*  Exercise and Nutritional Intervention for Deconditioned Older Adults - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Severe valvular heart disease (aortic or mitral stenosis with valve area , 1 cm2 , mitral or aortic insufficiency with any ... degree of LV dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension [PASP , 50 mmHg], or LV enlargement [LVESD 40 mm, or LVEDD , 55 mm]) ... Muscular Diseases. Musculoskeletal Diseases. Neuromuscular Manifestations. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01115530
*  Randomized Clinical Trial of Aspirin and Simvastatin for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - American College of Cardiology
Left-sided valvular disease (more than moderate mitral valve stenosis or insufficiency or aortic stenosis or insufficiency), ... Lung Diseases, Interstitial, Contraception, Thromboxane B2, Hypertension, Pulmonary, Natriuretic Peptide, Brain, ... Mean pulmonary artery pressure ,25 mm Hg at rest with a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure ,16 mm Hg ... Keywords: Total Lung Capacity, Pulmonary Wedge Pressure, beta-Thromboglobulin, Blood Pressure, HIV Infections, von Willebrand ...
  http://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/clinical-trials/2011/05/30/15/01/asa-stat
*  Computational prediction of the effects of the intra-aortic balloon pump on heart failure with valvular regurgitation using a...
It causes and aggravates pre-existing AR while performing well in the event of mitral... ... is normally contraindicated in significant aortic regurgitation (AR). ... the aortic and pulmonary aortic valves). The most common heart valve diseases include aortic and mitral insufficiencies. ... Additionally, the dynamics of aortic and mitral valves were not mimicked but were considered as static one-way check valves to ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11517-017-1731-x
*  A Pharmacokinetics Study for Pediatric Participants With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
... aortic or mitral valve disease (that is, aortic stenosis, aortic insufficiency, mitral stenosis, moderate or greater mitral ... Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Hypertension, Pulmonary. Lung Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Tadalafil. ... including but not limited to chronic thromboembolic disease, portal pulmonary hypertension, left-sided heart disease or lung ... History of left-sided heart disease, including any of the following:. *clinically significant (pulmonary artery occlusion ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01484431
*  List of circulatory system conditions - Wikipedia
... heart disease Aortic insufficiency Mitral stenosis Tricuspid valve stenosis Pulmonary valve stenosis Mitral insufficiency/ ... Angina Acute coronary syndrome Anomic aphasia Aortic dissection Aortic regurgitation Aortic stenosis Apoplexy Apraxia ... Tricuspid atresia Interrupted aortic arch Coarctation of aorta Pulmonary atresia (PA) Pulmonary stenosis (critical) Atrial ... regurgitation Tricuspid insufficiency/regurgitation Pulmonary insufficiency/regurgitation See also Category:Vascular surgery ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_circulatory_system_conditions
*  Patente US20100010623 - Percutaneous heart valve with stentless support - Google Patentes
The valve has a tubular annular support structure with a first inflatable ring at a proximal end, a second inflatable ring at a ... An implantable prosthetic valve having a stentless support structure. ... papillary wall rupture or dysfunction aortic insufficiency and tamponade. Mitral, aortic or pulmonary valve disorders lead to a ... According to recent estimates, more than 79,000 patients are diagnosed with aortic and mitral valve disease in U.S. hospitals ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US20100010623
*  EHRCT is superior to the pulmonary function test at showing small airway disease in patients with isolated mitral valve stenosis
EHRCT is superior to the pulmonary function test at showing small airway disease in patients with isolated mitral valve ... moderate or severe mitral insufficiency, myocardial disease, pulmonary or aortic valve disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary ... EHRCT is superior to the pulmonary function test at showing small airway disease in patients with isolated mitral valve ... Disturbances of pulmonary function in mitral valve disease. Can Med Assoc J 1963; 89: 744-750. ...
  http://www.alliedacademies.org/articles/ehrct-is-superior-to-the-pulmonary-function-test-at-showing-small-airway-disease-in-patients-with-isolated-mitral-valve-stenosis.html
*  We report the case and cardiac imaging of a 27 year old African female with every clinical feature of advanced rheumatic heart...
