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*  malnutrition facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about malnutrition
Make research projects and school reports about malnutrition easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Acute and Long-Term Consequences of Protein-Energy Malnutrition. PEM results from a relative deficiency of protein (essential ... MALNUTRITION: PROTEIN-ENERGY MALNUTRITION. MALNUTRITION: PROTEIN-ENERGY MALNUTRITION. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) may be ... If these elements are inadequate, the result is a protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), or protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM), ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/malnutrition
*  Bill Woodward - PubMed - NCBI
... levels and undiminished systemic interleukin-10 production rate prevail throughout acute protein-energy malnutrition in the ... The blood level of transforming growth factor-beta rises in the early stages of acute protein and energy deficit in the ... Blood serum interferon-gamma bioactivity is low in weanling mice subjected to acute deficits of energy or both protein and ... Constitutive, but not challenge-induced, interleukin-10 production is robust in acute pre-pubescent protein and energy deficits ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?cmd=Search&term=Bill%20Woodward
*  Edema - Wikipedia
Edema caused by malnutrition defines kwashiorkor, an acute form of childhood protein-energy malnutrition characterized by edema ... which have a semi-permeable membrane wall that allows water to pass more freely than protein. (The protein is said to be ... Acute parvovirus B19 infection". Lancet. 381 (9868): 776. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61894-7. PMID 23472922.. ... As a result, the colloidal or oncotic pressure of the higher level of protein in the plasma tends to draw water back into the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edema
*  FAO/GIEWS Special Report on SUDAN 12/96
According to this survey, the prevalence of acute protein-energy malnutrition (9.7 percent) was twice that before the civil ... Severe protein energy malnutrition (marasmus and kwashiorkor), and the corresponding mortality appear to be increasing. In some ... Most of the proteins are provided by beans. Consumption of animal products is very limited, with farmers rearing livestock and ... Food shortages in Gikongoro and Butare prefectures may also lead to an increased incidence of malnutrition in these areas. ...
  http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/w3872e/w3872e00.htm
*  FAO/GIEWS Special Report in Sudan 23 December 1998
According to the 1996/97 Ministry of Health/WHO survey, the prevalence of acute protein-energy malnutrition in under five s ( ... Due to high malnutrition rates in many areas, WFP will also provide additional high-energy food to 25 000 severely malnourished ... Acute malnutrition is area and year specific and is linked to food insecurity particularly during the hungry period between ... survey gives an overall malnutrition rate of 19.6 percent in under five s with 6.8 percent severe acute malnutrition rate. In ...
  http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/X0771e/X0771e00.htm
*  Stress is killing the state's tribals - News
The prevalence of protein energy malnutrition is over 75 per cent, and the prevalence of severe acute malnutrition is over 10 ... We could reduce malnutrition by 60 per cent, and mortality in the productive age group of 16-60 years by 25 per cent over five ... and a 38 year-old man who died of Acute Myocardial infarction (a heart attack). In all these cases, the dependents in the ...
  http://www.mid-day.com/articles/stress-killing-state-tribals/145601
*  Protein energy malnutrition | definition of protein energy malnutrition by Medical dictionary
What is protein energy malnutrition? Meaning of protein energy malnutrition medical term. What does protein energy malnutrition ... Looking for online definition of protein energy malnutrition in the Medical Dictionary? protein energy malnutrition explanation ... A deficiency of protein, energy, or both that includes marasmus (or chronic PEM) and kwashiorkor (typically, acute PEM). ... and to relate this to the protein energy malnutrition status [12].. Protein-energy malnutrition and malaria antibody profiles ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Protein+Energy+Malnutrition
*  Shigellosis - Diarrhea, Diarrhoea - Dialogue on Diarrhoea Online - Prevention, Control, Management and Treatment of Diarrhoeal...
