*  Toll-like receptor-2 mediates inflammation and matrix degradation in human atherosclerosis. - The Kennedy Institute of...
... overexpression of a dominant-negative form of the TLR-4 signaling adaptor TRIF-related adaptor molecule reduced nuclear factor- ... In contrast, TLR-2 neutralizing antibodies inhibited nuclear factor-kappaB activation (P,0.05) and significantly reduced ... a signaling adaptor shared by most TLRs and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R), in an in vitro model of human atherosclerosis. ... as well as nuclear factor-kappaB activation (P,0.05) in atheroma cell cultures. IL-1R antagonist, TLR-4 blocking antibodies, or ...
  https://www.kennedy.ox.ac.uk/publications/224454
*  Protective Effect of Toll-like Receptor 4 in Pulmonary Vaccinia Infection
Unlike TLR3, TLR4 does not rely on TRIF exclusively, but also can signal through the adaptor myeloid differentiation factor 88 ... The only known adaptor molecule for TLR3 is TRIF, so TLR3 is thought to signal exclusively through TRIF to control secretion of ... TLR3 relays its signal to the nucleus using the adaptor protein TRIF. In this paper, we report that mice lacking TRIF are more ... Spectrum of infection and risk factors for human monkeypox, United States, 2003. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:1332-1339. [PMC free ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2529451/?lang=en-ca
*  Roles of Toll-Like Receptors in C-C Chemokine Production by Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells | The Journal of Immunology
... and Toll receptor-IL-1R domain-containing adapter protein/myeloid differentiation factor 88-adapter-like. Synthetic lipid A and ... myeloid differentiation factor 88; TIRAP, Toll receptor-IL-1R domain-containing adapter protein; Mal, MyD88-adapter-like; PGN, ... myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and Toll receptor-IL-1R domain-containing adapter protein (TIRAP)/MyD88-adapter-like ... Gene expression of osteoclast differentiation factor is induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse osteoblasts via Toll-like ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/169/4/2026.long
*  Plus it
TLR4 requires two important adaptor molecules, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and TIR-domain-containing adaptor- ... Here, we show that a Toll-like receptor (TLR) protein, radioprotective 105 (RP105)/myeloid differentiation protein (MD)-1 ... The TLR4/myeloid differentiation protein (MD)-2 complex is indispensable for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) recognition (6,7). ... An HFD induced IκBα degradation in SVF from WT but not RP105 KO, MD-1 KO, and TLR4 KO mice, suggesting that nuclear factor (NF ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/61/5/1199
*  Interleukin-1 Receptors - Interleukin 1 Receptor Summary Report | CureHunter
Signaling from interleukin-1 receptors occurs via interaction with SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as MYELOID ... interleukin-1 receptors occurs via interaction with SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as MYELOID DIFFERENTIATION FACTOR ... 02/01/2012 - "Articular inflammation is controlled by myeloid cell-derived interleukin 1 receptor antagonist during the acute ... 88.. Also Known As: Interleukin 1 Receptor; Receptors, Interleukin 1; Receptors, Interleukin-1; IL1 Receptors; IL 1 Receptors; ...
  http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD017472-Interleukin-1-Receptors-Interleukin-1-Receptor.do
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20043020 - Myeloid differentiation factor 88-dependent signaling is critical for acute...
... this study targeted the common adaptor protein, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and investigated ... this study targeted the common adaptor protein, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and investigated the relative ... Myeloid differentiation factor 88-dependent signaling is critical for acute organic dust-induced airway inflammation in mice.. ... Organic-dusts; Dusts; Dust-particles; Agriculture; Environmental-exposure; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Lung; Respiratory- ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20043020.html
*  Molecular Vision: Alteration of TLR3 pathways by glucocorticoids may be responsible for immunosusceptibility of human corneal...
TLR3 is the only TLR that does not interact with myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) as a signaling adaptor [14]. TLR3 ... which is also called the TIR-containing adaptor molecule (TICAM-1). TRIF/TICAM-1 activates the transcription factor NFκB and ... Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IFG-1; 10 ng/ml), Epidermal growth factor (EGF; 0.1 ng/ml), and Ca2+ (0.06 mM). The medium was ... The activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) and interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) in HCECs was assessed by ...
  http://www.molvis.org/molvis/v15/a98/
*  Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88...
... the cytoplasmic domain of TLRs recruits a common adaptor molecule, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), to activate a ... Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 ... Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 ... Plasmodium berghei Infection in Mice Induces Liver Injury by an IL-12- and Toll-Like Receptor/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/167/10/5928.long
*  Inhibition of apoptosis and NF-κB activation by vaccinia protein N1 occur via distinct binding surfaces and make different...
