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*  Magnesium ribbon | Article about Magnesium ribbon by The Free Dictionary
Magnesium is a strong reducing agent; upon heating, it displaces other metals (beryllium, aluminum, and alkali metals) and ... Anode chlorine is then used after purification to prepare anhydrous MgCb from magnesite and titanium tetrachloride, TiCl4, from ... as an alkali and mild laxative).. G. IA. ZHIZNEVSKAIA. Table 1. Chemical composition of magnesium alloys most commonly used in ... The rapid oxidation of the magnesium prevents the slower oxidation and corrosion of the iron. ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Magnesium+ribbon
*  Alkoxide - Wikipedia
H2 Other alkali metals can be used in place of sodium, and most alcohols can be used in place of methanol. Titanium ... Sodium methoxide, for example, is commonly used for this purpose, a reaction that is relevant to the production of "bio-diesel ... low valent metal alkoxides are susceptible to oxidation by air Characteristically, transition metal alkoxides are polynuclear, ... tetrachloride reacts with alcohols to give the corresponding tetraalkoxides, concomitant with the evolution of hydrogen ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkoxide
*  Process for para-xylene production from light aliphatics - UOP LLC
where "A" is at least one exchangeable cation selected from the group consisting of alkali and alkaline earth metals, "S" is a ... Alumina is the most commonly used carrier. The preferred alumina materials are known as the gamma, eta and theta alumina with ... The mechanism of coke removal is oxidation to carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and water. Coke content of spent catalyst may be ... with carbon tetrachloride being preferred, and the total chloride content is from about 2 to 10 wt.-%. The inorganic oxide ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/7439409.html
*  Actinium - Wikipedia
It is also sometimes considered the first of the 7th-period transition metals, although lawrencium is less commonly given that ... Lithium was chosen among other alkali metals because its fluoride is most volatile. Owing to its scarcity, high price and ... The rare oxidation state +2 is only known for actinium dihydride (AcH2); even this may in reality be an electride compound like ... In 1899, Debierne described the substance as similar to titanium and (in 1900) as similar to thorium. Friedrich Oskar Giesel ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actinium
*  Chlorides | Article about Chlorides by The Free Dictionary
The chlorides of alkali and alkaline-earth metals are neutral. Solutions of chlorides of other metals are acidic as a result of ... chemical compound, NH4Cl, a white or colorless, odorless, water-soluble, cubic crystalline salt with a biting taste, commonly ... Many organic compounds contain chlorine, as is indicated by common names such as carbon tetrachloride, methylene chloride, and ... A compound which is derived from hydrochloric acid and contains the chlorine atom in the -1 oxidation state. ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Chlorides
*  Leads in pencil | Article about leads in pencil by The Free Dictionary
The type of solder to be used is determined by the metals to be united. Soft solders are commonly composed of lead and tin and ... Concentrated caustic alkali solutions react with Pb upon heating to yield hydrogen and hydroxyplumbites of the type X2[Pb(OH)4 ... pale green, blue, yellow-to-white, or colorless mineral, a sulfate of lead, PbSO4, that is formed by oxidation of galena, ... Preventive measures include the substitution of less toxic substances for lead (zinc and titanium white for white lead) and the ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/leads+in+pencil
*  Zirconium - Wikipedia
Most metals undergo similar reactions. The redox reaction is relevant to the instability of fuel assemblies at high ... Further, zirconium is commonly used in commercial products (e.g. deodorant sticks, aerosol antiperspirants) and also in water ... Zirconium is a by-product of the mining and processing of the titanium minerals ilmenite and rutile, as well as tin mining. ... Zirconium is highly resistant to corrosion by alkalis, acids, salt water and other agents. However, it will dissolve in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zirconium
*  Patent US6403742 - Olefin copolymer having functional group, production process thereof and ... - Google Patents
In this catalyst system, as the titanium halide or zirconium halide, may be used titanium tetrachloride, titanium tetrabromide ... No particular limitation is imposed on such an olefin copolymer having no functional group so far as it is commonly used in ... Therefore, such a copolymer is apt to cause scission of a molecular chain, deterioration by oxidation and deterioration by the ... wherein the organometallic compound comprising the metal selected from metals of Groups 2, 12 and 13 of the periodic table is ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6403742?dq=3691140
*  Nickel compounds - Wikipedia
A mixed oxidation state hydroxide Ni3O2(OH)4 is made if oxidation happens in a hot alkaline solution. A Ni4+ hydroxide: nickel ... Other tetrachlorides include rubidium nickel tetrachloride, lithium nickel tetrachloride Li2NiCl4·4H2O stable from 23 to 60°, ... The metals include La Ce Pr Nd Sm Gd and the non rare earth Bi. Nickel can also be replaced by similar divalent ions, Mg, Mn Co ... Nickel nitrate commonly crystallises with six water molecules, but can also be anhydrous, or with two, four or nine waters. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel_compounds
*  US Patent # 9,590,242. Precursor particles of lithium composite transition metal oxide for lithium secondary battery and...
