*  Uroguanylin - Wikipedia
Uroguanylin is a 16 amino acid peptide that is secreted by enterochromaffin cells in the duodenum and proximal small intestine ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uroguanylin
*  Guanylin antibody | acris-antibodies.com
... by gut enterochromaffin cells as a prohormone of 115 amino acids and is processed to the molecular form of 94 amino acids ... Expression in mammalian cells indicated that the 94-amino acid proguanylin is inactive. The biologically active guanylin can be ... The hormonal form of guanylin is a 94-amino acid peptide with a molecular mass of 10.3 kDa. Guanylin is synthesized ... a 15-amino acid peptide purified from rat small intestine, as a potential ligand for the STaR. This peptide shares sequence ...
  https://www.acris-antibodies.com/target/guanylin-antibody.htm
*  Carcinoid Tumors
Suberoyl bishydroxamic acid inhibits cellular proliferation by inducing cell cycle arrest in carcinoid cancer cells. J ... Carcinoids are rare neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) thought to arise from the enterochromaffin cells (Kulchitsky) cells found ... Synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan, the release of 5-HT into the systemic circulation can cause the classic symptoms of ... Havu N. Enterochromaffin-like cell carcinoids of gastric mucosa in rats after life-long inhibition of gastric secretion. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2901509/
*  Neurosecretory cell | definition of neurosecretory cell by Medical dictionary
What is neurosecretory cell? Meaning of neurosecretory cell medical term. What does neurosecretory cell mean? ... Looking for online definition of neurosecretory cell in the Medical Dictionary? neurosecretory cell explanation free. ... The lipid bilayer of eukaryotic cells is impermeable to many substances, such as ions, sugars and amino acids; however, ... APUD cells include chromaffin cells, enterochromaffin cells, and SIF cells as well as certain cells found in the parathyroid ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/neurosecretory+cell
*  Leydig's c's | definition of Leydig's c's by Medical dictionary
The lipid bilayer of eukaryotic cells is impermeable to many substances, such as ions, sugars and amino acids; however, ... APUD cells include chromaffin cells, enterochromaffin cells, and SIF cells as well as certain cells found in the parathyroid ... See also betz cells, gaucher's cells, golgi's cells, hela cells, hürthle cell, kupffer's cells, merkel cell, mesangial cell, ... squamous cell See corneal epithelium.. W cell See C cell.. wing cell See corneal epithelium.. X cell See P cell.. Y cell See M ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Leydig%27s+c%27s
*  Serotonin | Article about serotonin by The Free Dictionary
A compound, also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), derived from tryptophan, an indole-containing amino acid. It is widely ... In mammals it is found in gastrointestinal enterochromaffin cells, in blood platelets, and in brain and nerve tissue. Serotonin ... or lysergic acid diethylamide. , alkaloid synthesized from lysergic acid, which is found in the fungus ergot (Claviceps ... In the body, serotonin is synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan; in humans and most vertebrates, serotonin synthesis is ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/serotonin
*  Inositol Hexaniacinate for Achlorhydria (Feb/March 2003)
... cell hyperplasia and neoplasia,4-7 and malabsorption of various nutrients (e.g., calcium, iron and zinc) and amino acids.8,9 ... 3 hypergastrinemia that might lead to enterochromaffin-like ... mineral and amino acid malabsorption, depression, and other ... Achlorhydria is a gastrointestinal disorder where the parietal cells no longer function and acid secretion does not occur. We ... Spenney JG, Biochemical mechanisms of acid secretion by gastric parietal cells. J Clin Gastroenterol, 1983;5(Suppl.1):7-15.. 21 ...
  http://www.townsendletter.com/FebMar_2003/inositol0203.htm
*  Review
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan by enterochromaffin cells in the gut and ... 10, 43, 54] 3.5 Prostate Acid Phosphatase: Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), also prostatic specific acid phosphatase (PSAP), ... 37] 3.25 Calcitonin: Calcitonin is a 32-amino acid linear polypeptide hormone that is produced in humans primarily by the ... They are either produced by tumor cells (biochemical's that tumor-derived) or by the body in response to tumor cells ( ...