2-like proteins whose members inhibit apoptosis or activation of pro-inflammatory transcription factors, such as interferon (I ... protein N1 is an intracellular virulence factor and belongs to a family of VACV B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)- ... of NF-κB via the IL-1 receptor and TLRs requires the recruitment of the adaptor proteins myeloid differentiation factor 88 ( ... regulatory factor-3 (IRF-3) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Unusually, N1 inhibits both apoptosis and NF-κB activation. To ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Inhibition-Apoptosis-NF-B-Activation/22194685.html
*  Plus it
TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) complex, which recruits the general adaptor protein MyD88 (myeloid differentiation ... Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) may further activate adjacent microglia to eliminate the invading pathogens. These events are ... Those of the second row show examples of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-expressing cells, whereas coronal sections of the ... Role of interleukin 1 β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factorα (TNF-α) in the neurotoxic effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/23/13/5536
*  JCI - Glucocorticoid receptors: finding the middle ground
... including myeloid differentiation factor 88, the central adaptor molecule for TLRs and IL-1R family members, and IL-1R- ... Tumor necrosis factor-α in severe corticosteroid-refractory asthma. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2007;1(1):51-63.. View this article ... Loss of one factor (e.g., MKP1) will lead to other systems taking over, (e.g., ZFP36), allowing for an efficient dampening of ... Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2014;25(1):21-33.. View this article via: PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/88886
*  Potentiation of flagellin responses in gut epithelial cells by interferon-γ is associated with STAT-independent regulation of...
... sustained increase in expression of the downstream adaptor molecule MyD88 (myeloid differentiation factor 88). Knockdown of ... flagellin, gut epithelium, inflammation, interferon γ , myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), signal transducer and ... via a largely STAT-independent up-regulation of MyD88 expression leading to increased secretion of immunomodulatory factors. ...
  http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/6348/
*  HSV-1 ICP0: An E3 Ubiquitin Ligase That Counteracts Host Intrinsic and Innate Immunity
... myeloid differentiation factor 88), and Mal (MyD88 adaptor-like protein). We will also consider how ICP0 allows HSV-1 to evade ... activation of the NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa B) inflammatory signaling pathway. Finally, ICP0's paradoxical relationship with ...
  https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/handle/1808/14901
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is a universal and essential adapter protein that participates in the activation of ... Results of the pull-down assay showed that EsMyD88 could bind to downstream cytosolic adaptor EsTube. Overexpression of EsMyD88 ... Novel myeloid differentiation factor 88, EsMyD88, exhibits EsTube-binding activity in Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis. ... Statistical indices (R(2) = 0.99; P < 0.0001; RMSE = 0.17) and validation parameters (bias factor = 0.97; accuracy factor = ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Wen-Min+Wang
*  Receptors, Interleukin-1 | Colorado PROFILES
... interleukin-1 receptors occurs via interaction with SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as MYELOID DIFFERENTIATION FACTOR ...
  https://profiles.ucdenver.edu/display/201986
*  Frontiers | Dendritic cell-based vaccination in cancer: therapeutic implications emerging from murine models | Immunology
... and recently it has been observed that for high expression levels both myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and TRIF (TIR- ... domain-containing adapter-inducing IFN-β)-dependent pathways must be triggered simultaneously (195). Thus, other maturation ... A role for endogenous transforming growth factor beta 1 in Langerhans cell biology: the skin of transforming growth factor beta ... Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) was one of the first agents assayed that was able to upregulate CD83 in DCs in vitro, and ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2015.00243/full
*  Future perspectives in melanoma research. Meeting report from the "Melanoma Bridge. Napoli, December 2nd-4th 2012" | Journal of...
