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*  Chromosome abnormality - Wikipedia
This is called aneuploidy (an abnormal number of chromosomes), and occurs when an individual either is missing a chromosome ... "Chromosomal aneuploidies and DNA fragmentation of human spermatozoa from patients exposed to perfluorinated compounds". ... In particular, risk of aneuploidy is increased by tobacco smoking, and occupational exposure to benzene, insecticides, and ... Shi Q, Ko E, Barclay L, Hoang T, Rademaker A, Martin R (2001). "Cigarette smoking and aneuploidy in human sperm". Mol. Reprod. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_abnormality
*  Chromosome abnormality - Wikipedia
Sperm aneuploidy[edit]. Exposure of males to certain lifestyle, environmental and/or occupational hazards may increase the risk ... "Chromosomal aneuploidies and DNA fragmentation of human spermatozoa from patients exposed to perfluorinated compounds". ... This is called aneuploidy (an abnormal number of chromosomes), and occurs when an individual either is missing a chromosome ... Shi Q, Ko E, Barclay L, Hoang T, Rademaker A, Martin R (2001). "Cigarette smoking and aneuploidy in human sperm". Mol. Reprod. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_abnormalities
*  Aneugen - Wikipedia
An aneugen is a substance that causes a daughter cell to have an abnormal number of chromosomes or aneuploidy. A substance's ... "Chromosomal aneuploidies and DNA fragmentation of human spermatozoa from patients exposed to perfluorinated compounds". ... Exposure of males to lifestyle, environmental and/or occupational hazards may increase the risk of spermatozoa aneuploidy. ... Templado C, Uroz L, Estop A (2013). "New insights on the origin and relevance of aneuploidy in human spermatozoa". Mol. Hum. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aneugen
*  Spermatozoon - Wikipedia
"New insights on the origin and relevance of aneuploidy in human spermatozoa". Molecular Human Reproduction. 19 (10): 634-43. ... In particular, risk of aneuploidy is increased by tobacco smoking, and occupational exposure to benzene, insecticides, and ... "Chromosomal aneuploidies and DNA fragmentation of human spermatozoa from patients exposed to perfluorinated compounds". ... Compared to mitotic chromosomes in somatic cells, sperm DNA is at least sixfold more highly condensed. The specimen contributes ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spermatozoon
*  Nondisjunction - Wikipedia
... environmental and/or occupational hazards may increase the risk of aneuploidy. Cigarette smoke is a known aneugen (aneuploidy ... Due to the prolonged arrest of human oocytes, weakening of cohesive ties holding together chromosomes and reduced activity of ... Polar body diagnosis (PBD) can be use to detect maternally derived chromosomal aneuploidies as well as translocations in ... Trisomy X is a form of sex chromosome aneuploidy where females have three instead of two X chromosomes. Most patients are only ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nondisjunction
*  Aneuploidy: a common and early evidence-based biomarker for carcinogens and reproductive toxicants | Environmental Health |...
Human Interphase Chromosomes: Biomedical Aspects. Berlin: Springer; 2013.Google Scholar. *. Byers RJ, Hitchman ER. Quantum Dots ... Comparison of aneuploidies of chromosomes 21, X, and Y in the blood lymphocytes and sperm of workers exposed to benzene. ... Occupational exposure to benzene and chromosomal structural aberrations in the sperm of Chinese men. Environ Health Perspect. ... Hassold T, Hunt P. To err (meiotically) is human: the genesis of human aneuploidy. Nat Rev Genet. 2001;2(4):280-91. doi:10.1038 ...
  https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-016-0180-6
*  Aneuploidy - Wikipedia
Aneuploidy is the presence of an abnormal number of chromosomes in a cell, for example a human cell having 45 or 47 chromosomes ... Exposure of males to lifestyle, environmental and/or occupational hazards may increase the risk of spermatozoa aneuploidy. ... "Chromosomal aneuploidies and DNA fragmentation of human spermatozoa from patients exposed to perfluorinated compounds". ... Most cells in the human body have 23 pairs of chromosomes, or a total of 46 chromosomes. (The sperm and egg, or gametes, each ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aneuploidy
*  Klinefelter syndrome - Wikipedia
Jacobs described her discovery of this first reported human or mammalian chromosome aneuploidy in her 1981 William Allan ... Nondisjunction occurs when homologous chromosomes, in this case the X and Y or two X sex chromosomes, fail to separate, ... An approach by occupational therapy is useful in children, especially those who have dyspraxia. By 2010 over 100 successful ... Visootsak J, Graham JM; Graham Jr (2006). "Klinefelter syndrome and other sex chromosomal aneuploidies". Orphanet Journal of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klinefelter_syndrome
*  Urinary Naphthol Metabolites and Chromosomal Aberrations in 5-Year-Old Children | Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
We focused on chromosomes 1 to 6, which together comprise 39% of the human genome, to be comparable with prior work from our ... and complete visualization of 12 chromosomes and visualization of each centromere. Metaphases containing aneuploidy were not ... Occupational cohort studies have showed that such breaks are predictive of a more than 2-fold increased risk of later cancer ( ... Fragments without centromeres and aneuploidies were not considered stable and were excluded from subsequent analyses. ...
  http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/21/7/1191.long
*  XXYY syndrome - Wikipedia
Human cells usually contain two sex chromosomes, one from the mother and one from the father. Usually, females have two X ... Aneuploidy Klinefelter syndrome Tetrasomy X Tartaglia N, Davis S, Hench A, et al. (June 2008). "A New Look at XXYY Syndrome: ... Visootsak J, Rosner B, Dykens E, Tartaglia N, Graham JM, Jr (2007). "Behavioral phenotype of sex chromosome aneuploidies: 48, ... and occupational therapy and keyboarding should be introduced at an early age to facilitate schoolwork and self-help skills. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XXYY_syndrome
*  Chromosome - Wikipedia
Human cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes (22 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes), giving a total of 46 per cell ... In particular, risk of aneuploidy is increased by tobacco smoking, and occupational exposure to benzene, insecticides, and ... "Chromosomal aneuploidies and DNA fragmentation of human spermatozoa from patients exposed to perfluorinated compounds". ... How many chromosomes does a normal diploid human cell contain? In 1912, Hans von Winiwarter reported 47 chromosomes in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome
*  Search | The Embryo Project Encyclopedia
... specifically having three chromosomes, a condition called aneuploidy, by analyzing a simple blood sample from the pregnant ... Dennis Lo and Rossa Chiu researched methods of detection of aneuploidies in the early twenty-first century. Their research has ... The article arose from an inaugural presidential address Hill gave at the 1965 meeting of the Section of Occupational Medicine ... In 1975, Adib Jatene conducted the first successful arterial switch operation on a human infant. The arterial switch operation ...
  http://embryo.asu.edu/search?text=classical%20conditioning