*  Biology-Online • View topic - Sonic reflexes
Their influence would be transmitted as far down as the brainstem by way of a circuit similar to the amygdaloid pathway. They ... We know that a painful stimulus activates a complex afferent system, the organisation and integration centres of which are only ... Their influence would be transmitted as far down as the brainstem by way of a circuit similar to the amygdaloid pathway. They ... We know that a painful stimulus activates a complex afferent system, the organisation and integration centres of which are only ...
  http://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/post-53513.html
*  Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration | Journal of Neuroscience
Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ... Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ... In the present study, we examined the role of Kv1.1 in the afferent pathway of the carotid body chemoreflex. In the carotid ... Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/25/13/3389
*  Reflex pathways from group II muscle afferents | SpringerLink
The interneuronally mediated reflex actions evoked by electrical stimulation of group II muscle afferents in low spinal cats ... Lundberg A, Malmgren K, Schomburg ED (1987b) Reflex path-ways from group II muscle afferents. 3. Secondary spindle afferents ... cutaneous afferents and joint afferents. It is postulated that these group II EPSPs are mediated by an interneuronal pathway ... Reflex path-ways from group II muscle afferents. 2. Functional characteristics of reflex pathways to α-motoneurones. Exp Brain ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00236299
*  Fast Food, Central Nervous System Insulin Resistance, and Obesity | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
The Afferent Pathway. Alimentary Tract-Derived Afferent Signals Ghrelin, a 28-amino acid octanoylated peptide hormone first ... Figure 1. Afferent (gray), central (black), and efferent (white) pathways in the regulation of energy balance. The hormones ... Insulin is part of both the afferent and efferent pathway; unraveling its dual role provides valuable insights into the ... receives afferent hormonal and neural signals related to energy balance, fat stores, and satiety. The main afferent signals ...
  http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/25/12/2451.full
*  Review. The conditioned immune response | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
a) Afferent pathways: how the central nervous system receives signals from the peripheral immune system. It is as yet not ... Two possible pathways have been proposed: a systemic or humoral pathway and a neural pathway. For the systemic or humoral ... The efferent and afferent communication pathways employed by the CNS and the peripheral immune system as well as the central ... 2005 Activation in vagal afferents and central autonomic pathways: early responses to intestinal infection with Campylobacter ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/366/1572/1799
*  PEN TORCH by opto shosho on Prezi
AFFERANT PATHWAY DEFECTS. It is the paradoxical response of a pupil to light in the presence of a relative afferent pathway ... The afferent pathway. The efferent pathway:. The Light Reflex. The light reflex consist of simultaneous and equal constriction ... AFFERANT PATHWAY DEFECTS. TOTAL AFFERENT PATHWAY DEFECT (TAPD) OR AMAUROTIC PUPIL. Caused by a complete optic nerve or retinal ... Afferent pathway defects.. Efferent pathway defects. Abnormalities of pupillary reflexes.. Swinging Flashlight Test.. BY: Myada ...
  https://prezi.com/qpoa5_gkfyot/pen-torch/
*  Transfer function analysis from arterial baroreceptor afferent activity to renal nerve activity in rabbits.
Afferent Pathways / physiology. Animals. Aorta / innervation. Arteries / innervation*. Electrophysiology. Fourier Analysis. ... Our results suggest that over 0.02-0.3 Hz the relationship between arterial baroreceptor afferent nerve activity and RNA is ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Transfer-function-analysis-from-arterial/8304519.html
*  Neural mechanism and clinical significance of the plantar grasp reflex in infants.
