Air Pollution Control Act - Wikipedia
The Air Pollution Control Act of 1955 (Pub.L. 84-159, ch. 360, 69 Stat. 322) was the first Clean Air Act (United States) enacted by Congress to address the national environmental problem of air pollution on July 14, 1955. This was "an act to provide research and technical assistance relating to air pollution control". The act "left states principally in charge of prevention and control of air pollution at the source". The act declared that air pollution was a danger to public health and welfare, but preserved the "primary responsibilities and rights of the states and local government in controlling air pollution". The act put the federal government in a purely informational role, authorizing the United States Surgeon General ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_Pollution_Control_Act
Evaluating the impact of air pollution on the incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Perth Metropolitan Region:...
Background: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a major public health issue. Several studies have found that an increased level of ambient particulate matter (PM) smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) is associated with an increased risk of OHCA. We investigated the relationship between air pollution levels and the incidence of OHCA in Perth, Western Australia.Methods: We linked St John Ambulance OHCA data of presumed cardiac aetiology with Perth air pollution data from seven monitors which recorded hourly levels of PM smaller than 2.5 and 10 microns (PM2.5/PM10), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3). We used a case-crossover design to estimate the strength of association between ambient air pollution levels and risk of OHCA.Methods: We linked St John Ambulance OHCA data of presumed cardiac aetiology with Perth air pollution ...https://espace.curtin.edu.au/handle/20.500.11937/23676?show=full
Air pollution reaches critical level in India, research | TopNews
According to a new research, air pollution has reached a critical level in India and has merged as the fifth largest cause of death in the country.. A study in the medical journal 'Lancet' showed that 6.2 lakh million premature deaths, which is an increase of six times since 2000. The country specific data on Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) report showed that air pollution has emerged as one of the largest causes of for deaths in 2010 in the country. An analysis by Health Effects Institute, which is based in Washington, showed that indoor air pollution and direct and indirect tobacco smoking caused one million deaths each year while 620,000 people died because of outdoor air pollution in 2010.. Aaron Cohen, the head of the expert group on air pollution for the analysis also said that air pollution caused 20 ...http://www.topnews.in/air-pollution-reaches-critical-level-india-research-2372882
Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and the Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A European Nested Case-Control Study. - Nuffield...
BACKGROUND: Industrialization has been linked to the etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM: We investigated the association between air pollution exposure and IBD. METHODS: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort was used to identify cases with Crohn's disease (CD) (n = 38) and ulcerative colitis (UC) (n = 104) and controls (n = 568) from Denmark, France, the Netherlands, and the UK, matched for center, gender, age, and date of recruitment. Air pollution data were obtained from the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects. Residential exposure was assessed with land-use regression models for particulate matter with diameters of |10 μm (PM10), |2.5 μm (PM2.5), and between 2.5 and 10 μm (PMcoarse), soot (PM2.5 absorbance), nitrogen oxides, and two traffic indicators. Conditional logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) ...https://www.ndph.ox.ac.uk/publications/636379
Air Pollution And Health
The nature of air pollution has changed over the past 40 years. Emissions of smoke and sulphur dioxide associated with smogs of the past have declined, while the proportion of pollution from vehicles has increased. The health effects of air pollution are still, however, significant. Evidence from the Government's Committee on the Medical Effects of Air Pollution (COMEAP) suggests that some 29,000 deaths per year (4,000 in London alone) are brought forward by exposure to man-made particulate air pollution at current levels. Their current work suggests that a similar scale of premature deaths are caused by NO2 pollution, although further work is being carried out to establish to what extent these impacts overlap.. Health effects are the primary, although not the only, reason for work to improve ...http://www.environmental-protection.org.uk/policy-areas/air-quality/about-air-pollution/air-pollution-and-health/
Effects of Air Pollution on Childhood Tuberculosis in Viet Nam | Global Research Projects
Air pollution and tuberculosis (TB) are public health threats of global proportion, with one-third f people worldwide infected with TB and nearly 90% of the global population living in areas where pollution exceeds safe standards set by the World Health Organization. Children in Viet Nam are exposed to concerning levels of secondhand smoke, cooking smoke, and traffic emissions, yet little is known about the effects of these pollutants on childhood TB. We therefore propose to study the clinical and immunologic effects of air pollutants on childhood TB in Viet Nam. Our overall hypothesis is that air pollution exposures will be associated with increased risk for TB infection and altered immunologic responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). To test this hypothesis, we will first develop and validate a questionnaire and air pollution models that accurately ...http://globalprojects.ucsf.edu/project/effects-air-pollution-childhood-tuberculosis-viet-nam
Air pollution exposure using Mobile phone-based Activity Patterns | BigData Challenge
