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*  Mold Allergy: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Fungi are ubiquitous airborne allergens and are important causes of human diseases, especially in the upper and lower ... Airborne spores and mycelium debris of Cladosporium and Alternaria species are present during spring, summer, and especially ... In its life cycle, a single fungus organism produces both sexual and asexual spores from morphologically different structures ... 5] The author indicated fungal allergy is clearly linked to a subset of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) known as allergic fungal ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/887374-overview
*  Zasmidium cellare - Wikipedia
There is evidence, however, that Z. cellare produces spores which could mean that it reproduces through asexual dispersal, but ... "Concentrations of viable airborne fungal spores and trichloroanisole in wine cellars". International Journal of Food ... When Z. cellare is present, however, it is commonly found on brickwork and timber next to its food sources and can also, on the ... Given that alcohols are the fungus's main food source, it is likely that the organism produces energy via the citric acid cycle ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zasmidium_cellare
*  Aspergillus terreus - Wikipedia
Eventually, the dispersed fungal spores come into contact with either liquid or solid material and settle onto it, but only ... produces spores that disperse efficiently in the air over a range of distances. The morphology of this fungus provides an ... A. terreus is commonly used in industry to produce important organic acids, such as itaconic acid and cis-aconitic acid, as ... "Spore dispersal: The big gamble". Archived from the original on 18 January 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2013. Hedayati, M.T.; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspergillus_terreus
*  Epicoccum nigrum - Wikipedia
Epicoccum nigrum produces the glycoprotein allergen Epi p 1 which binds to IgE, sometimes cross-reacting with other fungal ... Spores of E. nigrum have been cultured from a variety of environments, predominantly soil (i.e. peat, forest floor, raw humus, ... This species is commonly found growing on cereals and seeds, as well as other crops including corn, beans, potatoes, peas and ... Conidia then become airborne with movement or wind. Sporulation is induced under Wood's light, or sometimes upon exposure to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epicoccum_nigrum
*  Ergot of rye
Fungal mycelium produces numerous asexual conidia (secondary inoculum) from palisade conidiophores within a sweet, yellowish, ... Ergots are so commonly associated with rye that they were included in early botanical drawings of the plant species (Figure 7) ... The life cycle is similar to that of C. purpurea with the addition of a second, airborne conidial stage on the surface of the ... If the flower stays open for long without pollination, it is susceptible to ergot infection by spores of the fungus for a ...
  https://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/lessons/fungi/ascomycetes/Pages/Ergot.aspx
*  Fungicide use in the United States - Wikipedia
Downy mildew produces small yellow fungal spots on the leaf that cause the plant to wither and die. Finally, black rot gets its ... Airborne spores are annually introduced from other peanut-producing nations. Rust causes reduced peanut pod fill and can ... Spots are generally darker in color than early leafspot and commonly show no yellow halo. Peanut rust is unique because it is ... The primary modes of dispersal of yellow rust are wind and the splashing of raindrops, making wet conditions ideal for its ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fungicide_use_in_the_United_States
*  Fungi by Emma Ritcey on Prezi
It is the reproductive structure and produces airborne spores.. A mass release of spores from a puffball.. This is the sexual ... However, contracting fungal meningitis is also a possibility.. Gaestrum triplex. This is a saprobic fungus that is commonly ... Some fungi are parasites of plants and most crops are extremely susceptible to fungal attack.. Spore production and dispersal ... It produces yellow or orange spores which make the affected areas of the tree turn orange.. It is the main cause of chestnust ...
  https://prezi.com/5qt3qvlmxotp/fungi/
*  Pathogen emergence in agro-ecosystems | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Many plant pathogens produce air-borne spores that can be carried hundreds of kilometres by wind (reviewed in [33]). Even soil- ... 2002 Aerial dispersal of pathogens on the global and continental scales and its impact on plant disease. Science 297, 537-541 ... 2006 Global migration patterns in the fungal wheat pathogen Phaeosphaeria nodorum. Mol. Ecol. 15, 2895-2904. (doi:10.1111/j. ... Verticilium dahliae invades the water-conducting xylem vessels of susceptible plants and produces conidia that are transported ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/371/1709/20160026
*  Penicillium - Wikipedia
Fairs, A.; Wardlaw, AJ; Thompson, JR; Pashley, CH (2010). "Guidelines on ambient intramural airborne fungal spores". Journal of ... which produces ochratoxin A Penicillium viridicatum, which produces ochratoxin The genus name is derived from the Latin root ... Commonly known in America as molds, they are among the main causes of food spoilage, especially species of subgenus Penicillium ... The conidiospores are the main dispersal route of the fungi, and often are green in color. Sexual reproduction involves the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penicillium
*  Introduction to Fungi
Fungal reproduction. Fungi frequently reproduce by the formation of spores. A spore is a survival or dispersal unit, consisting ... Aspergillus fumigatus, one of the most important of these opportunists, produces small, airborne spores that are frequently ... The most commonly encountered Zygomycetes are members of orders Mortierellales and Mucorales. Many members of these two orders ... Inside the fungal cell. Most of the organelles present in fungal cells are similar to those of other eukaryotes. Fungal nuclei ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/pathogengroups/pages/introfungi.aspx
*  Fungi - faba bean | Guidelines for the safe transer of faba bean germplasm | Safe transfer of faba bean germplasm | Safe...
