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*  Toll-like receptor-2 mediates inflammation and matrix degradation in human atherosclerosis. - The Kennedy Institute of...
... overexpression of a dominant-negative form of the TLR-4 signaling adaptor TRIF-related adaptor molecule reduced nuclear factor- ... In contrast, TLR-2 neutralizing antibodies inhibited nuclear factor-kappaB activation (P,0.05) and significantly reduced ... a signaling adaptor shared by most TLRs and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R), in an in vitro model of human atherosclerosis. ... as well as nuclear factor-kappaB activation (P,0.05) in atheroma cell cultures. IL-1R antagonist, TLR-4 blocking antibodies, or ...
  https://www.kennedy.ox.ac.uk/publications/224454
*  Catching the adaptor-WDFY1, a new player in the TLR-TRIF pathway | EMBO Reports
... all except TLR3 are dependent on the TIR adaptor protein MyD88 (myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88) for signaling ... Like the MyD88 pathway, the TRIF pathway activates NF‐κB, but in addition activates the transcription factor IRF3. Therefore, ... Horng T, Barton GM, Medzhitov R et al (2001) TIRAP: an adapter molecule in the Toll signaling pathway Nat Immunol 2: 835-841. ... Fitzgerald KA, Rowe DC, Barnes BJ et al (2003) LPS‐TLR4 signaling to IRF‐3/7 and NF‐kappaB involves the toll adapters TRAM and ...
  http://embor.embopress.org/content/early/2015/03/03/embr.201540145
*  Plus it
1 receptor signaling domain to an adaptor protein (such as myeloid differentiation factor 88). Myeloid differentiation factor ... myeloid differentiation factor 88 adapter protein; IRAK, IL-1 receptor-associated kinases; TRAF-6, tumor necrosis factor ... a cascade of event ensues leading to the activation of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6. This in turn ... As such, it can be expected to induce a host of proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-12, and IL-6, as ...
  http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/11/1/7
*  Protective Effect of Toll-like Receptor 4 in Pulmonary Vaccinia Infection
Unlike TLR3, TLR4 does not rely on TRIF exclusively, but also can signal through the adaptor myeloid differentiation factor 88 ... The only known adaptor molecule for TLR3 is TRIF, so TLR3 is thought to signal exclusively through TRIF to control secretion of ... TLR3 relays its signal to the nucleus using the adaptor protein TRIF. In this paper, we report that mice lacking TRIF are more ... Spectrum of infection and risk factors for human monkeypox, United States, 2003. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1332-1339. [PMC free ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2529451/?lang=en-ca
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Pterostilbene and 4′-Methoxyresveratrol Inhibited Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory...
... and attenuated LPS-induced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation by decreasing p65 phosphorylation. In addition, 4MR but not Pte ... promoting the association of TLR4 with the adaptor myeloid differentiation factor 88. Subsequently, progressive inflammatory ... Quercetin disrupts tyrosine-phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and myeloid differentiation factor-88 association, and ... The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) plays an important role in regulating proinflammatory cytokines. ...
  https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/23/5/1148/htm
*  Roles of Toll-Like Receptors in C-C Chemokine Production by Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells | The Journal of Immunology
... and Toll receptor-IL-1R domain-containing adapter protein/myeloid differentiation factor 88-adapter-like. Synthetic lipid A and ... myeloid differentiation factor 88; TIRAP, Toll receptor-IL-1R domain-containing adapter protein; Mal, MyD88-adapter-like; PGN, ... myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and Toll receptor-IL-1R domain-containing adapter protein (TIRAP)/MyD88-adapter-like ... Gene expression of osteoclast differentiation factor is induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse osteoblasts via Toll-like ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/169/4/2026.long
*  Plus it
TLR4 requires two important adaptor molecules, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and TIR-domain-containing adaptor- ... Here, we show that a Toll-like receptor (TLR) protein, radioprotective 105 (RP105)/myeloid differentiation protein (MD)-1 ... The TLR4/myeloid differentiation protein (MD)-2 complex is indispensable for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) recognition (6,7). ... An HFD induced IκBα degradation in SVF from WT but not RP105 KO, MD-1 KO, and TLR4 KO mice, suggesting that nuclear factor (NF ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/61/5/1199
*  Interleukin-1 Receptors - Interleukin 1 Receptor Summary Report | CureHunter
Signaling from interleukin-1 receptors occurs via interaction with SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as MYELOID ... interleukin-1 receptors occurs via interaction with SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as MYELOID DIFFERENTIATION FACTOR ... 02/01/2012 - "Articular inflammation is controlled by myeloid cell-derived interleukin 1 receptor antagonist during the acute ... 88.. Also Known As: Interleukin 1 Receptor; Receptors, Interleukin 1; Receptors, Interleukin-1; IL1 Receptors; IL 1 Receptors; ...
  http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD017472-Interleukin-1-Receptors-Interleukin-1-Receptor.do
*  IRAK-4 Required for Innate Immunity | Science Signaling
The kinase appears to act downstream of the receptor-associated adaptor MyD88 (myeloid differentiation factor 88), but upstream ... tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6). N. Suzuki, S. Suzuki, G. S. Duncan, D. G. Millar, T. Wada, C. Mirtsos, H. ...
  http://stke.sciencemag.org/content/2002/129/tw156
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20043020 - Myeloid differentiation factor 88-dependent signaling is critical for acute...