Afferent Pathways / physiology. Animals. Child Development / physiology*. Hand Strength / physiology*. Humans. Infant. Infant, ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Neural-Mechanism-Clinical-Significance-Plantar/20610116.html
*  Respiratory Physiology MGL8
Afferent pathways - glossopharyngeal (carotid body) and vagus *Effect - Hyperpnea, bronchoconstriction *Arterial Baroreceptors ... This suggests that afferent information, from the vagus nerves (and possibly the spinal cord) may be important in preventing ... The nucleus of the tractus solitarius is a primary projection site of visceral afferents from the 9th and 10th cranial nerves, ... The location of the DRG within this tract suggests that the DRG may function to integrate afferent information for the control ...
  http://www.medschool.lsuhsc.edu/physiology/courses_respiratory_mgl8.aspx
*  Plus it
1998) Afferent pathways of pyrogen signaling. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 856:95-107. ... It is well established that LPS very rapidly activates the C cascade (52). Lipid A initiates the classical pathway, and the ... 32], it is conceivable that vagal afferents originating in the liver may convey their released pyrogenic messages to the brain ... 1998) Bacterial endotoxin induces Fos immunoreactivity in primary afferent neurons of the vagus nerve. Neuroimmunomodulation 5: ...
  http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/277/6/R1635
*  TrkB as a Potential Synaptic and Behavioral Tag | Journal of Neuroscience
5A, 6D). When one afferent pathway (S1) to a specific population of CA1 neurons is activated by strong tetanic stimulation, ... 5C) (106 ± 2%). However, when one afferent pathway (e.g., S1) was activated by strong stimulation (12TBS), weak stimulation ( ... A, Two-pathway recording scheme. Two independent Schafer collateral pathways that project to the same CA1 neurons were ... Transient inhibition of TrkB around the time of weak TBS to the second pathway diminished L-LTP in that pathway without ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/31/33/11762.long
*  Asymmetric Excitatory Synaptic Dynamics Underlie Interaural Time Difference Processing in the Auditory System
Comparison with afferent pathways. J Neurophysiol. 1998;79:253-269. [PubMed]. 16. Heffner R. S, Heffner H. E. Sound ... When the pathways are activated asynchronously, the MSO neurons do not respond. Thus, an ITD response function is the ... When both excitatory pathways are activated within a narrow time window, the MSO neuron detects the coincident excitatory ... We first confirmed the presence of an internal delay of the longer contralateral pathway (Figure 1B). In itself, this would ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2893945/
*  Negative Feedback - Homeostasis? - Biology-Online
4. Afferent pathway 5. Efferent pathway 3 characteristics of negative feedback: 1. Primary mechanism for homeostatic regulation ...
  https://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/viewtopic.php?t=260
*  BIOSCIENCE - King's College London - Course Hero
Afferent Pathway: 3. Integrating Center: 4. Efferent Pathway: 5. Effectors: Negative Feedback: Neuronal 1. Involve: 2. Locate ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/sitemap/schools/2799-Kings-College-London/departments/685046-BIOSCIENCE/
*  Novel Agents for Intractable Itch
Proposed Mechanism of Action: blocks neuropathic afferent pathway. Gabapentin *300mg po daily and titrating to effect up to ... Like the pathways for pain and temperature, the message is relayed to the spinal cord, then crosses the midline and ascends via ...
  http://www.skintherapyletter.com/2008/13.1/2.html
*  Plus it
1973) Peripheral afferent pathway for acupuncture analgesia. Sci Sin 16:210-217. ... The role of afferent nerve fibers in mediating acupuncture depressor effects is under active investigation in our laboratory. ... During peroneal microneurography, afferent nerve fibers are stimulated at 1 Hz during microelectrode placement, which is very ... This is consistent with the hypothesis that acupuncture is mediated by activation of afferent nerve fibers. ...