Acute and particularly prolonged episodes of dysentery often change marginal malnutrition to overt protein energy malnutrition ... weight loss and malnutrition Produced by Dialogue on Diarrhoea and the Applied Diarrhoeal Disease Research Project (ADDR), ... Antibiotic treatment should be started as soon as acute dysentery is identified. The chosen drug must be safe for use in ... Ulceration of the intestinal lining results in increased production of mucus, and the loss of blood and serum proteins into the ...
  http://www.rehydrate.org/dd/su44.htm
*  Undernutrition in children : Nutrition for Developing Countries - oi
Topics covered include protein-energy malnutrition (now renamed acute malnutrition - severe or moderate), the effects of ... Topics covered include protein-energy malnutrition (now renamed acute malnutrition - severe or moderate), the effects of ... Keywords: children's health; nutrition; malnutrition; protein-energy malnutrition; worm infection Chapter. 5498 words. ... undernutrition, how malnutrition makes infection worse, undernutrition in children of different ages, different kinds of growth ...
  http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0016
*  Childhood cancer in Gondar University Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia | BMC Research Notes | Full Text
... problem in developing countries which aggravates the burden of childhood mortality by infectious diseases and malnutrition. In ... Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition at diagnosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol ... Previous studies also suggested that children with cancer can experience malnutrition [17, 18]. Malnutrition in children with ... Malnutrition reduces effectiveness of chemotherapy by increasing the length of time and increases likelihood of developing ...
  https://0-bmcresnotes-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/s13104-015-1440-1
*  Interacting nutritional and infectious etiologies of Keshan disease | SpringerLink
Protein energy malnutrition: selenium, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione in children with acute kwashiorkor and during ... Selenium status in Sudanese children with protein-calorie malnutrition,J. Trace Elem. Electrolytes Health Dis. 3, 171-174 (1989 ... Anonymous, Energy intake restriction and oxidant defense,Nutr. Rev. 49, 278-280 (1991).Google Scholar ... Low levels of vitamin E in plasma from Atlantic salmonSalmo salar with acute infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN),Dis. Aquatic ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02778980
*  Community-Based Management of Acute Malnutrition | GiveWell
... as a strategy for identifying and treating uncomplicated cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This is an interim ... GiveWell analyzed the evidence for community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) ... SAM] occurs when infants and children do not have adequate energy, protein and micronutrients in their diet, combined with ... WHO, Severe acute malnutrition. Source. WHO, WHO issues new guidance for treating children with severe acute malnutrition, 2013 ...
  https://www.givewell.org/international/technical/programs/community-management-acute-malnutrition
*  Malnutrition, Obesity (examples, answers, activities, experiment, videos)
Problems of Malnutrition and Obesity, Kwashiorkor, Marasmus, What is obesity, Why is obesity such a serious health problem, A ... Protein Energy Malnutrition. Kwashiorkor - acute onset. - mother stops breastfeeding. - sudden halt in protein consumption. - ... Problems of Malnutrition and Obesity. Related Topics:. More Science Worksheets. Math Worksheets .math-help-responsive{width: ... will have calories, not protein. - swollen belly and legs (fluid imbalance). - fatty liver. Marasmus. - starts immediately ...
  https://www.onlinemathlearning.com/malnutrition-obesity.html
*  WHO issues new guidance for treating children with severe acute malnutrition - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
It occurs when infants and children do not have adequate energy, protein and micronutrients in their diet, combined with other ... Severe acute malnutrition is when children suffer severe wasting that may or may not be accompanied by swelling of the body ... Children with severe acute malnutrition are among the most vulnerable people in the world. They are very thin: most of their ... Infants under 6 months with severe acute malnutrition. The other group whose needs are addressed for the first time in these ...
  https://www.healthcanal.com/child-health/45334-who-issues-new-guidance-for-treating-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition.html
*  Efficacy of three feeding regimens for home-based management of children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition | ENN
Experts argue that the comparison group should be given locally produced foods high in energy and proteins with adequate ... FEX: Severe acute malnutrition management in India's children: the riddle. By Anne-Dominique Israel de Monval and Yara Sfeir ... Severe acute malnutrition in Asia. Food Nutr Bull 2014;35(2 Suppl):S14-26. 3. Ministry of Women and Child Development, ... Kapil U. Ready to use therapeutic food (RUTF) in the management of severe acute malnutrition in India. Indian Pediatr 2009;46: ...
  http://www.ennonline.net/fex/54/homebasedsamcareindia
*  Science Prose: April 2014
... elimination of foods through adherence to fad diets has been found responsible for cases of acute protein energy malnutrition ( ... Gluten is a protein found in grains, particularly in wheat, barley, rye, spelt, etc. It makes dough elastic and helps it rise ... The idea is that production of these compounds will require fewer chemicals, less energy, and be overall less damaging to the ... Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine in which exposure to gliadin (a gluten protein) causes an ...