  http://spotidoc.com/doc/23503/review
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Gut microbiota and diabetes | Read by QxMD
... amino acid and it is the precursor for 5-hydroxytryptamine synthesis in the nervous system and by enterochromaffin cells in the ... This study evaluated the protective effects of two rosemary components, rosmarinic acid (RA) and carnosic acid (CA), against ... Protective effect of rosmarinic acid and carnosic acid against streptozotocin-induced oxidation, glycation, inflammation and ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372208/protective-effect-of-rosmarinic-acid-and-carnosic-acid-against-streptozotocin-induced- ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/84115
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Inflammatory bowel | Read by QxMD
... amino acid and it is the precursor for 5-hydroxytryptamine synthesis in the nervous system and by enterochromaffin cells in the ... Cachexia involves diverse mediators derived from the cancer cells and cells within the tumour microenvironment, including ... Intestinal epithelial cell-specific deletion of α-mannosidase II ameliorates experimental colitis. ... Development of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma in some patients with inflammatory bowel disease, treated with thiopurines ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/27166
*  Chapter 36. Drugs Used to Treat Gastrointestinal Disorders | Pharmacology for the Physical Therapist | AccessPhysiotherapy |...
amino acid tryptophan and stored in vesicles in the enterochromaffin cells of the gut as well as neurons in the ENS. In ... Fibers from the cell bodies in these plexuses travel to the smooth muscle of the gut to control motility. Other motor fibers go ... In contrast, stimulation of histamine type 2 (H2) receptors results in gastric acid secretion in the stomach. Serotonin is ... to the secretory cells. Sensory fibers transmit information from the mucosa and from stretch receptors to motor neurons in the ...
  http://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=442§ionid=40184177
*  Frontiers | Impact of the Gut Microbiota on Intestinal Immunity Mediated by Tryptophan Metabolism | Frontiers in Cellular and...
... xanthurenic acid, and cinnabarinic acid, and bacterial metabolites, including indole, indole propionic acid, indole acetic acid ... xanthurenic acid, and cinnabarinic acid, and bacterial metabolites, including indole, indole propionic acid, indole acetic acid ... Among Trp metabolites, AhR ligands consist of endogenous metabolites, including kynurenine, kynurenic acid, ... Among Trp metabolites, AhR ligands consist of endogenous metabolites, including kynurenine, kynurenic acid, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2018.00013/full
*  Most recent papers with the keyword roux-en-y gastric bypass | Read by QxMD
... amino acid and it is the precursor for 5-hydroxytryptamine synthesis in the nervous system and by enterochromaffin cells in the ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/61195
*  Serotonin - Wikipedia
The enterochromaffin cells not only react to bad food but are also very sensitive to irradiation and cancer chemotherapy. Drugs ... In animals including humans, serotonin is synthesized from the amino acid L-tryptophan by a short metabolic pathway consisting ... are located on the cell membrane of nerve cells and other cell types in animals, and mediate the effects of serotonin as the ... If irritants are present in the food, the enterochromaffin cells release more serotonin to make the gut move faster, i.e., to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serotonin
*  5 HTP and Fibromyalgia - ProgressiveHealth.com
90% of the 5 HT produced in the body is made by the enterochromaffin cells of the gut. In the gut, 5 HT is responsible for ... Tryptophan is not used for a number of reasons but the most important of these are the large dose of amino acid required and ... Of the 8 essential amino acids, tryptophan is the one found in the least amount in proteins. It also shares the same transport ... It is formed from the amino acid, tryptophan in the gastrointestinal tract and in the central nervous system. L-tryptophan is ...
  http://www.progressivehealth.com/serotonin-5-htp.htm
*  Is 5-HTP Safe for Children - ProgressiveHealth.com
5 HTP is a naturally occurring amino acid extracted from the seeds of an African plant, Griffonia simplicifolia. Although it ... However, more serotonin is released from the enterochromaffin cells of the intestine. ... www.vrp.com/amino-acids/add-and-adhd-natural-control-of-add-and-adhd ... 5 HTP is synthesized in humans from another amino acid, L-tryptophan. ...
  http://www.progressivehealth.com/kids-and-5-htp.htm
*  serotonin facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about serotonin
... which has some action on other cells) and is derived from the amino acid tryptophan, obtained from protein in the diet.. It is ... Ninety per cent of the total body content of 5HT is found in the enterochromaffin cells in the wall of the intestine. Most of ... In the human body, serotonin can be synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan by a short metabolic pathway that consists of ... serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) A compound (see formula), derived from the amino acid tryptophan, that affects the ...