Dispersal: Spores of these fungi are spread by wind and rain splash. Generally air-borne as ascospores or conidia. These ... Old infected trash is an important source of fungal inoculum. Spores are produced on old trash and are carried by the wind into ... The fungus infects and produces mycelium at the base of the plant that will eventually move up the stem causing it to rot.. ... The hyphae of Rhizoctonia solani have many nuclei (commonly 4 to 8) per cell. This distinguishes it from similar fungi that ...
  https://www.genebanks.org/resources/general-genebank-management/stog/faba-bean116/guidelines117/fungi-for-faba-bean/
*  Humane Trapping - Francis Animal & Pest Control
Infection by only a few spores generally produces a mild case in humans and people are often unaware that they have contracted ... Pigeons are most commonly associated with the transmission of ornithosis to humans. Birds have adapted to the disease and show ... Cryptococcosis is a fungal disease spread by pigeons and starlings that results in chronic, usually fatal, meningitis. Various ... Dry sweeping and vacuuming may increase risk of producing airborne particles. Rodent harborage should be removed from premises ...
  https://fallscreekservices.com/humane-trapping/
*  Pest Control Mice Removal, Bed Bug Removal, Bee and Wasp Removal Andover,MN | Minnesota
Infection by only a few spores generally produces a mild case in humans and people are often unaware that they have contracted ... Pigeons are most commonly associated with the transmission of ornithosis to humans. Birds have adapted to the disease and show ... Cryptococcosis is a fungal disease spread by pigeons and starlings that results in chronic, usually fatal, meningitis. Various ... Dry sweeping and vacuuming may increase risk of producing airborne particles. Rodent harborage should be removed from premises ...
  https://fallscreekservices.com/andover-mn-pest-control-bed-bugs-bat-removal.html
*  An overview of parasite-induced behavioral alterations - and some lessons from bats | Journal of Experimental Biology
Finally, the successful dispersal of parasite propagules frequently involves host behavior; eggs and spores are not randomly ... One of the most spectacular dispersal mechanisms involves a fungal parasite of the 17 year cicada; the hyphae take over the ... But then again, perhaps it helps disperse airborne parasite propagules? Depending on the parasite involved, any of these ... It is also commonly thought to lead to increased conspicuousness and predation. ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/216/1/11.full
*  Poinsettia: The Christmas Flower
Spores can also be dispersed by splashing (40), in addition to wind dispersal. Sprinkler irrigation splashes spores from place ... Botrytis cinerea produces massive numbers of spores that are readily detached by air movement or rapid changes in relative ... Influence of grower activity on concentrations of airborne conidia of Botrytis cinerea among geranium cuttings. Plant Dis. 75: ... An apparatus for studying hygroscopic responses in fungal conidiospores. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc 43:525-528. ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/PoinsettiaFlower.aspx
*  COLLEGE PROJECTS AND MUSIC JUNCTION: FUNGAL DIVERSITY AND LIFE CYCLE
They produce white spores on short gills, and exhibit a large, fan-shaped pileus with a short stipe. They are now commonly ... The haploid nuclei are walled off into distinct spores, which are released from a dispersal sporangium that grows out of the ... The sporangia release large numbers of air-borne spores which germinate in the presence of water to form free-living amoebae, ... After a while, the plasmodium forms cellulose walls around the nuclei and produces sporangia (or fructifications). ...
  http://xicecybervila.blogspot.com/2006/11/fungal-diversity-and-life-cycle.html
*  Fungus - Wikipedia
However, the relative proportion of fungal spores relative to spores formed by algal species is difficult to assess, the spike ... Although commonly included in botany curricula and textbooks, fungi are more closely related to animals than to plants and are ... After dispersal, the ascospores may germinate and form a new haploid mycelium. Sexual reproduction in basidiomycetes is similar ... A rapid defense reaction after pathogen attack is the oxidative burst where the plant produces reactive oxygen species at the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fungus