  http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/280/5/R1462
*  Patent US7403819 - Parasympathetic nerve stimulation for control of AV conduction - Google Patents
Both pathways include afferent pathways (e.g., from an organ to central neurons) and efferent pathways (e.g., postganglionic ... an approximate anatomical diagram of afferent vagal parasympathetic pathways 620, 620′ is shown. Vagal afferent pathways ... A "fast" pathway 328 is shown along with a "slow" pathway 332. In FIG. 3. , both pathways 328, 332 are oriented primarily from ... such afferent pathways lead to the nucleus tractus solitarius in the brainstem. In addition, stimulation of such afferent ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7403819?dq=4316055
*  KAKEN - Research Projects | 脳の高次機能の計算論的および実験的研究 (KAKENHI
Release of glutamate and aspartate from the visual cortex of the cat following activation of afferent pathways.' Exp.Brain Res. ...
  https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-03251104/
*  Effects of stress on immune function: the good, the bad, and the beautiful | SpringerLink
Quan N. In-depth conversation: spectrum and kinetics of neuroimmune afferent pathways. Brain Behav Immun. 2014. doi: 10.1016/j. ... The influence of bio-behavioral factors on tumour biology: pathways and mechanisms. Nat Rev Cancer. 2006;6:240-8.PubMedCentral ... Sephton S, Spiegel D. Circadian disruption in cancer: a neuroendocrine-immune pathway from stress to disease? Brain Behav Immun ... Acute stress evokes selective mobilization of T cells that differ in chemokine receptor expression: a potential pathway linking ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12026-014-8517-0
*  Patent US8147561 - Methods and devices to curb appetite and/or reduce food intake - Google Patents
3989-92 (2003). PP may exert some of its anorectic effects via vagal afferent pathways to the brainstem. Asakawa et al., supra ... The effect also can be the firing of an afferent nerve fiber or the making of the firing of an afferent nerve fiber more or ... In another embodiment of the devices of the present invention the afferent nerve fibers are vagal afferent nerve fibers. ... In another embodiment of the methods of the present invention, the afferent nerve fibers are vagal afferent nerve fibers. ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US8147561?dq=5,884,272
*  Plus it
2007) Psychophysical and physiological evidence for parallel afferent pathways mediating the sensation of itch. J Neurosci 27: ... 2008) A role for polymodal C-fiber afferents in nonhistaminergic itch. J Neurosci 28:7659-7669. ... Cowhage spicules produce a histamine-independent itch in the absence of flare by activating mechanically sensitive afferents ( ... 2008) Separate peripheral pathways for pruritus in man. J Neurophysiol 100:2062-2069. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/31/20/7563
*  Plus it
2007) Psychophysical and physiological evidence for parallel afferent pathways mediating the sensation of itch. J Neurosci 27: ... the afferent was considered a type II afferent (Treede et al., 1998); type I afferents were either nonresponsive or discharged ... The cowhage response of these unmyelinated afferents was significantly less than the response in myelinated afferents (Fig. 3B ... Electrophysiological recordings were performed from nociceptive, myelinated afferents in monkeys. A, This myelinated afferent ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/31/42/14841
*  Spred1 Is Required for Synaptic Plasticity and Hippocampus-Dependent Learning | Journal of Neuroscience
Evoked potentials were recorded to test the integrity of the visual and auditory afferent pathways. Visual evoked potentials ( ... pathway (Casci et al., 1999; Wakioka et al., 2001). The Ras/ERK pathway is a signal transduction cascade that is crucially ... Bentires-AljM, Kontaridis MI, Neel BG (2006) Stops along the RAS pathway in human genetic disease. Nat Med12:283-285. ... GuoHF, Tong J, Hannan F, Luo L, Zhong Y (2000) A neurofibromatosis-1-regulated pathway is required for learning in Drosophila. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/28/53/14443.long
*  Frontiers | mGluR1 Receptors Contribute to Non-Purinergic Slow Excitatory Transmission to Submucosal VIP Neurons of Guinea-Pig...
Pan, H., and Gershon, M. D. (2000). Activation of intrinsic afferent pathways in submucosal ganglia of the guinea pig small ... VIP neurons after all SP-immunoreactive terminals had degenerated after lesions to both extrinsic and intrinsic neural pathways ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/neuro.21.001.2009/full