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*  Fungal Endophthalmitis: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
The following 3 classes of fungi are important ocular pathogens: molds, yeasts, and diphasic fungi. ... Fungi are eukaryotic organisms that are ubiquitous in nature. ... Infection probably starts in the choroid and spreads to the ... Cryptococci spores can survive up to 2 years in pigeon droppings. Spores gain access to the human body through inhalation. From ... C immitis is endemic in the southwestern United States (the San Joaquin Valley) and Northern Mexico. It also has been reported ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1204298-overview
*  Disseminated fungal infection - ONA
Coccidioidomycosis is caused by Coccidioides immitis and C. posadasii, dimorphic fungi. They are endemic to the Southwest ... The initial infection is caused by inhalation of the arthroconidia into the lungs. Most people do not develop symptoms, whereas ... Inhalation of spores has been documented rarely. In immunosuppressed patients, the risk of dissemination is higher involving ... Disseminated fungal infection in an HIV-positive patient from or who visited the endemic region should strongly suggest this ...
  http://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/disseminated-fungal-infection/article/610631/
*  Tinea capitis - Wikipedia
There are three types of infection: Ectothrix: Characterized by the growth of fungal spores (arthroconidia) on the exterior of ... Favus is caused by T. schoenleinii, and is endemic in South Africa and the Middle East. It is characterized by a number of ... This compound is fungistatic (inhibiting the growth or reproduction of fungi) and works by affecting the microtubular system of ... Richardson M. (2003). Fungal Infection: Diagnosis and Management. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 1-4051-1578-5. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinea_capitis
*  Posadas disease | definition of Posadas disease by Medical dictionary
soil saprophyte (Coccicioides immitis ) endemic in subtropical areas of the USA, causing plantar fungal infection; skin lesions ... Spores are the tiny, thick-walled structures that fungi use to reproduce. Coccidioidomycosis exists in three forms. The acute ... sometimes fatal systemic fungal disease due to inhalation of arthroconidia of Coccidioides. In benign forms of the infection, ... Primary infection is characterized by symptoms resembling those of the common cold or pulmonary infection. Secondary infection ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Posadas+disease
*  Coccidioidomycosis - Wikipedia
An indirect demonstration of fungal infection can be achieved also by serologic analysis detecting fungal antigen or host IgM ... The spores, known as arthroconidia, are swept into the air by disruption of the soil, such as during construction, farming, or ... In some cases the infection may recur or become chronic. An estimated 60% of people infected with the fungi responsible for ... In December 1977 a windstorm in an endemic area around Arvin, CA led to several hundred cases, including deaths, in non-endemic ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coccidioidomycosis
*  Molecular detection of airborne Coccidioides in Tucson, Arizona
Valley fever, also known as coccidioidomycosis, is a fungal disease that develops when aerosolized spores of Coccidioides ... initiatives can help inform individuals residing in endemic areas on how to make choices that lower their risk for infection. ... This observation suggests that effective lysis of arthroconidia may be the limiting factor once arthroconidia are captured. ... due to the resistant nature of fungi to desiccation via airflow, is the use of high-volume membrane filtration. The benefit of ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4962330/
*  Fungal Pneumonia: Overview of Fungal Pneumonia, Risk Factors, Epidemiology of Fungal Pneumonia
Among the vast diversity of respiratory pathogens, fungi account for only a small portion of community-acquired and nosocomial ... Fungal pneumonia is an infectious process in the lungs caused by one or more endemic or opportunistic fungi. Fungal infection ... that may unduly cause exposure to spores of Aspergillus species or other ubiquitous fungi. ... Arthroconidia in mold state are easily dispersed and inhaled into the lungs. [4] Therefore, because of its high virulence, it ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/300341-overview
*  Penicillium marneffei - Wikipedia
... which is when the rats breed but also when conditions are more favorable for production of fungal spores (conidia) that can ... It is not known whether people get the disease by eating infected rats, or by inhaling fungi from their faeces. There is an ... "Talaromyces (Penicillium) marneffei infection in non-HIV-infected patients". Emerg Microbes Infect. 5: e19. doi:10.1038/emi. ... The cells are not yeast cells, but rather arthroconidia. Culturing isn't the only method of diagnosis. A skin scraping can be ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penicillium_marneffei
*  Pathogen Safety Data Sheets: Infectious Substances - Coccidioides spp. - Canada.ca
are dimorphic fungi. In the environment they exist in a hyphal phase and release infectious arthroconidia (2 to 5 μm). Inside ... The major risk factor for infection is environmental exposure to dust and soil Footnote 1. Disseminated infection is more ... PRIMARY HAZARD: Inhalation of spores, parenteral inoculation or contact with mucous membranes Footnote 15, Footnote 16. ... Ryan, K. J. (2004). Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, Coccidioides, and other Systemic Fungal Pathogens. In K. J. Ryan, & C. G. Ray ( ...