Appropriate diagnosis and management of rheumatic heart disease in the UK remains relevant with increased immigration of at- ... The case illustrates the continuing life-threatening impact of rheumatic heart disease in young adults. ... the case and cardiac imaging of a 27 year old African female with every clinical feature of advanced rheumatic heart disease. ... Heart Valve Prosthesis, Humans, Hypertension, Pulmonary, Mitral Valve Stenosis, Rheumatic Heart Disease ...
  https://www.rdm.ox.ac.uk/publications/104824
*  Heart valve - Wikipedia
This insufficiency can affect any of the valves as in aortic insufficiency, mitral insufficiency, pulmonary insufficiency and ... the type of disease, and the severity of the disease. For example, valvular disease of the aortic valve, such as aortic ... valves, the aortic valve and the pulmonary valve, which are in the arteries leaving the heart. The mitral valve and the aortic ... as in mitral valve stenosis, tricuspid valve stenosis, pulmonary valve stenosis and aortic valve stenosis. Stenosis of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_valve
*  Regurgitation (circulation) - Wikipedia
... owing to insufficiency of the aortic semilunar valve; it may be chronic or acute. Mitral regurgitation: the backflow of blood ... and is usually due to mitral valve prolapse, rheumatic heart disease, or a complication of cardiac dilatation. See also Mitral ... Pulmonic regurgitation: the backflow of blood from the pulmonary artery into the right ventricle, owing to insufficiency of the ... of the heart valves); for example, aortic valve insufficiency causes regurgitation through that valve, called aortic ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regurgitation_(circulation)
*  https://www.cancer.gov/types/gi-carcinoid-tumors/hp/gi-carcinoid-treatment-pdq
Pulmonary stenosis.. *Mitral and aortic insufficiency.. *Cardiac dysrhythmias.. Severe carcinoid heart disease is associated ... and the tricuspid and pulmonic valves are affected to a greater extent than the mitral and aortic valves. Symptoms include:[22 ... Carcinoid heart disease develops in more than one-third of patients with carcinoid syndrome. Pathologically, the cardiac valves ... Metastatic disease from colonic carcinoids may produce carcinoid syndrome, whereas metastatic disease from rectal carcinoids is ...
  https://www.cancer.gov/types/gi-carcinoid-tumors/hp/gi-carcinoid-treatment-pdq
*  Stephen P. Seslar, MD, PhD | Seattle,WA
congenital insufficiency of aortic valve. *congenital mitral valve regurgitation. *congenital pulmonary valve abnormality ... congenital atresia of pulmonary valve. *congenital heart disease. *congenital infundibular stenosis. * ...
  http://www.providence.org/doctors/profile.aspx?region=wa&reset=true&name=seslar+stephen+paul&id=185704
*  Iloprost Power Disc-15 in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
History of left-sided heart disease, including any of the following:. *hemodynamically significant aortic or mitral valve ... Chronic renal insufficiency, as defined by a creatinine of , 2.5 mg/dL or the requirement for dialysis. ... Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Hypertension, Pulmonary. Lung Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Iloprost. ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Drug: Iloprost PD-6 Drug: Iloprost PD-15 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00723554
*  Mitral Valve Stenosis - Mitral Stenosis Summary Report | CureHunter
This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of ... Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. ... in patients with combined mitral and aortic valve disease, corresponding to the severity of degree of insufficiency at both ... Mitral; Stenoses, Mitral Valve; Stenosis, Mitral; Stenosis, Mitral Valve; Valve Stenoses, Mitral; Valve Stenosis, Mitral ...
  http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD008946-Mitral-Valve-Stenosis-Mitral-Stenosis.do
*  Heart Valve Disease: Get facts on Symptoms and Treatment
... the primary diagnosis is valvular heart disease. There are several situations where this can occur. ... When the hearts valves do not work as they should, ... mitral stenosis or aortic stenosis.. *Valvular insufficiency. ... Depending on which valve is affected, the conditioned is called tricuspid regurgitation, pulmonary regurgitation, mitral ... Bicuspid aortic valve disease is a congenital valve disease that affects the aortic valve. Instead of the normal three leaflets ...