  http://sciprose.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/
*  460500: Malnutrition Cascade | LabCorp
"Suggestive of acute energy and/or protein deprivation due to acute disease or injury-related malnutrition (like major infection ... "Suggestive of acute energy and/or protein deprivation due to chronic disease-related malnutrition (like organ failure, ... "Suggestive of acute energy and/or protein deprivation due to starvation-related malnutrition (like pure starvation, anorexia ... "Suggestive of long-term energy and/or protein deprivation (more than two weeks) due to acute disease or injury-related ...
  https://www.labcorp.com/test-menu/39066/malnutrition-cascade
*  Understanding a Edema | Sundhed Life Media
Edema generated by malnutrition defines kwashiorkor an acute form of childhood protein-energy malnutrition identified by edema ... Albumin and other proteins in the blood work like sponges to retain fluid in your blood vessels. Low albumin may contribute to ... Cirrhosis also lead to low levels of albumin and other proteins in your blood. Fluid drips into the abdomen and can also cause ...
  http://healthlifemedia.com/healthy/da/understanding-a-edema/
*  Diarrhea, Diarrhoea - Issue 37 Dialogue on Diarrhoea Online - Prevention, Control, Management and Treatment of Diarrhoeal...
... and of severe protein-energy malnutrition provides valuable guidance. Several clinical studies have shown that continued ... 2. Malnutrition Persistent diarrhoea causes more malnutrition than acute attacks. The mean duration of episodes of diarrhoea in ... Severe deficiency of energy, protein and micronutrients often leads to kwashiorkor or marasmus in a child who is already ... Acute gastroenteritis sometimes leaves young infants with secondary complications such as malabsorption and malnutrition. It is ...
  http://www.rehydrate.org/dd/dd37.htm
*  1.2. Food Security Fundamentals - ppt video online download
... of household food insecurity in a malnourished population is to compare the prevalence of acute protein-energy malnutrition in ... Older children normally have a lower prevalence rate of acute malnutrition, but if food insecurity is an important factor, they ... Immediate causes: factors that can lead directly to malnutrition and death 22 Conceptual Framework: levels of analysis (4). ... Outcomes: malnutrition and excess mortality arising from failure to resolve problems at other levels ...
  http://slideplayer.com/slide/3971846/
*  International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism - Wikipedia
... uremic malnutrition, protein-energy wasting, and dietary derangement. The site also mentions a role in informing policymakers ... Wanner C.A proposed nomenclature and diagnostic criteria for protein-energy wasting in acute and chronic kidney disease.Kidney ... and educates the kidney community on the role of nutrition in chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury including the role ... there was increased scientific research concerning abnormal metabolism of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Society_of_Renal_Nutrition_and_Metabolism
*  Ray Avery (scientist) - Wikipedia
Amino Natural: An amino acid based functional food used for the treatment and prevention of protein-energy malnutrition. ... These are designed to combat acute diarrhoea, which is the leading cause of death in infants under two years of age in the ... Medicine Mondiale has developed a range of nutritional productions for the treatment of protein-energy malnutrition. ... "Proteinforte predigested protein formulations". Maternova. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014. "Medicine Mondiale". Hugh ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Avery_(scientist)
*  CEOAfrica :: PROTEIN-ENERGY MALNUTRITION :: Africa Online News Portal
REFEEDING: During the initial treatment of the acute situation a balanced diet with sufficient energy is to maintain steady ... The term" protein - energy malnutrition" covers the spectrum of clinical conditions seen in adults and children. ... In developing countries, lack of food and poor usage of the available food can result in protein-energy malnutrition ( PEM). ... Loss of protein in the body occurs not only because of inadequate protein intake but also owing to inadequate energy intake. ...