  http://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biochemistry/biochemistry/serotonin
*  G cell - Wikipedia
... as well as the presence of amino acids in the stomach, stimulates the release of gastrin from the G cells. Gastrin stimulates ... enterochromaffin-like cells to secrete histamine. Gastrin also targets parietal cells by increasing the amount of histamine and ... In anatomy, the G cell (or γ-cell) is a type of cell in the stomach and duodenum that secretes gastrin. It works in conjunction ... G cells have a distinctive microscopic appearance that allows one to separate them from other cells in the gastric antrum; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G_cell
*  Evolution - wmondy | Pearltrees
Medical uses[edit] Enterochromaffin cell - Wikipedia. Enterochromaffin (EC) cells (also known as Kulchitsky cells), discovered ... Melanin is produced by the oxidation of the amino acid tyrosine, followed by polymerization. Melatonin. Melatonin, also known ... Reproductive cell, 6) Somatic cell. Reproduction[edit] An asexual colony includes both somatic (vegetative) cells, which do not ... EC cells respond to both chemical and neurological stimuli. They are also reactive to mechanosensation and can be stimulated by ...
  http://www.pearltrees.com/wmondy/evolution/id15484172
*  Enterochromaffin cell | Article about enterochromaffin cell by The Free Dictionary
The cell is the smallest unit in the living organism that is... Explanation of enterochromaffin cell ... Find out information about enterochromaffin cell. in biology, the unit of structure and function of which all plants and ... The vacuoles contain a solution of various salts, carbohydrates, organic acids, alkaloids, amino acids, and proteins, as well ... cell. (redirected from enterochromaffin cell). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia. cell ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/enterochromaffin+cell
*  Inhibition of L-type amino acid transporter modulates the expression of cell cycle regulatory factors in KB oral cancer cells.
... an inhibitor of L-type amino acid transporters, on the cell growth suppression in KB human oral cancer cells and to study the ... 2659189 - Effects of long-term hypergastrinaemia on the ultrastructure of enterochromaffin-like c.... 24321709 - The effects of ... Amino Acid Transport Systems / antagonists & inhibitors*. Blotting, Western. Cell Cycle Proteins / physiology*. Cell Line, ... 20606299 - Inhibition of l-type amino acid transporter modulates the expression of cell cycle regu.... 8136159 - Cell cycle- ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Inhibition-L-Type-Amino-Acid/20606299.html
*  Enterochromaffin cell - Wikipedia
The synthesis of 5-HT, in EC cells, is catalyzed by the enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TpH1) from the amino acid L-tryptophan ... secreted histamine from ECL cells acts on parietal cells to stimulate the release of gastric acid. The presence of ECL cells is ... 1985). "Ultrastructure of enterochromaffin cells and associated neural and vascular elements in the mouse duodenum". Cell and ... Enterochromaffin (EC) cells (also known as Kulchitsky cells), discovered by Nikolai Kulchitsky of Karazin Kharkiv National ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterochromaffin_cell
*  Plus it
The clones had identical H4 sequences except for one (Oda et al., 2000), which differed by three amino acids. Values plotted as ... Similarly, the histamine-induced inhibition of serotonin release in intestinal enterochromaffin cells resembles an H4 response ... 2000) Distinct pharmacology of rat and human histamine H3 receptors role of two amino acids in the third transmembrane domain. ... This receptor is a 390-amino-acid, 7-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor, with a 37 to 43% homology to the H3 (58% in ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/59/3/415
*  Malignant Carcinoid Syndrome: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology
In 1914, Gosset and Masson demonstrated that carcinoid tumors might arise from enterochromaffin cells (Kulchitsky cell) within ... Serotonin is derived from the amino acid tryptophan, which also serves as a precursor to niacin and several proteins. Increased ... Erspamer V, Asero B. Identification of enteramine, the specific hormone of the enterochromaffin cell system, as 5- ... arising in normal-appearing mucosa from enterochromaffin-like cells in the gastric fundus. These tumors are generally located ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/282515-overview
*  5-HT3 antagonist - Wikipedia
In the gut, 5-HT is found mostly in mucosal enterochromaffin cells. Enterochromaffin cells are sensory transducers that release ... It seems that the amino acid residues that interact with the C7 (R2) substituents have little to do with ligand binding but ... Sterically bulky substituents show a greater interaction with the gating amino acid residues and favor the open conformation af ... Serotonin is released by the enterochromaffin cells of the small intestine in response to chemotherapeutic agents and may ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5-HT3_antagonist