*  Fish physiology - Wikipedia
... some use natural antifreeze or antifreeze proteins to resist ice crystal formation in their tissues. Most sharks are "cold- ... Two major types of osmoregulation are osmoconformers and osmoregulators. Osmoconformers match their body osmolarity to their ... which has caused debates about the homology of respiratory centers between aquatic and terrestrial species. In both aquatic and ... Sequential hermaphrodites have both types of tissue in their gonads, with one type being predominant while the fish belongs to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_physiology
*  Antifreeze protein - Wikipedia
See also dehydrin There are two types of insect antifreeze proteins, Tenebrio and Dendroides AFPs which are both in different ... In contrast, aquatic organisms are exposed only to -1 to -2 °C below freezing. During the extreme winter months, the spruce ... Type II AFPs are found in sea raven, smelt and herring. They are cysteine-rich globular proteins containing five disulfide ... Fish Antifreeze Produced in Pancreas Antifreeze Proteins: Molecule of the Month, by David Goodsell, RCSB Protein Data Bank. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antifreeze_protein
*  Southern Ocean - Wikipedia
The suborder contains many species with antifreeze proteins in their blood and tissue, allowing them to live in water that is ... Another two days' sailing would have brought him to Coat's Land (to the east of the Weddell Sea) but Weddell decided to turn ... Many aquatic molluscs are present in Antarctica. Bivalves such as Adamussium colbecki move around on the seafloor, while others ... This is actually a type of coastal upwelling. Since there are no continents in a band of open latitudes between South America ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Ocean
*  Genetically modified fish - Wikipedia
... red fluorescent protein. The ocean pout type III antifreeze protein transgene has been successfully micro-injected and ... Two species of fish, zebrafish and medaka, are most commonly modified because they have optically clear chorions (shells), ... fish Their use as bioreactors for the development of bio-medically important proteins Their use as indicators of aquatic ... The wild-type salmon takes 24 to 30 months to reach market size (4-6 kg) whereas the producers of the GM salmon claim it ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetically_modified_fish
*  Temperature and Evolution: Southern Ocean Cooling and the Antarctic Marine Fauna | SpringerLink
Scott GK, Fletcher GL, Davies PL (1986) Fish antifreeze proteins: recent gene evolution. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 43:1028-1034 ... In: Ernst WG, Morin JG (eds) The environment of the deep-sea (Rubey Vol II). Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, pp ... Taylor PD (1988) Major radiation of cheilostome bryozoans: triggered by the evolution of a new larval type? Hist Biol 1:45-64 ... Clarke A (1987 a) The adaptation of aquatic animals to low temperatures. In: Grout BWW, Morris GJ (eds) The effects of low ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-84074-6_2
*  Wildlife of Antarctica - Wikipedia
Antifreeze proteins are also known from Southern Ocean snailfish and eelpouts. There are two icefish species from the ... These two similar types of gigantism are believed to be related the cold water, which can contain high levels of oxygen, ... Many aquatic molluscs are present in Antarctica. Bivalves such as Adamussium colbecki move around on the seafloor, while others ... The suborder contains many species with antifreeze proteins in their blood and tissue, allowing them to live in water that is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wildlife_of_Antarctica
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... antifreeze proteins, Ice adsorption, Fluorescent labeling, Ice lattice planes, ice-binding proteins, Single ice crystal ... We here describe the use of PAFP and PSFP expression to image two protein species in fixed cells. Extension of the technique to ... Data obtained can be applied to understanding the nanoscale spatial distributions of multiple protein types within a cell. One ... occupying both primary and tertiary roles in the aquatic food web. In the dry valley aquatic food web, protists that fix ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/23977079/diversity-aplochiton-fishes-galaxiidea-taxonomic-resurrection
*  Plant - Wikipedia
Plants protect themselves from frost and dehydration stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose ... Two additional groups, the Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae), also have chloroplasts that appear to be ... Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such ... The fossil fuels coal, petroleum and natural gas are derived from the remains of aquatic organisms including phytoplankton in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant
*  Cryobiology - Wikipedia
