*  Understanding the individual to implement the ecosystem approach to fisheries management
... ecological processes and the selective environment. Two processes that may contribute to maintaining additive genetic variance ... impacting ecological and evolutionary processes (Munday et al., 2012). Genetic heritability of physiological traits, and thus ... Dunlop ES, Heino M, Dieckmann U (2009) Eco-genetic modeling of contemporary life-history evolution. Ecol Appl 19: 1815-1834. [ ... Sgrò CM, Hoffmann AA (2004) Genetic correlations, tradeoffs and environmental variation. Heredity (Edinb) 93: 241-248. [PubMed] ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4825417/
*  Non-additive genetic variance legal definition of non-additive genetic variance
What is non-additive genetic variance? Meaning of non-additive genetic variance as a legal term. What does non-additive genetic ... Definition of non-additive genetic variance in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... "due process." (See: dismissal, proof) ... variance. (redirected from non-additive genetic variance). Also ... Non-additive genetic variance legal definition of non-additive genetic variance https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/ ...
  https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/non-additive+genetic+variance
*  Information Processing: Institute for Advanced Study: Genomic Prediction of Complex Traits (seminar)
... whereas additive genetic variance can be reliably passed on and is easy for natural selection to act on***. (See also Fisher's ... During the talk I discussed the theoretical reason we expect to find a lot of additive variance: nonlinear gadgets are fragile ... On the genetic architecture of intelligence and other quantitative traits (p.16):. ... The preceding discussion is not intended ... Complex nonlinear genetic systems certainly exist and are realized in every organism. However, quantitative differences between ...
  http://infoproc.blogspot.com/2018/01/institute-for-advanced-study-genomic.html
*  Heritability of resistance and tolerance | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
Transmitted variance encompasses additive (and non-additive) genetic variance, but also non-genetic inheritance processes such ... Identifying the contribution of each transmitted process-and notably the contribution related to additive genetic variance-to ... we believe that it is conservative to consider that not only genetic variance but also non-genetic variance may contribute to ... 2.3where COVtrait1,trait2 is the genetic covariance between the traits, and VGtrait1 and VGtrait2 are the genetic variance, ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1779/20132567
*  quercus.df: Quercus example dataset in dmm: Dyadic Mixed Model for Pedigree Data
... additive genetic variance, and dominance genetic variance. It needs pre-processing with function mdf(). to add base animals, to ... This is a simulated dataset suitable for a 3-component analysis, the components being environmental variance, ... combine the two traits into a matrix, and to calculate additive and dominance relationship matrices. ...
  https://rdrr.io/cran/dmm/man/quercus.df.html
*  The genetic covariation between fear conditioning and self-report fears. - PubMed - NCBI
Best-fit three genetic factor model (model II from ). Only additive genetic (A) sources of variance and parameter estimates are ... Fear conditioning is a traditional model for the acquisition of phobias, whereas behavioral therapies use processes underlying ... A6 represents any genetic factors specific to the SRF factor not accounted for by genetic factors for the electrophysiologic ... genetic correlation between them, although genetic factors underlying fear conditioning accounted for only 9% of individual ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17698042
*  Epistasis and adaptive diversification | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
Furthermore, the selection process changes the variance in the effects of segregating additive genetic effects relative to . We ... is the variance in effect size that would result in an additive genetic architecture having the same genetic variance as the ... and variance . Parameters and are the expected variances in additive genetic effects for sites i and j. If the mutation at site ... measured genetic variance in the trait and then calculated the expected variance in effect size assuming an additive genetic ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/282/1802/20142648
*  Impact of type 2 diabetes susceptibility variants on quantitative glycemic traits reveals mechanistic heterogeneity | Diabetes
We employed additive genetic models with adjustment for sex, age and BMI, followed by fixed-effects inverse variance meta- ... To define fundamental processes leading to the diabetic state, we examined the relationship between type 2 diabetes risk ... A fourth cluster (including TCF7L2, SLC30A8, HHEX/IDE, CDKAL1, CDKN2A/2B) was defined by loci influencing insulin processing ... ARAP1 constituted a third cluster characterized by defects in insulin processing. ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2013/11/22/db13-0949?cited-by=yes&legid=diabetes%3Bdb13-0949v1
*  Cellular Consequences in the Brain and Liver of Age-Specific Selection for Rate of Development in Mice | Genetics
For example, Atchley and Zhu (1997) found that new additive genetic variance for body weight arises during ontogeny in mice ... MAMMALIAN growth is a dynamic, multidimensional process involving genetic and developmental interactions at many levels of ... The additive genetic correlation between adult brain size and age-specific body weight is high initially (0.60, ±0.12) between ... 1984a Ontogeny, timing of development, and genetic variance-covariance structure. Am. Nat. 123: 519-540. ...
