*  Melasma Medication: Depigmenting agents, Antibiotic agents, Retinoids
20% azelaic acid versus 4% hydroquinone cream. Int J Dermatol. 1991 Dec. 30(12):893-5. [Medline]. ... The combination of glycolic acid and hydroquinone or kojic acid for the treatment of melasma and related conditions. Dermatol ... Azelaic acid may decrease microcomedo formation. It may have a bleaching effect on skin. It may also have an antimicrobial ... Melanin hyperpigmentation of skin: melasma, topical treatment with azelaic acid, and other therapies. Cutis. 1996 Jan. 57(1 ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1068640-medication
*  Melasma: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology
20% azelaic acid versus 4% hydroquinone cream. Int J Dermatol. 1991 Dec. 30(12):893-5. [Medline]. ... The combination of glycolic acid and hydroquinone or kojic acid for the treatment of melasma and related conditions. Dermatol ... Melanin hyperpigmentation of skin: melasma, topical treatment with azelaic acid, and other therapies. Cutis. 1996 Jan. 57(1 ... hydroquinone 4%, tretinoin 0.05%) compared with hydroquinone 4% cream in Asian patients with moderate to severe melasma. Br J ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1068640-overview
*  Home Treatment of Facial Pigmentation | LIVESTRONG.COM
Brands with hydroquinone, azelaic acid or kojic acid as the active ingredient. The bleaching cream is applied daily for several ...
  https://www.livestrong.com/article/319334-home-treatment-of-facial-pigmentation/
*  Skin Bleaching: Methods, Risks, and Alternatives
Baliña, L. M., & Graupe, K. (1991). The treatment of melasma 20% azelaic acid versus 4% hydroquinone cream. International ... Garcia, A., & Fulton, J. E. (1996). The combination of glycolic acid and hydroquinone or kojic acid for the treatment of ... Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA). Many skin bleach products contain alpha hydroxy (AHA) as their active ingredient. This is an acid ... They deemed hydroquinone unsafe for the following reasons:. *Hydroquinone increases the risk of developing skin cancer from sun ...
  http://www.healthyskinwhitening.com/skin-bleaching/
*  Kudos - helping increase the reach and impact of research
Comparative study of therapeutic effects of 20% azelaic acid and hydroquinone 4% cream in the treatment of melasma. Published ...
  https://www.growkudos.com/profiles/50934
*  Skin whitening - Wikipedia
Baliña, Luis M.; Graupe, Klaus (December 1991). "The Treatment of Melasma 20% Azelaic Acid versus 4% Hydroquinone Cream". ... Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) - primarily in the form of lactic acid and glycolic acid - are the most researched forms of AHAs ... Azelaic acid is a component of grains, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is applied topically in a cream formulation at a 10- ... Azelaic acid is used to treat acne, but there also is research showing it to be effective for skin discolorations. Other ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skin_whitening
*  Scaly circular patches - Things You Didn't Know
The light and dark patches could be various things but medications such as hydroquinone/azelaic acid are used often to lighten ...
  https://www.healthtap.com/topics/scaly-circular-patches
*  Hydroquinone - Wikipedia
... including azelaic acid,[26] kojic acid, retinoids, cysteamine,[27] topical steroids, glycolic acid, and other substances. ... Hydroquinone was first obtained in 1820 by the French chemists Pelletier and Caventou via the dry distillation of quinic acid.[ ... Hydroquinone is sometimes combined with alpha hydroxy acids that exfoliate the skin to quicken the lightening process. In the ... On pages 341-342, the preparation and properties of l'acide pyro-kinique (pyroquinic acid or hydroquinone) are discussed. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroquinone
*  Hyperpigmentation - Wikipedia
Several are prescription only in the US, especially in high doses, such as hydroquinone, azelaic acid, and koijic acid. Some ... Mazurek, Klaudia; Pierzchała, Ewa (2016-09-01). "Comparison of efficacy of products containing azelaic acid in melasma ... Hydroquinone vs 0.75% Kojic Acid Cream in the Treatment of Facial Melasma". Indian Journal of Dermatology. 58 (2): 157. doi: ... In the EU hydroquinone was banned from cosmetic applications. Treatments that do not involve topical agents are also available ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperpigmentation
*  Pimples on Thighs & Buttocks - Dermatology - MedHelp
For the post inflammatory scars, You can use any of the various skin creams like hydroquinone, azelaic acid, corticosteroids, ... For the post inflammatory scars, You can use any of the various skin creams like hydroquinone, azelaic acid, corticosteroids, ... tretinoin cream and laser treatment.Apply hydroquinone cream on these scars and it should go away in a few days to months.If it ... tretinoin cream and laser treatment.Apply hydroquinone cream on these scars and it should go away in a few days to months.If it ...