Antifreeze proteins cloned from such fish have been used to confer frost-resistance on transgenic plants.[citation needed] ... Human gametes and two-, four- and eight-cell embryos can survive cryopreservation at -196 °C for 10 years under well-controlled ... Recent symposia have included long-term stability, preservation of aquatic organisms, cryopreservation of embryos and gametes, ... A variety of cell types are protected by 10% dimethyl sulfoxide. Cryobiologists attempt to optimize cryoprotectant ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryobiology
*  Hibernaculum (zoology) - Wikipedia
Insects prepare to overwinter through a variety of mechanisms, such as using anti-freeze proteins or cryoprotectants in freeze- ... Other types of insect hibernacula include self-spun silk hibernacula, such as those made and used by spruce budworms as they ... Pine snakes and the closely related Louisiana pine snakes are two of the most well-studied hibernating snake species, and share ... Most freeze avoidance strategies include overwintering in aquatic situations or burrowing in the soil to depths below the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hibernaculum_(zoology)
*  Insect trap - Wikipedia
Many types of moth traps are bucket-type traps. Bottle traps are widely used, often used to sample wasp or pest beetle ... Aquatic emergence traps are cage-like or tent-like structures used to capture aquatic insects such as chironomids, caddisflies ... Flies and wasps are attracted by proteins. Mosquitoes and many other insects are attracted by bright colors, carbon dioxide, ... are simple shallow dishes filled with a soapy water or a preservative and killing agent such as antifreeze. Pan traps are used ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect_trap
*  Dr Ian Kay] Introduction to Animal Physiology(BookZZ.org) - Docs.com
Exopeptidase is an enzyme which removes the terminal amino acids from a protein molecule. There are two types: N-terminal ... 69,170 Antifreeze molecules, 168 Antifreeze proteins, 98 Asexual reproduction, 175,177 Aspartate, 23 Atrial naturetic peptide, ... The transition from aquatic to terrestrial environments has only occurred in two groups of animals - the insects and the verte ... Gastrointestinal function 139 0 II H0 I II C-HN-C-CC--HH NN--C -c-C-HN 0 II H0 I II Pepsin Q OH Tyrosine Pepsin @ Phenylalanine ...
  https://docs.com/biologo-rafael-martinez-ortiz/2772
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... antifreeze proteins, Ice adsorption, Fluorescent labeling, Ice lattice planes, ice-binding proteins, Single ice crystal ... Two types of analysis tasks analysis within and between datasets were demonstrated in the video presentation using an approach ... Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) are aquatic microorganisms that were first notably described in 19751 from sediment samples ... Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are expressed in a variety of cold-hardy organisms to prevent or slow internal ice growth. AFPs bind ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/24098389/phenological-changes-in-the-southern-hemisphere
*  Oxygen - Wikipedia
... σ overlap of the two atomic 2p orbitals that lie along the O-O molecular axis and π overlap of two pairs of atomic 2p orbitals ... such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and fats, as do the major constituent inorganic compounds of animal shells, ... including antifreeze and polyester polymers (the precursors of many plastics and fabrics). Most of the remaining 20% of ... but has the secondary effect of decreasing resistance to blood flow in many types of diseased lungs, easing work load on the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxygen
*  Structure and application of antifreeze proteins from Antarctic bacteria | Microbial Cell Factories | Full Text
The mechanism of the type III antifreeze protein action: a computational study. Biophys Chem. 2004;109:137-48.View Article ... Two fractions that showed TH were eluted when 0.54 and 0.70 M NaCl were applied to the column loaded with GU3.1.1 crude extract ... Key microbial drivers in Antarctic aquatic environments. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2013;37:303-35.View ArticleGoogle Scholar. ... Antifreeze sequences identification. BLASTp search against a local database of antifreeze proteins and realated proteins (see ...
  https://microbialcellfactories.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12934-017-0737-2
*  Chloe Garcia: Favorites - AskNature
Nests of leaf-cutting ants are self-ventilation thanks to two different types of turrets that take advantage of wind.. ... Changes in protein-pigment complex protect from heat and desiccationlichen. Lichens can tolerate extreme heat and desiccation ... liquid cell contents of snow algae are kept liquid in freezing temperatures because the algae manufacture their own antifreeze. ... in Antarctica's benthic communities are recycled after the spring and summer seasons by being redistributed through the aquatic ...