  https://www.ceoafrica.com/viewhealth.php?tabnews=15
*  Health in Nepal - Wikipedia
The most common form of malnutrition is protein energy malnutrition (PEM). The other forms of malnutrition are iodine, iron and ... Stagnant growth and political instability have contributed to acute food shortages and high rates of malnutrition, mostly ... Control of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) c) Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) d) Control of Vitamin A Deficiency ... Even moderately acute and severely acute malnourished children are more likely to die from common childhood illness than those ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_in_Nepal
*  Protein-energy malnutrition - Wikipedia
A large percentage of children that suffer from PEM also have other co-morbid conditions. The most common co-morbidities are diarrhea (72.2% of a sample of 66 subjects) and malaria (43.3%). However, a variety of other conditions have been observed with PEM, including sepsis, severe anaemia, bronchopneumonia, HIV, tuberculosis, scabies, chronic suppurative otitis media, rickets, and keratomalacia. These co-morbidities tax already malnourished children and may prolong hospital stays initially for PEM and may increase the likelihood of death.[16] The general explanation of increased infectious comorbidity in malnourished people is that (1) the immune system is what prevents such diseases from being more widespread in healthy, well-nourished people and (2) malnutrition stresses and diminishes immune function. In other words, malnutrition tends to cause (mild or moderate) immunodeficiency, eroding the barriers that normally keep infectious ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein%E2%80%93energy_malnutrition
*  Serum vitamin D status in children with protein-energy malnutrition admitted to Mulago Hospital
Background Vitamin D deficiency is a world-wide epidemic with recent estimates indicating that greater than 50% of the global population is at risk. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is much more likely to be associated with vitamin D intake deficiency. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Uganda has not been documented, despite the clinical entity of rickets being observed and diagnosed routinely. This study will assist in bridging the knowledge gap of this problem in our setting. Aims To assess serum vitamin D status in Children admitted with protein-energy malnutrition in Mulago Hospital. Methods This was a cross sectional study, carried out from February 2011 to September 2012 among children attending or admitted to the acute care unit, pediatrics in-patient wards, out-patient clinics and the old Mulago immunization clinic. Consecutive sampling was ...
  http://makir.mak.ac.ug/handle/10570/4710
*  How common is protein-energy malnutrition? | Child Healthcare
This is very common in poor countries. It is estimated that 170 million children in the world suffer from severe protein-energy malnutrition while a third of all the world's children are undernourished (30% of all children are underweight and 37% stunted).. ...
  http://childhealthcare.co.za/nutrition/protein-energy-malnutrition/how-common-is-protein-energy-malnutrition/
*  Role of metallothionein in metal detoxification and metal tolerance in protein calorie malnutrition and calcium deficient...
A monkey model has been set up for protein calorie malnutrition and calcium deficiency. Oral exposure of 5ppm Cd/kg body wt./day for 24 weeks led to increased excretion of Cd, metallothionein (MT) and zinc. Rehabilitation of PCM monkeys for one year resulted in gradual reduction and finally complete disappearance of urinary metallothionein. During Cd exposure, the accumulation of Cd and induction of MT was significantly higher in liver, kidney and intestine. MT was also induced in heart, lung and testis of Cd exposed PCM and calcium deficient monkeys. Metallothionein from liver has been resolved into three isoforms, viz MTa, MTb and MTc on DEAE-Sephadex A 25 ion exchange column. MTc is the major isoform in Cd-treated, normal and protein calorie malnourished monkeys whereas MTb is the major isoprotein in the cadmium treated calcium deficient monkeys. The iso-metallothioneins varied in their metal composition in the ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Role-of-metallothionein-in-metal-detoxification-an-Nath-Paliwal/a43b1992673267da18b11761d56252dc9ca67314
*  Sabinet | Growth and growth hormone in protein calorie malnutrition
'Pseudo-hypophysectomy' does not occur in African protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) and a deficiency of pituitary immunoreactive human growth hormone (HGH) cannot be held responsible for the characteristic growth retardation, in spite of suggestive data based on pituitary histology and growth hormone bio-assay.
  http://journals.co.za/content/m_samj/46/52/AJA20785135_32343
*  Pathology Associates Of Lexington, P.A.
A study has shown that 31% of people over age 65 in Newberry county, S. C. were at high risk for nutritional problems4. Other studies have reported 30-54% malnutrition in hospitalized patients5. In about 1999, we were involved in the case of a national top-ten competition male body builder who had a splendid 'build' (enhanced by an induced lipoatrophy to visually enhance transcutaneous muscle definition) but was found to have protein calorie malnutrition (PCM, or PEM...protein energy malnutrition) based on low serum albumin and low absolute blood lymphocyte count. In about 2000 we evaluated an 86 y/o lady 3 months post right brain stroke who had lost 20 pounds in that interval...being almost sure that she had PCM; but parameters showed good nutritional values. In one hospital, a laboratorian was beside a 350 pound patient's doctor & remarked, 'There is no ...
  http://palpath.com/MedicalTestPages/nutrit.htm
*  Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition at diagnosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. | Base documentaire |...
