*  Quality-adjusted life year - Wikipedia
The quality-adjusted life year or quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) is a generic measure of disease burden, including both the ... A year of life lived in perfect health is worth 1 QALY (1 year of life × 1 Utility value). A year of life lived in a state of ... that quality of life can be measured in consistent intervals, that life-years and quality of life are independent of each other ... "Problems and solutions in calculating quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)". Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 1: 80. doi: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quality-adjusted_life_year
*  Disability-adjusted life year - Wikipedia
Y e − 0.04 Y {\displaystyle W=0.1658Ye^{-0.04Y}} where Y {\displaystyle Y} is the age at which the year is lived and W {\ ... World Happiness Report Quality-adjusted life year (QALY) Pharmacoeconomics Healthy Life Years Happiness economics Seven Ages of ... The disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ... "extends the concept of potential years of life lost due to premature death...to include equivalent years of 'healthy' life lost ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disability-adjusted_life_year
*  Interpreting the Disability-Adjusted Life-Year (DALY) Metric | GiveWell
The Disability-Adjusted Life-Year (DALY) is a metric that combines the burden of mortality and morbidity (non-fatal health ... Home » Research » Interpreting the Disability-Adjusted Life-Year (DALY) metric. Interpreting the Disability-Adjusted Life-Year ... a time-based measure that combines years of life lost due to premature mortality and years of life lost due to time lived in ... The Disability-Adjusted Life-Year (DALY) is a metric that combines the burden of mortality and morbidity (non-fatal health ...
  https://www.givewell.org/research/DALY
*  How much would you pay for a quality adjusted life year? | The Incidental Economist
... you just need a reasonable figure and something to cite for a typical willingness to pay for a quality adjusted life year. For ... There has been a rapid increase in the use of cost-effectiveness analysis, with quality adjusted life years (QALYs) as an ... you just need a reasonable figure and something to cite for a typical willingness to pay for a quality adjusted life year. For ... In regression analyses, the results indicate that the WTP for a QALY is significantly higher if the QALY gain comes from life ...
  https://theincidentaleconomist.com/wordpress/how-much-would-you-pay-for-a-quality-adjusted-life-year/
*  Future of BioPharma: Looking at the quality adjusted life year
This system looks at the length of time a person's life is extended as well as the quality of life they would have. It is ... Society's aversion to placing a monetary value on life, 2) The lack of empirical basis for 30,000 pound standard and 3) Whose ...
  http://futurebiopharma.blogspot.com/2009/06/looking-at-quality-adjusted-life-year.html
*  Incidence, prevalence, and hybrid approaches to calculating disability-adjusted life years | Population Health Metrics | Full...
Disability-adjusted life years calculated from a hybrid perspective. I-DALY: Disability-adjusted life years calculated from an ... Disability-adjusted life years calculated from a pure prevalence perspective. YLD: Years of life lived with disability ( ... So, if Sally dies from lung cancer in 2004 at age 50, then (assuming a life expectancy of 80 years) that means 30 years of life ... All DALYs are calculated by adding YLLs (years of life lost to premature mortality) to YLDs (years of life lived with ...
  https://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-7954-10-19
*  Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALY) - Measures of Disease Burden | Coursera
Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALY). To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that ... QALYs measure years of healthy life discounted for lower quality of life. ... interventions to help determine the intervention cost of healthy life years.. That brings us to the end of our measures of ... are often used to quantify the cost of a healthy year of life lived. ...
  https://pt.coursera.org/learn/epidemiology-public-health/lecture/RofYA/quality-adjusted-life-years-qaly
*  Systematic review of general burden of disease studies using disability-adjusted life years | Population Health Metrics | Full...
... "disability adjusted life year," "disability-adjusted life year," "DALY." Keywords were matched to database-specific indexing ... Zhou SC, Cai L, Wang J, Cui SG, Chai Y, Liu B, Wan CH: Measuring the burden of disease using disability-adjusted life years in ... The West Level 26 and 25 life tables are global model life tables that have a standard life expectancy at birth: 80.0 years for ... Disability-adjusted life year. The DALY is calculated by adding YLL to morbidity and disability, expressed in YLD. The DALY ...
  https://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1478-7954-10-21
*  Preventing type 2 diabetes: systematic review of studies of cost-effectiveness of lifestyle programmes and metformin, with and...
