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*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Christoph Benning (Translated to Portuguese)
The DR-TGD2C protein bound PtdOH with high specificity, as demonstrated by membrane lipid-protein overlay and liposome ... The recombinant RsBtaA protein was membrane-associated and showed S-adenosylmethionine/diacylglycerol 3-amino-3-carboxypropyl ... Photosynthetic complexes are embedded into the thylakoid membrane which forms an intricate system of membrane lamellae and ... Feb, 2012 , Pubmed ID: 22337920 Membrane transporters play a central role in many cellular processes that rely on the movement ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Christoph_Benning?language=Portuguese
*  Functional Role of Fibrillin5 in Acclimation to Photooxidative Stress, Plant and Cell Physiology | 10.1093/pcp/pcy093 | DeepDyve
Although we were unable to observe a partial translocation of the FBN5 protein from the stroma to thylakoid membranes under the ... 2A: the transcript At5g09820a encodes 259 amino acids because of the existence of a stop codon in intron 5, while the ... are bound to PGs (Friso et al. 2004, Ytterberg et al. 2006). They further clarified the localization of FBNs in chloroplasts by ... besides functioning as crucial cellular signals. In the photosynthetic apparatus, the synthesis of the PSII reaction center ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/ou_press/functional-role-of-fibrillin5-in-acclimation-to-photooxidative-stress-iHzQwhgYFY
*  Cryptomonads
... having a four-membrane-bound plastid and four distinct DNA-containing cellular compartments, the plastid, mitochondrion, host ... In cryptophytes and other secondary plastid-containing organisms, plastid-targeted proteins possess a bipartite amino-terminal ... a chlorophyll a/c2 complex on the outside of the thylakoid membranes and a biliprotein that, peculiarly, accumulates as dense ... 2007). It has therefore been hypothesized that the biliprotein is assembled in the plastid stroma, and then the complete ...
  http://tolweb.org/Cryptophyta
*  Photosynthesis - New World Encyclopedia
Embedded in the thylakoid membrane is the antenna complex comprising proteins and light-absorbing pigments. Although plants ... The inner membrane's interior space, called the stroma, is filled with a fluid whose rich supply of enzymes supports light- ... In photosynthetic bacteria, which lack membrane-bound compartments, the reactions take place directly in the cell. ... The reactions of photosynthesis occur in cellular subcompartments called chloroplasts, which themselves are further ...
  http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Photosynthesis
*  Ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase - Wikipedia
FNR is a soluble protein that is found both free in the chloroplast stroma and bound to the thylakoid membrane. This binding ... The first domain is an antiparallel beta barrel at the amino terminus of the protein that contains the binding domain for the ... Media related to Ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase at Wikimedia Commons Molecular and Cellular Biology portal. ... When bound to the thylakoid membrane, the enzyme exists as a dimer, but when it is free in the stroma, it is monomeric. The ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferredoxin%E2%80%94NADP(+)_reductase
*  In-Depth Analysis of the Thylakoid Membrane Proteome of Arabidopsis thaliana Chloroplasts: New Proteins, New Functions, and a...
... stroma, membrane (either inner envelope or thylakoid), lumen, and thylakoid membrane with lTP. In the current release (28,581 ... Yabuta, Y., Motoki, T., Yoshimura, K., Takeda, T., Ishikawa, T., and Shigeoka, S. (2002). Thylakoid membrane-bound ascorbate ... proteins because robust criteria are still lacking to distinguish between inner envelope and thylakoid proteins based on amino ... This study was supported by the National Science Foundation Division of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences 0090942, Cornell ...
  http://www.plantcell.org/content/16/2/478?ijkey=89ae454449c9ee36d10b6a1ca30652f325755c18&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  Data-directed top-down Fourier-transform mass spectrometry of a large integral membrane protein complex, Photosystem II from...
... thylakoid membrane proteins for several years now. Top-down high-resolution FT-MS was first applied to an integral thylakoid ... respiration and cellular communication to small molecule transport. Integral membrane proteins have transmembrane regions that ... Mass spectrometric analysis of a protein assigned as PsbX in T. elongatus, was concluded to show cleavage of the first 10 amino ... Modification of small subunits shows a distinct pattern based on the exposure of their N terminus to the stroma or lumen. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3517113/?lang=en-ca
*  ATP synthase - Wikipedia
These functional regions consist of different protein subunits - refer to tables. Located within the thylakoid membrane and the ... by ATPase using a proton gradient created in the thylakoid lumen through the thylakoid membrane and into the chloroplast stroma ... Menz RI, Walker JE, Leslie AG (August 2001). "Structure of bovine mitochondrial F(1)-ATPase with nucleotide bound to all three ... "Role of Charged Residues in the Catalytic Sites of Escherichia coli ATP Synthase". Journal of Amino Acids. 2011: 785741. doi: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATP_synthase
*  8 Announcements Chapter 7 Quiz - Deadline tonight. Don't forget Examination 1. Check out sample exam on BIO 121 website. Likely...
