of Carbapenems include meropenem and imipenem. "Feedback for Practical 10: Antimicrobial Agents". Archived from the original on July 23, 2005. Retrieved 2010-01-26. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ESCAPPM
*  Items where School is "School of Applied Sciences | Biomolecular Sciences Research Centre" - University of Huddersfield...
van den Thillart, Guido, Dufour, Sylvie and Rankin, J. Cliff, eds. (2008) Spawning Migration of the European Eel. Fish & Fisheries Series, 30 . Springer Netherlands, London, UK. ISBN 978-1-4020-9095-0 (Online) Ababou, Abdessamad, Gautel, Mathias and Pfuhl, Mark (2007) Disecting the N-terminal myosin binding site of human cardiac myosin binding protein C : Structure and myosin binding of domain C2. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282 (12). pp. 9204-9215. ISSN 00219258 Ahmed, Naveed, Tsang, Wing Y. and Page, Michael I. (2004) Acyl vs Sulfonyl Transfer in N-Acyl β-Sultams and 3-Oxo-β sultams. Organic Letters, 6 (2). pp. 201-203. ISSN 15237060 Akbar, Sirwan, Rout, Simon and Humphreys, Paul (2015) Draft Genome Sequences of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain PS3 and Citrobacter freundii Strain SA79 Obtained from a Wound DressingAssociated Biofilm. Genome Announcements, 3 (3). ISSN 2169-8287 Al-Nuaimi, Yusur, Hardman, Jonathan A., Bíró, Tamás, Haslam, Iain S., Philpott, Michael P., Tóth, Balázs I., ...
  http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/view/depts/bmsrc.default.html
*  Coliform bacteria - Wikipedia
Coliform bacteria are defined as rod-shaped Gram-negative non-spore forming and motile or non-motile bacteria which can ferment lactose with the production of acid and gas when incubated at 35-37°C. They are a commonly used indicator of sanitary quality of foods and water. Coliforms can be found in the aquatic environment, in soil and on vegetation; they are universally present in large numbers in the feces of warm-blooded animals. While coliforms themselves are not normally causes of serious illness, they are easy to culture, and their presence is used to indicate that other pathogenic organisms of fecal origin may be present. Such pathogens include disease-causing bacteria, viruses, or protozoa and many multicellular parasites. Coliform procedures are performed in aerobic respiration,aerobic or anaerobic conditions. Typical genera include: Citrobacter Enterobacter Hafnia Klebsiella Escherichia Escherichia coli (E. coli), a rod-shaped ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coliform_bacteria
*  Molecular genetic analysis of cephalosporinase production and its role in beta-lactam resistance in clinical isolates of...
Two strains of Enterobacter cloacae were isolated from a patient before (strain MHN1) and during (strain MHN2) treatment with moxalactam and gentamicin. Strain MHN1 exhibited inducible ampC cephalosporinase production. In contrast, strain MHN2 expressed the enzyme constitutively at a 3,000-fold higher level. With the Escherichia coli ampC gene as a hybridization probe it was shown that the genomic arrangement of the ampC region was the same in both strains. To gain more insight into regulatory phenomena, the ampC genes were cloned, and their expression was studied in E. coli K-12. The ampC gene from MHN1 behaved normally and conferred inducible beta-lactam resistance. A regulatory region of at least 800 base pairs involved in controlling repression-induction was located immediately upstream of ampC. Surprisingly, when present in E. coli the ampC gene from MHN2 no longer overproduced the cephalosporinase, and inducible expression was observed. This indicates that in MHN2 stable cephalosporinase ...
  https://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/151362
*  Genome analysis of quorum sensing Cedecea neteri SSMD04 leads to identification of its novel signaling synthase (cneI), cognate...
Cedecea neteri is a very rare human pathogen. We have isolated a strain of C. neteri SSMD04 from pickled mackerel sashimi identified using molecular and phenotypics approaches. Using the biosensor Chromobacterium violaceum CV026, we have demonstrated the presence of short chain N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) type quorum sensing (QS) activity in C. neteri SSMD04. Triple quadrupole LC/MS analysis revealed that C. neteri SSMD04 produced short chain N-butyryl-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL). With the available genome information of C. neteri SSMD04, we went on to analyse and identified a pair of luxI/R homologues in this genome that share the highest similarity with croI/R homologues from Citrobacter rodentium. The AHL synthase, which we named cneI(636 bp), was found in the genome sequences of C. neteri SSMD04. At a distance of 8bp from cneI is a sequence encoding a hypothetical protein, potentially the cognate receptor, a luxR homologue which we named it as cneR. Analysis of this ...