Background : The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that protein-energy undernutrition is common in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia at diagnosis. Previous studies have failed to establish whether undernutrition is a common feature at diagnosis. Methods : Body mass index BMI, weight/height2, expressed as a...
  http://www.bdsp.ehesp.fr/Base/196706/
*  Health Questions and Answer - Answer to Specific Health Question
Despite these specific defects, the immune system is resistant to malnutrition. Both adults and children suffering from PCM are still capable of antibody responses and can mount both lymphocyte response and leukocytosis. In animal studies the gut immune system is preserved despite significant protein calorie malnutrition. Putting it another way, immunity is maintained at the expense of other tissues. Muscles serves as a reservoir of energy and amino acids which can be drawn upon in illness or injury. Malnourished individuals will show muscle wasting long before the immune system fails.. Protein-calorie malnutrition has somewhat similar effects to AIDS. The specific defect produced by AIDS is depletion of T-helper cells (CD4 cells) and depression of the T-cell-mediated immune response. Infections which are thereby facilitated include Pneumocystis carinii ...
  http://www.randyamy.com/question-what-is-the-effect-of-calorie-or-protein-calorie-malnutrition-pcm-on-the-immune-system
*  Reversal of cachexia in patients treated with potent antiretroviral therapy. | IRIS UNIPV
The introduction of HAART has changed the nutritional status of HIV patients. In the pre-protease inhibitor (PI) era, more than 60\% of HIV-positive persons presented with protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and vitamin and mineral deficit. This caused progressive physical-metabolic wasting (wasting syndrome/cachexia) and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and drug toxicity. PEM was a concurrent cause in 80\% of deaths attributed to AIDS. Since 1996, the year in which PIs were introduced, the number of patients dying as a result of AIDS has decreased by two thirds, and cachexia is no longer the AIDS terminal phase in developed countries. But different patterns of nutritional status changes have appeared in association with the use of newer anti-HIV therapies and with longer survival of HIV-infected patients. A new clinical and laboratory syndrome--lipodystrophy syndrome--now affects patients receiving PI-based therapy. This ...
  https://iris.unipv.it/handle/11571/385126
*  Herpes simplex - photos
Photo 1. Acute herpetic ulceranive gingivostomatitis. This condition due to Herpes simplex virus in children with severe protein-calorie malnutrition causes a serious illness seen only uncommonly in the developed world.. ...
  http://medical-photographs.com/350-herpes-simplex.html
*  Top nutritionist from pune | Dt. Mansi Jarare Sathe
I am Dietician / Nutritionist Mansi Jarare Sathe from PUNE, Maharashtra.I have more than 5 Years of Experience in various Health Centres,Hospitals and aanganwaadi's.. Diet and Excercise goes Hand in Hand and therefore,I completely beleive in and Aim at Balanced DIET and NO Crash Dieting.For a Healthy Wealthy Life , one should completely follow and stick to Balanced Diet and Daily Exercise Regime.. My Fields of Specialization are:-. Weight Loss And Weight Gain Management.. Diabetes Care And Management.. Pre-Natal and Post-Natal Care and Diets.. Healthy Diets for Good Living.. All Types of Therapeutic Diets.. Protein Energy Malnutrition Management.. "Gain Healthy Life With Balanced Diet.". ,. ...