In these systems, pigments are packed together and attached to thylakoid membrane proteins to enable the transfer of energy. ... Some of the carbon of glucose becomes part of amino acids, lipids, and nucleic acids. Some of the stored energy is consumed by ... Cellular respiration takes place both in the dark and in the light. ... are light-driven molecular units that consist of many chlorophyll molecules and accessory pigments bound to proteins in ...
  http://slideplayer.com/slide/3922228/
*  Plastid terminal oxidase - Wikipedia
... an integral monotopic protein and is bound to the thylakoid membrane facing the stroma. Based on sequence homology, the enzyme ... Sequenced genomes of various plant and algae species shows that the amino acid sequence is more than 25% conserved, which is a ... Molecular and Cellular Biology portal Metabolism portal. ... Plastid terminal oxidase is an integral membrane protein, or ... is an enzyme that resides on the thylakoid membranes of plant and algae chloroplasts and on the membranes of cyanobacteria. The ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastid_terminal_oxidase
*  Functional inactivation of OsGCNT induces enhanced disease resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in rice | BMC Plant...
... effectively mutating Tyr to Cys at position 279 in the translated protein sequence, was responsible for the spotted-leaf ... However, disordered structure of thylakoid grana and stroma lamella and degenerated thylakoid membrane were observed in the ... 2). The amino acid sequence alignment indicates that GCNT proteins contain a Branch domain conserved in a wide range of ... 5). In addition, 'vesicle', 'cytoplasmic membrane-bounded vesicle' and 'cytoplasmic vesicle' GO terms in cellular component are ...
  https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12870-018-1489-9
*  Central Functions of the Lumenal and Peripheral Thylakoid Proteome of Arabidopsis Determined by Experimentation and Genome-Wide...
... lumenal protein and distinct from the known ascorbate peroxidases soluble in the stroma and one bound to the thylakoid membrane ... except for proteins localized in the chloroplast outer membrane) using the cellular localization program TargetP (Emanuelsson ... Within each set, proteins were sorted into four groups (p, s, a, and r) based on the amino acids in the −3 and −1 positions ... Proteins then are directed into the inner envelope membrane, into the thylakoid membranes, or remain in the chloroplast stroma ...
  http://www.plantcell.org/content/14/1/211?ijkey=b7f1e2a352ebd86684fd7d5c7d5ebe32f5485dfb&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  The Diversity of Plastid Form and Function | SpringerLink
Dekker JP and Boekema EJ (2005) Supramolecular organiza-tion of thylakoid membrane proteins in green plants. Biochim Biophys ... Casadoro G and Rascio N (1977) Morphogenesis of membrane-bound bodies in belladonna ( Atrop belladonna L.) plastids. J Ultrast ... Assmann SM (1999) The cellular basis of guard cell sensing of rising CO2 . Plant Cell Environ 22: 629-637CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Yu Y, Mu HH, Mu-Forster C and Wasserman BP (1998) Polypeptides of the maize amyloplast stroma. Stromal localization of starch- ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-4061-0_1?LI=true
*  Cell and Molec Final Flashcards - Cram.com
Where do proteins made in a membrane bound ribosome go? plasma membrane, secretory vesicles, and lysosomes ... A particular eukaryotic protein is 300 amino acids long. Which of the following would be the maximum number of nucleotides in ... Which of the following compounds is not a part of cellular membranes? ... biochemical-stroma. biophysical-thylakoid membrane What does oxigenic photosynthesis involve? cyclic photosystem ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/cell-and-molec-final-349489
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Mechanisms of Heat Stress Tolerance in Plants | HTML
This article reviews the recent findings on responses, adaptation, and tolerance to HT at the cellular, organellar, and whole ... In addition, major tolerance mechanisms that employ ion transporters, proteins, osmoprotectants, antioxidants, and other ... damaged plasma membrane, chloroplast membrane, and thylakoid membranes, distorted mitochondrial membranes, cristae and matrix. ... cell membrane) and functional (i.e., enzyme) proteins, ensuring the correct function of many cellular proteins under conditions ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/5/9643/htm
*  Enterochromaffin cell | Article about enterochromaffin cell by The Free Dictionary
Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms that lack a membrane-bound nucleus and usually lack membrane-bound organelles ( ... Protein comprises approximately 50% of cellular dry weight.. ..... Click the link for more information. as their main ... The thylakoid vesicles are stacked to form structures called grana, which are separated by a space called the stroma. Within ... The vacuoles contain a solution of various salts, carbohydrates, organic acids, alkaloids, amino acids, and proteins, as well ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/enterochromaffin+cell
*  Light-dependent regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in plants
... redox state of the membrane-bound electron acceptors (Welsch et al., 2000). These results suggest the presence of a complex ... Cryptochrome and PHY bind and inactivate COPl through direct protein-protein contact (Wang et al., 2001; Seo et al., 2004, ... and accumulate in the thy-lakoid membranes (Cunningham and Gantt, 1998), specifically near the reaction center of photosystem ... The amino acid sequence of PSY from Arabidopsis thaliana, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), algae and cyanobacteria resembles ...