  http://www.medhelp.org/posts/Dermatology/Pimples-on-Thighs--Buttocks/show/997163
*  Skin lightening
Other OTC options include ones that contain two percent hydroquinone, azelaic acid, glycolic acid, kojic acid, retinoid, or ... Kojic acid: This antioxidant comes from fungus, and it works by breaking down and preventing further production of melanin in ... Ellagic acid: This natural antioxidant comes from strawberries, cherries, and pomegranates and inhibits an enzyme needed for ... Hydroquinone: This ingredient interrupts the production of melanin. It's considered a carcinogenic and hepatotoxic (damaging to ...
  http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/print/805581
*  Acupuncture for melasma in women: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials | Acupuncture in Medicine
MA was compared with oral tranexamic acid, vitamin C and E, vitamin C and tamoxifen, topical 20% azelaic acid, hydroquinone, ...
  http://aim.bmj.com/content/early/2015/04/21/acupmed-2014-010633
*  Antara produk yg mengandung acid hydroquinon - Revitol Skin Brightner - Sep 15, 2017
Antara produk yg mengandung acid hydroquinon - kerteh gallery. Revitol Skin Brightener Cream is your safe, herbal-based ... sebagian besar mengandung bahan kimiawi seperti Azelaic Acid,Hydroquinone,Kojic Acid... kulit Yg mengandung anti... ... Hydroquinone adalah... Formulasi cream ini mengandung bahan aktif 20%. Azelaic acid digunakan sebagai obat jerawat... Produk ... Acid,Hydroquinone,Kojic Acid,Tretinoin bahkan tidak nangung nangung bahwa ada produsen nakal yg memasukan bahan formula yg ...
  http://skinbrightener.herbalous.com/antara-produk-yg-mengandung-acid-hydroquinon.html
*  Serums
Reduce discolorations and promote an even skin tone with this spot treatment serum with kojic and azelaic acids, perfect for ... Lighten all forms of hyperpigmentation and discoloration with this spot-treatment serum with hydroquinone that delivers ... Hyaluronic Acid Boosting Serum. net wt 1 oz / 28g Plump and firm skin through increased hydration on and below the surface of ... Clear existing and prevent future acne breakouts with this fast-acting, salicylic acid treatment. A unique botanical blend ...
  https://www.pcaskin.com/daily-care-products/serums
*  MELANIN AESTHETICS AND LASER CLINIC - Blog
Topical depigmenting agent can also help like Hydroquinone, Azelaic acid and Vit. C. I find the combination of Hydroquinone, ... For wrinkle iontophoresis ,retinoic acid. hyaluronic acid, or vitamit C serums are pushed into the skin to fight the free ... topical products like hyaluronic acid or salicylic acid, etc. are delivered into the skin at while doing exfoliation. These ... Other medications include powerful anti-oxidants like Vitamin C and E, CoenzymeQ10 and Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA).More invasive ...
  https://www.melaninlaserclinic.com/blog
*  WHAT IS MELASMA? By: Gloria Vergara-Octaviano - MELANIN AESTHETICS AND LASER CLINIC
Topical depigmenting agent can also help like Hydroquinone, Azelaic acid and Vit. C. I find the combination of Hydroquinone, ... Oral medications that are currently under investigation includes Tranexamic acid (also used to stop bleeding) and Glutathione ... Retinoic Acid and Hydrocortisone (Kligman's formula) more effective than other creams. ...
  https://www.melaninlaserclinic.com/blog/what-is-melasma-by-gloria-vergara-octaviano
*  Sensitive
Reduce discolorations and promote an even skin tone with this spot treatment serum with kojic and azelaic acids, perfect for ... Hyaluronic Acid Boosting Serum. net wt 1 oz / 28g Plump and firm skin through increased hydration on and below the surface of ... sensitive skin of moisture with this hydrating cleanser containing aloe and essential fatty acids. ... soothed and pH balanced with this cleanser including lactic acid, aloe and willow bark. ...
  https://www.pcaskin.com/by-skin-type/sensitive
*  Buy Whitening Skin Care Products Philippines | BeautyMNL
Azelaic acid - also works similar to hydroquinone by inhibiting tyrosinase activity. Can also work as an acne and rosacea ... Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) - commonly found in the form of lactic and glycolic acids. These work as exfoliants, removing layers ... Kojic acid - derived from fungi, it is considered one of the best natural ingredients for whitening due to its lack of side ... Hydroquinone - Works by disrupting the production of melanin, which is responsible for skin color. While still a popular ...