  https://www.medicinenet.com/heart_valve_disease/article.htm
*  Still's murmur | definition of Still's murmur by Medical dictionary
... or to aortic or pulmonary obstruction.. tricuspid murmur. one caused by disease of the tricuspid valve. ... n a murmur heard over the apex of the heart and caused by mitral stenosis, relative mitral stenosis, or aortic insufficiency. ... aortic murmur a sound indicative of disease of the aortic valve.. apex murmur (apical murmur) a heart murmur heard over the ... mitral murmur a heart murmur due to disease of the mitral valve; it can be either obstructive or regurgitant. ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Still%27s+murmur
*  Anaemic murmur | definition of anaemic murmur by Medical dictionary
... or to aortic or pulmonary obstruction.. tricuspid murmur. one caused by disease of the tricuspid valve. ... one occurring just before and with diastole, due to mitral obstruction or to aortic or pulmonary regurgitation. ... A murmur that resembles the cry of a seagull; sometimes associated with aortic insufficiency. ... pulmonary murmur. one due to disease of the valves of the pulmonary artery. ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/anaemic+murmur
*  Patent US7625403 - Valved conduit designed for subsequent catheter delivered valve therapy - Google Patents
The system also includes a stented valve positioned in contact with the locking member within the inner wall of the conduit. A ... a contact portion of the stented valve against a locking portion of the conduit and preventing migration of the stented valve ... method for treating a vascular condition includes inserting a conduit with a stented valve into a target region of a vessel, ... Heart valves, such as the mitral, tricuspid, aortic and pulmonary valves, are sometimes damaged by disease or by aging, ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7625403?dq=4182933
*  Internet Scientific Publications
... persistent pulmonary hypertension, mitral prosthetic dysfunction, progressive aortic valve disease or left ventricular failure ... heart failure due to tricuspid insufficiency, and multiple pulmonary emboli. Arbulu (37) was the first to advocate complete ... Groves, P.H. and R.J. Hall, Late tricuspid regurgitation following mitral valve surgery. Journal of Heart Valve Disease, 1992. ... Effects of Mitral Valve Surgery. While early-onset TR following mitral valve surgery may reflect a variety of underlying causes ...
  http://ispub.com/IJTCVS/7/1/10907
*  Heart Valve Surgery: What to Expect | MD-Health.com
Heart valve surgery is a lifesaving operation. There are several types of surgeries that fall under this realm, all intended to ... Aortic insufficiency. *Acute or chronic mitral regurgitation. *Heart valve disease that is congenital ... Pulmonary stenosis. *Tricuspid valve stenosis or regurgitation. How Is Heart Valve Surgery Carried Out?. Before the procedure ... The most common valve to be replaced is the aortic valve, while the mitral value is often repaired. The other valves are not ...
  http://md-health.com/Heart-Valve-Surgery.html
*  ABSORB PHYSIOLOGY Clinical Investigation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Participant has previously had CABG or mitral or aortic valve repair/replacement. ... or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).. *Participant has known renal insufficiency.. *Participant is receiving or scheduled ... Coronary Disease. Heart Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Arteriosclerosis. Arterial Occlusive Diseases. Vascular Diseases. ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Coronary Artery Disease Device: Bioabsorbable Vascular Solutions Everolimus Eluting ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01308346
*  Dr. Thomas J Fogarty, MD | Mountain View, CA | Vascular Surgeon
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm * Mitral Valve Insufficiency * Angioplasty * Recurrence * Foreign-Body Migration * Pulmonary Embolism ... They can also help patients manage diabetes, blood pressure and cholesterol as well as treat artery disease. Treatment for more ...
  https://www.vitals.com/doctors/Dr_Thomas_J_Fogarty.html
*  ICD-9 Diagnosis Code 397.0 Tricuspid valve disease
ICD-10 conversion and references to the diseases index. ... Absent pulmonary valve. *Aortic insufficiency. *Aortic stenosis ... Mitral valve prolapse - when one of the valves, the mitral valve, has "floppy" flaps and doesn't close tightly. It's one of the ... Heart Valve Diseases Also called: Valvular heart disease. Your heart has four valves. Normally, these valves open to let blood ... Short Description: Tricuspid valve disease Long Description: Diseases of tricuspid valve This is the 2014 version of the ICD-9- ...
  https://icdlist.com/icd-9/397.0
*  Heart Valve Repair | definition of Heart Valve Repair by Medical dictionary
What is Heart Valve Repair? Meaning of Heart Valve Repair medical term. What does Heart Valve Repair mean? ... Looking for online definition of Heart Valve Repair in the Medical Dictionary? Heart Valve Repair explanation free. ... or mitral and/or aortic valve disease. Damaged valves may not open properly (stenosis) or they may not close adequately (valve ... Another valve repair technique, balloon valvuloplasty, is used in patients with pulmonary, aortic, and mitral valve stenosis to ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Heart+Valve+Repair
*  Pulmonary Balloon Valvuloplasty and Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation | Interventional Cardiology, 2e |...