... this study targeted the common adaptor protein, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and investigated ... this study targeted the common adaptor protein, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and investigated the relative ... Myeloid differentiation factor 88-dependent signaling is critical for acute organic dust-induced airway inflammation in mice.. ... Organic-dusts; Dusts; Dust-particles; Agriculture; Environmental-exposure; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Lung; Respiratory- ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20043020.html
*  Plus it
... the adaptor protein myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is recruited to the Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 receptor (TIR) domain ... and myeloid differentiation factor 88-dependent signaling pathway. Int Immunol 14:1325-1332, 2002. ... it interacts with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), leading to stimulation of the kinase complex IκB ... Baldwin AS: Control of oncogenesis and cancer therapy resistance by the transcription factor NF-kappaB. J Clin Invest 107:241- ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/57/10/2595
*  High Mobility Group Box Protein 1 (HMGB1)-Partner Molecule Complexes Enhance Cytokine Production by Signaling Through the...
Deletion of any of the intracellular adaptor molecules used by TLR2 (myeloid differentiation factor-88 (MyD88), TIR domain- ... TLR4 and TLR2 activation involves an intracellular recruitment of adaptor proteins including myeloid differentiation factor-88 ... TIR domain-containing adaptor-inducing interferon-β (TRIF), TRIF-related adaptor molecule (TRAM)) had similar effects on HMGB1 ... 2009) MyD88 adaptor-like is not essential for TLR2 signaling and inhibits signaling by TLR3. J. Immunol. 183:3642-51.CrossRef ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.2119%2Fmolmed.2011.00327
*  Molecular Vision: Alteration of TLR3 pathways by glucocorticoids may be responsible for immunosusceptibility of human corneal...
TLR3 is the only TLR that does not interact with myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) as a signaling adaptor [14]. TLR3 ... which is also called the TIR-containing adaptor molecule (TICAM-1). TRIF/TICAM-1 activates the transcription factor NFκB and ... Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IFG-1; 10 ng/ml), Epidermal growth factor (EGF; 0.1 ng/ml), and Ca2+ (0.06 mM). The medium was ... The activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) and interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) in HCECs was assessed by ...
  http://www.molvis.org/molvis/v15/a98/
*  Frontiers | Gene Expression Analysis of Toll-Like Receptor Pathways in Heterophils from Genetic Chicken Lines that Differ in...
Tumor necrosis factor-receptor associated factor 3 (TRAF3), the IκB kinases TGF-β-activating kinase 1 (TAK1), IKKε and IKKα, ... the transcription factors NFkB2 and interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), phosphoinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K), and the mitogen- ... These genes included the toll-like receptor genes TLR4, TLR15, TLR21, MD2, the adaptor proteins toll-interleukin 1 receptor ... These genes included the toll-like receptor genes TLR4, TLR15, TLR21, MD2, the adaptor proteins toll-interleukin 1 receptor ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fgene.2012.00121/full
*  toxoplasmosis
Studies employing the mouse models of toxoplasmosis indicate that the Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 (MyD88), an adaptor- ... Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in the United States. Jeffrey L Jones. Division of Parasitic Diseases, National ... Understanding the factors that have shaped the population structure of T. gondii has implications for the emergence and ... Seroprevalence and risk factors for Toxoplasmosis in HIV infected and non-infected individuals in Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia ...
  http://www.labome.org/topics/diseases/parasitic/protozoan/coccidiosis/toxoplasmosis-5391.html
*  Stimulation of Innate Immune Cells Induced by Probiotics: Participation of Toll-Like Receptors | OMICS International
By detecting PAMPs, TLR engagement leads to adaptor molecule Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 (MyD88) recruitment and ... Rivollier A, He J, Kole A, Valatas V, Kelsall BL (2012) Inflammation switches the differentiation program of Ly6Chi monocytes ... This cytokine are involved in the regulation of the transcriptional factors and is crucial for the macrophages bactericidal and ... These results agree with those obtained in knockout mice, where the adaptor molecule MyD88, demonstrated to have an ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/stimulation-of-innate-immune-cells-induced-by-probiotics-participation-of-toll-like-receptors-2155-9899-1000283.php?aid=38184
*  Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88...