For example, the signaling adaptor molecule myeloid differentiation factor 88 (My88) downstream of most TLRs and of the IL-1 ... IFN treatment was correlated with decreases in levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor ( ... a repetitive phenomenon has been observed that the activation of different factors as STAT1/IRF1, allograft inflammatory factor ... Thus, the multi-marker assay can be considered a very important prognostic factor to predict DSS and SLN metastasis [27]. ...
  https://translational-medicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5876-11-137
*  William Robinson | Stanford Medicine Profiles
All TLRs signal through myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), except TLR3 which signals through TIR domain containing ... adapter inducing interferon-beta (TRIF), and TLR4 which signals through both MyD88 and TRIF. We hypothesized that wear-debris ... To evaluate the role of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4)/myeloid differentiation protein (MyD88) pathway and the Fcγ receptor ( ... Our results showed that serum factor protein microarrays facilitate detection of autoantibody reactivity to serum factors in ...
  https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/william-robinson
*  Free Fatty Acid Receptors
... myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MYD88) and TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon (TRIF) (Kawai et?al., 2001, ... These data provide insights into how TLR4 and its adaptors control HSC response to sepsis, thus serving as a guide to define ... which is associated with a block of myeloid differentiation and neutropenia in a TLR4-dependent AZD2014 supplier manner. ... The never-ending story of pro-metastatic factors for RMS cells In the past 15?years we have identified several factors involved ...
  http://www.bostonscienceandengineeringlectures.com/category/free-fatty-acid-receptors/
*  Reactome | MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane
Mammalian myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 (TIR)-domain containing adapter protein which ... In the MyD88 - dependent pathway, once the adaptor is bound to TLR it leads to recruitment of IL1 receptor associated kinase ... Once activated TAK1 can ultimately mediate the induction of the transcription factor NF-kB or the mitogen-activated protein ... family IRAK which is followed by activation of tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) . TRAF6 is an ...
  http://www.reactome.org/content/detail/975871
*  Innate Immune Activation and Subversion of Mammalian Functions by Leishmania Lipophosphoglycan
The activation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) by microbial ligands recruits the adaptor protein MyD88 (myeloid differentiation ... and tumor necrosis factor-. 𝛼. (TNF-. 𝛼. ) or other microbial components, infected macrophages express high levels of the ... discussed below [115]. Amongst many potential explanations, the architecture of the PV has been proposed to be a factor, as it ... Whereas LPG seems to be important to protect Leishmania during differentiation from promastigote to amastigote forms, it does ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jpr/2012/165126/
*  Biology of microglia - Multiple Sclerosis - Derick Mussen Healthcare
... and TIR involves downstream activators such as the receptor-associated adapter protein, myeloid differentiation factor 88 ( ... myeloid differentiation protein-2 (MD-2) [22]. The intracellular signaling domain (termed TIR [Toll-IL-1 receptor homologous ... It is a type of immunity that is not dependent upon memory T- or B-cells but is dependent on secretory factors and macrophages ... The receptors for the immunoglobulin (Ig) constant region (Fc) are expressed primarily by myeloid-lineage cells. In human brain ...
  https://www.mussenhealth.us/multiple-sclerosis-3/ii-biology-of-microglia.html
*  Frontiers | DNA Damage Response and Immune Defense: Links and Mechanisms | Genetics
Truncated TLR9 recruits the TLR adaptor myeloid differentiation marker 88 (MyD88) thus leading to the induction of inflammatory ... and IFN-regulatory factor 7 (IRF-7). Details on TLR9 dependent induction of IFN regulatory factors is reviewed in (Takeuchi and ... TLR9 recruits the myeloid differentiation marker 88 (MyD88) inducing the transcription of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and/or ... D) The innate immune adaptor CARD9 activating NF-κB. (E) RNA polymerase III inducing NF-κB activation. (F) The DNA-dependent ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fgene.2016.00147/full
*  "The chemotherapeutic agent DMXAA potently and specifically activates t" by Zachary J. Roberts, Nadege Goutagny et al.
DMXAA-induced signaling was critically dependent on the IRF-3 kinase, TBK1, and IRF-3 but was myeloid differentiation factor 88 ... Toll-interleukin 1 receptor domain-containing adaptor inducing IFN-beta-, IFN promoter-stimulator 1-, and inhibitor of kappaB ... activation and elicited minimal nuclear factor kappaB-dependent gene expression. ... regulatory factor 3 (IRF-3) signaling pathway. DMXAA treatment of primary mouse macrophages resulted in robust IRF-3 activation ...
  https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/infdis_pp/79/
*  Signal Transducing Adaptor Proteins Summary Report | CureHunter
Signal-transducing adaptor proteins lack enzyme activity, however their activity can be modulated by other signal-transducing ... Signal Transducing Adaptor Proteins: A broad category of carrier proteins that play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They ... Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88: 126. *Smad Proteins: 119. *5-Lipoxygenase-Activating Proteins: 81 ... Signal Transducing Adaptor Proteins. Subscribe to New Research on Signal Transducing Adaptor Proteins ...
  http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD048868-Signal-Transducing-Adaptor-Proteins.do