  http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202009000200001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Catechol oxidase - Wikipedia
... and its N-terminal end contains a signal peptide that directs the protein to the chloroplast thylakoid lumen, where it can ... with the side chains of essential amino acids derived from plant proteins. In particular, thiol and amine functional groups on ... Furthermore, His109 bound to one of the copper centers is also covalently linked with Cys192 through a thioether bridge. This ... either be soluble or loosely associated with the thylakoid membrane. Initially transcribed as a pro-enzyme, the catechol ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catechol_oxidase
*  Chloroplast - Wikipedia
While different parts of the thylakoid system contain different membrane proteins, the thylakoid membranes are continuous and ... From here, chloroplast proteins bound for the stroma must pass through two protein complexes-the TOC complex, or translocon on ... Chloroplasts alone make almost all of a plant cell's amino acids in their stroma except the sulfur-containing ones like ... and not the phagosomal membrane from the host, which was probably lost. The new cellular resident quickly became an advantage, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloroplast
*  Frontiers | ABA crosstalk with ethylene and nitric oxide in seed dormancy and germination | Plant Science
NCED proteins have been detected either in stroma or thylakoid membrane-bound compartments, or both (Tan et al., 2003). In ... Studies using inhibitors of ACS activity (AVG: amino-ethoxyvinylglycine; AOA: amino-oxyacetic acid), ACO activity (CoCl2; α-AIB ... 2010). PDR-type ABC transporter mediates cellular uptake of the phytohormone abscisic acid. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, ... In Arabidopsis plastids, ZEP is associated mainly to envelope and slightly to thylakoid membranes (Figure 1). In contrast NSY/ ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2013.00063/full
*  Protein targeting - Wikipedia
... and the plasma membrane in prokaryotes. There, the nascent protein is inserted into the translocon, a membrane-bound protein ... The amino acid chain of transmembrane proteins, which often are transmembrane receptors, passes through a membrane one or ... Targeting signals are the pieces of information that enable the cellular transport machinery to correctly position a protein ... In the stroma the stromal import sequence is cleaved off and folded as well as intra-chloroplast sorting to thylakoids ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_targeting
*  Scientific Explorer: May 2013
... thylakoid membranes and energy shortly. These more complex cells, containing organelles and a membrane-bound nucleus, are ... The membranes of the thylakoid disks are where complexes of light-capturing proteins are located. The diagram below shows how a ... The sucrose can be used as fuel for cellular respiration. The molecular diagram of sucrose is shown below. It is a dimer made ... Sucrose (or glucose, a single sugar unit) can also be fed into other metabolic reactions that make new amino acids (to make ...
  http://sciexplorer.blogspot.com/2013/05/
*  WO2010071938A1 - Novel collagen constructs - Google Patents
Extracellular matrix proteins with modified amino acids Patent Citations (5). * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party. ... or from the stroma of chloroplasts into the thylakoid. Fusion of such a sequence to a gene that is to be expressed in a ... such as when the protein is recovered by cellular lysis or disruption). Delipidation is accomplished by, for example, the use ... means a sequence that directs newly synthesized proteins to and through membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum, or from the ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2010071938A1/en
*  Enzymes are necessary because they cause reactions to happen.
... nonpolar amino acids • hydrophobic • anchors protein into membrane • On outer surfaces of membrane in fluid - polar amino acids ... chloroplast stroma • Need products of light reactions to drive synthesis reactions - ATP - NADPH ATP thylakoid stroma • Diagram ... Classes of membrane proteins: - peripheral proteins • loosely bound to surface of membrane • ex: cell surface identity marker ( ... 2 PP Inactive protein kinase 3 ATP ADP Pi Active protein kinase 3 PP Inactive protein P ATP P ADP Pi PP Active protein Cellular ...
  http://slidegur.com/doc/123427/enzymes-are-necessary-because-they-cause-reactions-to-hap.
*  Magnesium in biology - Wikipedia
Biological membranes are impermeable to magnesium (and other ions), so transport proteins must facilitate the flow of magnesium ... of the total Mg2+ is bound to chlorophyll. Thylakoid stacking is stabilised by Mg2+ and is important for the efficiency of ... "Alkalization of the chloroplast stroma caused by light-dependent proton flux into the thylakoid space". Biochimica et ... Supplements based on amino acid chelates (such as glycinate, lysinate etc.) are much better-tolerated by the digestive system ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnesium_in_biology