With an increased awareness of health and economic costs associated with air pollution exposures - from direct health impacts (e.g. 3.1 million deaths per year worldwide), to repercussions on workforce productivity (e.g. projected 82 million lost workdays in Europe in 2025), and difficulties in attracting qualified workforce and tourists in highly polluted cities - there is a real need to tackle air pollution problems in cities more efficiently.. The AirMAP method combines big data from mobile phones and vehicle fleet GPS tracking with air pollution maps to estimate exposures to air pollution in the population. With the proposed approach, we are thus able to assess exposures accounting for people's movement in space and time, rather than with the usual static approach whereby people are assumed to spend their whole lives at home. This novel approach can ...http://www.telecomitalia.com/tit/en/bigdatachallenge/news-social/tim-big-data-challenge-2015-finalisti/Air-pollution-exposure-Mobile-phone-Activity-Patterns-AirMAP.html
The Impact Indoor Air Pollution Can Have On Your Health - Healthy Talk
Your home may seem clean on the surface - but that doesn't mean the air circulating inside of it is. Houses, apartments, and even office buildings can be affected by indoor air pollution. In fact, this problem is so serious that the Environmental Protection Agency (or EPA) has ranked poor air quality as the fourth biggest threat facing public health today. Further, the air inside your home can be anywhere from two to a hundred times more polluted than the air outside. It doesn't matter whether your home or office building is brand new or much older…. indoor air pollution can happen anywhere.. Over time, contaminants (like dust, dirt, and other debris) start to collect inside of your ductwork. When this happens, those contaminants can be pushed back out into the air circulating in your home. The result? Air that is full of dust and dirt. Even ...http://ahealthytalk.com/2014/07/the-impact-indoor-air-pollution-can-have-on-your-health.html
Living Under a Cloud: Examining Air Pollution's Effects on Lung Cancer
If you're planning to exercise, which is really important, maybe take into account what the air quality alert is for that day, and if it's going to be a high pollution day, don't exercise outside," she says. "Exercise inside or rearrange your schedule to exercise at the time of day when air pollution is lower or in a park that's not close to a busy roadway. If you're at home and it's a hot day out, rather than opening the windows, turn on the air conditioning to keep pollution out ...https://www.curetoday.com/publications/cure/2016/lung-2016-2/living-under-a-cloud-examining-air-pollutions-effects-on-lung-cancer
Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
The Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, often abbreviated as Air Pollution or CLRTAP, is intended to protect the human environment against air pollution and to gradually reduce and prevent air pollution, including long-range transboundary air pollution.. The convention opened for signature on 1979-11-13 and entered into force on 1983-03-16.. The current parties to the Convention are shown on the map.. The Convention, which now has 51 Parties, identifies the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) as its secretariat.. Since 1979 the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution has addressed some of the major environmental problems of the UNECE region through scientific collaboration and policy negotiation. The Convention has been extended by ...http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Convention_on_Long-Range_Transboundary_Air_Pollution.html
Insights Into the Mechanisms and Mediators of the Effects of Air Pollution Exposure on Blood Pressure and Vascular Function in...
This study was the largest human-controlled air pollution exposure protocol yet completed (274 total exposures).9,11 Our well-coordinated design and uniform methods between 2 sites provided us the unique ability to compare CV responses with air pollution from different locations.. It is unclear why we did not replicate previous findings of brachial artery vasoconstriction after CAP plus ozone exposures.9 We either failed to identify its occurrence, or this vascular territory behaved in a discordant manner between experiments. It is also uncertain why exposures elicited a greater effect on diastolic rather than systolic BP. Additional studies are required, but perhaps the underlying hemodynamic changes responsible reflected a predominant vasoconstriction without changes in cardiac output or arterial compliance (as suggested by the results in Table 6).. We also limited blood biomarker ...http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/54/3/659.full?maxtoshow=&hits=150&RESULTFORMAT=1&andorexacttitle=and&titleabstract=air%20pollution&andorexacttitleabs=and&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&fdate=1/1/2008&resourcetype=HWCIT
PEDIATRIC ASPECTS OF AIR POLLUTION | American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics
Public concern regarding air pollution has increased rapidly in recent years. Because air pollution may present special problems in the pediatric age group, available information on the effects of various air pollutants on children has been reviewed with the purpose of: (1) defining the potential ill effects of air pollution in this age group, (2) making information regarding these effects readily accessible to pediatricians, and (3) delineating further areas of study which may be necessary to safeguard child health from this environmental hazard.. Three general conclusions became apparent to the Committee after reviewing more than 100 publications from the world literature dealing specifically with the health effects of air pollution on children * The first is that children as a group may serve to delineate more clearly the effect of air ...http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/46/4/637
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO)
Reviews find a likely adverse effect of air pollution on perinatal outcomes, but variation of findings hinders the ability to incorporate the research into policy. The International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO) was formed to better understand relationships between air pollution and adverse birth outcomes through standardized parallel analyses in datasets from different countries. A planning group with 10 members from 6 countries was formed to coordinate the project. Collaboration participants have datasets with air pollution values and birth outcomes. Eighteen research groups with data for approximately 20 locations in Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America are participating, with most participating in an initial pilot study. Datasets generally cover the 1990s. Number of births is generally in the hundreds of thousands, ...http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/7/6/2638
Environmental Health Perspectives - Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Risk of Incident Atrial...