  https://asknature.org/collections/chloe-garcia-favorites/
*  Beetle - Wikipedia
Graham, L. A; Liou, Y. C.; Walker, V. K.; Davies, P. L. (August 1997). "Hyperactive antifreeze protein from beetles". Nature. ... Many have the two elytra fused together, forming a solid shield over the abdomen. In a few families, both the ability to fly ... Some aquatic beetle species may use antennae for gathering air and passing it under the body whilst submerged. Equally, some ... "Antennae Types". University of Sydney. Retrieved 2017-01-26. Arnett, Jr., R. H.; Thomas, M. C. (2001). American Beetles, Volume ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beetle
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Ice-binding proteins (IBPs), including antifreeze proteins, ice structuring proteins, thermal hysteresis proteins, and ice ... occupying both primary and tertiary roles in the aquatic food web. In the dry valley aquatic food web, protists that fix ... Lipids extraction from whole yeast cells for using this method of lipid analysis takes two to three hours. It takes only five ... In addition, lake water samples were supplemented with multiple types of growth media to promote the growth of a variety of ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/23418580/diatom-specific-highly-branched-isoprenoids-as-biomarkers-antarctic
*  Aquaculture of salmonids - Wikipedia
In addition, salmon require nutritional intakes of protein, protein which is often supplied to them in the form of fish meal as ... This type of technology is only useful for stock enhancement programs. Sea cages, also called sea pens or net pens, are usually ... Once the fish have reached the smolt phase, they are taken out to sea where they are held for up to two years. During this time ... Being aquatic carnivores, salmonids don't tolerate or properly metabolize many plant based carbohydrates and use fats instead ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquaculture_of_salmonids
*  Plantae - The Full Wiki
Plants protect themselves from frost and dehydration stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose ... The two groups of green algae are the closest relatives of land plants (embryophytes). The first of these groups is the ... Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such ... Bromeliad epiphytes accumulate water in leaf axils to form phytotelmata, complex aquatic food webs.[22] ...
  http://www.thefullwiki.org/Plantae
*  Plantae
Plants protect themselves from frost and dehydration stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose ... Two additional groups, the Rhodophyta Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae), also have primary ... Just as in animals, plant cells differentiate and develop into multiple cell types. Totipotent Totipotent meristematic cells ... Bromeliad epiphytes accumulate water in leaf axils to form phytotelmata that may contain complex aquatic food webs.[74] ...
  http://theinfolist.com/php/SummaryGet.php?FindGo=Plantae
*  oxygen facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about oxygen
Type I Grade B and Grade C and Type II Grade C are 99.5% pure and are the most commonly produced grades of oxygen. They are ... Growth in aquatic plant life and a decrease in dissolved oxygen are the two main results of the process.) ... It is, in turn, converted from plant proteins to animal proteins.. When plants and animals die, sulfur is returned to the soil ... Ethylene glycol is used in antifreeze and as a starting point in making polyester fibers, film, plastic containers, bags, and ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/compounds-and-elements/oxygen
*  Franz Josef Land: extreme northern outpost for Arctic fishes [PeerJ]
2 m in length, was recorded by drop camera near Hayes Island at 211 m, and Esipov's pout, Gymnelus esipovi (Zoarcidae), was ... Sixteen species of fishes from seven families were documented on the expedition, including two species previously unknown to ... Antifreeze proteins of teleost fishes.. Annual Review of Physiology 63:359-390 ... A) Bliss Island, body is entirely covered by spiny plates; two pair of tubular nostrils are visible on snout in front of eye; ...
  https://peerj.com/articles/692/
*  Plant - Wikipedia
Plants protect themselves from frost and dehydration stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose ... All green plants contain two forms of chlorophyll, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. The latter of these pigments is not found ... Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such ... Bromeliad epiphytes accumulate water in leaf axils to form phytotelmata that may contain complex aquatic food webs.[75] ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantae
*  Items where Author is "Mock, Thomas" - ePIC
Antifreeze proteins in polar sea ice diatoms: diversity and gene expression in the genus Fragilariopsis , Environmental ... Photosynthesis in Antarctic sea ice diatoms / Molecular Ecology in Aquatic Ecosystems , DIALOG V Symposium, Bermuda Biological ... Photosynthetic energy conversion under extreme conditions: II The significance of lipids under light limited growth in ... Group by: Item Type , No Grouping. Jump to: Article , Inbook , Thesis , Conference ...
  http://epic.awi.de/view/creators/Mock=3AThomas=3A=3A.html