quantified outcomes (such as change in quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), life-years ... Life-years gained. A measure of the impact of a disease or treatment on the length of life. Years of life are not adjusted to ... Disability-adjusted life-year. A measure of the impact of a disease or injury in terms of healthy years lost. ... are adjusted to reflect the quality of life. One QALY is equal to 1 year of life in perfect health. ...
  http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/11/e017184
*  Longevity Terms and Concepts You Should Know
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) attempt to quantify the burden of a disease or ... Healthy Life Expectancy (HALEs) Your healthy life expectancy (or HALE) is the number of years you can expect to live in full ... Life Expectancy Life expectancy is a statistic for the average length of survival for a living thing. Life expectancy is often ... Using a measure that combines premature mortality and life expectancy, called Years of Potential Life Lost, studies can show ...
  https://www.verywell.com/top-longevity-terms-and-concepts-you-should-know-2223955
*  Life Expectancy | SimCenter | www.WRSC.org | Visualizing Sustainable Solutions
Disability-adjusted life year for infectious and parasitic diseases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004. ... Read more about ... Disability-adjusted life year map Submitted by aurelien.plee on Wed, 08/01/2012 - 2:57pm. ... Life Expectancy. Evolution of American chronic disease Submitted by alexf12 on Thu, 08/02/2012 - 12:00pm. ... A map showing HIV estimated prevalence among population aged 15-49 years (%), 2007 ... Read more about HIV prevalency 2007 ...
  http://wrsc.org/category/category/humans/life-expectancy?page=1
*  Global disease study reveals successes, challenges - Fogarty International Center @ NIH
Change in disability-adjusted life years, by cause, rank. Access GBD 2010 data visualizations, such as disability-. adjusted ... Since 1970, men and women worldwide have gained slightly more than 10 years of life expectancy, the study reported, but they ... life years, by cause and rank, shown below, to explore the ranks and changes for causes or risk factors by age group, sex and ... At an individual level, this means we should recalibrate what life will be like for us in our 70s and 80s. It also has profound ...
  https://www.fic.nih.gov/News/GlobalHealthMatters/january-february-2013/Pages/global-burden-disease-gbd-2010.aspx
*  Stroke Thrombolysis | Stroke
... we used disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost. DALY is a measure consisting of 2 components: years of life lost due to ... Effect of treatment delay with 95% prediction interval on life expectancy (LE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) in 5 ... Years of disability-adjusted life gained as a result of thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke. Stroke. 2010;41:471-477 ... Disability-Adjusted Life-Years Lost. From observational data, we had 3-month mRS probabilities for each patient at the observed ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/45/4/1053.long
*  Cancer drug funding decisions in Scotland: impact of new end-of-life, orphan and ultra-orphan processes | SpringerLink
... in their acceptance of uncertainty in the economic case or a high cost per Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY); the uncertainty ... For drugs related to end-of-life care (notably in cancer), there is a belief that extensions to the last months of life are ... Definitions of end of life, orphan, and ultra-orphan conditions. A drug may qualify under rarity, end-of-life, or both (for ... poor prognosis with an immediately shortened life expectancy would be covered by end-of-life considerations, but the severity ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12913-017-2561-0
*  Welfare - Wikipedia
Disability-adjusted life year (DALYs). *Global Peace Index (GPI). Complex measures. *Human Poverty Index (HPI) ... a b "Characteristics and Financial Circumstances of TANF Recipients - Fiscal Year 2010". United States Department of Health and ... "Year Book Australia, 1988. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1988. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 ... "Poverty rate hits 15-year high". Reuters. September 17, 2010. *^ Ferrara, Peter (2011-04-22). "America's Ever Expanding Welfare ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_welfare_
*  Poverty threshold - Wikipedia
Disability-adjusted life year (DALYs). *Global Peace Index (GPI). Complex measures. *Human Poverty Index (HPI) ... between the lives of the poor and the lives of those around them. For practical purposes, the problem of poverty in the ... This value is based on a low pay rate of 60 percent of full-time median earnings, equivalent to a little over £12,000 a year ... In April 2006, a 35-hour week would have earned someone £9,191 a year - before tax or National Insurance".[39][40] ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_poverty_line
*  Physical Quality of Life Index - Wikipedia
Disability-adjusted life year (DALYs). *Global Peace Index (GPI). Complex measures. *Human Poverty Index (HPI) ... 3) Find the Life Expectancy. INDEXED Life Expectancy = (Life expectancy - 42) × 2.7 ... The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is ... 4) Physical Quality of Life =. (Literacy Rate + INDEXED Infant Mortality Rate + INDEXED Life Expectancy ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_quality-of-life_index
*  Cost-Effectiveness of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Drug Eluting Stents Versus Bypass Surgery for Patients With...