Atkinson RW, Carey IM, Kent AJ, van Staa TP, Anderson HR, Cook DG. 2013. Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiology 24:44-53.. Beelen R, Hoek G, Houthuijs D, van den Brandt PA, Goldbohm RA, Fischer P, et al. 2009. The joint association of air pollution and noise from road traffic with cardiovascular mortality in a cohort study. Occup Environ Med 66:243-250.. Behbod B, Urch B, Speck M, Scott JA, Liu L, Poon R, et al. 2013. Endotoxin in concentrated coarse and fine ambient particles induces acute systemic inflammation in controlled human exposures. Occup Environ Med 70:761-767.. Berkowicz R, Ketzel M, Jensen SS, Hvidberg M, Raaschou-Nielsen O. 2008. Evaluation and application of OSPM for traffic pollution assessment for a large number of street locations. Environ Model Softw 23:296-303.. Brook RD, Rajagopalan S, Pope CA III, Brook JR, Bhatnagar A, Diez-Roux AV, et al. ...https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/EHP392/
Particulate Air Pollution and Daily Mortality: The Phase I Report of the Particle Epidemiology Evaluation Project. Phase I.B:...
The Phase I.B Report of the Particle Epidemiology Evaluation Project. The Health Effects Institute began the Particle Epidemiology Evaluation Project in 1994 to evaluate the emerging epidemiologic evidence of a relation between particulate air pollution and daily mortality. In Phase I.B, Drs. Jonathan M. Samet and Scott L. Zeger and their colleagues at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health (1) compared approaches for controlling the effects of weather variables when analyzing the connection between air pollution and daily mortality, primarily focusing on Synoptic Weather Categories, an approach newly proposed by Dr. Laurence S. Kalkstein of the University of Delaware; and (2) evaluated the association between particulate air pollution and daily mortality in the Philadelphia metropolitan area using statistical models that included data for five pollutants regulated under the Clean ...https://www.healtheffects.org/publication/particulate-air-pollution-and-daily-mortality-phase-i-report-particle-epidemiology
Air pollution in the United States - Wikipedia
Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damages the natural environment into the atmosphere. Ever since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the United States, America has had much trouble with environmental issues, air pollution in particular. According to a 2009 report, around "60 percent of Americans live in areas where air pollution has reached unhealthy levels that can make people sick". Pollution in the United States has plummeted in the recent decade, with pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide decreasing despite the fact the number of vehicles on the road isn't. This is due to better regulations, economic shifts, and technological innovations. With respect to nitrogen dioxide, NASA reported a 32% decrease in New York City and a 42% decrease in Atlanta ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_pollution_in_the_United_States
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Simulation of Population-Based Commuter Exposure to NO2 Using Different Air Pollution Models | HTML
We simulated commuter routes and long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution during commute in a representative population sample in Basel (Switzerland), and evaluated three air pollution models with different spatial resolution for estimating commute exposures to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) as a marker of long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution. Our approach includes spatially and temporally resolved data on actual commuter routes, travel modes and three air pollution models. Annual mean NO2 commuter exposures were similar between models. However, we found more within-city and within-subject variability in annual mean (±SD) NO2 commuter exposure with a high resolution dispersion model (40 ± 7 µg m−3, range: 21-61) than with a dispersion model with a lower resolution (39 ± 5 µg m−3; range: 24-51), and a land use regression model (41 ± 5 µg m−3; range: ...http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/5/5049/htm
A joint ERS/ATS policy statement: what constitutes an adverse health effect of air pollution? An analytical framework |...