Since percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (BPV) for pulmonary valve stenosis (PS) was first successfully performed by Rubio-Alverez and Limon-Lason1 using a ureteral catheter in 1950s, it has become the standard of care for treatment of isolated PS over surgical valvotomy.2,3 In 2000, based on these experiences, the percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) was first performed by Bonhoeffer et al4 in a patient with a dysfunctional of right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit. In 2010, the Melody valve (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) became commercially available in the United States under a humanitarian device exemption protocol and, more recently, was awarded postmarket approval by the US Food and Drug Administration. Since then, PPVI has been performed in over 4500 patients in more than 30 countries worldwide. In this ...
  http://accesscardiology.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1986§ionid=161620156
*  Post-Traumatic Pulmonary Insufficiency | definition of Post-Traumatic Pulmonary Insufficiency by Medical dictionary
Looking for online definition of Post-Traumatic Pulmonary Insufficiency in the Medical Dictionary? Post-Traumatic Pulmonary Insufficiency explanation free. What is Post-Traumatic Pulmonary Insufficiency? Meaning of Post-Traumatic Pulmonary Insufficiency medical term. What does Post-Traumatic Pulmonary Insufficiency mean?
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Post-Traumatic+Pulmonary+Insufficiency
*  Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation in a Native Outflow Tract | JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
A 15-year-old girl with D-transposition of the great arteries presented with combined neo-pulmonary stenosis and regurgitation following arterial switch operation as a neonate and neo-pulmonary valvectomy at 6 years of age. Echocardiography revealed right ventricular enlargement and severe neo-pulmonary regurgitation and stenosis with a mean Doppler gradient of 47 mm Hg. Right ventricular end-diastolic volume by cardiac magnetic resonance was 201 ml/m2. She underwent cardiac catheterization with 3-dimensional (3D) DynaCT rotational angiography and 3D reconstruction (Siemens, Munich, Germany) (Figure 1A, Online Videos 1 and 2). Catheterization demonstrated a peak-to-peak pulmonary gradient of 38 mm Hg. The right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) measured 16 mm angiographically. Sequential placement of a 26-mm ev3 IntraStent LD Max (ev3-Endovascular, Plymouth, Minnesota) and a Palmaz-XL-3110 stent (Cordis, ...
  http://interventions.onlinejacc.org/content/7/10/e151
*  Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery Occlusion During Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Implantation | JACC: Cardiovascular...
A 34-year-old woman was referred for transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation. She had been exposed to radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease and underwent a Ross procedure 16 years before for post-endocarditis aortic regurgitation. Test-balloon angioplasty with a 22 × 20-mm Atlas balloon (Bard Peripheral Vascular, Tempe, Arizona) inflated to 14 atm, showed no coronary compression (Figure 1A, Online Video 1). Pre-stenting of the right ventricular outflow tract with a 36-mm Intrastent LD-Max (EV3, Plymouth, Minnesota) mounted on a 22 × 45-mm BIB balloon-in-balloon catheter (Numed, Hopkinton, New York) was uneventful, and a second aortography showed no coronary compression (Figure 1B). A 23-mm Edwards SAPIEN pulmonic valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) was implanted, followed by intractable ventricular fibrillation that was due to left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion ...
  http://interventions.onlinejacc.org/content/7/9/1073
*  Infective endocarditis following percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement - Danish National Research Database-Den Danske...
Infective endocarditis (IE) following percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement (PPVR) with the Melody valve is rarely reported. Furthermore, there are challenges in this diagnosis; especially echocardiographic evidence of vegetation within the prosthesis may be difficult ...
  http://www.forskningsdatabasen.dk/catalog/255283036
*  pulmonary valve regurgitation Mammalian Phenotype Term (MP:0006048)
The Mammalian Phenotype (MP) Ontology is a community effort to provide standard terms for annotating phenotypic data. You can use this browser to view terms, definitions, and term relationships in a hierarchical display. Links to summary annotated phenotype data at MGI are provided in Term Detail reports.
  http://www.informatics.jax.org/vocab/mp_ontology/MP:0006048
*  Pulmonary Valve Procedures Late After Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot: Current Perspectives and Contemporary Approaches to...