In-Trial Analysis of Costs, Life-Years, and Quality-Adjusted Life-Years Gained. The prolonged recruitment period for the ... 10 000 per life-year or quality-adjusted life-year gained across a broad range of assumptions regarding the effect of CABG on ... life-years, and QALYs were estimated, and (2) projections of post-trial costs, life expectancy, and quality-adjusted life ... Over the first 5 years of follow-up, CABG improved life expectancy by ≈0.05 years and quality-adjusted life expectancy by ≈0.03 ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/127/7/820
*  Hepatitis A Vaccine Recommendations | FROM THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS | Pediatrics
173000 per life-year gained and $24000 per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained. When out-of-cohort herd immunity was ... QALY-quality-adjusted life-year. REFERENCES. *↵. Armstrong GL, Bell BP. Hepatitis A virus infections in the United States: ... one for use in children 12 months to 18 years of age and another for use in individuals 19 years of age and older. Twinrix ... All children who live in the United States should receive hepatitis A vaccine at 1 year of age (ie, 12-23 months of age) as a 2 ...
  http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/120/1/189.full
*  A Clinical Trial of IntensiVE Dialysis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Quality of Life. Quality Adjusted Life Year. Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular. Blood Pressure. Hypertension. Anemia. Hematinics. ... Life expectancy of less than 6 months. *Definite plans to undergo renal transplantation within 12 months of entry to the study ... Quality of life and patient acceptability [ Time Frame: 12 months ]. *Safety outcomes [ Time Frame: 12 months ]. *Costs ... The primary end-point for this study is the difference in the change in quality of life between the two groups from ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00649298?term=Stroke&lup_s=06%2F08%2F2013&lup_d=14&show_rss=Y&sel_rss=mod14
*  Role of Rebiopsy in Relapsed Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer for Directing Oncology Treatments
110,644 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). The rebiopsy strategy yielded an ICER of $122,219 per QALY. With a willingness ... Y. Zhang, X.-Y. Li, Y. Tang et al., "Rapid increase of serum neuron specific enolase level and tachyphylaxis of EGFR-tyrosine ... H. Suzuki, Y. Owada, Y. Watanabe et al., "Recent advances in immunotherapy for non-small-cell lung cancer," Human Vaccines & ... E. Y. Kim, Y. H. Kim, H. J. Ban et al., "Repeated favorable responses to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jo/2015/809835/
*  Front Matter | Global Health and the Future Role of the United States | The National Academies Press
5-2 Results of the Saving Mothers, Giving Life program in Zambia after 4 years ... The committee prioritized global health challenges with the potential for catastrophic loss of life and impact on society and ... 3-2 Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Hospital Preparedness Program funding versus outbreak response spending by year, ... 3-1 Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Hospital Preparedness Program funding by year, 2005-2016 ...
  https://www.nap.edu/read/24737/chapter/1
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | The Economic Burden of Violence against Children in South Africa
In addition, South Africa spent ZAR1.6 billion (US $124 million) on child care and protection in fiscal year 2015/2016, many of ... According to our calculations, 2.3 million and 84,287 disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost in South Africa in 2015 were ... disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) economic burden; violence against child; South Africa; disability-adjusted life-year (DALY ... According to our calculations, 2.3 million and 84,287 disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost in South Africa in 2015 were ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/11/1431
*  Estimated impacts of alternative Australian alcohol taxation structures on consumption, public health and government revenues |...
... health outcomes were evaluated in disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) using a multistate, multiple-cohort life-table model ... DALY = disability-adjusted life-year. RTDs = ready-to-drink products. 95% UI = uncertainty interval around the cost and DALY ... Main outcome measures: Alcohol consumption, taxation revenue, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) averted and health care ... Abolishing the WET and replacing it with a volumetric tax on wine would increase taxation revenue by $1.3 billion per year, ...
  https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2013/199/9/estimated-impacts-alternative-australian-alcohol-taxation-structures-consumption