  https://beautymnl.com/t/skin-care/category/treatment/whitening
*  Hydroquinone 4 combined with tretinoin 0.05 / Metformine 850 Mg Zentiva
... azelaic acid,hydroquinone, tretinoin, vitamin A.. We searched the MEDLINE and The Cochrane Library databases using the keywords ... Fructoselysine, Glyoxal, Hippuric acid, Homocysteine, Hydroquinone, Indole-3-acetic acid. * P, 0.05, ** P, 0.01, *** P, 0.001 ... 3-Methyl-2-butanol + Hydroquinone +.. 0.025%, 0.05%,. Applies to fluocinolone / hydroquinone / tretinoin topical:. hydroquinone ... RDL Hydroquinone Tretinoin Babyface. PANI H 2 SO 4 was mixed with a combination of trimethyl hydroquinone and Zn DBS. but ...
  http://owhentai.tk/roma/hydroquinone-4-combined-with-tretinoin-005-424.php
*  The treatment of melasma by silymarin cream | Springer for Research & Development
Topical agents include phenols, e.g., hydroquinone; retinoids, e.g., tretinoin; azelaic acid; kojic acid; and glycolic acid[1]. ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-5945-12-18
*  How to get rid of pigmentation | AllDayChemist Online Pharmacy Blog, Health Blog
The common AHAs such as Hydroquinone, Azelaic acid, Kojic acid and Mandelic acid are applied to the affected areas. The home ... You can use glycolic acid, salicylic acid and lactic acid to reduce the skin inflammation. These AHAs are safe, but consult ... Similarly, avocados that carry oleic acid, vitamin E & C and fatty acid can minimize the effects of black patches. These two ... This therapy applies alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and Retinoids under the skin renewal procedure. ...
  https://www.alldaychemist.com/blog/how-to-get-rid-of-pigmentation/
*  color/texture/acne
Exfoliating Serum- with Glycolic Acid for oily skin. *Lightening Serum- with Hydroquinone, Azelaic acid and Kojic acid to ... Chemical Peels are topical preparations including lactic acid, glycolic acid and salicylic acid which act to improve acne, skin ... Custom preparations combining a wide range of enzymes and polyhydroxy acids are used to treat each individual patient. During ... The American Academy of Dermatology promotes Chemical Peels (using natural acids) as a supplemental treatment with high patient ...
  https://www.skinmdandbeyond.com/interactive-guide/face/color-texture-acne/
*  What Is Melasma?
Other popular options include non-hydroquinone topical medicines such as Azelaic acid, Retinoic acid and Tazaroten 0.5%-1%. ... Prescription Hydroquinone For dermal and mixed Melasma, you will need prescribed hydroquinone with a concentration of over 2%. ... The most common peel is a glycolic acid peel. Chemical peels speed up the skin's turnover and regeneration, and help remove the ... The most popular of these is hydroquinone (HQ), which can be found in many over-the-counter products, however, a doctor's ...
  http://www.medixskincare.com.au/what-is-melasma/
*  Glo Skin Beauty Therapeutics Lightening Serum - Tanga
Azelaic Acid, Water (Aqua), Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel), Lactic Acid, Hydroquinone, Kojic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Ascorbic ... Hydroquinone, lactic and kojic acids exfoliates to increase cell turnover while melanin inhibitors counteract the formation of ... Ingredient: Lactic Acid, Kojic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Vitamin C, Hydroquinone. *Skin Care: Treatments and Serums ...
  https://www.tanga.com/deals/a658fa3450c8/glo-skin-beauty-therapeutics-lightening-serum?internal_campaign=front_page_daily_deals&product_list_type=front_page&product_list_value=daily_deals
*  Azelaic acid - Wikipedia
It has been recommended as an alternative to hydroquinone. As a tyrosinase inhibitor, azelaic acid reduces synthesis of melanin ... The bacterial degradation of nonanoic acid gives azelaic acid. In plants, azelaic acid serves as a "distress flare" involved in ... "Azelaic acid topical". Drugs.com. Liu, R. H.; Smith, M. K.; Basta, S. A.; Farmer, E. R. (2006). "Azelaic acid in the treatment ... Azelaic acid is industrially produced by the ozonolysis of oleic acid. The side product is nonanoic acid. It is produced ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azelaic_acid