... the cytoplasmic domain of TLRs recruits a common adaptor molecule, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), to activate a ... Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 ... Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 ... Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/167/10/5928.long
*  Inhibition of apoptosis and NF-κB activation by vaccinia protein N1 occur via distinct binding surfaces and make different...
2-like proteins whose members inhibit apoptosis or activation of pro-inflammatory transcription factors, such as interferon (I ... protein N1 is an intracellular virulence factor and belongs to a family of VACV B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)- ... of NF-κB via the IL-1 receptor and TLRs requires the recruitment of the adaptor proteins myeloid differentiation factor 88 ( ... regulatory factor-3 (IRF-3) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Unusually, N1 inhibits both apoptosis and NF-κB activation. To ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Inhibition-Apoptosis-NF-B-Activation/22194685.html
*  Plus it
TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) complex, which recruits the general adaptor protein MyD88 (myeloid differentiation ... Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) may further activate adjacent microglia to eliminate the invading pathogens. These events are ... Those of the second row show examples of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-expressing cells, whereas coronal sections of the ... Role of interleukin 1 β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factorα (TNF-α) in the neurotoxic effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/23/13/5536
*  JCI - The matrix component biglycan is proinflammatory and signals through Toll-like receptors 4 and 2 in macrophages
... involving an intracellular adapter protein called myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) (29), rapid phosphorylation of ERK ... and myeloid differentiation factor 88-/- (MyD88-/-) macrophages and completely abolished in TLR2-/-/TLR4-M macrophages. ... myeloid differentiation factor 88; PAMP, pathogen-associated molecular pattern; SEB, staphylococcal enterotoxin B; SLRP, small ... and myeloid differentiation protein-2 (MD-2) (24, 26-28), which is critically important in innate immune recognition of Gram- ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/23755
*  JCI - Glucocorticoid receptors: finding the middle ground
... including myeloid differentiation factor 88, the central adaptor molecule for TLRs and IL-1R family members, and IL-1R- ... Tumor necrosis factor-α in severe corticosteroid-refractory asthma. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2007;1(1):51-63.. View this article ... Loss of one factor (e.g., MKP1) will lead to other systems taking over, (e.g., ZFP36), allowing for an efficient dampening of ... Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2014;25(1):21-33.. View this article via: PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/88886
*  DiVA - Search result
... is a signaling kinase situated downstream of the adapter protein myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) in the TLR ... Background: Soluble factors released by intestinal mucosal cells contribute to immune homeostasis in the gut. This is the first ... Soluble factors from intestinal mucosal cells contribute to immune homeostasis in the gut. We have established an in vitro ... An In Vitro Model to Evaluate the Impact of the Soluble Factors from the Colonic Mucosa of Collagenous Colitis Patients on T ...
  http://oru.diva-portal.org/smash/resultList.jsf?af=%5B%5D&aq=%5B%5B%7B%22personId%22%3A%22authority-person%3A37503+OR+0000-0001-5460-8888%22%7D%5D%5D&aqe=%5B%5D&aq2=%5B%5B%5D%5D&language=en&query=
*  The protective effect of baicalin against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury through inhibition of inflammation and apoptosis |...
Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), an adaptor protein associated with activation of TLRs, interacts with the IRAK ... MyD88, a general adaptor protein of TLR2/4, was also upregulated (Figure 2B). The activation/phosphorylation and nuclear ... The transcription factor NF-κB, which is inhibited by IκB binding, is involved in the expression of proinflammatory genes [35 ... Halloran P, Aprile M: Factors influencing early renal function in cadaver kidney transplants. A case-control study. ...
  https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-14-19
*  Gliadin Stimulation of Murine Macrophage Inflammatory Gene Expression and Intestinal Permeability Are MyD88-Dependent: Role of...
... were dependent upon myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), a key adapter in the TLR/IL-1R signaling pathways, but not on ... TLRs: differential adapter utilization by Toll-like receptors mediates TLR-specific patterns of gene expression. Mol. Interv. 3 ... and cytokine production were dependent on myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), a key adapter molecule in the TLR/IL-1R ... Zonulin, a soluble factor that triggers increased intestinal permeability, is up-regulated in CD (7) and in type 1 diabetes (54 ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/176/4/2512
*  Potentiation of flagellin responses in gut epithelial cells by interferon-γ is associated with STAT-independent regulation of...
... sustained increase in expression of the downstream adaptor molecule MyD88 (myeloid differentiation factor 88). Knockdown of ... flagellin, gut epithelium, inflammation, interferon γ , myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), signal transducer and ... via a largely STAT-independent up-regulation of MyD88 expression leading to increased secretion of immunomodulatory factors. ...
  http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/6348/