  https://peerj.com/articles/1216/
*  triphenylmethane dye
... definition, any of a great number of dyes, as gentian violet, fuchsin, and rosaniline, produced from triphenylmethane by replacement of the ring hydrogen atoms with hydroxy, amino, sulfo, or other atoms or groups. See more.
  http://www.dictionary.com/browse/triphenylmethane-dye
*  Coliforms in Dairy
In a recent study 25 different types of yogurts were tested by the BioLumix method and the plate count method. The BioLumix ready to use vials were directly inoculated with 1.0 ml of various yogurts and monitored in the BioLumix system for 12 hours. Figure 1 shows the curves obtained. Key: Dark blue - Grape yogurt, Green - Grape yogurt inoculated with Citrobacter, Lt Blue - Raspberry yogurt, and Red - Raspberry yogurt inoculated with E. coli.. All products tested using the automated BioLumix assay for coliforms yielded results in a considerably shorter test time (typically 10-12 h) than the conventional Violet Red Bile Agar (VRBA) method (24 h to 72 h with confirmation). The BioLumix method can detect ,1 cfu/gram of product, being 10 times more sensitive that the plate count method. The BioLumix coliform medium had better selectivity in detecting coliforms, eliminating the need for the confirmation step.. ...
  http://www.mybiolumix.com/tag/coliforms-in-dairy/
*  Coliforms in Milk
In a recent study 25 different types of yogurts were tested by the BioLumix method and the plate count method. The BioLumix ready to use vials were directly inoculated with 1.0 ml of various yogurts and monitored in the BioLumix system for 12 hours. Figure 1 shows the curves obtained. Key: Dark blue - Grape yogurt, Green - Grape yogurt inoculated with Citrobacter, Lt Blue - Raspberry yogurt, and Red - Raspberry yogurt inoculated with E. coli.. All products tested using the automated BioLumix assay for coliforms yielded results in a considerably shorter test time (typically 10-12 h) than the conventional Violet Red Bile Agar (VRBA) method (24 h to 72 h with confirmation). The BioLumix method can detect ,1 cfu/gram of product, being 10 times more sensitive that the plate count method. The BioLumix coliform medium had better selectivity in detecting coliforms, eliminating the need for the confirmation step.. ...
  http://www.mybiolumix.com/tag/coliforms-in-milk/
*  Coliforms in Yogurt
In a recent study 25 different types of yogurts were tested by the BioLumix method and the plate count method. The BioLumix ready to use vials were directly inoculated with 1.0 ml of various yogurts and monitored in the BioLumix system for 12 hours. Figure 1 shows the curves obtained. Key: Dark blue - Grape yogurt, Green - Grape yogurt inoculated with Citrobacter, Lt Blue - Raspberry yogurt, and Red - Raspberry yogurt inoculated with E. coli.. All products tested using the automated BioLumix assay for coliforms yielded results in a considerably shorter test time (typically 10-12 h) than the conventional Violet Red Bile Agar (VRBA) method (24 h to 72 h with confirmation). The BioLumix method can detect ,1 cfu/gram of product, being 10 times more sensitive that the plate count method. The BioLumix coliform medium had better selectivity in detecting coliforms, eliminating the need for the confirmation step.. ...
  http://www.mybiolumix.com/tag/coliforms-in-yogurt/
*  A6.6 The Role of Syndecan-4 in Experimental Colitis | Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Materials and Methods We performed DSS-induced colitis in Scd4-/- and C57BL/6 WT mice. We used weight loss, colon length and histological scoring of colonic modifications to measure the course of colitis. Scd4-/- and WT mice were orally gavaged with 5 × 108 colony-forming units (CFU) of invasive bacterium Citrobacter rhodentium (C. rhodentium). The changes of body weight and faecal excretion of C. rhodentium were monitored for 21 days followed by evaluation of histological changes after infection. The permeability of the colon was examined in vitro by infection of colon samples from Scd4-/- and C57BL/6 WT mice with C. rhodentium. The migration behaviour of endothelial human cells (T-84) and scd4-siRNA T-84 knockdown cells was analysed by scratch assay. ...
  http://ard.bmj.com/content/72/Suppl_1/A44.1
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Current Status of Antibiograms of Listeria ivanovii and Enterobacter cloacae Isolated from Ready-To...