... materials may further include an additive and/or an alkali carbonate capable of forming a complex with the transition metals. ... The heat exchanger may be any heat exchanger that is commonly known in the art to which the present invention pertains. FIG. 7 ... Meanwhile, Mn readily becomes Mn.sup.3+ through oxidation and, for example, Mn.sup.3+ makes it difficult to form a uniform ... For example, the anode current collector may be made of copper, stainless steel, aluminum, nickel, titanium, sintered carbon, ...
  http://patents.com/us-9590242.html
*  Iodine - Wikipedia
3 oxidation states) are mostly ionic, while nonmetals tend to form covalent molecular iodides, as do metals in high oxidation ... Titanium, zirconium, hafnium, and thorium are purified by the van Arkel process, which involves the reversible formation of the ... Iodates are by far the most important of these compounds, which can be made by oxidising alkali metal iodides with oxygen at ... Iodine is an essential element for life and is the heaviest element commonly needed by living organisms. (Lanthanum and the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iodine
*  Metalloid - Wikipedia
Tellurium, and its dioxide and tetrachloride, are strong catalysts for air oxidation of carbon above 500 °C. Graphite oxide can ... Silicon dissolves in hot aqueous alkalis with the evolution of hydrogen, as do metals such as beryllium, aluminium, zinc, ... Titanium doped aluminium has been identified as a substitute for expensive noble metal catalysts used in the production of ... All the elements commonly recognised as metalloids (or their compounds) have been used in the semiconductor or solid-state ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metalloid
*  Intermetallic compounds of Lewis base bridged transition metal-reducing metal complexes and catalytic use thereof - Patent ...
... oxidation potential than the transition metal in the presence of a Lewis base and said reaction product being associated by ... E. The reaction product of titanium tetrachloride and butanol, (believed to be dibutoxy titanium dichloride) was reacted with ... and metal borohydridesincluding those of the alkali metals, especially sodium, lithium and potassium, and of magnesium, ... Some evidence of mixed oxidation states of the titanium values suggests an interrelated system of integral species of Ti.sup.IV ...
  http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/4610974.html
*  AquaFit4Use - Fouling and Corrosion Parameters | Biofilm | Surfactant
High temperature oxidation: corrosion of metals with gas at high temperatures. where the lower aerated areas are more eroded. ... wet Carbon disulfide Carbon tetrachloride Carbonic acid 2 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 na 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 na 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ... alkalis. glass. ceramics.2 Types of corrosion phenomena Corrosion is a process that occurs on surfaces of various materials. ... titanium materials are expensive). available on the market. etc. concentration polarization. as a result. An ED design software ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/109452340/AquaFit4Use-Fouling-and-Corrosion-Parameters
*  Hydrocarbon conversion with an acidic sulfur-free multimetallic catalytic composite - Patent # 3939059 - PatentGenius
... material in carefully controlled oxidation states such that substantially all of the platinum group component is present ... More precisely, this optional ingredient is selected from the group consisting of the compounds of the alkali metals--cesium, ... oxidation states of metals, and distribution of metallic componentsin the support are met.. It is, accordingly one object of ... F., or may be a selected fraction thereof which generally will be a higher boiling fraction commonly referred to as a ...