  http://www.genetics.org/content/155/3/1347
*  Fahim Abbasi's Profile | Stanford Profiles
We employed additive genetic models with adjustment for sex, age and BMI, followed by fixed-effects inverse variance meta- ... To define fundamental processes leading to the diabetic state, we examined the relationship between type 2 diabetes risk ... Analysis of Transcriptional Variability in a Large Human iPSC Library Reveals Genetic and Non-genetic Determinants of ... Analysis of Transcriptional Variability in a Large Human iPSC Library Reveals Genetic and Non-genetic Determinants of ...
  https://profiles.stanford.edu/fahim-abbasi
*  Gene associated with avian migration | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
... of the additive genetic variance in this trait, assuming a mean heritability of this trait of 0.43 [26]. This represents a ... it remains unclear whether endocrine changes are a cause or an effect of migratory processes [3]. There is a clear need to ... The large proportion of unexplained additive genetic variance indicates that many additional still unknown loci contribute to ... quantitative genetic studies provide evidence for the genetic integration of migratory traits [20,27]. High genetic ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2011/02/11/rspb.2010.2567
*  Nature versus nurture - Wikipedia
Subsequent developmental genetic analyses found that variance attributable to additive environmental effects is less apparent ... "The genetic basis of entrepreneurship: Effects of gender and personality". Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes ... A good example of this is height, where variance appears to be spread across many hundreds of loci. Extreme genetic or ... Research suggests that between 37 and 42 percent of the explained variance can be attributed to genetic factors. The learning ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nature_versus_nurture
*  Inheritance of nesting behaviour across natural environmental variation in a turtle with temperature-dependent sex...
... additive genetic) over the sum of all variance components as calculated by ASReml (i.e. pe + additive genetic + year + ... 1995) or sophisticated models, such as the random regression animal model or character process models, to estimate G × E ( ... such as non-additive maternal or common environment effects, the model might yield inaccurate additive genetic variance ... allocation of variance to permanent environmental effects rather than additive genetic variance, or vice versa). If this ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/277/1685/1219
*  Parametric and Nonparametric Statistical Methods for Genomic Selection of Traits with Additive and Epistatic Genetic...
Also, the convenient partitioning of genetic variance into additive, dominance, additive × additive, additive × dominance, etc ... The marker-assisted process for alleles at multiple loci is called gene pyramiding. MAS is widely used in gene pyramiding ... The vector containing additive genetic effects, u is distributed as , where is the additive genetic variance and A is the ... represents additive genetic variance expressed among individuals and nk is the number of marker loci (Habier et al. 2007). ...
  http://www.g3journal.org/content/4/6/1027
*  Gene Expression: December 2005
... that you focused on genetic mutations of large effect rather than continuous traits due to additive polygenic variance, and ... Because evolution is a population-level process, any theory for the origins of the genetic machinery must ultimately be ... Measuring Genetic Diversity: Lewontin's Other Fallacy -and- Measuring Genetic Diversity: Part 2. How genetic diversity 'between ... Genetic variation is a fact of life. On "Heritibility and genetic constraints of life-history trait evolution in preindustrial ...
  http://www.gnxp.com/blog/archives/2005_12_01_gene-expression_archive.php
*  Genetic variability of Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae) in the upper Paraná river
... between natural and cultivated species have demonstrated that species with high H values show high additive genetic variance in ... The supernatants were processed within two weeks of their preparation. The buffer system used was 0.125 M Tris/ 0.0375 M ... Values of genetic distance and genetic identity suggest that, at least along this stretch of the river, P. lineatus comprises a ... Table V - Nei s (1978) genetic distance (below diagonal) and genetic identity (above) among Prochilodus lineatus subpopulations ...
  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-84551997000300005&lng=es&nrm=iso
*  Influence of genetics on irritable bowel syndrome - HelpForIBS.com Message Boards
Genetic modelling confirmed the independent additive genetic effects in GERD and IBS but not dyspepsia. Estimates of genetic ... variance were 22% for IBS, 13% for GERD and 0% for dyspepsia, but adjusting for anxiety and depression removed the statistical ... PMID: 17509102 [PubMed - in process]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus& ... There is a genetic contribution to GERD and IBS but not dyspepsia; this may be mediated by the hereditability of anxiety and ...
  http://www.helpforibs.com/messageboards/ubbthreads/showthreaded.php?Cat=&Board=library&Number=307884&page=0&view=collapsed&sb=5&o=&vc=1
*  Frontiers | Genetic Effects Conferring Heat Tolerance in a Cross of Tolerant × Susceptible Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes |...