This study assessed the antimicrobial susceptibility of 51 Listeria ivanovii and 33 Enterobacter cloacae strains isolated from various ready-to-eat foods sold in Alice, South Africa. Isolates were identified using standard microbiological tests and further confirmed using API 20E and API Listeria kits. The disc diffusion technique was used to screen for antimicrobial susceptibility against 15 antimicrobials; minimum inhibitory concentration of five antibiotics was determined by the broth dilution method. All the strains of E. cloacae (100%) and 96% of L. ivanovii isolates were resistant to at least four or more of the antibiotics; nineteen antibiotypes were obtained based on the antibiotics used in the study. Antibiotype A5: AR PGR VAR ER APR was predominant in both L. ivanovii (23.5%) and E. cloacae (57.5%) isolates. Marked susceptibility of Listeria ivanovii was observed against chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, streptomycin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (100%) each while E. cloacae registered 100%
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/9/9/3101
*  Microbiology Society Journals | A major catalase (KatB) that is required for resistance to H2O2 and phagocyte-mediated killing...
Edwardsiella tarda causes haemorrhagic septicaemia in fish and gastro- and extra-intestinal infections in animals including humans. Resistance to phagocyte-mediated killing is one of the virulence factors of Ed. tarda. The authors' previous studies using TnphoA transposon mutagenesis indicated that katB mutants derived from the strain PPD130/91 are at least 1·6 log higher in LD50 values than the wild-type strain. These findings suggest the involvement of catalase (KatB) in Ed. tarda pathogenesis. In this study, experiments were conducted to characterize the contribution of KatB to Ed. tarda infection. Zymographic analyses indicated that the 22 Ed. tarda strains examined expressed three different types of catalase-peroxidases (Kat1-3) based on their mobility in non-denaturing polyacrylamide gels. KatB (Kat1), the major catalase enzyme, was expressed in eight out of 22 Ed. tarda strains, and was commonly found in virulent strains except AL9379. AL9379 has a mutated katB, which has a base
  http://mic.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.26478-0
*  Peer Evaluation : Characterization of Phenotype and Genotype of Biofield Treated Enterobacter aerogenes
Abstract : Enterobacter aerogenes (E. aerogenes) has been commonly described as a versatile opportunistic pathogen in hospital infections. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on E. aerogenes for its phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. E. aerogenes bearing ATCC 13048 (American Type Culture Collection) was procured from Bangalore Genei, in sealed pack and divided into control and treated groups. Treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi's biofield treatment and analyzed for antimicrobial susceptibility, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), biochemical reactions, and biotype using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. In addition, treated group of E. aerogenes was evaluated for DNA polymorphism by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and 16S rDNA sequencing to establish the phylogenetic relationship of E. aerogenes with different closely related bacterial species. Antimicrobial susceptibility results showed an alteration of 14.28% among ...
  http://peerevaluation.org/read/libraryID:30451
*  Peer Evaluation : Characterization of Phenotype and Genotype of Biofield Treated Enterobacter aerogenes
Abstract : Enterobacter aerogenes (E. aerogenes) has been commonly described as a versatile opportunistic pathogen in hospital infections. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on E. aerogenes for its phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. E. aerogenes bearing ATCC 13048 (American Type Culture Collection) was procured from Bangalore Genei, in sealed pack and divided into control and treated groups. Treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi's biofield treatment and analyzed for antimicrobial susceptibility, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), biochemical reactions, and biotype using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. In addition, treated group of E. aerogenes was evaluated for DNA polymorphism by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and 16S rDNA sequencing to establish the phylogenetic relationship of E. aerogenes with different closely related bacterial species. Antimicrobial susceptibility results showed an alteration of 14.28% among ...
  http://www.peerevaluation.org/read/libraryID:30451
*  carbapenem resistance
Carbapenems are relatively expensive, second or third line antibiotics which are used in infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. However, results from the Resistance Map project conducted by the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy (CDDEP) has shown that the use of carbapenems is on the rise in India, mainly driven by rampant prescribing in healthcare settings accompanied by ready, over-the-counter availability without prescriptions or with invalid prescriptions. Given this rise in the consumption of carbapenems, it is logical to hypothesise that the number of carbapenem resistant bacterial infections should be on the rise. In fact, in the developed world, Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae have become a major source of concern. In India, although the proportion of samples reported to bear Carbapenem Resistant Escherichia coli has remained relatively stable over the past decade or so, there has been a distressing rise in the ...
  https://zoonoticus.wordpress.com/tag/carbapenem-resistance/