The human health effects of exposure to tropospheric outdoor air pollutants, which include both particulate matter and gaseous contaminants, have gained prominence as a global public health concern. Indeed, the most recent Global Burden of Disease (GBD) report lists outdoor air pollution as a leading cause of death and lost disability-adjusted life years, accounting for an estimated ,3 million premature deaths per year globally [1, 2], as well as similarly large numbers of deaths associated with indoor air pollution exposures (e.g. biomass and coal burning smoke). However, outdoor air pollution exposures and trends are quite disparate in different parts of the globe: the principal community air pollutants monitored for regulatory purposes, including carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide, particulate matter (PM) and ozone, have generally (but not ...http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/49/1/1600419.long
Air pollution plans - this time for Africa - Ramboll Group
The African Development Bank is focusing more strongly on air pollution. As part of the bank's 10-year strategy to facilitate Africa's gradual transition to green growth, the bank has awarded Ramboll a contract for transport emission mapping and monitoring as well as capacity building in five cities.. Although indoor air pollution is the greatest problem, vehicle emissions are also steadily climbing, driven by urban sprawl, rapid motorisation and low levels of institutional capacity to manage traffic and its impacts. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) estimates that vehicle emissions account for 90% of urban air pollution in developing countries.. The main objective of the African Development Bank project is to advise city authorities and policy-makers on efficient and accurate methods for collecting, storing and analysing data as well as mapping air pollution ...http://www.ramboll.com/megatrend/feature-articles/Air-pollution-plans-this-time-for-Africa
Air Pollution Control Services in Uttar Pradesh,Air Pollution Control Services Directory India
Find service providers of Air Pollution Control Services in Uttar Pradesh India - Air Pollution Control Services verified companies listings from Air Pollution Control Services with catalogs, phone numbers, addresses and more.https://www.exportersindia.com/uttar-pradesh/air-pollution-control-services.htm
Air pollution may cause permanent damage to your child's brain: Unicef »
A Unicef report states that toxic air severely affects children's brain development and may cause a permanent damage to their brains. The report mentions that toxic air can also lead to anxiety disorder and may affect IQ level and memory pattern in kids. Severe air pollution can also lead to other neurological disorders like Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The findings come at a time when India, particularly in the north, is facing a serious crisis due to rising levels of pollution. Last month, Delhi schools had to be shut temporarily to reduce children's exposure to pollutants that had enveloped the capital. The air pollution level has been consistently 10 points above the safe zone. The Unicef report also said that South Asia had the largest proportion of babies living in areas where air pollution is at least six times higher than ...http://www.truhealthonline.com/air-pollution-may-cause-permanent-damage-childs-brain-unicef/
WHO | Outdoor air pollution: assessing the environmental burden of disease at national and local levels
In a recent estimate, outdoor air pollution was found to account for approximately 1.4% of total mortality, 0.5% of all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and 2% of all cardiopulmonary disease (World Health Report 2002). This guide outlines a method for quantifying selected health impacts associated with outdoor air pollution. Such an estimate can be performed at the level of a country or city, according to locally available exposure and health data, and can be used as input to decision-making regarding for example transport options or standard setting in air quality.. The exposure variable for air pollution used in this guide is particulate matter (PM) measured as either PM10 or PM2.5 (i.e. PM less than 10 μm or 2.5 μm in diameter, respectively). Population exposure is characterized by exposure concentrations and the numbers of people exposed at the various exposure levels. ...http://who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/publications/ebd5/en/
Air Pollution Petition - Sunday 21st August - Southwark Green Party
This event has been cancelled** We will rearrange in September. Air Pollution kills 9,416 Londoners every year. Most of Southwark has unacceptable levels of air pollution, putting the health of residents at risk. See: Air Pollution Map. Diesel buses contribute to air pollution, especially older models that don't use hybrid technology. Our petition will call on TFL and Southwark Council to increase the number of low emission buses serving our communities, making an important contribution to improving air quality in the borough.. We'll have a stall on Rye Lane urging passers-by to sign the air pollution petition. ...http://www.southwarkgreenparty.org.uk/air_pollution_petition_sunday
Can't Do A 'Surgical Strike' On Air Pollution, Says Minister Harsh VardhanCan't Do A 'Surgical Strike' On Air Pollution, Says...
Can't Do A 'Surgical Strike' On Air Pollution, Says Minister Harsh Vardhan | NDTV.com Video | Union environment minister Harsh Vardhan today rebutted the allegations of the Delhi government that the Centre had been aloof about the smog that has been choking the national capital, saying one cannot launch 'surgical strikes' against pollution. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, he said, has been monitoring the situation but insisted that a solution has to be found by the states.https://www.ndtv.com/video/exclusive/news/can-t-do-a-surgical-strike-on-air-pollution-says-minister-harsh-vardhan-471929
Air pollution on vegetation - Wikipedia
The effects of air pollution on our[who?] general life have been well documented, but a specific interest group focusing on gardens and wildlife have been researched by local organisations. Other national and international organisations monitor air pollution also research its effects on people and vegetation. Public interest has necessitated the need for ready available pollution tools and a forecast map was published by DEFRA (Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) This site features a colour coded outlook forecast which can be viewed up to five days ahead. A pilot project was undertaken in a Sheffield park to determine the effects of air pollution on plant life growth patterns. The project has since completed and was managed by a research graduate whose work is being verified. This project and future ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_pollution_on_vegetation