  https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/laboratory-biosafety-biosecurity/pathogen-safety-data-sheets-risk-assessment/coccidioides.html
*  Tinea Capitis
In endothrix infection, spherical-to-box-like spores are found within the hair shaft. This type of infection is caused by T ... Certain species of dermatophytes are endemic only in particular parts of the world. Zoophilic fungal infections of the scalp ... Intrapilary hyphae and spores around the hair shaft are ..... Fungi are seen sparsely in the stratum corneum (see the first ... Ectothrix invasion is characterized by the development of arthroconidia on the exterior of the hair shaft. The cuticle of the ...
  http://misc.medscape.com/pi/android/medscapeapp/html/A1091351-business.html
*  Neoscytalidium dimidiatum - Wikipedia
Morick, Danny; Alvarez, Mariano Domingo; Elad, Daniel (1 August 2011). "Pulmonary fungal infection caused by Neoscytalidium ... Both arthroconidia and pycnidia may be produced in the same culture. Cultures of the fungus derived from human skin tend to be ... A case of rhinosinusitis, a disease where it is believed that fungi play a role in the disease process, was reported to have ... In addition to these regions, this fungus is endemic to parts of west and central Africa, the Caribbean and Asian, but more ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoscytalidium_dimidiatum
*  Fungal infections in animals: a patchwork of different situations, Medical Mycology | 10.1093/mmy/myx104 | DeepDyve
"Fungal infections in animals: a patchwork of different situations, Medical Mycology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental ... However, the main transmission of fungal spores seems to be bat-to-bat contacts and Pd infection will remain an ongoing threat ... and infections caused by melanized fungi, endemic environmental pathogens (coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, ... rabbits Direct contact with arthroconidia (formed on the skin of infected animals) Dermatophytosis (tinea corporis or capitis) ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/ou_press/fungal-infections-in-animals-a-patchwork-of-different-situations-ayXWliUQrU
*   Long Read: "Death Dust"
... these fragment easily into lightweight spores. C. immitis is adapted to lodge deep: its spores are small enough to reach the ... Cocci is endemic to the desert Southwest-California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas-and to the semi-arid parts of Central ... There may be no vaccine today, but some of my coworkers are working on one*. Fungal infections are different from most of the ... Had to drain his lungs from the first infection. Then…it spread to his brain 'cocci meningitis', and after multiple failures of ...
  https://www.balloon-juice.com/2014/01/14/long-read-death-dust/
*  q bank M&I 3 03212006 Flashcards - Cram.com
Bacterial, fungal, and viral cultures of the lesions are negative. A biopsy is performed, and a hematoxylin-eosin stain of the ... Ingestion of cyts in pork is incorrect, because althgou it is the most common means of infection of U.S., residents it is NOT ... Cylindrical arthroconidia would be the transmission forms characteristic of Coccidioides immitis, which may be a cause of ... Paracoccidiodomycosis is endemic in Latin America, especially in Brazil. The infected cells show a typical 'pilot's wheel' ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/q-bank-mi-3-03212006-341702
*  countyofkings.com
... defining from inhaling the spores (arthroconidia) of Coccidioides the extent of infection, and identifying host factors that ... or an exposure to a high inoculum of fungal spores, as may tients with a more mild illness. Although opinion varies as to occur ... Coccidioidomycosis: proceedings coccidioidal endemic area. Am J Med 1993; 94:235-40.. of the 5th International Conference on ... superinfection with other fungi or pos- nephrotoxicity and may be considered. Animal model studies sibly bacteria, or ...
  http://onlinepdfcatalog.com/c/countyofkings.com1.html
*  David A. Stevens | Stanford Medicine Profiles
... models against a number of other filamentous and dimorphic endemic fungi and in animal models of Pneumocystis carinii infection ... Overall, animal models of fungal infection will continue to be valuable tools in addressing questions concerning fungal ... On the basis of an artificially large exposure to arthroconidia that may occur as a result of a laboratory accident, a ... Those group A and B isolates unable to form viable spores may be diploid hybrids between Saccharomyces species. The group B ...
  https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/david-stevens