  http://nutritionistsinindia.net/dietitian/55380/mansi-jarare-sathe
*  A review of burn care at an emerging centralised burns unit
RESULTS: The sample comprised 66 patients; 59 were children ,14 years old, and 38 were ,4 years. There were 34 males and 32 females; scalds and flame injuries accounted for 68% and 17% of cases respectively. The majority (85%) sustained burns ranging from 11% to 40% total body surface area (TBSA). The body areas injured were the left upper limb (60%), chest (58%), abdomen (49%) and right upper limb (48%). All sustained major burns, and skin grafts were performed on 39%. Complications included respiratory distress syndrome, fluid and electrolyte imbalances, protein energy malnutrition, infection and contracture deformities. The mean hospital stay was 3.7 days/% TBSA burn, and the overall mortality rate was 17 ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0038-23612010000200003
*  Aceglutamide - Wikipedia
Aceglutamide (brand name Neuramina), or aceglutamide aluminum (brand name Glumal), also known as acetylglutamine, is a psychostimulant, nootropic, and antiulcer agent that is marketed in Spain and Japan. It is an acetylated form of the amino acid L-glutamine, the precursor of glutamate in the body and brain. Aceglutamide functions as a prodrug to glutamine with improved potency and stability. Aceglutamide is used as a psychostimulant and nootropic, while aceglutamide aluminum is used in the treatment of ulcers. Aceglutamide can also be used as a liquid-stable source of glutamine to prevent damage from protein energy malnutrition. The drug has shown neuroprotective effects in an animal model of cerebral ischemia. Aceburic acid Aceturic acid N-Acetylglutamic acid J. Elks (14 November 2014). The Dictionary of Drugs: Chemical Data: Chemical Data, Structures and Bibliographies. Springer. pp. 3-. ISBN 978-1-4757-2085-3. Index Nominum 2000: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aceglutamide
*  An assessment of the impact of food access on children on the nutrition supplementation programme to combat protein-energy...
There is an increasing prevalence of food insecurity in South African households, especially in poverty stricken communities. Evidence suggests that children living in households that are food insecure will be subject to undesirable consequences, including poor quality diets and poor health outcomes, resulting in protein-energy malnutrition. Food insecurity, which is often perceived to be the same as food insufficiency, is one of the many underlying causes of malnutrition. Nevertheless, food and nutritional security seem to be a challenge not only in South Africa but in the world at large. The challenge is further exacerbated by the absence of proper tools to measure food insecurity and food insufficiency. In trying to address the two situations, the government developed a Nutrition Supplementation Programme (NSP). The impact of food access (food security) on children registered in the NSP was investigated ...
  http://researchspace.ukzn.ac.za/handle/10413/11692
*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Malnutrition, Inflammation, Atherosclerosis Syndrome (MIA) and Diet Recommendations among End...
Malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis syndrome is one of the causes of increased mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of the study was to assess the inflammation and nutritional status of patients in end-stage kidney disease treated with maintenance hemodialysis. The study included a group of 98 hemodialyzed patients with stage 5 CKD (38 women and 60 men). Albumin, prealbumin (PRE), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in serum samples collected before mid-week dialysis. Fruit and vegetables frequency intakes were assessed with a questionnaire. CRP was above the reference limit of 5 mg/L in 53% of patients. Moreover, the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) indicated the co-occurrence of inflammation and protein calorie malnutrition in 11% of patients, and the presence of either inflammation or malnutrition in 25%. The questionnaire revealed that ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/1/69
*  2017/18 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code E44.1: Mild protein-calorie malnutrition
Free, official coding info for 2018 ICD-10-CM E44.1 - includes detailed coding rules & notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index & annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
  http://www.icd10data.com/ICD10CM/Codes/E00-E89/E40-E46/E44-/E44.1
*  Malnutrition - Prevalence Of Malnutrition - Age, Aging, Nursing, Weight, and Loss - JRank Articles
Estimates of nutrition risk in older persons vary by setting. For example, while it has been reported that some 15 percent of community-dwelling elders are undernourished, the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) among those living in nursing homes or institutions may range from 30 to 60 percent (Omran and Morely), depending on the component measured. Risk of PEM increases with loss of appetite, decrease in usual weight, increased percentage of weight change in the previous year, and low body mass index (BMI) (White et al.). It has been suggested that loss of more than 4 percent of body weight in a one-year period predicts an increased risk of mortality. Indeed, weight loss alone usually heralds increased morbidity and mortality in elderly people (Losonczy et al.). Furthermore, unintentional weight loss is generally associated with advanced age, lower educational level, and poor health status. In the long-term care setting, ...
  http://medicine.jrank.org/pages/1089/Malnutrition-Prevalence-malnutrition.html
*  Growth hormone treatment during hemodialysis in a randomized trial improves nutrition, quality of life, and cardiovascular risk...