Few topics in adult congenital heart disease have approached the level of scrutiny bestowed on pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) strategies late after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. Despite the successes of primary surgery for TOF, there is a growing group of adults with residual right ventricular outflow tract and pulmonary valve dysfunction. Patients with residual chronic pulmonic regurgitation as a consequence of earlier surgery can later develop symptoms of exercise intolerance and complications including heart failure, tachyarrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Optimal timing of PVR has sparked debate, which has catalyzed increasing research efforts over the past decade. Although performance of PVR in the absence of symptoms is currently on the basis of the rationale that achievement of complete reverse remodelling is highly desirable, whether this approach results in improvement in ...
  http://pubtransformer.com/Pubmed?pmid=28843325
*  Morgan Stanley Hospital Performs Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement
The minimally invasive procedure, which involves the implantation of the first-ever catheter-based pulmonary valve replacement, is currently performed by interventional cardiologists.
  http://www.medindia.net/news/Morgan-Stanley-Hospital-Performs-Transcatheter-Pulmonary-Valve-Replacement-25550-1.htm
*  Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency Diagnosis: Costs for treatment #265497 in Germany | BookingHealth
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency Diagnosis (costs for program #265497) ✔ Asklepios Academic City Hospital Bad Wildungen ✔ Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology ✔ BookingHealth.com
  https://bookinghealth.com/asklepios-stadtklinik-bad-wildungen/diagnostic-programs/265497-pulmonary-valve-insufficiency-diagnosis.html
*  Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency Diagnosis: Costs for treatment #260673 in Germany | BookingHealth
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency Diagnosis (costs for program #260673) ✔ University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich ✔ Department of Cardiology ✔ BookingHealth.com
  https://bookinghealth.com/lmu-hosptial-munich/diagnostic-programs/260673-pulmonary-valve-insufficiency-diagnosis.html
*  Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency Diagnosis: Costs for treatment #263889 in Germany | BookingHealth
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency Diagnosis (costs for program #263889) ✔ St. Antonius Hospital ✔ Department of Internal Medicine and Internal Intensive Care Medicine ✔ BookingHealth.com
  https://bookinghealth.com/st-antonius-hospital/diagnostic-programs/263889-pulmonary-valve-insufficiency-diagnosis.html
*  Acute and Midterm Outcomes of Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement for Treatment of Dysfunctional Left Ventricular Outflow...
Methods and Results-Across 10 US centers, 27 patients with a dysfunctional LVOT conduit were evaluated in the catheterization laboratory between December 2008 and August 2015 with the intent to perform TPVR. TPVR was successful in 23 patients (85%). Five serious adverse events occurred in 4 cases (15%), including pulmonary hemorrhage, hypotension requiring vasoactive support, conduit disruption requiring covered stent (n=2), and acute RV dysfunction with flash pulmonary edema. After TPVR, the LVOT peak systolic ejection gradient decreased from median of 35 to 17 mm Hg (P,0.001); pulmonary insufficiency was trivial/none in all but 1 patient, where it was mild. Worsening of systemic RV dysfunction or tricuspid regurgitation was seen in 12 patients (57%) and was associated with a significantly lower post-TPVR LVOT peak systolic ejection gradient (median 17 versus 21 mm Hg; P=0.02) and higher post-TPVR RV sphericity index (median 0.88 versus ...
  http://circinterventions.ahajournals.org/content/10/9/e004730?download=true
*  Pregnancy After Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Implantation. | CPX International Inc.
Piotrowicz E; Siudalska H; Hoffman P; Biernacka EK. The Canadian Journal Of Cardiology [Can J Cardiol], ISSN: 1916-7075, 2017 Dec; Vol ...
  http://cpxinternational.com/pubs/pregnancy-after-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-implantation/
*  Sieverding, L<...