... being controlled by additive epistatic effects in NS regime. Dissection of genetic variance into additive (D), dominance (H), ... being controlled by additive epistatic effects in NS regime. Dissection of genetic variance into additive (D), dominance (H), ... Additive variance was high for majority of traits in both environments except ear length in NS condition where dominance was at ... Non-allelic additive-dominance genetic effects were recorded for most traits in both conditions except transpiration rate, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2016.00729/full
*  Selection for evolvability | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
... the additive genetic variance aligns with the direction of selection. The bivariate distribution of additive genetic variance ... the recombination between the rQTL and the genetic background affecting trait means is implemented as a mixture process of ... The rQTL genotype class with higher genetic covariance has more genetic variance in the direction selection. This means that ... A value close to zero implies that the effects of epistasis on the additive genetic effect of a locus cancel out in total ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/278/1713/1903
*  Complex information and nest fidelity | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
... related either to the variance in the additive qualities of the pair members [4,5] or to their genetic compatibility [6]. ... or driven by completely different processes, such as genetic incompatibility [45] or the search for a partner with good ... 2000 Genetic compatibility, mate choice and patterns of parentage: invited review. Mol. Ecol. 9, 1013-1027. (doi:10.1046/j.1365 ... Variance components for the global model are 0.62 and 0.023 for pair identity and nest identity, respectively. Coefficients are ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1793/20141692
*  The Genetic Cost of Neanderthal Introgression | Genetics
The mean and variance of the Neanderthal ancestry fraction in an admixed population where fitness effects are additive, ... This process could magnify the effects of outbreeding depression caused by genetic incompatibilities (Templeton 1986; Lynch ... Additive Fitness Effects Lead to Strong Selection Against Early Hybrids. If most deleterious mutations have additive fitness ... and acts inversely to the genetic rescue process, in which individuals from an outbred population are artificially transplanted ...
  http://www.genetics.org/content/203/2/881?__hstc=13887208.7debc8575bac5a80cf7e168316af0c9b.1474502400052.1474502400053.1474502400054.1&__hssc=13887208.1.1474502400055&__hsfp=1773666937
*  Global Plant Council
The rate and direction of adaptive evolution critically depends on the additive genetic variances and covariances underlying ... In Ecology and Socio-Ecological systems many patterns at the population or community level emerge from processes, variability ... these methods provide more precise and accurate estimates of genetic and non-genetic variance components (heritabilities and ... You will learn how to estimate genetic variances and covariances in wild and captive populations, and how to test for ...
  http://globalplantcouncil.org/news-and-events/events
*  Human metabolic profiles are stably controlled by genetic and environmental variation | Molecular Systems Biology
... τe2 can no longer be interpreted as estimates of additivegenetic, common‐environment, and individual‐environment variance ... We pre‐processed and extracted peaks from each resulting spectrum, and fitted a robust variance‐components model to each peak's ... The analysis of twin data typically proceeds by estimation of (functions of) the additivegenetic, dominant‐genetic, common‐ ... genetic variance (. , giving the ACE model) or the common‐environment variance (. , giving the ADE model), and then to estimate ...
  http://msb.embopress.org/content/7/1/525
*  Genetic study of Santa Gertrudis cattle in Brazil
2a = additive direct genetic variance; 2m = additive maternal genetic variance; 2ep = permanent environmental variance; 2p= ... negative genetic correlation between direct and maternal additive genetic effects should be considered in selection processes ... due to the additive genetic effect of animals. 2m = genetic maternal variance, due to the additive genetic effect of dams of ... The following (co)variance components were estimated:. 2a = genetic direct variance, ...
  http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd12/2/ferr122a.htm
*  Genetic Variation and Selection Response in Model Breeding Populations of Brassica rapa Following a Diversity Bottleneck |...
Additive genetic variance (VA) was estimated as four times the variance among males. Dominance genetic variance (VD) was ... Mayr, E., 1954 Changes in the genetic environment and evolution, pp. 157-180 in Evolution As a Process, edited by J. Huxley, A ... Goodnight, C. J., 1988 Epistasis and the effect of founder events on the additive genetic variance. Evolution 42: 441-454. ... Naciri-Graven, Y., and J. Goudet, 2003 The additive genetic variance after bottlenecks is affected by the number of loci ...
  http://www.genetics.org/content/172/1/457