Nutritional markers, such as lean body mass (LBM) and serum albumin, predict outcome in dialysis patients, in whom protein-energy malnutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The metabolic effects of human growth hormone (hGH) may improve the nutritional and cardiovascular health of these patients and consequently reduce morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to establish clinical proof of concept of hGH treatment for the improvement of the nutritional status in adult patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis. A total of 139 adult patients who were on maintenance hemodialysis and had serum albumin levels ≤40 g/L were randomly assigned to 6 mo of treatment with placebo or 20, 35, or 50 μg/kg per d hGH. Change in LBM and serum albumin (primary outcomes), health-related quality of life, and secondary efficacy and safety parameters were monitored. The study showed that hGH treatment increased LBM ...
  http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/132799
*  Salud para todos en el año... A propósito de las parasitosis intestinales y de las deficiencias nutricionales ¿Qué hemos hecho?...
Purpose: To study the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis, anaemia and protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and to analyse the possible association between these diseases and other variables of a biological, clinical and socio-economic nature. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Joana Bezerra (urban) and Jaboatão (rural) areas of Pernambuco, Brazil. The groups were selected at random and consisted of children and adolescents between 1 and 16 years of age and of both sexes. Two samples of faeces and one of blood were collected. The anthropometric indicators used were height/age (H/A), weight/age (W/A) and weight/height (W/H) ratios. The cut-off point to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition was established at 1,5 standard deviations (SD) beneath the mean of reference used at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The association between the variables was measured by Pearsons c2 ...
  http://www.openthesis.org/documents/Salud-para-todos-en-el-569268.html
*  Effects of a Protein Calorie Supplement in HIV-infected Women With Tuberculosis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The objective of this randomized, controlled trial is to determine if adding a protein-calorie supplement (PCS) to the standard treatments for tuberculosis (TB) and HIV will improve health outcomes. The investigators will enroll 180 HIV-positive women with newly diagnosed active TB and without prior anti-retroviral therapy (ART). At baseline, the investigators will conduct dietary interviews, measure body composition, randomize subjects to receive a PCS (plus micronutritional supplements [MNS]) or control (MNS only) for the 6-month duration of anti-TB therapy (ATT) plus an additional 2 mos (8 mos total). Subjects will be followed monthly and have CD4 counts at baseline, 2, 8 and 12 months. At 2 months (i.e., at the end of the 4 drug intensive phase of TB treatment and start of the 2 drug continuation phase), all subjects will be started on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) based on Tanzanian Ministry of Health guidelines (currently: AZT/3TC/efavirenz). The primary endpoint will be change in CD4 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01635153?recr=Open&intr=micronutrients&rank=11
*  Effects of a Protein Calorie Supplement in HIV-infected Women With Tuberculosis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The objective of this randomized, controlled trial is to determine if adding a protein-calorie supplement (PCS) to the standard treatments for tuberculosis (TB) and HIV will improve health outcomes. The investigators will enroll 180 HIV-positive women with newly diagnosed active TB and without prior anti-retroviral therapy (ART). At baseline, the investigators will conduct dietary interviews, measure body composition, randomize subjects to receive a PCS (plus micronutritional supplements [MNS]) or control (MNS only) for the 6-month duration of anti-TB therapy (ATT) plus an additional 2 mos (8 mos total). Subjects will be followed monthly and have CD4 counts at baseline, 2, 8 and 12 months. At 2 months (i.e., at the end of the 4 drug intensive phase of TB treatment and start of the 2 drug continuation phase), all subjects will be started on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) based on Tanzanian Ministry of Health guidelines (currently: AZT/3TC/efavirenz). The primary endpoint will be change in CD4 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01635153?recr=Open&intr=micronutrients&rank=12
*  Effects of a Protein Calorie Supplement in HIV-infected Women With Tuberculosis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The objective of this randomized, controlled trial is to determine if adding a protein-calorie supplement (PCS) to the standard treatments for tuberculosis (TB) and HIV will improve health outcomes. The investigators will enroll 180 HIV-positive women with newly diagnosed active TB and without prior anti-retroviral therapy (ART). At baseline, the investigators will conduct dietary interviews, measure body composition, randomize subjects to receive a PCS (plus micronutritional supplements [MNS]) or control (MNS only) for the 6-month duration of anti-TB therapy (ATT) plus an additional 2 mos (8 mos total). Subjects will be followed monthly and have CD4 counts at baseline, 2, 8 and 12 months. At 2 months (i.e., at the end of the 4 drug intensive phase of TB treatment and start of the 2 drug continuation phase), all subjects will be started on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) based on Tanzanian Ministry of Health guidelines (currently: AZT/3TC/efavirenz). The primary endpoint will be change in CD4 ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01635153?order=212