Valsangiacomo Büchel, Emanuela R; Grosse-Wortmann, L; Fratz, S; Eichhorn, J; Sarikouch, S; Greil, G F; Beerbaum, P; Bucciarelli-Ducci, C; Bonello, B; Sieverding, L; Schwitter, J; Helbing, W A (2015). Indications for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in children with congenital and acquired heart disease: an expert consensus paper of the Imaging Working Group of the AEPC and the Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Section of the EACVI. Cardiology in the Young, 25(5):819-838.. Hofbeck, M; Kretschmar, O; Sieverding, L (2011). Bilateral percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation in dual conduits from the subpulmonary ventricle to the pulmonary arteries. European Heart Journal, 32(22):2907.. Greil, G F; Germann, S E; Kozerke, S; Baltes, C; Tsao, J; Urschitz, M S; Seeger, A; Tangcharoen, T; Bialkowsky, A; Miller, S; Sieverding, L (2008). Assessment of left ventricular volumes and mass with fast 3D cine steady-state ...
  http://www.zora.uzh.ch/view/authors_for_linking_in_citation/Sieverding=3AL=3A=3A.html
*  Follow up of Post-repair Tetralogy of Fallot - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
In the repair of tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary insufficiency used to be tacitly accepted as a result of extensive transannular patching (TAP) and considered unobjectionable. In fact, this is well tolerated during the first postoperative years, but today there is increasing evidence that the resulting chronic volume stress to the right ventricle is harmful on the long run, in particular if there are stenoses of the pulmonary artery in addition. Such stenoses, partly due to distortions after shunt surgery, together with pulmonary insufficiency, lead to a combined volume and pressure load of the right ventricle. The chronic volume stress results in a decrease in biventricular function and exercise tolerance, associated with increasing electrical instability with frequent, mostly ventricular, dysrhythmias. This constellation brings about a significantly increased risk of cardiac death.. Pulmonary ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00266188
*  BMJ Best Practice
Pulmonary regurgitation is rare and is infrequently symptomatic. It gradually develops over many years and results in volume overload and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. It can be congenital or acquired, caused by conditions that increase pulmonary artery pressure, such as left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or severe lung disease. The acquired form occurs from any secondary cause that leads to pulmonary regurgitation through increased pulmonary pressure secondary to left-sided failure, or after surgical intervention for tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary stenosis, or pulmonary atresia. Isolated pulmonary regurgitation occurs as a result of any cause that impacts the valve directly, such as endocarditis. The murmur of pulmonary regurgitation is diastolic and is associated with RV lift. [1] Ansari A. Isolated ...
  http://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-us/474
*  Most recent papers in the shared collection Lurie Cardiology Fellow Collection-Imaging | Read by QxMD
Surgical management of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) results in anatomic and functional abnormalities in the majority of patients. Although right ventricular volume load due to severe pulmonary regurgitation can be tolerated for many years, there is now evidence that the compensatory mechanisms of the right ventricular myocardium ultimately fail and that if the volume load is not eliminated or reduced by pulmonary valve replacement the dysfunction might be irreversible. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has evolved during the last 2 decades as the reference standard imaging modality to assess the anatomic and functional sequelae in patients with repaired TOF ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/shared-collection/5714
*  Number 11-10: Complications After Surgical Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot, the Classic Findings. - Society for Cardiovascular...
INSERT TABLE 1 HERE. Conclusion: The present case shows the classic findings of GUCHD in surgically corrected patients with TOF. Pulmonary insufficiency is a well-known disease entity in operated patients with TOF. As a consequence, right ventricular pressure rises, which results in increased end-diastolic volumes, i.e. dilatation of the right ventricle. Pulmonary valve replacement improves right ventricular dimensions and patient complaints, as can be objectified by improved New York Heart Association Classification (NYHA). This patient's NYHA class improved from class 2 pre-operatively to class 1 post-operatively. Using CMR, adequate estimates of RV dimensions, ejection fraction and pulmonary insufficiency can be obtained.. Perspective:. CMR can play an important role in determining right ventricular overflow and monitor improvements after surgical repair in patients with ...
  http://scmr.org/page/COW1110/Number-11-10-Complications-After-Surgical-Repair-of-Tetralogy-of-Fallo.htm
*  ICD-10 Diagnosis Code I37.1 Nonrheumatic pulmonary valve insufficiency
Diagnosis Code I37.1 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
  https://icdlist.com/icd-10/i371