  http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/3939059.html
*  Buckminsterfullerene - Wikipedia
When alkali metals are doped into these voids, C60 converts from a semiconductor into a conductor or even superconductor.[33][ ... 60, but oxidation is irreversible. The first reduction needs ≈1.0 V (Fc/Fc+. ), showing that C60 is a moderately effective ... The Diels-Alder reaction is commonly employed to functionalize C60. Reaction of C60 with appropriate substituted diene gives ... Complexes have been reported molybdenum, tungsten, platinum, palladium, iridium, and titanium. The pentacarbonyl species are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckyballs
*  Ethylene oxide - Wikipedia
... magnesium hydroxide or carbonates of alkali or alkaline earth metals can be used. With a high yield (90%) ethylene oxide can be ... of lithium aluminium hydride with titanium trichloride (the reducing agent is actually titanium dichloride, formed by the ... Formally, the direct oxidation process is expressed by the following equation: 2 CH 2 = CH 2 + O 2 → Ag 2 ( CH 2 CH 2 ) O {\ ... The Anprolene system was patented in the 1960s by Andersen Products, and it remains the most commonly used system in several ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethylene_oxide
*  Patente US4097935 - Hydroxylapatite ceramic - Google Patentes
... titanium tetrachloride, titanium tetrabromide, ammonium carbonate and the like. The process steps, i.e., precipitation, ... The techniques most commonly employed generally involve preparation of inorganic powders which are compacted under pressure and ... As sources of hydroxide ion there can be used for example ammonium hydroxide and the alkali metal hydroxides. ... Thus, the incorporation of small amounts of additional metals, e.g. lithium, aluminum, indium, magnesium, copper, manganese, ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US4097935?dq=flatulence
*  Plutonium - Wikipedia
... rubidium and caesium of the alkali metals; and magnesium, calcium, strontium, and barium of the alkaline earth metals; and ... Addition of titanium and/or zirconium significantly increases the melting point of the alloy. Plutonium-uranium-titanium and ... A commonly cited quote by Ralph Nader states that a pound of plutonium dust spread into the atmosphere would be enough to kill ... The color shown by plutonium solutions depends on both the oxidation state and the nature of the acid anion. It is the acid ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium
*  Silicon - Wikipedia
For example, the alkali metals and alkaline earth metals react with silicon or silicon oxide to give silicides. Nevertheless, ... Silicon tetrachloride is manufactured on a huge scale as a precursor to the production of pure silicon, silicon dioxide, and ... Si-C bonds are commonly formed in three ways. In the laboratory, preparation is often carried out in small quantities by ... See: H. Sainte-Claire Deville (1855) "Du silicium et du titane" (On silicon and titanium), Comptes rendus, 40 : 1034-1036. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon
*  Patent US4826804 - Catalyst for oligomerization process - Google Patents
... titanium tetrachloride; titanium carboxylates; titanium acetate; zinc acetate; and the like.. After crystallization, the QAPSO ... Most commonly, this organic moiety, derived from any organic template, is at least in part present as a charge-balancing cation ... an alkali or other metal. The reaction mixture is generally placed in a sealed pressure vessel, preferably lined with an inert ... are crystalli ne microporus aluminophosphates in which the substituent metal is one of a mixture of two or more divalent metals ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US4826804
*  Alkali metal - Wikipedia
... oxidation state that is characteristic of the other alkali metals and is also the main oxidation state of all the known alkali ... The production of pure alkali metals is somewhat complicated due to their extreme reactivity with commonly used substances, ... Being a strong reducing agent, it is often used to reduce many other metals, such as titanium and zirconium, from their ... They also react with carbon dioxide and carbon tetrachloride, so that normal fire extinguishers are counterproductive when used ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkali_metal
*  US5322751A - Method of making metallic coatings - Google Patents
Preferred metals (in order of their atomic numbers) are: aluminum, scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, ... Alkali soluble photopolymer in color proofing constructions US5332646A (en) * 1992-10-21. 1994-07-26. Minnesota Mining And ... The elemental metal core may be surrounded by a thin surface coating of metal oxide or metal salt formed by surface oxidation ... Particle sizes ranging from 1 to 100 nm (but more commonly particles of from 2 to 50 nm) have been identified by electron ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5322751?oq=flatulence
*  Ozone - Wikipedia
Ozone will oxidise most metals (except gold, platinum, and iridium) to oxides of the metals in their highest oxidation state. ... Ozonides for all the alkali metals are known. KO3, RbO3, and CsO3 can be prepared from their respective superoxides: KO2 + O3 ... The trivial name ozone is the most commonly used and preferred IUPAC name. The systematic names 2λ4-trioxidiene and catena- ... Because of the high reactivity of ozone, only a few materials may be used like stainless steel (quality 316L), titanium, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ozone
*  Panasonic : Photocatalytic Water Purification -- Articles & patents
Thus, a high oxidation energy of titanium oxide, can be used in combination with high oxidative energy by ultraviolet rays, the ... 0077] An aqueous titanium tetrachloride solution is heated so as to be hydrolyzed, and the pH of the obtained white precipitate ... Incidentally, alkali components such as Na lowers the crystallinity of the titanium oxide (IV), since it may degrade ... In this case, examples of a commonly known method for this include a method of causing titanium oxide to support, on its ...
  http://www.rexresearch.com/panasonich2o/panasonic.html